Year 2018, Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 1 - 15 2018-12-15

Investigation of Fatalistic Beliefs and Experiences Regarding Occupational Accidents Among Five Stars Accommodation Companies Employees

Engin ÜNGÜREN [1]

134 283

Occupational accidents are among the most serious problems of work life. Researches show that a significant number of occupational accidents occur because of human errors rather than technical problems. Understanding the attitudes of employees regarding occupational accidents is essential to prevent them. Within this respect, the main purpose of this study is to reveal the fatalistic beliefs and experiences of employees of accommodation companies regarding occupational accidents. This research was conducted with the participation of employees working in kitchen, housekeeping, restaurant and bar and technical service departments of fivestar accommodation companies in Alanya. Sample consisting of 797 employees was selected through random sampling method. The results of the research reveal that the possibility of both experiencing and witnessing an occupational accident is much higher for employees working in kitchen departments. It has been determined that one of the two people working in the kitchen department witnessed a occupational accident. One of the important results of the research is that the fatalistic beliefs about occupational accidents are significantly higher for workers who have experienced or witnessed occupational accidents. One of the important research findings is that fatalistic beliefs of employees differ depending on their education levels, ages and departments they work in.  As a result of the research, it has been determined that the variable of education on the fatalistic beliefs of employees about job accidents has a dominant effect. 

Fatalism, occupational accidents, accommodation industry, hotel employees
  • Akalp, Yamankadeniz Y. (2013). “İşletmelerde Güvenlik Kültürünün Oluşumunda Yönetimin Rolü Ve Önemi”. Sosyal Güvenlik Dergisi. 3(2): 96-109.
  • Alamgir H, Swinkels H, Yu S. & Yassi A. (2007). “Occupational injury among cooks and food service workers in the healthcare sector”. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 50: 528–535.
  • Al-Khatib, A., Maqdadi, R., Habash R., Aliyan G., Khofash F. & Grayesh S. (2005). “Work Injuries in Building Construction, Metal Shaping, and Food Production Sectors in Jericho District in the Palestinian Territory”. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 11: 1018-28.
  • Amponsah-Tawiah KNow MAO. & Mensah J. (2016). “Occupational Health and Safety Management and Turnover Intention in the Ghanaian Mining Sector”. Safety and Health at Work, 7:12-17.
  • Anderson VP, Schulte PA, Sestito J, Linn H. & Nguyen LS. (2010). “Occupational fatalities, injuries, illnesses, and related economic loss in the wholesale and retail trade sector” American Journal of Industrial Medicine. 53(7):673-685.
  • Ayberk A, Güvercin Ö. ve Hursitoglu C. (2003). “Teknik Personelin İş Kazalarının Nedenleri ve Önlenmesine Yönelik Görüşlerinin Belirlenmesi Üzerine Bir Araştırma”, KSU Fen ve Mühendislik Dergisi, 6(2):91-100.
  • Aytaç S, Özok AF, Yamankaradeniz N., Akalp, G., Çankaya, O., Gökçe, A., Tüfekçi U., Parçalı, A. & Snaet, C. (2015). “Metal Endüstrisinde Çalışan Kadın İşçiler Arasında Algılanan Risk Faktörleri”, Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri ve Tasarım Dergisi, 3(3):141-148.
  • Aytaç S. (2011). “İş Kazalarını Önlemede Güvenlik Kültürünün Önemi”. Türk Metal Dergisi. 11:30-33.
  • Buchanan, S., Vossenas, P., Krause, N., Moriarty, J.,Frumin, E., Shimek, A.M.J., Mirer, F., Orris, P. & Punnett, L. (2010). “Occupational injury disparities in the US hotel industry”. American Journal Of Industrial Medicine, 53: 116–125.
  • Camkurt, M.Z. (2013). “Çalışanların Kişisel Özelliklerinin İş Kazalarının Meydana Gelmesi Üzerindeki Etkisi”, TÜHİS İş Hukuku ve İktisat Dergisi, 24(4):70-101.
  • Camkurt, M.Z. (2007). “İşyeri Çalışma Sistemi Ve İşyeri Fiziksel Faktörlerinin İş Kazaları Üzerindeki Etkisi”. TÜHİS İş Hukuku ve İktisat Dergisi, 20(6), 80-106.
