Araştırma Makalesi
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Yıl 2020, Cilt: 14 Sayı: 2, 123 - 133, 31.08.2020

Öz

Kaynakça

  • World Health Organization. Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV): situation report 1. 21 January 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020]. Available from: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/ coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200121-sitrep-1-2019ncov.pdf? sfvrsn=20a99c10_4
  • Longhurst GJ, Stone DM, Dulohery K, Scully D, Campbell T, Smith CF. Strength, weakness, opportunity, threat (SWOT) analysis of the adaptations to anatomical education in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland in response to Covid-19 pandemic. Anat Sci Educ 2020;13:298–308.
  • Anadolu Ajansı. Sağlık Bakanı Koca Türkiye’de ilk koronavirüs vakasının görüldüğünü açıkladı. 11 March 2020 [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://www.aa.com.tr/tr/koronavirus/saglik-bakani-koca-turkiyede-ilk-koronavirus-vakasiningoruldugunu-acikladi/1761466
  • World Health Organization. WHO Director-General’s opening remarks at the media briefing on Covid-19. 11 March 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https:// www.who.int/dg/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19---11-march-2020
  • T.C. Cumhurbaşkanlığı. Cumhurbaşkanlığı sözcüsü Kalın: “Korona virüsle mücadele sürecini el birliğiyle rehavete ve paniğe kapılmadan atlatma kabiliyetine sahibiz. 12 March 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://www.tccb.gov.tr/haberler/410/117021/cumhurbaskanligi-sozcusu-kalin-korona-virus-lemucadele-surecini-el-birligiyle-rehavete-ve-panige-kapilmadanatlatma-kabiliyetine-sahibiz-
  • Yükseköğretim Kurulu. Koronavirüs bilgilendirme notu: 1. 13 March 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://www.yok.gov.tr/Sayfalar/Haberler/2020/coronavirus_bilgilendirme_1.aspx
  • Yükseköğretim Kurulu. Basın açıklaması. 18 March 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https:// www.yok.gov.tr/Sayfalar/Haberler/2020/universitelerde-uygulanacak-uzaktan-egitime-iliskin-aciklama.aspx
  • T.C. İstanbul Üniversitesi. Örgün öğretimin uzaktan eğitim yöntemiyle sürdürülmesi hakkında açıklama. 22 March 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://www.istanbul.edu.tr/tr/haber/orgun-ogretimin-uzaktanegitim-yontemiyle-surdurulmesi-hakkinda-aciklama-
  • T.C. Sağlık Bakanlığı Hasta Hakları ve Tıbbi Sosyal Hizmetler Daire Başkanlığı. Pandemi hastaneleri. 20 March 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://hasta.saglik. gov.tr/TR,64565/pandemi-hastaneleri.html
  • Mizikaci F. Higher education in Turkey. Monographs on Higher Education. Bucharest; UNESCO-CEPES; 2006. 187 p.
  • Kurdak H. Altintafl, Doran F. Medical education in Turkey: past to future. Med Teach 2008;30:768–773.
  • Anatomische Gesellschaft. Fachanatom. 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://anatomische-gesellschaft.de/ index.php?id=fachanatom
  • Fisch S. Medizinstudium – Ius practicandi – was nun? Wien; Springer; 2008. 221 p.
  • T.C. Sağlık Bakanlığı Tıpta Uzmanlık Kurulu. Uzmanlık dallarının eğitim süreleri hakkında. 03 January 2018. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://dosyamerkez. saglik.gov.tr/Eklenti/14651,karar1087egitimsureleri-2pdf.pdf?0
  • T.C. Sağlık Bakanlığı Tıpta Uzmanlık Kurulu. Tıpta ve diş hekimliğinde uzmanlık dallarının çekirdek müfredat ve standartları. Anatomi v.2.3. 06 January 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://tuk.saglik.gov.tr/TR,53245/v-23dokumanlari.html
