Year 2018, Volume 9, Issue 16, Pages 1660 - 1698 2018-12-30

Ulusal Beceri Sistemleri: Almanya, Japonya ve Türkiye’nin Mesleki Eğitim Sisteminin Karşılaştırmalı Analizi
National Skill Systems: A Comparative Analysis of Vocational Education and Training in Germany, Japan and Turkey

Vildan Taşlı [1]

49 117

Farklı kurumsal bağlamlara (ör. ekonomi, toplum ve kültür) sahip olan ülkeler, insanlarını iş gücü piyasasına hazırlamak için farklı beceri rejimlerini takip ederler. Ülkelerin beceri gelişiminde benimsediği yaklaşımları inceleyen zengin bir literatür bulunmaktadır. İlgili literatürden yararlanarak, bu makale, ülkelerin beceri gelişim sistemlerini şekillendirirken benimsedikleri farklı yaklaşımları ele almaktadır. Makale, üç ülkede (Almanya, Japonya ve Türkiye) mesleki eğitim sistemlerinin özelliklerini incelemektedir. Bu ülkeler   mesleki eğitim sistemlerinin yönetilmesi ve finanse edilmesi, spesifik becerilerin gelişimine odaklanma ve mesleki eğitim sisteminin toplumdaki statüsü/algısı gibi çeşitli temalara göre karşılaştırılmıştır. Çalışmada öne çıkan önemli bir nokta incelenen üç ülkenin üç farklı beceri rejimini temsil ettiği şeklindedir. Almanya’da mesleki eğitim sistemi tüm sosyal paydaşların dahil olduğu ve işbirliği içinde hareket ettiği uzlaşmaya dayalı bir yaklaşımla yönetilmektedir. Öte yandan Japonya’da, firmaların bireyleri eğitip istihdam ederken farklı stratejiler geliştirdiği ve tüm sosyal paydaşların katılımını gerektirmeyen daha firma-odaklı bir mesleki eğitim sistemi bulunmaktadır. Türkiye’nin de Japonya ve Almanya ile benzer özellikler gösterdiği noktalar olsa da, mesleki eğitim sisteminin şekillenmesinde devlet daha güçlü bir rol oynamaktadır. 

Having different institutional contexts (e.g. economy, society and culture), countries follow different skill regimes to prepare their people for the labour market. A rich body of literature examines the different characteristics of countries’ skill regimes. Drawing on the related literature, this paper introduces varieties of skill regimes in a classification of countries’ different approaches in shaping their skill systems. This is to capture the specifics of institutional variety that shapes differences in an economic organisation including skill development. The paper focuses on examining the characteristics of the vocational education and training (VET) systems in three countries: Germany, Japan, and Turkey. It compares the systems in these countries according to several themes including governance and financing of VET, skill specificity, and status of the VET system. The paper shows that three countries represent three different types of skill regimes. In Germany, VET performs in a consensus-led approach that entails coordination and cooperation of all social partners while shaping the VET system. Japan, on the other hand, has a firm-based VET system that depends on firms’ specific and different strategies in training and employing individuals. Despite sharing some similar characteristics with these two countries, Turkey is categorised as having a state-led VET system in which the state plays a dominant role in shaping the system. 

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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-7629-6774
Author: Vildan Taşlı
Institution: İŞLETME BÖLÜMÜ
Country: Turkey


Bibtex @research article { opus479392, journal = {OPUS Uluslararası Toplum Araştırmaları Dergisi}, issn = {2528-9527}, eissn = {2528-9535}, address = {ADAMOR Toplum Araştırmaları Merkezi}, year = {2018}, volume = {9}, pages = {1660 - 1698}, doi = {10.26466/opus.479392}, title = {National Skill Systems: A Comparative Analysis of Vocational Education and Training in Germany, Japan and Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {Taşlı, Vildan} }
APA Taşlı, V . (2018). National Skill Systems: A Comparative Analysis of Vocational Education and Training in Germany, Japan and Turkey. OPUS Uluslararası Toplum Araştırmaları Dergisi, 9 (16), 1660-1698. DOI: 10.26466/opus.479392
MLA Taşlı, V . "National Skill Systems: A Comparative Analysis of Vocational Education and Training in Germany, Japan and Turkey". OPUS Uluslararası Toplum Araştırmaları Dergisi 9 (2018): 1660-1698 <http://dergipark.org.tr/opus/issue/39179/479392>
Chicago Taşlı, V . "National Skill Systems: A Comparative Analysis of Vocational Education and Training in Germany, Japan and Turkey". OPUS Uluslararası Toplum Araştırmaları Dergisi 9 (2018): 1660-1698
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - National Skill Systems: A Comparative Analysis of Vocational Education and Training in Germany, Japan and Turkey AU - Vildan Taşlı Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.26466/opus.479392 DO - 10.26466/opus.479392 T2 - OPUS Uluslararası Toplum Araştırmaları Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1660 EP - 1698 VL - 9 IS - 16 SN - 2528-9527-2528-9535 M3 - doi: 10.26466/opus.479392 UR - https://doi.org/10.26466/opus.479392 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 OPUS International Journal of Society Researches National Skill Systems: A Comparative Analysis of Vocational Education and Training in Germany, Japan and Turkey %A Vildan Taşlı %T National Skill Systems: A Comparative Analysis of Vocational Education and Training in Germany, Japan and Turkey %D 2018 %J OPUS Uluslararası Toplum Araştırmaları Dergisi %P 2528-9527-2528-9535 %V 9 %N 16 %R doi: 10.26466/opus.479392 %U 10.26466/opus.479392
ISNAD Taşlı, Vildan . "National Skill Systems: A Comparative Analysis of Vocational Education and Training in Germany, Japan and Turkey". OPUS Uluslararası Toplum Araştırmaları Dergisi 9 / 16 (December 2019): 1660-1698. https://doi.org/10.26466/opus.479392