  • Cavus, Ö.H. & Akkuş, G. (2015). “Turizm Sektöründe İş Kazaları Ve Meslek Hastalıklarının Analizi”, Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi, 8(41), 1194-1202.
  • Ceylan, H. (2011). “Türkiye’deki İş Kazalarının Genel Görünümü Ve Gelişmiş Ülkelerle Kıyaslanması”. International Journal of Engineering Research and Development, 3(2): 18-24.
  • Chau N, Mur J.M, Benamghar L. & Sourdot A. (2002). “Relationships between some Individual Characteristics and Occupational Accidents in the Construction Industry: A Case-Control Study on 880 Victims of Accidents Occurred during a two-year period”. Journal of Occupational Health, 44(3): 131-139.
  • Chyuan J-YA, Du C-L, Yeh W-Y. &Yi Li, C. (2004). “Musculoskeletaldisorders in hotel restaurant workers”. Occupational Medicine, 54:55-57.
  • Cigularov KP, Chen PY. & Stallones L. (2009) “Error communication in young farm workers: Its relationship to safety climate and safety locus of control”. Work & Stress, - 23(4): 297-312.
  • Demirtaş Ş, Demirtaş RN. (2015). “Mutfak Çalışanlarında Çalışma Ortamı, Psikososyal Stres Ve Yaşam Kalitesinin Değerlendirilmesi”. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri ve Tasarım Dergisi, 3(3): 517-522.
  • Dursun, S. (2013). “İş Güvenliği Kültürünün Çalışanların Güvenli Davranışları Üzerine Etkisi”. Sosyal Güvenlik Dergisi, 3(2): 61-75.
  • Dźwiarek M, Latała A. (2015) “Analysis of occupational accidents: prevention through the use of additional technical safety measures for machinery”. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics. 22(2): 186–192.
  • Gecer, C. (2014). Workload, safety climate, and negative affectivity, as the presumed moderators of the risk perception-organizational outcomes relationships, Master Thesis of Psychology, Middle East Technical University, Ankara.
  • Gerek, N. (2006). İşçi Sağlığı Ve İş Güvenliği, Eskişehir: Anadolu Üniversitesi Yayınları.17.
  • Ghosh, A.,K., Bhattacherjee, A. & Chau, N. (2004). “Relationships of working conditions and individual characteristics to occupational injuries: A Case-Control Study in coal miners”. Journal of Occupational Health, 46: 470–478.Gleeson D. (2001). “Health and safety in the catering industry”. Occupational Medicine, 51(6): 385-91.
  • Goncalves, S. M., Agostinho da Siva, S.,Lima,M., & Melia, J. (2008). “The impact of work accidents experience on causal attributions and worker behaviour”. Safety Science, 46: 992–1001.
  • Gulhan B, Ilhan MN & Civil EF. (2012). “Occupational accidents and affecting factors of metal industry in a factory in Ankara”. Turkish Journal Of Public Health. 10(2): 76-85.
  • Gyekye SA. (2010). “Occupational safety management: The role of causal attribution”. International Journal of Psychology, 45:6: 405-416.
  • Haruyama Y, Matsuzuki, H, Tomita S., Muto, T., Haratani, T., MUTO, S. & Ito, A. (2014). “Burn and cut injuries related to job stress among kitchen workers in Japan”. Industrial Health. 52:113–120.
  • Hattie, J. (1985). “Methodology review: Assessing unidimensionality of tests and ltenls”. Applied Psychological Measurement, 9(2), 139-164.
  • Haukka E, Leino-Arjas P, Ojajärvi A, Takala EP, Viikari-Juntura E. & Riihimäki H. (2011). “Mental stressand psychosocial factors at work in relation to multiplesitemusculoskeletal pain: a longitudinal study of kitchen workers”. European Journal of Pain, 15(4):432–438.
  • Hazen A. & Ehiri JE. (2006). “Road traffic injuries: hidden epidemic in less developed countries”, Journal of the National Medical Association. 98(1):73–82.
  • Henning J. B., Stufft C. J., Payne S. C., Bergman M. E., Mannan M. S., Keren N. (2009). “The influence of individual differences on organizational safety attitudes”. Safety Science, 47: 337-345.