  • T.C. Sağlık Bakanlığı Tıpta Uzmanlık Kurulu. Uzmanlık eğitimi rotasyonları. 21–23 June 2010. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://dosyamerkez.saglik.gov.tr/Eklenti/13221, rotasyonlarpdf.pdf?0
  • Türk Anatomi ve Klinik Anatomi Derneği. Çekirdek Eğitim Programı. 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: http://www.anatomidernegi.org.tr/belgeler
  • T.C. İstanbul Üniversitesi İstanbul Tıp Fakültesi. Tıpta Uzmanlık, Anabilim dalları asistan el kitapları. 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://istanbultip.istanbul.edu. tr/tr/content/tipta-uzmanlik/8.anabilim-dallari-asistan-el-kitaplari
  • McCuskey RS, Carmichael SW, Kirch DG. The importance of anatomy in health professions education and the shortage of qualified educators. Acad Med 2005;80:349–351.
  • Wilson AB, Notebaert AJ, Schaefer AF, Moxham BJ, Stephens S, Mueller C, Lazarus MD, Katrikh AZ, Brooks WS. A look at the anatomy educator job market: anatomists remain in short supply. Anat Sci Educ 2020;13:91–101.
  • Adanır SS, Bahşi, Orhan M, Kervancıoğlu P, Cihan ÖF. A quantitative evaluation of the academicians in anatomy departments of medical schools in Turkey. Anatomy 2019;13:193–199.
  • Yükseköğretim Kurulu. Yüksek Öğretim Bilgi Yönetim Sistemi. 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https:// istatistik.yok.gov.tr/
  • T.C. Sağlık Bakanlığı Tıpta Uzmanlık Kurulu. Programlar. 03 June 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://tuk.saglik.gov.tr/TR,30148/programlar.html
  • United Nations, Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. COVID-19: From disruption to recovery. 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://en.unesco.org/ covid19/educationresponse
  • Gordon M, Patricio M, Horne L, Muston A, Alston SR, Pamni M, Thammasitboon S, Park S, Pawlikowska T, Rees, EL, Doyle AJ, Daniel M. Developments in medical education in response to the COVID-19 pandemic: a rapid BEME systematic review: BEME Guide No. 63. Med Teach 2020;42:1202–1215.
  • Evans DJR, Bay BH, Wilson TD, Smith CF, Lachman N, Pawlina W. Going virtual to support anatomy education: a STOPGAP in the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic. Anat Sci Educ 2020;13:279– 83.
  • Cheng X, Chan LK, Pan SQ, Cai H, Li YQ, Yang X. Gross anatomy education in China during the Covid-19 pandemic: a national survey. Anat Sci Educ Epub 2020 Nov 20. DOI 10.1002/ase.2036
  • Pather N, Blyth P, Chapman JA, Dayal MR, Flack NAMS, Fogg QA, Green RA, Hulme AK, Johnson IP, Meyer AJ, Morley JW, Shortland PJ, Strkalj G, Strkalj M, Valter K, Webb AL, Woodley SJ, Lazarus MD. Forced disruption of anatomy education in Australia and New Zealand: an acute response to the Covid-19 pandemic. Anat Sci Educ 2020;13:284–300.
  • Wilcha RJ. Effectiveness of virtual medical teaching during the COVID-19 crisis: systematic review. JMIR Med Educ 2020;6: e20963.
  • Cuschieri S, Agius JC. Spotlight on the shift to remote anatomical teaching during Covid-19 pandemic: perspectives and experiences from the University of Malta. Anat Sci Educ 2020;13:671–6.
  • Friedman K, Lester J, Young JQ. Clinician-educator tracts for trainees in graduate medical education: a scoping review. Acad Med 2019;94:1599–609.
  • Yükseköğretim Kurulu. YÖK’ten küresel salgın ile mücadele sürecinde yeni düzenlemeler – II. 04 June 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://www.yok.gov. tr/Sayfalar/Haberler/2020/kuresel-salgin-surecinde-yapisalduzenlemeler-2.aspx
