Araştırma Makalesi
BibTex RIS Kaynak Göster

Shakespeare’in Hamlet Oyununda Erken Modern Dönemin Duygu Anlayışı: Oyuncunun Hecuba Konuşmasında Mizaçlar, Bedenler ve Tutkular

Yıl 2022, Cilt: 16 Sayı: 1, 99 - 114, 06.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.47777/cankujhss.905723

Öz

Duyguların bedensel mizacın dengelerini değiştirebilen güçleri dikkate alındığında, Shakespeare döneminde tiyatro oyunları, Stephen Gosson ve Philip Stubbes gibi erken modern eleştirmenler tarafından ciddi biçimde saldırıya uğramıştır. Stephen Gosson’a göre, duygusal ve fizyolojik etkileri yüzünden tiyatro gösterileri, seyircinin rasyonel düşünme yetisini ve değerlendirme kapasitesini zayıflatarak baltalamaktadır ve bu nedenle yasaklanmalıdır. Bu makale, Shakespeare’in Hamlet oyunundaki Perde I, sahne ii’de geçen oyuncunun dikkate değer konuşması üzerine ilginç bir araştırmadır. Oyuncunun Hecuba üzerine konuşması ve Hamlet’in buna reaksiyonu (tepkisi) yoluyla, bu çalışma sadece karakterlerin tiyatroya yönelik tavırlarını tartışmakla kalmayarak, aynı zamanda erken modern tiyatro üzerindeki fikir çekişmelerini ve tiyatronun insanın bedeni, zihni ve tutkuları arasındaki dengeyi değiştirerek yozlaştırdığı düşüncesinin yaygın olduğu bir zamanda Shakespeare’in tiyatro sanatının duygusal potansiyel gücünün arkasında dimdik duruşunu tartışmaktadır.

Kaynakça

  • Burton, Robert. The Anatomy of Melancholy, ed. Thomas C. Faulkner, Nicolas K. Kiessling, and Rhonda L. Blair, 6 vols. Clarendon Press, 1989-2000.
  • Craik, Katherine A. and Tanya Pollard, “Introduction: Imagining Audiences,” in Shakespearean Sensations: Experiencing Literature in Early Modern England, ed. by Katherine A. Craik. Cambridge University Press, 2013, pp. 1-25.
  • Filipczak, Zirka Z. Hot Dry Men Cold Wet Women: The Theory of Humours in Western European Art, 1575-1700. American Federation of Arts, 1997.
  • Gosson, Stephen. Plays Confuted in Five Actions (1582), in Shakespeare’s Theater: A Sourcebook, ed. by Tanya Pollard. Wiley, 2008, pp. 84-114.
  • James, Susan. Passion and Action: The Emotions in Seventeenth-Century Philosophy. Cambridge University Press, 1997.
  • Tribble, Evelyn. “Affective Contagion on the Early Modern Stage,” in Affect Theory and Early Modern Texts: Politics, Ecologies, and Form, ed. by Amanda Bailey and Mario DiGangi. Palgrave, 2017, 195-212.
  • Park, Katherine and Eckhard Kessler, “The Concept of Psychology,” in The Cambridge History of Renaissance Philosophy, ed. Charles B. Schmitt et al. Cambridge University Press, 1988, 455-63.
  • Paster, Gail Kern. “Introduction,” in Humoring the Body: Emotions and the Shakespearean Stage. The University of Chicago Press, 2004, 1-24.
  • Schoenfeldt, Michael C. Bodies and Selves in Early Modern England: Physiology and Inwardness in Spenser, Shakespeare, Herbert, and Milton. Cambridge University Press, 1999.
  • Shakespeare, William. Hamlet (1600). Folger Shakespeare Library. Shakespeare's Plays from Folger Digital Texts. Ed. Barbara Mowat, Paul Werstine, Michael Poston, and Rebecca Niles. Folger Shakespeare Library, 17 October, 2017. www.folgerdigitaltexts.org.
  • Sidney, Philip. “An Apology for Poetry,” (1595) in Shakespeare's Theater: A Sourcebook, ed. by Tanya Pollard. Wiley, 2008, pp. 146-165.
  • Wright, Thomas. “The Passions of the Mind (Modern).” Internet Shakespeare Editions. 11 January 2019, https://internetshakespeare.uvic.ca/doc/ WrightPassions_M/index.html. Accessed 28 February 2022.

