Year 2019, Volume 27, Issue 41, Pages 11 - 40 2019-07-31

Determinants of Health Behaviors and Obesity in Turkey
Türkiye’de Sağlık Davranışlarını ve Obeziteyi Belirleyici Faktörler

Aysıt TANSEL [1] , Deniz KARAOĞLAN [2]

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The purpose of this paper is to examine the determinants of health behaviors and obesity with an emphasis on education in Turkey. We use Health Survey of Turkish Statistical Institute for the years 2008, 2010 and 2012. The health behaviors considered are smoking, alcohol consumption, fruit and vegetable consumption, and exercise. We consider both the years of schooling and the different levels of education in order to better understand the association between education and health. We find that education is the most important factor associated with the health behaviors and obesity. Smoking is positively associated with education at all levels with a decreasing effect with the level of education unlike in the developed countries. Alcohol consumption is positively related with education and this association increases with the level of education. Higher educated individuals clearly eat more fruits, vegetables and exercise more and they are less likely to be obese compared to the less educated and the illiterate. We also highlight the importance of demographic factors, labor market status and household income in determining health behaviors and obesity.
Bu çalışmanın amacı, Türkiye'deki sağlık davranışları ve obezite belirleyicilerini eğitim üzerine vurgu yaparak incelemektir. Çalışmanın analizleri 2008, 2010 ve 2012 yılları için Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu tarafından hazırlanan Sağlık Araştırması veri seti kullanılarak yapılmıştır. Çalışmada ele alınan sağlık davranışları sigara tüketimi, alkol tüketimi, meyve ve sebze tüketimi ve düzenli egzersizdir. Çalışmada kişinin eğitim seviyesi ve sağlık davranışları arasındaki ilişkiyi daha iyi anlamak için farklı analizlerde eğitim değişkeni olarak kişinin tamamlanmış okul yılı ve eğitim düzeylerini belirten kukla değişkenler kullanılmıştır. Çalışmanın sonunda eğitim seviyesinin kişinin hem sağlık davranışlarını hem de obez olma olasılığını açıklayan en önemli faktör olduğu saptanmıştır. Tamamlanan eğitimin her kademesinde sigara tüketimi ve okula gidilen yıl sayısı arasında pozitif bir ilişki bulunmuştur. Türkiye’de eğitim ve sigara tüketimi arasındaki bu pozitif ilişki, gelişmiş ülkeler için yapılan benzer çalışmalar ile çelişmektedir. Alkol tüketimi eğitim seviyesi ile pozitif ilişkilidir ve eğitim düzeyinin artması ile beraber bu ilişki kuvvetlenmektedir. Çalışmanın sonucunda eğitim seviyesi daha yüksek kişilerin daha fazla meyve, sebze tükettikleri ve egzersiz yaptıkları saptanmıştır. Eğitim seviyesi yüksek kişilerin obez olma olasılığının daha düşük olduğu sonucuna varılmıştır. Son olarak, çalışmada sağlık davranışlarının ve obez olma olasılığının belirlenmesinde demografik faktörlerin, kişinin işgücü piyasası durumunun ve hanehalkı gelirinin önemi vurgulanmıştır.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-9556-2396
Author: Aysıt TANSEL (Primary Author)

Orcid: 0000-0002-8000-8613
Author: Deniz KARAOĞLAN
Institution: BAHÇEŞEHİR ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date: July 31, 2019

Bibtex @research article { sosyoekonomi476256, journal = {Sosyoekonomi}, issn = {1305-5577}, address = {Sosyoekonomi Society}, year = {2019}, volume = {27}, pages = {11 - 40}, doi = {10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2019.03.01}, title = {Determinants of Health Behaviors and Obesity in Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {TANSEL, Aysıt and KARAOĞLAN, Deniz} }
APA TANSEL, A , KARAOĞLAN, D . (2019). Determinants of Health Behaviors and Obesity in Turkey. Sosyoekonomi, 27 (41), 11-40. DOI: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2019.03.01
MLA TANSEL, A , KARAOĞLAN, D . "Determinants of Health Behaviors and Obesity in Turkey". Sosyoekonomi 27 (2019): 11-40 <http://dergipark.org.tr/sosyoekonomi/issue/47493/476256>
Chicago TANSEL, A , KARAOĞLAN, D . "Determinants of Health Behaviors and Obesity in Turkey". Sosyoekonomi 27 (2019): 11-40
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Determinants of Health Behaviors and Obesity in Turkey AU - Aysıt TANSEL , Deniz KARAOĞLAN Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2019.03.01 DO - 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2019.03.01 T2 - Sosyoekonomi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 11 EP - 40 VL - 27 IS - 41 SN - 1305-5577- M3 - doi: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2019.03.01 UR - https://doi.org/10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2019.03.01 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Sosyoekonomi Determinants of Health Behaviors and Obesity in Turkey %A Aysıt TANSEL , Deniz KARAOĞLAN %T Determinants of Health Behaviors and Obesity in Turkey %D 2019 %J Sosyoekonomi %P 1305-5577- %V 27 %N 41 %R doi: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2019.03.01 %U 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2019.03.01
ISNAD TANSEL, Aysıt , KARAOĞLAN, Deniz . "Determinants of Health Behaviors and Obesity in Turkey". Sosyoekonomi 27 / 41 (July 2019): 11-40. https://doi.org/10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2019.03.01
AMA TANSEL A , KARAOĞLAN D . Determinants of Health Behaviors and Obesity in Turkey. Sosyoekonomi. 2019; 27(41): 11-40.
Vancouver TANSEL A , KARAOĞLAN D . Determinants of Health Behaviors and Obesity in Turkey. Sosyoekonomi. 2019; 27(41): 40-11.