Yıl 2010, Cilt 11 , Sayı 1, Sayfalar 59 - 79 2010-10-01

GHETTO OF VENICE: THE ARCHITECTURAL STRUCTURE OF THE WORLD'S FIRST GHETTO SETTLEMENT
Uygulamalı Bilimler ve Mühendislik

Sevim ATEŞ [1]


The ghetto type settlements, which appear in the European city structure, define those quarters where the Jews have been forced to live isolated from the city. Yet, the place where the term was used for the first time is Venice which is also the place where the first ghetto had been formed. Jewish communities have come to also Venice for purpose of trade such as other Italian cities since ancient periods. However, they had been composed the settlement which has been had gone on until now in sixteenth century. The phenomenon of decomposed quarter had been created ‘ghetto' type settlement. Nowadays, even if Jewish population is in a small number, they remain their existence in ghetto with religious and social buildings. Thence, it has been taken place in important cultural heritages which have been preserved with population since established. This study is a research on the architectural character of the Venetian Ghetto, within its historical context and socio-political conditions. The settlement is considered as a whole in the context of its position in the city, with its civic buildings and synagogue architecture. Another objective of the study is to set a model for sustainable urban preservation today where the community is still part of the historical settlement.

Avrupa kent kurgusunda ortaya çıkan getto tipi yerleşmeler, Yahudilerin kentten tecrit edilerek yaşamaya zorlandıkları mahalleleri tanımlamak için kullanılmaktadır. Bununla birlikte, bu terimin ilk kez ortaya çıktığı ve ilk gettonun kurulduğu kent Venedik'tir. Yahudi toplulukları, eski dönemlerden itibaren ticaret amacıyla diğer İtalya şehirleri gibi Venedik’e de gelmişlerdir. Ancak, kent içinde günümüze kadar süregelen yerleşmeyi 16.yüzyılda oluşturmuşlardır. Kent bütününden ayrıştırılmış bu mahalle olgusu ‘getto’ tipi yerleşmeyi yaratmıştır. Günümüzde de Yahudi nüfusu az sayıda da olsa, dini ve sosyal yapıları ile gettodaki varlığını sürdürmektedir. Bu nedenle kuruluşundan itibaren halkı ile birlikte korunagelmiş önemli kültürel miraslar içinde yer almaktadır
Venedik, Getto tipi yerleşme, Mimari kurgu, Sinagog mimarisi, Kültürel miras
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Birincil Dil en
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Yazar: Sevim ATEŞ

Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 1 Ekim 2010

Bibtex @ { aubtda42102, journal = {Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering}, issn = {1302-3160}, eissn = {2146-0205}, address = {}, publisher = {Eskişehir Teknik Üniversitesi}, year = {2010}, volume = {11}, pages = {59 - 79}, doi = {}, title = {GHETTO OF VENICE: THE ARCHITECTURAL STRUCTURE OF THE WORLD'S FIRST GHETTO SETTLEMENT}, key = {cite}, author = {Ateş, Sevim} }
APA Ateş, S . (2010). GHETTO OF VENICE: THE ARCHITECTURAL STRUCTURE OF THE WORLD'S FIRST GHETTO SETTLEMENT . Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering , 11 (1) , 59-79 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/aubtda/issue/3031/42102
MLA Ateş, S . "GHETTO OF VENICE: THE ARCHITECTURAL STRUCTURE OF THE WORLD'S FIRST GHETTO SETTLEMENT" . Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering 11 (2010 ): 59-79 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/aubtda/issue/3031/42102>
Chicago Ateş, S . "GHETTO OF VENICE: THE ARCHITECTURAL STRUCTURE OF THE WORLD'S FIRST GHETTO SETTLEMENT". Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering 11 (2010 ): 59-79
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - GHETTO OF VENICE: THE ARCHITECTURAL STRUCTURE OF THE WORLD'S FIRST GHETTO SETTLEMENT AU - Sevim Ateş Y1 - 2010 PY - 2010 N1 - DO - T2 - Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 59 EP - 79 VL - 11 IS - 1 SN - 1302-3160-2146-0205 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Anadolu Üniversitesi Bilim Ve Teknoloji Dergisi A - Uygulamalı Bilimler ve Mühendislik GHETTO OF VENICE: THE ARCHITECTURAL STRUCTURE OF THE WORLD'S FIRST GHETTO SETTLEMENT %A Sevim Ateş %T GHETTO OF VENICE: THE ARCHITECTURAL STRUCTURE OF THE WORLD'S FIRST GHETTO SETTLEMENT %D 2010 %J Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering %P 1302-3160-2146-0205 %V 11 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Ateş, Sevim . "GHETTO OF VENICE: THE ARCHITECTURAL STRUCTURE OF THE WORLD'S FIRST GHETTO SETTLEMENT". Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering 11 / 1 (Ekim 2010): 59-79 .
AMA Ateş S . GHETTO OF VENICE: THE ARCHITECTURAL STRUCTURE OF THE WORLD'S FIRST GHETTO SETTLEMENT. AUBTD-A. 2010; 11(1): 59-79.
Vancouver Ateş S . GHETTO OF VENICE: THE ARCHITECTURAL STRUCTURE OF THE WORLD'S FIRST GHETTO SETTLEMENT. Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering. 2010; 11(1): 59-79.
IEEE S. Ateş , "GHETTO OF VENICE: THE ARCHITECTURAL STRUCTURE OF THE WORLD'S FIRST GHETTO SETTLEMENT", Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology A - Applied Sciences and Engineering, c. 11, sayı. 1, ss. 59-79, Eki. 2010