Year 2019, Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 2559 - 2578 2019-07-16

Comparative Analysis of Competitiveness of Shangai Cooperation Organization Members and Turkey
Comparative Analysis of Competitiveness of Shangai Cooperation Organization Members and Turkey

Hamza Çeştepe [1] , Selcen Zorlu [2]

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The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) is a regional integration that emerged in the Central Asian region about 20 years ago and has been on the agenda of Turkey for the last few years. In particular, disputes between Turkey-and EU in recent years have led the various segments to express the SCO as a possible alternative to the EU in the future. In this study, the export specialization and competition levels of the SCO region countries and Turkey are analysed in terms of products and Lall (2000) based technological categories. The comparative advantages of the SCO countries and Turkey are calculated using the Balassa index for the 1993-2016 interval. Analysis revealed that Turkey has a comparative advantage in especially low and medium technology and resource based products. It is evident that while the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan have comparative advantage in primary and resource-based products, China has over-unity RCA in low and medium technology products, India in primary, resource-based and low-tech products, and Pakistan in low technology and primary products. In other words Turkey and SCO countries possess a similar comparative advantage pattern with respect to the technological classification. Besides, the ratio of advanced technology products with RCA over-unity is almost zero for all the countries in consideration. Additionally, in the case of products in which Turkey has a strong comparative advantage, it is shown that the closest competitors are China, India and Pakistan.

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) is a regional integration that emerged in the Central Asian region about 20 years ago and has been on the agenda of Turkey for the last few years. In particular, disputes between Turkey-and EU in recent years have led the various segments to express the SCO as a possible alternative to the EU in the future. In this study, the export specialization and competition levels of the SCO region countries and Turkey are analysed in terms of products and Lall (2000) based technological categories. The comparative advantages of the SCO countries and Turkey are calculated using the Balassa index for the 1993-2016 interval. Analysis revealed that Turkey has a comparative advantage in especially low and medium technology and resource based products. It is evident that while the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan have comparative advantage in primary and resource-based products, China has over-unity RCA in low and medium technology products, India in primary, resource-based and low-tech products, and Pakistan in low technology and primary products. In other words Turkey and SCO countries possess a similar comparative advantage pattern with respect to the technological classification. Besides, the ratio of advanced technology products with RCA over-unity is almost zero for all the countries in consideration. Additionally, in the case of products in which Turkey has a strong comparative advantage, it is shown that the closest competitors are China, India and Pakistan.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-1541-5703
Author: Hamza Çeştepe (Primary Author)
Institution: ZONGULDAK BÜLENT ECEVİT ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-9508-8521
Author: Selcen Zorlu
Institution: ZONGULDAK BÜLENT ECEVİT ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date: July 16, 2019

Bibtex @research article { mjss522556, journal = {MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi}, issn = {1694-7215}, address = {Kyrgyz-Turkish Manas University}, year = {2019}, volume = {8}, pages = {2559 - 2578}, doi = {10.33206/mjss.522556}, title = {Comparative Analysis of Competitiveness of Shangai Cooperation Organization Members and Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {Çeştepe, Hamza and Zorlu, Selcen} }
APA Çeştepe, H , Zorlu, S . (2019). Comparative Analysis of Competitiveness of Shangai Cooperation Organization Members and Turkey. MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi, 8 (3), 2559-2578. DOI: 10.33206/mjss.522556
MLA Çeştepe, H , Zorlu, S . "Comparative Analysis of Competitiveness of Shangai Cooperation Organization Members and Turkey". MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi 8 (2019): 2559-2578 <http://dergipark.org.tr/mjss/issue/47096/522556>
Chicago Çeştepe, H , Zorlu, S . "Comparative Analysis of Competitiveness of Shangai Cooperation Organization Members and Turkey". MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi 8 (2019): 2559-2578
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Comparative Analysis of Competitiveness of Shangai Cooperation Organization Members and Turkey AU - Hamza Çeştepe , Selcen Zorlu Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.33206/mjss.522556 DO - 10.33206/mjss.522556 T2 - MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 2559 EP - 2578 VL - 8 IS - 3 SN - 1694-7215- M3 - doi: 10.33206/mjss.522556 UR - https://doi.org/10.33206/mjss.522556 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 MANAS Journal of Social Studies Comparative Analysis of Competitiveness of Shangai Cooperation Organization Members and Turkey %A Hamza Çeştepe , Selcen Zorlu %T Comparative Analysis of Competitiveness of Shangai Cooperation Organization Members and Turkey %D 2019 %J MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi %P 1694-7215- %V 8 %N 3 %R doi: 10.33206/mjss.522556 %U 10.33206/mjss.522556
ISNAD Çeştepe, Hamza , Zorlu, Selcen . "Comparative Analysis of Competitiveness of Shangai Cooperation Organization Members and Turkey". MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi 8 / 3 (July 2019): 2559-2578. https://doi.org/10.33206/mjss.522556
AMA Çeştepe H , Zorlu S . Comparative Analysis of Competitiveness of Shangai Cooperation Organization Members and Turkey. MJSS. 2019; 8(3): 2559-2578.
Vancouver Çeştepe H , Zorlu S . Comparative Analysis of Competitiveness of Shangai Cooperation Organization Members and Turkey. MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi. 2019; 8(3): 2578-2559.