Year 2019, Volume 20, Issue 3, Pages 17 - 28 2019-07-01

WhatsApp as a Tool for Sustainable Glocal Linguistic, Social and Cultural Interaction


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As a popular social media application, WhatsApp has become an integral part of daily lives of many people on earth. Researchers have investigated the individual, social and pedagogical benefits of the tool. However, the possible contributions of WhatsApp as a platform for cultural interaction in the glocal sense has not been examined yet. To call attention to this dimension of the tool, this case study aims to investigate the role of WhatsApp in maintaining glocal linguistic, social and cultural interaction among a group of foreign learners of Turkish. The participants had a three-week summer school experience in Turkey where they formed a WhatsApp group for communication. After returning back to their home countries, these participants continued their interaction with their friends through the WhatsApp group. The data for this study were collected through open-ended questions. The results of the content analysis revealed that WhatsApp was an effective application to promote the maintenance of glocal cultural interaction among the participants with its personal, social and linguistic contributions. The participants could have the chance to exchange ideas and increase their perspectives and knowledge as global citizens while preserving their cultural and national identities as local citizens. Their interactional experiences through WhatsApp can be said to have helped the participants increase their awareness and expand their intercultural knowledge from the glocal stance.

WhatsApp, glocal interaction, cultural interaction, foreign learners of Turkish
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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles

Orcid: 0000-0001-6401-969X
Author: Aysegul TAKKAC TULGAR (Primary Author)


Publication Date: July 1, 2019

Bibtex @research article { tojde598198, journal = {Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education}, issn = {1302-6488}, address = {Anadolu University}, year = {2019}, volume = {20}, pages = {17 - 28}, doi = {10.17718/tojde.598198}, title = {WhatsApp as a Tool for Sustainable Glocal Linguistic, Social and Cultural Interaction}, key = {cite}, author = {TAKKAC TULGAR, Aysegul} }
APA TAKKAC TULGAR, A . (2019). WhatsApp as a Tool for Sustainable Glocal Linguistic, Social and Cultural Interaction. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 20 (3), 17-28. DOI: 10.17718/tojde.598198
MLA TAKKAC TULGAR, A . "WhatsApp as a Tool for Sustainable Glocal Linguistic, Social and Cultural Interaction". Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education 20 (2019): 17-28 <>
Chicago TAKKAC TULGAR, A . "WhatsApp as a Tool for Sustainable Glocal Linguistic, Social and Cultural Interaction". Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education 20 (2019): 17-28
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - WhatsApp as a Tool for Sustainable Glocal Linguistic, Social and Cultural Interaction AU - Aysegul TAKKAC TULGAR Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.17718/tojde.598198 DO - 10.17718/tojde.598198 T2 - Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 17 EP - 28 VL - 20 IS - 3 SN - 1302-6488- M3 - doi: 10.17718/tojde.598198 UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education WhatsApp as a Tool for Sustainable Glocal Linguistic, Social and Cultural Interaction %A Aysegul TAKKAC TULGAR %T WhatsApp as a Tool for Sustainable Glocal Linguistic, Social and Cultural Interaction %D 2019 %J Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education %P 1302-6488- %V 20 %N 3 %R doi: 10.17718/tojde.598198 %U 10.17718/tojde.598198
ISNAD TAKKAC TULGAR, Aysegul . "WhatsApp as a Tool for Sustainable Glocal Linguistic, Social and Cultural Interaction". Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education 20 / 3 (July 2019): 17-28.
AMA TAKKAC TULGAR A . WhatsApp as a Tool for Sustainable Glocal Linguistic, Social and Cultural Interaction. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education. 2019; 20(3): 17-28.
Vancouver TAKKAC TULGAR A . WhatsApp as a Tool for Sustainable Glocal Linguistic, Social and Cultural Interaction. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education. 2019; 20(3): 28-17.