  • Horwitz IB & McCall BP (2005). “An analysis of occupational burn injuries in Rhode Island: workers' compensation claims, 1998 to 2002”. The Journal Of Burn Care and Rehabilitation. 26: 505–14.
  • Hughes, P. & Ferett, E. (2012). “Introduction to International health and safety at work”. Routledge Press, New York.
  • ILO, 2015 “Safety and Health at Work”, http://www.ilo.org/global/topics/safety-and-health-at-work/lang--en/index.htm (accessed date 15.01.2018)
  • İlhan M.N., Kurtcebe Z.Ö., Durukan E. ve Koşar L. (2006). “Temizlik İşçilerinin Sosyo-Demografik Özellikleri Ve Çalışma Koşulları İle İş Kazaları Ve Meslek Hastalıkları Sıklığı”. Fırat Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, 20 (6): 433-439.
  • İsler, D.B. & Özdemir, S. (2010). “Hastane İşletmelerinde İçsel Pazarlama Yaklaşımının İş Tatmini ve Örgütsel Bağlılık Üzerine Etkisi: Isparta İli Örneği”. Hacettepe Sağlık İdaresi Dergisi, 13(2): 115-142
  • Jones, J.W. & Wuebker, L.J. (1993). “Safety locus of control and employees' accidents”. Journal of Business and Psychology, 7(4): 449-457.
  • Jovanović, J., Aranđelović, M. & Jovanović, M. (2004). “Multidisciplinar Aspects of Occupational Accidents and Injuries”. Working Living Environmental Protection 2(4):325–333.
  • Karamık, S. & Şeker, U. (2015). “İşletmelerde İş Güvenliğinin Verimlilik Üzerine Etkilerinin Değerlendirilmesi”. Gazi Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 3(4), 575-584.Kepir H. (1983). “İş Kazalarında İnsan Faktörü ve Eğitimi: Çeşitli Boyutları ve Çözüm Önerileri ile İş Kazaları Seminer Bildirileri”, Ankara:MPM Yayınları.
  • Kiani F, Borjali A, Farahbakhsh K. & Farokhi, N. (2013). “The role of fatalistic beliefs and safety climate in predicting work situation awareness among workers of one petrochemical industry in Asaluyeh, Iran, in 2014”. Journal of Occupational Health and Epidemiology. 2(4): 165-173.
  • Kiani F. & Khodabakhsh, MR. (2013). “The Relationship between safety climate with fatalism and perceived helplessness among workers: Implication for health promotion”. Journal of Community Health Research, 2(3): 196-207.
  • Kiani, F.& Khodabakhsh, M.R. (2014). “Attitude toward Safety Issues as Predictor of Job Stress and Its Dimensions among Employees”. Jundishapur Journal of Health Sciences, 6(2):307-317.
  • Kirkcaldy B, Martin T, Eeden PVD. & Trimpop, R. (1999). “Modeling psychological and work-situation processes that lead to traffic and on-site accidents”. Disaster Prevention and Management. 8(5):342-8.
  • Kokane, S. & Tiwari, R.R. (2011). “Occupational health problems of highway restaurant workers of pune, India”. Toxicology and Industrial Health, 27: 945-948.Kouabenan D.R. (1998). “Beliefs and the perception of risks and accidents”. Risk Analysis, 18(3): 243-252.
  • Koydemir, F.S., Akyürek, S. & Topçuoğlu, E.M. (2014). Çalışma Hayatında Ve Günlük Yaşamda Güvenlik Kültürü. BİLGESAM Yayınları, İstanbul.
  • McLean W, Shepherd JP, Brann CR. & Westmoreland, D. (1997). “Risks associated with occupational glass injury in bar staff with special consideration of hepatitis B infection”. Occupational Medicine, 47(3):147-50.
  • Mueller SL. & Thomas AS. (2001). “Culture and entrepreneurial potential: A nine country study of locus of control and innovativeness”. Journal of Business Venturing, 16(1):51-75.
  • Niza C, Sila S. & Lima ML. (2008). “Occupational accident experience: Association with workers’ accident explanations and definition”. Safety Science. 46: 959–971.Norenzayan A. & Lee A. (2010). “It was meant to happen: explaining cultural variations in fate attributions”. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98(5): 702-720.