Reflections on Early Modern Understanding of Affects in Shakespeare’s Hamlet: Humors, Bodies and Passions in the Player’s Hecuba Speech

Yıl 2022, Cilt: 16 Sayı: 1, 99 - 114, 06.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.47777/cankujhss.905723

Öz

Considered to be affective mediums exercising powers changing the humoral balances of bodies, theatre plays have been severely attacked on the grounds that they provoke strong emotions by early modern critics such as Stephen Gosson and Philip Stubbes in the Shakespearean period. According to Stephen Gosson, for instance, due to their emotional and physiological impact theatre performances weakened and undermined audiences’ capacities to reason and judge; and thus, needed to be prohibited altogether. This study provides a detailed analysis of the Hecuba speech (II, ii) in Shakespeare’s Hamlet. Through the Player’s and Hamlet’s reactions to the Hecuba-speech, it will discuss the characters’ attitudes towards theatre and comment on early modern theatre debates. The study will further discuss William Shakespeare’s stand on the affective potential of theatre in times when theatre plays have been considered contagious and altering the balance between minds, passions and bodies.

Kaynakça

  • Burton, Robert. The Anatomy of Melancholy, ed. Thomas C. Faulkner, Nicolas K. Kiessling, and Rhonda L. Blair, 6 vols. Clarendon Press, 1989-2000.
  • Craik, Katherine A. and Tanya Pollard, “Introduction: Imagining Audiences,” in Shakespearean Sensations: Experiencing Literature in Early Modern England, ed. by Katherine A. Craik. Cambridge University Press, 2013, pp. 1-25.
  • Filipczak, Zirka Z. Hot Dry Men Cold Wet Women: The Theory of Humours in Western European Art, 1575-1700. American Federation of Arts, 1997.
  • Gosson, Stephen. Plays Confuted in Five Actions (1582), in Shakespeare’s Theater: A Sourcebook, ed. by Tanya Pollard. Wiley, 2008, pp. 84-114.
  • James, Susan. Passion and Action: The Emotions in Seventeenth-Century Philosophy. Cambridge University Press, 1997.
  • Tribble, Evelyn. “Affective Contagion on the Early Modern Stage,” in Affect Theory and Early Modern Texts: Politics, Ecologies, and Form, ed. by Amanda Bailey and Mario DiGangi. Palgrave, 2017, 195-212.
  • Park, Katherine and Eckhard Kessler, “The Concept of Psychology,” in The Cambridge History of Renaissance Philosophy, ed. Charles B. Schmitt et al. Cambridge University Press, 1988, 455-63.
  • Paster, Gail Kern. “Introduction,” in Humoring the Body: Emotions and the Shakespearean Stage. The University of Chicago Press, 2004, 1-24.
  • Schoenfeldt, Michael C. Bodies and Selves in Early Modern England: Physiology and Inwardness in Spenser, Shakespeare, Herbert, and Milton. Cambridge University Press, 1999.
  • Shakespeare, William. Hamlet (1600). Folger Shakespeare Library. Shakespeare's Plays from Folger Digital Texts. Ed. Barbara Mowat, Paul Werstine, Michael Poston, and Rebecca Niles. Folger Shakespeare Library, 17 October, 2017. www.folgerdigitaltexts.org.
  • Sidney, Philip. “An Apology for Poetry,” (1595) in Shakespeare's Theater: A Sourcebook, ed. by Tanya Pollard. Wiley, 2008, pp. 146-165.
  • Wright, Thomas. “The Passions of the Mind (Modern).” Internet Shakespeare Editions. 11 January 2019, https://internetshakespeare.uvic.ca/doc/ WrightPassions_M/index.html. Accessed 28 February 2022.
Toplam 12 adet kaynakça vardır.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Edebi Çalışmalar, Edebi Teori
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Neshen İsaeva-güneş 0000-0002-8587-9653

Yayımlanma Tarihi 6 Haziran 2022
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022 Cilt: 16 Sayı: 1

Kaynak Göster

APA İsaeva-güneş, N. (2022). Reflections on Early Modern Understanding of Affects in Shakespeare’s Hamlet: Humors, Bodies and Passions in the Player’s Hecuba Speech. Cankaya University Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 16(1), 99-114. https://doi.org/10.47777/cankujhss.905723

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