  • Franchi T. The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on current anatomy education and future careers: astudent’s perspective. Anat Sci Educ 2020;13:309–12.
  • Srinivasan DK. Medical students’ perceptions and an anatomy teacher’s personal experience using an e-learning platform for tutorials during the Covid-19 crisis. Anat Sci Educ 2020;13:318–9.
  • Singal A, Bansal A, Chaudhary P. Cadaverless anatomy: darkness in the times of pandemic Covid-19. Morphologie 2020;104: 147–50.
  • McLachlan JC, Patten D. Anatomy teaching: ghosts of the past, present and future. Med Educ 2006;40:243–53.
  • Wilson AB, Miller CH, Klein BA, Taylor MA, Goodwin M, Boyle EK, Brown K, Hoppe C, Lazarus M. A meta-analysis of anatomy laboratory pedagogies. Clin Anat 2018;31:122–33.
  • McMenamin PG, McLachlan J, Wilson A, McBride JM, Pickering J, Evans DJR, Winkelmann A. Do we really need cadavers anymore to learn anatomy in undergraduate medicine? Med Teach 2018;10:1020–9.
  • Bond G, Franchi T. Resuming cadaver dissection during a pandemic. Med Educ Online 2020;26:1842661.
  • Ooi SZY, Ooi R. Impact of SARS-CoV-2 virus pandemic on the future of cadaveric dissection anatomical teaching. Med Educ Online 2020;25:1823089.
  • World Health Organization. Infection Prevention and Control for the safe management of a dead body in the context of COVID-19. 24 March 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/infection-prevention-and-control-for-the-safe-management-of-a-dead-body-inthe-context-of-covid-19-interim-guidance
  • International Federation of Associations of Anatomists. IFAA best practice guidelines for body donation programmes during the novel Coronavirus pandemic. 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: http://www.ifaa.net/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/ IFAA-Staement-on-COVID-19_-final-v2.pdf
  • Ravi KS. Dead body management in times of Covid-19 and its potential impact on the availability of cadavers for medical education in India. Anat Sci Educ 2020;13:313–4.
  • Lemos GA, Araújo DN, de Lima FJC, Bispo RFM. Human anatomy education and management of specimens during and after COVID-19 pandemic: ethical, legal and biosafety aspects. Ann Anat Epub 2020 Oct 3. DOI 10.1016/j.aanat.2020.151608
  • Stevenson MD, Smigielski EM, Naifeh MM, Abramson EL, Todd C, Li ST. Increasing scholarly activity productivity during residency: a systematic review. Acad Med 2017;92:250–66.
  • Ahn J, Martin SK, Farnan JM, Fromme HB. The Graduate Education Scholars Tract: developing residents as clinician-educators during clinical training via a longitudinal, multimodal, and multidisciplinary tract. Acad Med 2018;93:214–9.
  • Amgad M, Tsui MMK, Liptrott SJ, Shash E. Medical student research: an integrated mixed-methods systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One 2015;10:e0127470
  • Ross CF, Pescitelli MJ, Smith HF, Williams JM. Teaching with dissection in the time of Covid-19 is essential and possible. Clin Anat Epub 2020 Jun 25. DOI 10.1002/ca.23640
  • Esaki-Smith A. Cambridge University to keep lectures online through summer 2021. Forbes. 19 May 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://www.forbes.com/sites/ annaesakismith/2020/05/19/cambridge-university-to-keep-lectures-online-through-summer-2021/#310930e0320e
  • Goh PS, Sandars J. A vision of the use of technology in medical education after the COVID-19 pandemic. MedEdPublish 2020 doi:10.15694/mep.2020.000049.1 [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://www.mededpublish.org/manuscripts/2943