  • Patwary M.A., O’Hare W.T. & Sarker, M.H. (2012). “Occupational accident: An example of fatalistic beliefs among medical waste workers in Bangladesh”. Safety Science, 50: 76-82.
  • Perttula, P. & Salminen S. (2012). “Workplace Accidents in Materials Transfer in Finland”. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 18(4):541-548.
  • Ruiu G. (2013). “The origin of fatalistic tendencies: An empirical investigation”. Economics & Sociology, 6(2): 103-125.
  • Rundmo, T., & Hale, A. (2003). “Managers’ attitudes towards safety and accident prevention”. Safety Science, 41(7): 557–574.
  • Salminen S. (1992). “Defensive attribution hypothesis and serious occupational accidents”. Psychological Reports, 70: 1195-1199.
  • Sarı FÖ. (2009). “Effect of employee trainings on the occupational safety and health in accommodation sector”. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences. 1: 1865-1870.
  • Savaş, E. Gürel, A. & Yiğit, Ö. (2014). Kamu Kurumlarında Güvenlik Kültürü Düzeyinin Araştırılması: Yükseköğretim Kurumlari Örneği, VII. Uluslararası İş Sağlığı ve Güvenliği Konferansı Bildiri Kitapçığı, İstanbul.
  • Seçer, B. (2012). “İş Sağlığı ve Güvenliğinde Psikolojik Bir Yaklaşım: Atıf Kuramı”. İş,Güç Endüstri İlişkileri ve İnsan Kaynakları Dergisi,14(4): 31-45.
  • SGK, Social Security Institution (SSI), Statistic Annuals, http://www.sgk.gov.tr/wps/portal/tr/kurumsal/istatistikler/sgk_istatistik_yilliklari [Assesed on 10.12.2017]
  • Shaver KG. (1970). “Defensive attribution: Effects of severity and relevance on the responsibility assigned for an accident”. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 14(2): 101-113.
  • Shen L, Condit CM & Wright L. (2009). “The psychometric property and validation of a fatalism scale”. Psychology & Health. 24(5):597-613.
  • Song, L, He, X. & Li C. (2011). “Longitudinal Relationship Between Economic Development and Occupational Accidents in China”. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 43(1): 82-86.
  • Subramaniam S. & Murugesan S. (2015). “Investigation of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among male kitchen workers in South India”. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics. 21(4): 524–531.
  • Suzman MS, Sobocinski K, Himel H. & Yurt RW. (2001). “Major burn ınjuries among restaurant workers in New York City: An underappreciated public health hazard”. Journal of Burn Care & Rehabilitation, 22: 429-434.
  • Teo, S., Goon, A.,T., Siang, L.,H., Lin G.,S. & Koh, D. (2009). “Occupational dermatoses in restaurant, catering and fast-food outlets in Singapore”. Society of Occupational Medicine, 59: 466-471.
  • Tiwari, RR. (2015). “Situational analysis of occupational health ıssues of restaurant and dhaba workers”. Occupational Medicine & Health Affairs, 3(6): 1-4.
  • Tomita S, Muto T, Matsuzuki H, Haruyama, Y, ITO, A, Muto, S, Haratani, T, SEO, A, Ayabe, M. & Katamoto, S. (2013). “Risk factors for frequent work-related burn and cut injuries and low back pain among commercial kitchen workers in Japan”. Industrial Health, 51(3): 297-306.
  • Ugwu, FO., Onyishi, IE., Ugwu, C. & Onyishi CN. (2015). “Type A behavior pattern, accident optimism and fatalism: an investigation into non-compliance with safety work behaviors among hospital nurses”. International Journal of Occupational Safety And Ergonomics, 21(4):464-70.
  • Üngüren E. & Doğan H. (2010). “Beş Yıldızlı Konaklama İşletmelerinde Çalışanların İş Tatmin Düzeylerinin Chaıd Analiz Yöntemiyle Değerlendirilmesi”. Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi. 11(2):39-52.
  • Vrendenburgh AG. (2002). “Organizational safety: Which management practices are most effective in reducing employee injury rates?”. Journal of Safety Research. 33: 259-276.
  • Walster E. (1966). “Assignment of responsibility for an accident”. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 3(1): 73-79.
  • Wong PTP. & Weiner B. (1981). “When people ask why questions, and the heuristic of attributional search”. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 40(4): 650-663.
