Year 2019, Volume 20, Issue 2, Pages 21 - 45 2019-04-01

Using Study Times for Identifying Types of Learners in a Distance Training for Trainee Teachers

Klaus D. STILLER [1] , Regine BACHMAIER [2]

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One focus of distance learning research is to explore the extent that learner characteristics and skills determine learning outcomes and to elaborate predictive models of performance. Modern approaches can benefit from objective data, such as various time indices and frequencies of learner actions, provided by log systems catching online traces to identify learners that are in threat of performance loss. This approach might result in better online diagnostics and intervention methods when the mechanisms behind log data are known. Following this idea, the current study gained objective and subjective study time parameters and explored how study time is connected to learner characteristics and learning by using a script-based modularized distance-training course about media education. Data was collected from 379 trainee teachers. Given a calculated workload of 60-90 min per training module, students were clustered into two groups: learners having spent less than 25 min for at least one of their completed modules (n = 118; short study time group) and learners having spent more than 25 min for each completed module (n = 261; long study time group). The first goal was to investigate the extent that study time is relevant for learning process and success. Groups were compared in their ratings of content difficulty, difficulty of studying, invested effort, and experienced pressure while learning, and their test performance. Differences between groups were found in all variables. The long study time learners experienced less content difficulty, studying difficulty, and pressure while learning, but reported more effort and showed higher performance. The second goal was to explore the effect of learner characteristics on study time. Groups were compared in their domain-specific prior knowledge, intrinsic motivation, computer attitude, computer anxiety, and use of learning strategies. Long study time learners showed a higher level of motivation, competences in metacognitive learning strategies, and strategy use for arranging an adequate learning environment. These findings revealed that study time is indicative of problematic students that could be targets for interventions.

Distance training, student characteristics, self-regulated learning, cognitive load, distance-learning performance
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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles

Orcid: 0000-0002-9636-4516
Author: Klaus D. STILLER

Orcid: 0000-0002-3479-5759
Author: Regine BACHMAIER


Publication Date: April 1, 2019

Bibtex @research article { tojde557728, journal = {Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education}, issn = {1302-6488}, address = {Anadolu University}, year = {2019}, volume = {20}, pages = {21 - 45}, doi = {10.17718/tojde.557728}, title = {Using Study Times for Identifying Types of Learners in a Distance Training for Trainee Teachers}, key = {cite}, author = {STILLER, Klaus D. and BACHMAIER, Regine} }
APA STILLER, K , BACHMAIER, R . (2019). Using Study Times for Identifying Types of Learners in a Distance Training for Trainee Teachers. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 20 (2), 21-45. DOI: 10.17718/tojde.557728
MLA STILLER, K , BACHMAIER, R . "Using Study Times for Identifying Types of Learners in a Distance Training for Trainee Teachers". Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education 20 (2019): 21-45 <>
Chicago STILLER, K , BACHMAIER, R . "Using Study Times for Identifying Types of Learners in a Distance Training for Trainee Teachers". Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education 20 (2019): 21-45
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Using Study Times for Identifying Types of Learners in a Distance Training for Trainee Teachers AU - Klaus D. STILLER , Regine BACHMAIER Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.17718/tojde.557728 DO - 10.17718/tojde.557728 T2 - Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 21 EP - 45 VL - 20 IS - 2 SN - 1302-6488- M3 - doi: 10.17718/tojde.557728 UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education Using Study Times for Identifying Types of Learners in a Distance Training for Trainee Teachers %A Klaus D. STILLER , Regine BACHMAIER %T Using Study Times for Identifying Types of Learners in a Distance Training for Trainee Teachers %D 2019 %J Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education %P 1302-6488- %V 20 %N 2 %R doi: 10.17718/tojde.557728 %U 10.17718/tojde.557728
ISNAD STILLER, Klaus D. , BACHMAIER, Regine . "Using Study Times for Identifying Types of Learners in a Distance Training for Trainee Teachers". Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education 20 / 2 (April 2019): 21-45.
AMA STILLER K , BACHMAIER R . Using Study Times for Identifying Types of Learners in a Distance Training for Trainee Teachers. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education. 2019; 20(2): 21-45.
Vancouver STILLER K , BACHMAIER R . Using Study Times for Identifying Types of Learners in a Distance Training for Trainee Teachers. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education. 2019; 20(2): 45-21.