Initial effects of Covid-19 pandemic on graduate anatomy education in Turkey

Yıl 2020, Cilt: 14 Sayı: 2, 123 - 133, 31.08.2020

Öz

Objectives: Meeting the growing need for quality anatomy researcher-educator is a difficult task. Graduate anatomy programs in Turkey that consist of Master of Science, Doctor of Philosophy, and Specialty in Medicine aim to achieve this goal. Unfortunately, the rapid spread of the Covid-19 pandemic either paused or halted higher education worldwide. This sectional study aims to outline the initial effects of the pandemic on graduate anatomy education in Turkey.
Methods: An online survey was distributed among graduate students. The survey evaluated educational and research activities prior and during the pandemic, institutional adaptations, and future projections.
Results: Answers of 51 female and 19 male students (response rate 36.6%) were included in the study. There were 10 MSc (14.3%), 45 PhD (64.3%), and 15 Residency (21.4%) students. Seminars, journal clubs, and case presentations completely ceased in Residency programs. Conversely, online lectures significantly decreased in MSc and PhD programs exclusively. Programs that used blended learning methods were viewed as more effective and better adapted to the pandemic. Students favored transferring lectures (94%), seminars (67%), journal clubs (67%), and case presentations (60%) to online resources. Conversely, they contradicted the online transfer of practice (30%) and dissection (7%) hours.
Conclusion: Despite its low response rate, this sectional study summarizes the initial adaptation of graduate educational programs in Turkey to the Covid-19 pandemic. It also provides insight on future curriculum development. Further studies are needed to outline how much content of graduate programs might be delivered online effectively.

