Yıl 2016, Cilt 17 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 413 - 421 2016-07-14

KALSİYUM ASETAT YÜKLENMİŞ DOLOMİT KATALİZÖRÜ İLE KANOLA YAĞI VE METANOLDEN BİYODİZEL ÜRETİMİ

Oğuzhan İLGEN [1]


Bu çalışmada, kanola yağı ve metanolün tranesterleşme tepkimesi kalsiyum asetat ile kalsiyum oksit içeriği zenginleştirilen dolomit katalizörlüğünde heterojen sistemde çalışılmıştır. Katalizörler kalsiyum asetat sulu çözeltisinin dolomit üzerine kuruluğa kadar emdirilmesi ile hazırlanmıştır. XRD sonuçları kasiyum asetatın ve dolomit içerisindeki kalsiyum karbonatın kalsinasyon sonrasında kalsiyum oksite dönüştüğünü göstermektedir. Kalsiyum asetat yükleme miktarı, katalizör miktarı, metanol/kanola yağı mol oranı ve tepkime zamanı gibi parametrelerin biyodizel üretimine etkisi incelenmiştir. Dolomit üzerine %7.5 kasiyum asetat yükleme miktarının en yüksek katalitik aktiviteyi gösterdiği görülmüştür. En yüksek biyodizel verimi  % 3 katalizör miktarı, 6:1 metanol/kanola yağı mol oranı, 67.5 0C tepkime sıcaklığı ve 3 saat tepkime süresi koşullarında % 93.8 olarak elde edilmiştir. 

