Year 2019, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 26 - 32 2019-04-28

Evaluation of Fundoscopic Abnormalities in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease

Tolga Doğan [1] , Macit Kalçık [2] , Mucahit Yetim [3] , Özgür Yalçınbayır [4] , Lütfü Bekar [5] , Oğuzhan Çelik [6] , Osman Akın Serdar [7]

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Objective: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death in the world. There has been recent interest to microvasculature changes that are involved in systemic conditions associated with CAD. Retinal microvascular changes which can be easly detected noninvasively may be also a marker for cardiovascular diseases. Our aim in this study was to evaluate the relationship between the retinal findings and coronary artery disease by performing fundoscopic examination in patients diagnosed with CAD

Methods: This study enrolled 100 patients (72 female, mean age: 59.3±7.1 years) diagnosed with CAD, along with 100 controls (75 female, mean age: 57.8±8.2 years) who were proved to have normal coronary arteries by coronary angiography. Bilateral fundoscopic examination was performed in all study population. Fundoscopic findings and risk factors for CAD were compared between the groups.

Results: There was no significant difference between the groups in terms of clinical, demographical and laboratory characteristics of the patients. The prevalence of atherosclerotic changes was significantly higher in patients with CAD than controls (87 vs 58 %, p<0.001). Hypertensive retinopathy was observed more frequently in CAD group as compared to controls (95 vs 60 %, p<0.001). The prevalence of diabetic retinopathy, retinal vein occlusion, retinal collateral vessels, increased retinal tortuosity, Drusenoid bodies and Hollenhorst plaques were similar between the groups.

Conclusion: The atherosclerotic and hypertensive retinal findings were more frequently observed in patients with coronary artery disease. Therefore, fundoscopic examination may be useful in the evaluation of such patients with coronary artery disease.

Coronary artery disease, fundoscopic examination, atherosclerosis
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Primary Language en
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Research articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-1281-942X
Author: Tolga Doğan (Primary Author)
Institution: Department of Cardiology, Hitit University Çorum Training and Research Hospital, Çorum,Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-8791-4475
Author: Macit Kalçık
Institution: Department of Cardiology, Hitit University Çorum Training and Research Hospital, Çorum,Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-2444-7523
Author: Mucahit Yetim
Institution: Department of Cardiology, Hitit University Çorum Training and Research Hospital, Çorum,Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-0263-0439
Author: Özgür Yalçınbayır
Institution: Department of Ophthalmology. Uludag University School of Medicine, Bursa, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-3920-1382
Author: Lütfü Bekar
Institution: Department of Cardiology, Hitit University Çorum Training and Research Hospital, Çorum,Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-7841-0227
Author: Oğuzhan Çelik
Institution: Department of Cardiology, Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University Training and Research Hospital, Muğla, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-3529-5649
Author: Osman Akın Serdar
Institution: Department of Cardiology. Uludag University School of Medicine, Bursa, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Bibtex @research article { mbsjohs543978, journal = {Middle Black Sea Journal of Health Science}, issn = {}, eissn = {2149-7796}, address = {Ordu University}, year = {2019}, volume = {5}, pages = {26 - 32}, doi = {10.19127/mbsjohs.543978}, title = {Evaluation of Fundoscopic Abnormalities in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease}, key = {cite}, author = {Doğan, Tolga and Kalçık, Macit and Yetim, Mucahit and Yalçınbayır, Özgür and Bekar, Lütfü and Çelik, Oğuzhan and Serdar, Osman Akın} }
APA Doğan, T , Kalçık, M , Yetim, M , Yalçınbayır, Ö , Bekar, L , Çelik, O , Serdar, O . (2019). Evaluation of Fundoscopic Abnormalities in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease. Middle Black Sea Journal of Health Science, 5 (1), 26-32. DOI: 10.19127/mbsjohs.543978
MLA Doğan, T , Kalçık, M , Yetim, M , Yalçınbayır, Ö , Bekar, L , Çelik, O , Serdar, O . "Evaluation of Fundoscopic Abnormalities in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease". Middle Black Sea Journal of Health Science 5 (2019): 26-32 <http://dergipark.org.tr/mbsjohs/issue/44108/543978>
Chicago Doğan, T , Kalçık, M , Yetim, M , Yalçınbayır, Ö , Bekar, L , Çelik, O , Serdar, O . "Evaluation of Fundoscopic Abnormalities in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease". Middle Black Sea Journal of Health Science 5 (2019): 26-32
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Evaluation of Fundoscopic Abnormalities in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease AU - Tolga Doğan , Macit Kalçık , Mucahit Yetim , Özgür Yalçınbayır , Lütfü Bekar , Oğuzhan Çelik , Osman Akın Serdar Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.19127/mbsjohs.543978 DO - 10.19127/mbsjohs.543978 T2 - Middle Black Sea Journal of Health Science JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 26 EP - 32 VL - 5 IS - 1 SN - -2149-7796 M3 - doi: 10.19127/mbsjohs.543978 UR - https://doi.org/10.19127/mbsjohs.543978 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Middle Black Sea Journal of Health Science Evaluation of Fundoscopic Abnormalities in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease %A Tolga Doğan , Macit Kalçık , Mucahit Yetim , Özgür Yalçınbayır , Lütfü Bekar , Oğuzhan Çelik , Osman Akın Serdar %T Evaluation of Fundoscopic Abnormalities in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease %D 2019 %J Middle Black Sea Journal of Health Science %P -2149-7796 %V 5 %N 1 %R doi: 10.19127/mbsjohs.543978 %U 10.19127/mbsjohs.543978
ISNAD Doğan, Tolga , Kalçık, Macit , Yetim, Mucahit , Yalçınbayır, Özgür , Bekar, Lütfü , Çelik, Oğuzhan , Serdar, Osman Akın . "Evaluation of Fundoscopic Abnormalities in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease". Middle Black Sea Journal of Health Science 5 / 1 (April 2019): 26-32. https://doi.org/10.19127/mbsjohs.543978