Kaynakça

  • World Health Organization. Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV): situation report 1. 21 January 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020]. Available from: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/ coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200121-sitrep-1-2019ncov.pdf? sfvrsn=20a99c10_4
  • Longhurst GJ, Stone DM, Dulohery K, Scully D, Campbell T, Smith CF. Strength, weakness, opportunity, threat (SWOT) analysis of the adaptations to anatomical education in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland in response to Covid-19 pandemic. Anat Sci Educ 2020;13:298–308.
  • Anadolu Ajansı. Sağlık Bakanı Koca Türkiye’de ilk koronavirüs vakasının görüldüğünü açıkladı. 11 March 2020 [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://www.aa.com.tr/tr/koronavirus/saglik-bakani-koca-turkiyede-ilk-koronavirus-vakasiningoruldugunu-acikladi/1761466
  • World Health Organization. WHO Director-General’s opening remarks at the media briefing on Covid-19. 11 March 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https:// www.who.int/dg/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19---11-march-2020
  • T.C. Cumhurbaşkanlığı. Cumhurbaşkanlığı sözcüsü Kalın: “Korona virüsle mücadele sürecini el birliğiyle rehavete ve paniğe kapılmadan atlatma kabiliyetine sahibiz. 12 March 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://www.tccb.gov.tr/haberler/410/117021/cumhurbaskanligi-sozcusu-kalin-korona-virus-lemucadele-surecini-el-birligiyle-rehavete-ve-panige-kapilmadanatlatma-kabiliyetine-sahibiz-
  • Yükseköğretim Kurulu. Koronavirüs bilgilendirme notu: 1. 13 March 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://www.yok.gov.tr/Sayfalar/Haberler/2020/coronavirus_bilgilendirme_1.aspx
  • Yükseköğretim Kurulu. Basın açıklaması. 18 March 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https:// www.yok.gov.tr/Sayfalar/Haberler/2020/universitelerde-uygulanacak-uzaktan-egitime-iliskin-aciklama.aspx
  • T.C. İstanbul Üniversitesi. Örgün öğretimin uzaktan eğitim yöntemiyle sürdürülmesi hakkında açıklama. 22 March 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://www.istanbul.edu.tr/tr/haber/orgun-ogretimin-uzaktanegitim-yontemiyle-surdurulmesi-hakkinda-aciklama-
  • T.C. Sağlık Bakanlığı Hasta Hakları ve Tıbbi Sosyal Hizmetler Daire Başkanlığı. Pandemi hastaneleri. 20 March 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://hasta.saglik. gov.tr/TR,64565/pandemi-hastaneleri.html
  • Mizikaci F. Higher education in Turkey. Monographs on Higher Education. Bucharest; UNESCO-CEPES; 2006. 187 p.
  • Kurdak H. Altintafl, Doran F. Medical education in Turkey: past to future. Med Teach 2008;30:768–773.
  • Anatomische Gesellschaft. Fachanatom. 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://anatomische-gesellschaft.de/ index.php?id=fachanatom
  • Fisch S. Medizinstudium – Ius practicandi – was nun? Wien; Springer; 2008. 221 p.
  • T.C. Sağlık Bakanlığı Tıpta Uzmanlık Kurulu. Uzmanlık dallarının eğitim süreleri hakkında. 03 January 2018. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://dosyamerkez. saglik.gov.tr/Eklenti/14651,karar1087egitimsureleri-2pdf.pdf?0
  • T.C. Sağlık Bakanlığı Tıpta Uzmanlık Kurulu. Tıpta ve diş hekimliğinde uzmanlık dallarının çekirdek müfredat ve standartları. Anatomi v.2.3. 06 January 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://tuk.saglik.gov.tr/TR,53245/v-23dokumanlari.html
  • T.C. Sağlık Bakanlığı Tıpta Uzmanlık Kurulu. Uzmanlık eğitimi rotasyonları. 21–23 June 2010. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://dosyamerkez.saglik.gov.tr/Eklenti/13221, rotasyonlarpdf.pdf?0
  • Türk Anatomi ve Klinik Anatomi Derneği. Çekirdek Eğitim Programı. 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: http://www.anatomidernegi.org.tr/belgeler
  • T.C. İstanbul Üniversitesi İstanbul Tıp Fakültesi. Tıpta Uzmanlık, Anabilim dalları asistan el kitapları. 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://istanbultip.istanbul.edu. tr/tr/content/tipta-uzmanlik/8.anabilim-dallari-asistan-el-kitaplari
  • McCuskey RS, Carmichael SW, Kirch DG. The importance of anatomy in health professions education and the shortage of qualified educators. Acad Med 2005;80:349–351.
  • Wilson AB, Notebaert AJ, Schaefer AF, Moxham BJ, Stephens S, Mueller C, Lazarus MD, Katrikh AZ, Brooks WS. A look at the anatomy educator job market: anatomists remain in short supply. Anat Sci Educ 2020;13:91–101.
  • Adanır SS, Bahşi, Orhan M, Kervancıoğlu P, Cihan ÖF. A quantitative evaluation of the academicians in anatomy departments of medical schools in Turkey. Anatomy 2019;13:193–199.
  • Yükseköğretim Kurulu. Yüksek Öğretim Bilgi Yönetim Sistemi. 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https:// istatistik.yok.gov.tr/
  • T.C. Sağlık Bakanlığı Tıpta Uzmanlık Kurulu. Programlar. 03 June 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://tuk.saglik.gov.tr/TR,30148/programlar.html
  • United Nations, Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. COVID-19: From disruption to recovery. 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://en.unesco.org/ covid19/educationresponse
