Year 2018, Volume 27, Issue 5, Pages 329 - 348 2018-09-28

Palaeontological evidence and sedimentary facies in a lower Miocene (Aquitanian) succession from the Bingöl minibasin (Sivas Basin), Central Anatolia

Mehmet Serkan AKKİRAZ [1] , Özgen KANGAL [2] , Nazire ÖZGEN ERDEM [3] , Yeşim BÜYÜKMERİÇ [4] , Cihan DOĞRUÖZ [5]

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  The results of palaeontological (palynological and mollusc) and sedimentological analyses of the lower Miocene deposits from the Bingöl minibasin, a part of the Sivas Basin, are exhibited to define the vertical shifts in sedimentation environments and plant covers, linking to eustasy. The presence of index species Corbulomya (Lentidium) aquitanica suggests an Aquitanian age for the studied succession, which can be divided into three informal units: a lower unit, a middle unit, and an upper unit. Fine-grained sediments of the lower unit were deposited in a low sea-level setting due to high quantities of terrestrial palynomorphs. This unit is overlain by the middle unit, coralgal limestone, which marks the first initiation of Aquitanian transgression. Continuing shallow marine settings in the upper unit gave rise to deposition of coarse to fine-grained sediments. Palynological data were recovered from the fine-grained sediments of the lower and upper units. A total of 35 spore and pollen taxa were recorded, including 2 spores from ferns, 5 gymnosperms, 26 angiosperms, 1 group of undifferentiated dinoflagellate cysts, and 1 fresh water alga of Botryococcus sp. The pollen spectrum is dominated by coniferous forest, mainly undifferentiated Pinaceae, and herbaceous communities including high quantities of Poaceae and Chenopodiaceae-Amaranthaceae, with minor contributions of Ephedra sp., Caryophyllaceae, and Asteraceae subf. Asteroidae. High sea-level conditions, which started with sedimentation of the middle unit, survived during the deposition of the upper unit due to being overwhelmingly dominated by dinocysts. Thermophile plants including Avicennia sp., Engelhardia sp., Myrica sp., Sapotaceae, Cyrillaceae-Clethraceae, and Reveesia sp. along with relatively high quantities of xerophytes and the quantitative palaeoclimate values imply a subtropical and dry palaeoclimate.

Sivas Basin, Miocene, palaeoecology, Central Anatolia, palynology, Mollusca
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Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-1853-0304
Author: Mehmet Serkan AKKİRAZ

Orcid: 0000-0002-3357-3193
Author: Özgen KANGAL

Orcid: 0000-0002-4523-5925
Author: Nazire ÖZGEN ERDEM

Orcid: 0000-0003-2678-3907
Author: Yeşim BÜYÜKMERİÇ

Orcid: 0000-0002-7487-4822
Author: Cihan DOĞRUÖZ

Bibtex @research article { tbtkearth473907, journal = {Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences}, issn = {1300-0985}, eissn = {1303-619X}, address = {TUBITAK}, year = {2018}, volume = {27}, pages = {329 - 348}, doi = {}, title = {Palaeontological evidence and sedimentary facies in a lower Miocene (Aquitanian) succession from the Bingöl minibasin (Sivas Basin), Central Anatolia}, key = {cite}, author = {AKKİRAZ, Mehmet Serkan and KANGAL, Özgen and ÖZGEN ERDEM, Nazire and BÜYÜKMERİÇ, Yeşim and DOĞRUÖZ, Cihan} }
APA AKKİRAZ, M , KANGAL, Ö , ÖZGEN ERDEM, N , BÜYÜKMERİÇ, Y , DOĞRUÖZ, C . (2018). Palaeontological evidence and sedimentary facies in a lower Miocene (Aquitanian) succession from the Bingöl minibasin (Sivas Basin), Central Anatolia. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 27 (5), 329-348. Retrieved from http://dergipark.org.tr/tbtkearth/issue/39912/473907
MLA AKKİRAZ, M , KANGAL, Ö , ÖZGEN ERDEM, N , BÜYÜKMERİÇ, Y , DOĞRUÖZ, C . "Palaeontological evidence and sedimentary facies in a lower Miocene (Aquitanian) succession from the Bingöl minibasin (Sivas Basin), Central Anatolia". Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 27 (2018): 329-348 <http://dergipark.org.tr/tbtkearth/issue/39912/473907>
Chicago AKKİRAZ, M , KANGAL, Ö , ÖZGEN ERDEM, N , BÜYÜKMERİÇ, Y , DOĞRUÖZ, C . "Palaeontological evidence and sedimentary facies in a lower Miocene (Aquitanian) succession from the Bingöl minibasin (Sivas Basin), Central Anatolia". Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 27 (2018): 329-348
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Palaeontological evidence and sedimentary facies in a lower Miocene (Aquitanian) succession from the Bingöl minibasin (Sivas Basin), Central Anatolia AU - Mehmet Serkan AKKİRAZ , Özgen KANGAL , Nazire ÖZGEN ERDEM , Yeşim BÜYÜKMERİÇ , Cihan DOĞRUÖZ Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 329 EP - 348 VL - 27 IS - 5 SN - 1300-0985-1303-619X M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences Palaeontological evidence and sedimentary facies in a lower Miocene (Aquitanian) succession from the Bingöl minibasin (Sivas Basin), Central Anatolia %A Mehmet Serkan AKKİRAZ , Özgen KANGAL , Nazire ÖZGEN ERDEM , Yeşim BÜYÜKMERİÇ , Cihan DOĞRUÖZ %T Palaeontological evidence and sedimentary facies in a lower Miocene (Aquitanian) succession from the Bingöl minibasin (Sivas Basin), Central Anatolia %D 2018 %J Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences %P 1300-0985-1303-619X %V 27 %N 5 %R %U
ISNAD AKKİRAZ, Mehmet Serkan , KANGAL, Özgen , ÖZGEN ERDEM, Nazire , BÜYÜKMERİÇ, Yeşim , DOĞRUÖZ, Cihan . "Palaeontological evidence and sedimentary facies in a lower Miocene (Aquitanian) succession from the Bingöl minibasin (Sivas Basin), Central Anatolia". Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 27 / 5 (September 2018): 329-348.