Year 2018, Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 65 - 92 2018-12-28

Parlamenter Sistemde Başkanlık Dış Politikasını Şekillendirmek: Erdoğan ve Muhtarlar Toplantıları
Framing a Presidential Foreign Policy in a Parliamentary System: Erdoğan and Mukhtars’ Meetings

Murat Ülgül [1]

97 426

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Ağustos 2014’de cumhurbaşkanı olarak seçilmesinden Nisan 2017’de başkanlık sistemini getiren anayasal referanduma kadar, kendisinin daha önceki cumhurbaşkanları gibi sembolik bir siyasi figür olmayacağını göstermeye çalışmıştır. Tam tersine, ülkenin iç ve dış politika gündemini, aynı başkanlık sisteminde görüleceği gibi, şekillendirmeye devam etmiştir. Bunu gerçekleştirdiği araçlardan ilki Ocak 2015’de düzenlenen muhtarlar toplantıları serileri olmuştur. Bu tarihten, arzulanan anayasal değişimlerin halk tarafından onaylandığı referanduma kadar Erdoğan toplam otuz yedi muhtarlar toplantısı düzenlemiştir. Bu toplantılarda doğrudan muhtarlara, ama daha önemlisi dolaylı olarak Türk halkına ve dış aktörlere Türkiye’nin iç ve dış politikası hakkında konuşmalar yapmıştır. Bu çalışma Erdoğan’ın muhtarlar toplantılarındaki söylemleri yoluyla Erdoğan’ın dış politika mesajlarını analiz edecek ve kendisinin dış politika ideolojisi hakkındaki iki tartışmalı soruya cevap arayacaktır: kendisinin İslamcı olup olmadığı ve Türkiye’nin dış politika yöneliminin değişip değişmediği.

During the period between his election as the Turkish president in August 2014 and the constitutional referendum that introduced a presidential system in Turkey in April 2017, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan tried to demonstrate that he would not be a symbolic political figure in Turkish politics as many former Turkish presidents had been. Instead, he would keep shaping the domestic and foreign agenda of the country, as it would happen in a presidential system. One of the main ways he did this was through a series of mukhtars’ meetings, which began in January 2015. From that point, until the desired changes to the constitution were approved through public referendum, Erdoğan held thirty-seven mukhtars’ meetings. In these meetings he gave speeches about Turkish domestic and foreign policy directly to a group of mukhtars but, more importantly, indirectly to the Turkish public and foreign actors. This article will analyze Erdoğan’s foreign policy messages through his discourse in the mukhtars’ meetings and try to answer two controversial questions regarding his foreign policy ideology: Whether he is an Islamist and whether he is shifting the foreign policy axis of Turkey.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Published Date 2018/2
Journal Section Makaleler
Authors

Author: Murat Ülgül
Institution: Karadeniz Technical University
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date: December 28, 2018

Bibtex @research article { tocd463012, journal = {Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi}, issn = {2147-7523}, eissn = {2630-5631}, address = {Sakarya University}, year = {2018}, volume = {5}, pages = {65 - 92}, doi = {10.26513/tocd.463012}, title = {Framing a Presidential Foreign Policy in a Parliamentary System: Erdoğan and Mukhtars’ Meetings}, key = {cite}, author = {Ülgül, Murat} }
APA Ülgül, M . (2018). Framing a Presidential Foreign Policy in a Parliamentary System: Erdoğan and Mukhtars’ Meetings. Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi, 5 (2), 65-92. DOI: 10.26513/tocd.463012
MLA Ülgül, M . "Framing a Presidential Foreign Policy in a Parliamentary System: Erdoğan and Mukhtars’ Meetings". Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi 5 (2018): 65-92 <http://dergipark.org.tr/tocd/issue/40232/463012>
Chicago Ülgül, M . "Framing a Presidential Foreign Policy in a Parliamentary System: Erdoğan and Mukhtars’ Meetings". Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi 5 (2018): 65-92
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Framing a Presidential Foreign Policy in a Parliamentary System: Erdoğan and Mukhtars’ Meetings AU - Murat Ülgül Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.26513/tocd.463012 DO - 10.26513/tocd.463012 T2 - Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 65 EP - 92 VL - 5 IS - 2 SN - 2147-7523-2630-5631 M3 - doi: 10.26513/tocd.463012 UR - https://doi.org/10.26513/tocd.463012 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Middle Eastern Studies Framing a Presidential Foreign Policy in a Parliamentary System: Erdoğan and Mukhtars’ Meetings %A Murat Ülgül %T Framing a Presidential Foreign Policy in a Parliamentary System: Erdoğan and Mukhtars’ Meetings %D 2018 %J Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi %P 2147-7523-2630-5631 %V 5 %N 2 %R doi: 10.26513/tocd.463012 %U 10.26513/tocd.463012
ISNAD Ülgül, Murat . "Framing a Presidential Foreign Policy in a Parliamentary System: Erdoğan and Mukhtars’ Meetings". Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi 5 / 2 (December 2018): 65-92. https://doi.org/10.26513/tocd.463012
AMA Ülgül M . Framing a Presidential Foreign Policy in a Parliamentary System: Erdoğan and Mukhtars’ Meetings. Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi. 2018; 5(2): 65-92.
Vancouver Ülgül M . Framing a Presidential Foreign Policy in a Parliamentary System: Erdoğan and Mukhtars’ Meetings. Türkiye Ortadoğu Çalışmaları Dergisi. 2018; 5(2): 92-65.