  • Gordon M, Patricio M, Horne L, Muston A, Alston SR, Pamni M, Thammasitboon S, Park S, Pawlikowska T, Rees, EL, Doyle AJ, Daniel M. Developments in medical education in response to the COVID-19 pandemic: a rapid BEME systematic review: BEME Guide No. 63. Med Teach 2020;42:1202–1215.
  • Evans DJR, Bay BH, Wilson TD, Smith CF, Lachman N, Pawlina W. Going virtual to support anatomy education: a STOPGAP in the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic. Anat Sci Educ 2020;13:279– 83.
  • Cheng X, Chan LK, Pan SQ, Cai H, Li YQ, Yang X. Gross anatomy education in China during the Covid-19 pandemic: a national survey. Anat Sci Educ Epub 2020 Nov 20. DOI 10.1002/ase.2036
  • Pather N, Blyth P, Chapman JA, Dayal MR, Flack NAMS, Fogg QA, Green RA, Hulme AK, Johnson IP, Meyer AJ, Morley JW, Shortland PJ, Strkalj G, Strkalj M, Valter K, Webb AL, Woodley SJ, Lazarus MD. Forced disruption of anatomy education in Australia and New Zealand: an acute response to the Covid-19 pandemic. Anat Sci Educ 2020;13:284–300.
  • Wilcha RJ. Effectiveness of virtual medical teaching during the COVID-19 crisis: systematic review. JMIR Med Educ 2020;6: e20963.
  • Cuschieri S, Agius JC. Spotlight on the shift to remote anatomical teaching during Covid-19 pandemic: perspectives and experiences from the University of Malta. Anat Sci Educ 2020;13:671–6.
  • Friedman K, Lester J, Young JQ. Clinician-educator tracts for trainees in graduate medical education: a scoping review. Acad Med 2019;94:1599–609.
  • Yükseköğretim Kurulu. YÖK’ten küresel salgın ile mücadele sürecinde yeni düzenlemeler – II. 04 June 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://www.yok.gov. tr/Sayfalar/Haberler/2020/kuresel-salgin-surecinde-yapisalduzenlemeler-2.aspx
  • Franchi T. The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on current anatomy education and future careers: astudent’s perspective. Anat Sci Educ 2020;13:309–12.
  • Srinivasan DK. Medical students’ perceptions and an anatomy teacher’s personal experience using an e-learning platform for tutorials during the Covid-19 crisis. Anat Sci Educ 2020;13:318–9.
  • Singal A, Bansal A, Chaudhary P. Cadaverless anatomy: darkness in the times of pandemic Covid-19. Morphologie 2020;104: 147–50.
  • McLachlan JC, Patten D. Anatomy teaching: ghosts of the past, present and future. Med Educ 2006;40:243–53.
  • Wilson AB, Miller CH, Klein BA, Taylor MA, Goodwin M, Boyle EK, Brown K, Hoppe C, Lazarus M. A meta-analysis of anatomy laboratory pedagogies. Clin Anat 2018;31:122–33.
  • McMenamin PG, McLachlan J, Wilson A, McBride JM, Pickering J, Evans DJR, Winkelmann A. Do we really need cadavers anymore to learn anatomy in undergraduate medicine? Med Teach 2018;10:1020–9.
  • Bond G, Franchi T. Resuming cadaver dissection during a pandemic. Med Educ Online 2020;26:1842661.
  • Ooi SZY, Ooi R. Impact of SARS-CoV-2 virus pandemic on the future of cadaveric dissection anatomical teaching. Med Educ Online 2020;25:1823089.
  • World Health Organization. Infection Prevention and Control for the safe management of a dead body in the context of COVID-19. 24 March 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/infection-prevention-and-control-for-the-safe-management-of-a-dead-body-inthe-context-of-covid-19-interim-guidance
  • International Federation of Associations of Anatomists. IFAA best practice guidelines for body donation programmes during the novel Coronavirus pandemic. 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: http://www.ifaa.net/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/ IFAA-Staement-on-COVID-19_-final-v2.pdf
  • Ravi KS. Dead body management in times of Covid-19 and its potential impact on the availability of cadavers for medical education in India. Anat Sci Educ 2020;13:313–4.
  • Lemos GA, Araújo DN, de Lima FJC, Bispo RFM. Human anatomy education and management of specimens during and after COVID-19 pandemic: ethical, legal and biosafety aspects. Ann Anat Epub 2020 Oct 3. DOI 10.1016/j.aanat.2020.151608
  • Stevenson MD, Smigielski EM, Naifeh MM, Abramson EL, Todd C, Li ST. Increasing scholarly activity productivity during residency: a systematic review. Acad Med 2017;92:250–66.
  • Ahn J, Martin SK, Farnan JM, Fromme HB. The Graduate Education Scholars Tract: developing residents as clinician-educators during clinical training via a longitudinal, multimodal, and multidisciplinary tract. Acad Med 2018;93:214–9.
  • Amgad M, Tsui MMK, Liptrott SJ, Shash E. Medical student research: an integrated mixed-methods systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One 2015;10:e0127470
  • Ross CF, Pescitelli MJ, Smith HF, Williams JM. Teaching with dissection in the time of Covid-19 is essential and possible. Clin Anat Epub 2020 Jun 25. DOI 10.1002/ca.23640
  • Esaki-Smith A. Cambridge University to keep lectures online through summer 2021. Forbes. 19 May 2020. [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://www.forbes.com/sites/ annaesakismith/2020/05/19/cambridge-university-to-keep-lectures-online-through-summer-2021/#310930e0320e
  • Goh PS, Sandars J. A vision of the use of technology in medical education after the COVID-19 pandemic. MedEdPublish 2020 doi:10.15694/mep.2020.000049.1 [Internet] [Retrieved on June 25, 2020] Available from: https://www.mededpublish.org/manuscripts/2943