Biyodizel, Kanola yağı, Transesterleşme, Heterojen katalizör, Dolomit
  • Agarwal AK. Biofuels (alcohols and biodiesel) applications as fuels for internal combustion engines Prog. Energy Combust. Sci., 33: 233–71, 2007.
  • Karavalakis G, Stournas S, Karonis D. Evaluation of the oxidation stability of diesel/biodiesel blends Fuel, 89: 2483–89, 2010.
  • Alba-Rubio AC, Santamaria-Gonzalez J, Merida-Robles JM, Moreno-Tost R, Martin-Alonso D, Jimenez-Lopez A, Maireles-Torres A. Heterogeneous transesterification processes by using CaO supported on zinc oxide as basic catalysts Catal. Today, 149: 281–87, 2010.
  • Kulkarni MG, Dalai AK. Waste cooking oil-an economical source for biodiesel: A review Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 45: 2901 -13, 2006.
  • Kim HJ, Kang BS, Kim MJ, Park YM, Kim DK, Lee JS, Lee KY. Transesterification of vegetable oil to biodiesel using heterogeneous base catalyst Catal. Today, 93–95: 315–20, 2004.
  • Ngamcharussrivichai C, Wiwatnimit W, Wangnoi S. Modified dolomites as catalysts for palm kernel oil transesterification J. Mol. Catal. A: Chem., 276: 24–33, 2007.
  • Liu X, Piao X, Wang Y, Zhu S. Calcium ethoxide as a solid base catalyst for the transesterification of soybean oil to biodiesel Energy Fuels, 22: 1313–17, 2008.
  • Liang X, Gao S, Wu H, Yang J. Highly efficient procedure for the synthesis of biodiesel from soybean oil Fuel Process. Technol., 90: 701–04, 2009.
  • Wei Z, Xu C, Li B. Application of waste eggshell as low-cost solid catalyst for biodiesel production Bioresour. Technol., 100: 2883–85, 2009.
  • Boey PL, Maniam GP, Hamid SA. Biodiesel production via transesterification of palm olein using waste mud crab (Scylla serrata) shell as a heterogeneous catalyst Bioresour. Technol, 100: 6362–68, 2009. [11] Viriya-empikul N, Krasae P, Puttasawat B, Yoosuk B, Chollacoop N, Faungnawakij K. Waste shells of mollusk and egg as biodiesel production catalysts Bioresour. Technol., 101: 3765–67, 2010.
  • Nakatani N, Takamori H, Takeda K, Sakugawa H. Transesterification of soybean oil using combusted oyster shell waste as a catalyst Bioresour. Technol, 100: 1510–13, 2009.
  • Jaiyen S, Naree T, Ngamcharussrivichai C. Comparative study of natural dolomitic rock and waste mixed seashells as heterogeneous catalysts for the methanolysis of palm oil to biodiesel Renew. Energy. 74: 433-40, 2015.
  • Ngamcharussrivichai C, Nunthasanti P, Tanachai S, Bunyakiat K. Biodiesel production through transesterification over natural calciums, Fuel Process. Technol., 91: 1409–15, 2010.
  • Ilgen O. Dolomite as a heterogeneous catalyst for transesterification of canola oil Fuel Process. Technol., 92: 452–55, 2011. [16] Wilson K, Hardacre C, Lee AF, Montero JM, Shellard L. The application of calcined natural dolomitic rock as a solid base catalyst in triglyceride transesterification for biodiesel synthesis Green Chem., 10: 654–59, 2008.
  • Correia LM, de Sousa Campelo N, Novaes DS, Cavalcante CL, Cecilia JA, Rodríguez-Castellón E, Vieira RS. Characterization and application of dolomite as catalytic precursor for canola and sunflower oils for biodiesel production Chem. Eng. J., 269: 35–43, 2015.
  • Niu SL, Huo MJ, Lu CM, Liu MQ, Li H. An investigation on the catalytic capacity of dolomite in transesterification and the calculation of kinetic parameters Bioresour. Technol., 158: 74–80, 2014.
  • Lee S. Oil Shale Technology. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press; 1991.
  • Patnaik P. Handbook of Inorganic Chemicals. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2003.
  • Lingling X, Min D. Dolomite used as raw material to produce MgO-based expansive agent Cem. Concr. Res., 35: 1480–85, 2005.
  • Granados ML, Alonso DM, Alba-Rubio AC, Mariscal R, Ojeda M, Brettes P. Transesterification of triglycerides by CaO: increase of the reaction rate by biodiesel addition Energy Fuels, 23: 2259–63, 2009.
  • Cantrell DG, Gillie LJ, Lee AF, Wilson K. Structure–reactivity correlations in MgAl hydrotalcite catalysts for biodiesel synthesis Appl. Catal. A:Gen., 287: 183–90, 2005.
  • Gryglewicz S. Rapeseed oil methyl esters preparation using heterogeneous catalysts Bioresour. Technol., 70: 249–53, 1999. [25] Adanez J, de Diego LF, Garcia-Labiano F. Calcination of calcium acetate and calcium magnesium acetate: effect of the reacting atmosphere Fuel, 78: 583–92, 1999.
  • Duan G, Yang X, Chen J, Huang G, Lu L, Wang X. The catalytic effect of nanosized MgO on the decomposition of ammonium perchlorate Powder Technol., 172: 27–29, 2007.
  • Martavaltzi CS, Pampaka EP, Korkakaki ES, Lemonidou AA. Hydrogen production via steam reforming of methane with simultaneous CO capture over CaO-Ca12Al14O33 Energy Fuels, 24: 2589– 95, 2010.
  • Lopez GM, Zafra Poves MD, Martín Alonso D, Mariscal R, Galisteo FC, Moreno-Tost R, Santamaría J, Fierro J.L.G. Biodiesel from sunflower oil by using activated calcium oxide Appl. Catal. B: Env., 73: 317–326, 2007. [29] Zabeti M, Wan DWMA, Aroua MK. Optimization of the activity of CaO/Al2O3 catalyst for biodiesel production using response surface methodology Appl. Catal. A: Gen., 366: 154-59, 2009.
  • Ilgen O, Akin AN. Development of alumina supported alkaline catalysts used for biodiesel production Turk. J. Chem., 33: 281–87, 2009.
  • Xie W, Peng H, Chen L. Calcined Mg-Al hydrotalcites as solid base catalysts for methanolysis of soybean oil J. Mol. Catal. A: Chem., 246: 24–32, 2005.
  • Xie W, Peng H, Chen L. Transesterification of soybean oil catalyzed by potassium loaded on alumina as a solid-base catalyst Appl. Catal. A: Gen., 300: 67–74, 2006.
  • Kim HJ, Kang BS, Kim MJ, Park YM, Kim DK, Lee JS, Lee KY. Transesterification of vegetable oil to biodiesel using heterogeneous base catalyst C.
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Yazar: Oğuzhan İLGEN

Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 14 Temmuz 2016

Bibtex @ { aubtda257972, journal = {Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering}, issn = {1302-3160}, eissn = {2146-0205}, address = {}, publisher = {Eskişehir Teknik Üniversitesi}, year = {2016}, volume = {17}, pages = {413 - 421}, doi = {10.18038/btda.02026}, title = {KALSİYUM ASETAT YÜKLENMİŞ DOLOMİT KATALİZÖRÜ İLE KANOLA YAĞI VE METANOLDEN BİYODİZEL ÜRETİMİ}, key = {cite}, author = {İlgen, Oğuzhan} }
APA İlgen, O . (2016). KALSİYUM ASETAT YÜKLENMİŞ DOLOMİT KATALİZÖRÜ İLE KANOLA YAĞI VE METANOLDEN BİYODİZEL ÜRETİMİ . Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering , 17 (2) , 413-421 . DOI: 10.18038/btda.02026
MLA İlgen, O . "KALSİYUM ASETAT YÜKLENMİŞ DOLOMİT KATALİZÖRÜ İLE KANOLA YAĞI VE METANOLDEN BİYODİZEL ÜRETİMİ" . Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering 17 (2016 ): 413-421 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/aubtda/issue/24338/257972>
Chicago İlgen, O . "KALSİYUM ASETAT YÜKLENMİŞ DOLOMİT KATALİZÖRÜ İLE KANOLA YAĞI VE METANOLDEN BİYODİZEL ÜRETİMİ". Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering 17 (2016 ): 413-421
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - KALSİYUM ASETAT YÜKLENMİŞ DOLOMİT KATALİZÖRÜ İLE KANOLA YAĞI VE METANOLDEN BİYODİZEL ÜRETİMİ AU - Oğuzhan İlgen Y1 - 2016 PY - 2016 N1 - doi: 10.18038/btda.02026 DO - 10.18038/btda.02026 T2 - Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 413 EP - 421 VL - 17 IS - 2 SN - 1302-3160-2146-0205 M3 - doi: 10.18038/btda.02026 UR - https://doi.org/10.18038/btda.02026 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Anadolu Üniversitesi Bilim Ve Teknoloji Dergisi A - Uygulamalı Bilimler ve Mühendislik KALSİYUM ASETAT YÜKLENMİŞ DOLOMİT KATALİZÖRÜ İLE KANOLA YAĞI VE METANOLDEN BİYODİZEL ÜRETİMİ %A Oğuzhan İlgen %T KALSİYUM ASETAT YÜKLENMİŞ DOLOMİT KATALİZÖRÜ İLE KANOLA YAĞI VE METANOLDEN BİYODİZEL ÜRETİMİ %D 2016 %J Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering %P 1302-3160-2146-0205 %V 17 %N 2 %R doi: 10.18038/btda.02026 %U 10.18038/btda.02026
ISNAD İlgen, Oğuzhan . "KALSİYUM ASETAT YÜKLENMİŞ DOLOMİT KATALİZÖRÜ İLE KANOLA YAĞI VE METANOLDEN BİYODİZEL ÜRETİMİ". Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering 17 / 2 (Temmuz 2016): 413-421 . https://doi.org/10.18038/btda.02026
AMA İlgen O . KALSİYUM ASETAT YÜKLENMİŞ DOLOMİT KATALİZÖRÜ İLE KANOLA YAĞI VE METANOLDEN BİYODİZEL ÜRETİMİ. AUBTD-A. 2016; 17(2): 413-421.
Vancouver İlgen O . KALSİYUM ASETAT YÜKLENMİŞ DOLOMİT KATALİZÖRÜ İLE KANOLA YAĞI VE METANOLDEN BİYODİZEL ÜRETİMİ. Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering. 2016; 17(2): 413-421.
IEEE O. İlgen , "KALSİYUM ASETAT YÜKLENMİŞ DOLOMİT KATALİZÖRÜ İLE KANOLA YAĞI VE METANOLDEN BİYODİZEL ÜRETİMİ", Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering, c. 17, sayı. 2, ss. 413-421, Tem. 2016, doi:10.18038/btda.02026