Yıl 2021, Cilt 2 , Sayı 1, Sayfalar 22 - 42 2021-01-20

Structural Performance and Constructional Phases of Rumah Gadang of West Sumatra, Indonesia

Johanita Anggia RİNİ [1] , İbrahim NUMAN [2] , Noor Cholis IDHAM [3]


Considered as an ideal representation of the vernacular architecture of the South-East Asian region, ‘rumah gadang’ (big house) of West Sumatra, Indonesia, is regarded as a thoughtful indigenous design responsive to various contextual demands. One of these is structural aspects, particularly due to the widely known seismic activities of Indonesian lands. To ensure the fulfillment of certain procedures and technical standards required for the adequate structural performance, the constructional phases of ‘rumah gadang’ are traditionally systematized in specific manner, not only according to certain technical considerations bus also cultural requirements as well. In this regard, to evaluate the structural performance of this vernacular house, this paper presents structural analysis of ‘rumah gadang’ in different constructional phases, both under normal circumstance and under seismic activities, conducted by simulations. The results show that, under various loads including earthquake, the structure of the house experiences only minor deformations, particularly in the roof area, and that the structural stability increases along with the development of the construction phases. The research also give insight on how the society of West Sumatra incorporate spiritual values into the structural design and construction process of ‘rumah gadang’.
Indonesian vernacular architecture, rumah gadang, structural analysis, earthquake modelling, wooden house
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Mimarlık
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-5929-3229
Yazar: Johanita Anggia RİNİ (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: FATİH SULTAN MEHMET VAKIF ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-2785-7536
Yazar: İbrahim NUMAN
Kurum: FATİH SULTAN MEHMET VAKIF ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-3391-6931
Yazar: Noor Cholis IDHAM
Kurum: Universitas Islam Indonesia
Ülke: Indonesia


Teşekkür The authors also acknowledge and thank Mr. Nurman as the traditional master carpenter (tukang tuo), Mr. Mukhlis Zaini, S.Pd., as the teacher of Budaya Alam Minangkabau (Minangkabau Culture), and Mr. Harri Trisna A.S., S.T., S.Pd., M.M., as the Head of the Tourism and Culture Office of Solok Selatan District, from whom the additional information highly valuable for this paper was obtained.
Tarihler

Başvuru Tarihi : 22 Eylül 2020
Kabul Tarihi : 18 Ocak 2021
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 20 Ocak 2021

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { babdergisi797490, journal = {bab Journal of FSMVU Faculty of Architecture and Design}, issn = {}, eissn = {2717-7688}, address = {Fatih Sultan Mehmet Vakıf Üniversitesi, Mimarlık ve Tasarım Fakültesi, Haliç Yerleşkesi, Karaağaç Cad. No:12/A Sütlüce Beyoğlu İstanbul}, publisher = {Fatih Sultan Mehmet Vakıf Üniversitesi}, year = {2021}, volume = {2}, pages = {22 - 42}, doi = {}, title = {Structural Performance and Constructional Phases of Rumah Gadang of West Sumatra, Indonesia}, key = {cite}, author = {Rini, Johanita Anggia and Numan, İbrahim and Idham, Noor Cholis} }
APA Rini, J , Numan, İ , Idham, N . (2021). Structural Performance and Constructional Phases of Rumah Gadang of West Sumatra, Indonesia . bab Journal of FSMVU Faculty of Architecture and Design , 2 (1) , 22-42 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/babdergisi/issue/59868/797490
MLA Rini, J , Numan, İ , Idham, N . "Structural Performance and Constructional Phases of Rumah Gadang of West Sumatra, Indonesia" . bab Journal of FSMVU Faculty of Architecture and Design 2 (2021 ): 22-42 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/babdergisi/issue/59868/797490>
Chicago Rini, J , Numan, İ , Idham, N . "Structural Performance and Constructional Phases of Rumah Gadang of West Sumatra, Indonesia". bab Journal of FSMVU Faculty of Architecture and Design 2 (2021 ): 22-42
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Structural Performance and Constructional Phases of Rumah Gadang of West Sumatra, Indonesia AU - Johanita Anggia Rini , İbrahim Numan , Noor Cholis Idham Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - DO - T2 - bab Journal of FSMVU Faculty of Architecture and Design JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 22 EP - 42 VL - 2 IS - 1 SN - -2717-7688 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 bab Journal of FSMVU Faculty of Architecture and Design Structural Performance and Constructional Phases of Rumah Gadang of West Sumatra, Indonesia %A Johanita Anggia Rini , İbrahim Numan , Noor Cholis Idham %T Structural Performance and Constructional Phases of Rumah Gadang of West Sumatra, Indonesia %D 2021 %J bab Journal of FSMVU Faculty of Architecture and Design %P -2717-7688 %V 2 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Rini, Johanita Anggia , Numan, İbrahim , Idham, Noor Cholis . "Structural Performance and Constructional Phases of Rumah Gadang of West Sumatra, Indonesia". bab Journal of FSMVU Faculty of Architecture and Design 2 / 1 (Ocak 2021): 22-42 .
AMA Rini J , Numan İ , Idham N . Structural Performance and Constructional Phases of Rumah Gadang of West Sumatra, Indonesia. bāb Architecture and Design Journal. 2021; 2(1): 22-42.
Vancouver Rini J , Numan İ , Idham N . Structural Performance and Constructional Phases of Rumah Gadang of West Sumatra, Indonesia. bab Journal of FSMVU Faculty of Architecture and Design. 2021; 2(1): 22-42.
IEEE J. Rini , İ. Numan ve N. Idham , "Structural Performance and Constructional Phases of Rumah Gadang of West Sumatra, Indonesia", bab Journal of FSMVU Faculty of Architecture and Design, c. 2, sayı. 1, ss. 22-42, Oca. 2021