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sağlık Kurumları Yönetimi
Bölüm Teaching Anatomy
Yazarlar

Fulya TEMİZSOY KORKMAZ 0000-0001-7048-036X

İlke Ali GÜRSES 0000-0001-9188-4662

Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Ağustos 2020
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020 Cilt: 14 Sayı: 2

Kaynak Göster

APA TEMİZSOY KORKMAZ, F., & GÜRSES, İ. A. (2020). Initial effects of Covid-19 pandemic on graduate anatomy education in Turkey. Anatomy, 14(2), 123-133.
AMA TEMİZSOY KORKMAZ F, GÜRSES İA. Initial effects of Covid-19 pandemic on graduate anatomy education in Turkey. Anatomy. Ağustos 2020;14(2):123-133.
Chicago TEMİZSOY KORKMAZ, Fulya, ve İlke Ali GÜRSES. “Initial Effects of Covid-19 Pandemic on Graduate Anatomy Education in Turkey”. Anatomy 14, sy. 2 (Ağustos 2020): 123-33.
EndNote TEMİZSOY KORKMAZ F, GÜRSES İA (01 Ağustos 2020) Initial effects of Covid-19 pandemic on graduate anatomy education in Turkey. Anatomy 14 2 123–133.
IEEE F. TEMİZSOY KORKMAZ ve İ. A. GÜRSES, “Initial effects of Covid-19 pandemic on graduate anatomy education in Turkey”, Anatomy, c. 14, sy. 2, ss. 123–133, 2020.
ISNAD TEMİZSOY KORKMAZ, Fulya - GÜRSES, İlke Ali. “Initial Effects of Covid-19 Pandemic on Graduate Anatomy Education in Turkey”. Anatomy 14/2 (Ağustos 2020), 123-133.
JAMA TEMİZSOY KORKMAZ F, GÜRSES İA. Initial effects of Covid-19 pandemic on graduate anatomy education in Turkey. Anatomy. 2020;14:123–133.
MLA TEMİZSOY KORKMAZ, Fulya ve İlke Ali GÜRSES. “Initial Effects of Covid-19 Pandemic on Graduate Anatomy Education in Turkey”. Anatomy, c. 14, sy. 2, 2020, ss. 123-3.
Vancouver TEMİZSOY KORKMAZ F, GÜRSES İA. Initial effects of Covid-19 pandemic on graduate anatomy education in Turkey. Anatomy. 2020;14(2):123-3.

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