  • Woodcock K. (1995). “Bias in real world accident cause-finding”. Advances in Industrial Ergonomics and Safety. Bittner, A.C. & Champney, P. (Eds.) London: Taylor & Francis pp. 907–911.
  • Yıldız, S., Yılmaz, M. & Bakış, A. (2015). Türk İnşaat Sektöründe Güvenlik Kültürü İş Güvenliği İlişkisi. 5. İşçi Sağlığı ve İş Güvenliği Sempozyumu Bildiri Kitapçığı, İzmir.
  • Yılmaz F. (2009). İş Sağlığı Ve Guvenliğinde Okul Eğitiminin Önemi: Modern Örnekler Işığında İş Sağlığı Ve Güvenliği Lisans Eğitiminin Ülkemizde Uygulanabilirliği”. Kamu-İş, 11(1): 107-138.
  • Yılmaz, A. (2014). “İş kazaları ve Kültür: İş Kazalarının Önlenmesinde Kültürel Yaklaşım”. Turkish Studies International Periodical For the Languages, Literature and History of Turkish or Turkic, 9(5): 2105-2124.
  • Zohar D. (2000). “A group-level model of safety climate: testing the effect of group climate on micro-accidents in manufacturing jobs”. Journal of Applied Psychology. 85 (4): 587-596.
Primary Language en
Subjects Hospitality Leisure Sport and Tourism
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Engin ÜNGÜREN (Primary Author)
Institution: Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat Üniversitesi
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date: December 15, 2018

Bibtex @research article { touraj406199, journal = {Turizm Akademik Dergisi}, issn = {1302-5759}, address = {Detay Yayıncılık}, year = {2018}, volume = {5}, pages = {1 - 15}, doi = {}, title = {Investigation of Fatalistic Beliefs and Experiences Regarding Occupational Accidents Among Five Stars Accommodation Companies Employees}, key = {cite}, author = {ÜNGÜREN, Engin} }
APA ÜNGÜREN, E . (2018). Investigation of Fatalistic Beliefs and Experiences Regarding Occupational Accidents Among Five Stars Accommodation Companies Employees. Turizm Akademik Dergisi, 5 (2), 1-15. Retrieved from http://dergipark.org.tr/touraj/issue/41158/406199
MLA ÜNGÜREN, E . "Investigation of Fatalistic Beliefs and Experiences Regarding Occupational Accidents Among Five Stars Accommodation Companies Employees". Turizm Akademik Dergisi 5 (2018): 1-15 <http://dergipark.org.tr/touraj/issue/41158/406199>
Chicago ÜNGÜREN, E . "Investigation of Fatalistic Beliefs and Experiences Regarding Occupational Accidents Among Five Stars Accommodation Companies Employees". Turizm Akademik Dergisi 5 (2018): 1-15
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Investigation of Fatalistic Beliefs and Experiences Regarding Occupational Accidents Among Five Stars Accommodation Companies Employees AU - Engin ÜNGÜREN Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - Turizm Akademik Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 15 VL - 5 IS - 2 SN - 1302-5759- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Turizm Akademik Dergisi Investigation of Fatalistic Beliefs and Experiences Regarding Occupational Accidents Among Five Stars Accommodation Companies Employees %A Engin ÜNGÜREN %T Investigation of Fatalistic Beliefs and Experiences Regarding Occupational Accidents Among Five Stars Accommodation Companies Employees %D 2018 %J Turizm Akademik Dergisi %P 1302-5759- %V 5 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD ÜNGÜREN, Engin . "Investigation of Fatalistic Beliefs and Experiences Regarding Occupational Accidents Among Five Stars Accommodation Companies Employees". Turizm Akademik Dergisi 5 / 2 (December 2018): 1-15.
AMA ÜNGÜREN E . Investigation of Fatalistic Beliefs and Experiences Regarding Occupational Accidents Among Five Stars Accommodation Companies Employees. Turizm Akademik Dergisi. 2018; 5(2): 1-15.
Vancouver ÜNGÜREN E . Investigation of Fatalistic Beliefs and Experiences Regarding Occupational Accidents Among Five Stars Accommodation Companies Employees. Turizm Akademik Dergisi. 2018; 5(2): 15-1.