Araştırma Makalesi
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Yıl 2020, Cilt 4, Sayı 1, 65 - 88, 30.06.2020

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Breuning, M. (2007). Foreign policy analysis: A comparative introduction. Springer.
  • Dille, B. (2000). The Prepared and Spontaneous Remarks of Presidents Reagan and Bush: A Validity Comparison for At‐a‐Distance Measurements. Political Psychology, 21(3), 573-585.
  • Dyson, S. B. (2010). George W. Bush, the surge, and presidential leadership. Political Science Quarterly, 125(4), 557-585.
  • Hermann, M.G (1980) Explaining Foreign Policy Behaviour Using the Personal Characteristics of Political Leaders. International Studies Quarterly 24(1) pp.7-46.
  • Hermann, M. G. (2005). Assessing leadership style: A trait analysis. J. Post, 178-212.
  • Immelman, A. (2002). The political personality of US president George W. Bush. Political leadership for the new century: Personality and behavior among American leaders, 81-103.
  • Jervis, R. (1976) Perception and Misperception in International Politics. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
  • Levy, J. S. (2013). Psychology and foreign policy decision-making. The Oxford handbook of political psychology, 301-333.
  • Lieberfeld, D. (2005). Theories of conflict and the Iraq war. International Journal of Peace Studies, 1-21.
  • Preston, T., & Hermann, M. G. (2004). Presidential leadership style and the foreign policy advisory process. The domestic sources of American foreign policy: Insights and evidence, 363-80.
  • Renshon, J. (2008). Stability and change in belief systems: The operational code of George W. Bush. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 52(6), 820-849.
  • Schafer, M., Nunley, J., & Chritchlow, S. (2011). The Psychological Charcteristics of Leaders and the Quality of Group Decision Making. Walker, Stephen/Malici, Akan/Schafer, Mark (Hg.): Rethinking Foreign Policy Analysis. New York: Routledge, 112-129.
  • Schafer, M., & Walker, S. G. (2006). Operational code analysis at a distance: The verbs in context system of content analysis. In Beliefs and leadership in world politics (pp. 25-51). Palgrave Macmillan, New York.
  • Schuring, K. (2018). Stability and change in the personality of a political leader: How the LTA and OCA can complement each other (Bachelor's thesis).
  • Shannon, V. P., & Keller, J. W. (2007). Leadership style and international norm violation: The case of the Iraq War. Foreign Policy Analysis, 3(1), 79-104.
  • Smith, C. (2013). Personality in Foreign Policy Decision-Making.
  • Van Esch, F. & Swinkels, M. (2015). How Europe’s political leaders made sense of the Euro Crisis: The influence of pressure and personality. West European Politics, 38 (6), 1203-1225.
  • Yang, Y. E. (2010). Leaders’ conceptual complexity and foreign policy change: Comparing the Bill Clinton and George W. Bush foreign policies toward China. The Chinese Journal of International Politics, 3(4), 415-446.

THE FIRST AND THE ONLY OPTION: THE WAR Analysis of Bush’s Personality and Decision Making Process of Iraq War

Yıl 2020, Cilt 4, Sayı 1, 65 - 88, 30.06.2020

Öz

On March 17, George W. Bush declared an ultimatum to Saddam Hussein. In his words, he asked from Saddam to give up from Baghdad and he gave 48 hours to Saddam Hussein and his two sons in order to leave Iraq. He added the confrontation will be resulted with military conflict. On March 2003, a surprise invasion was started to Iraq by the US-led coalition. Investigating backstage of the war decision is important because Iraq War was the most important hard power policy of the US since the Vietnam War. While the paper has no intention to analyze the Iraq War in detail, it mostly deals with decision-making process of the invasion by focusing on Bush’s personality. The paper uses LTA as strategy in order to measure George W. Bush’s conceptual complexity and self-confidence traits to explore whether these traits lead the US to the war. Within this context, conceptual complexity, self-confidence and hard power discourse were analyzed through content analysis in QDA software program. While the analysis finds out that after September 11, Bush had low conceptual complexity and high self-confidence in along with increasing hard power discourse, Hermann’s (2005) openness to information model was applied. The paper concludes that when self-confidence is higher than conceptual complexity, the leaders tend to be closed to information and they make decisions according to their images and truths.

Kaynakça

  • Breuning, M. (2007). Foreign policy analysis: A comparative introduction. Springer.
  • Dille, B. (2000). The Prepared and Spontaneous Remarks of Presidents Reagan and Bush: A Validity Comparison for At‐a‐Distance Measurements. Political Psychology, 21(3), 573-585.
  • Dyson, S. B. (2010). George W. Bush, the surge, and presidential leadership. Political Science Quarterly, 125(4), 557-585.
  • Hermann, M.G (1980) Explaining Foreign Policy Behaviour Using the Personal Characteristics of Political Leaders. International Studies Quarterly 24(1) pp.7-46.
  • Hermann, M. G. (2005). Assessing leadership style: A trait analysis. J. Post, 178-212.
  • Immelman, A. (2002). The political personality of US president George W. Bush. Political leadership for the new century: Personality and behavior among American leaders, 81-103.
  • Jervis, R. (1976) Perception and Misperception in International Politics. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
  • Levy, J. S. (2013). Psychology and foreign policy decision-making. The Oxford handbook of political psychology, 301-333.
  • Lieberfeld, D. (2005). Theories of conflict and the Iraq war. International Journal of Peace Studies, 1-21.
  • Preston, T., & Hermann, M. G. (2004). Presidential leadership style and the foreign policy advisory process. The domestic sources of American foreign policy: Insights and evidence, 363-80.
  • Renshon, J. (2008). Stability and change in belief systems: The operational code of George W. Bush. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 52(6), 820-849.
  • Schafer, M., Nunley, J., & Chritchlow, S. (2011). The Psychological Charcteristics of Leaders and the Quality of Group Decision Making. Walker, Stephen/Malici, Akan/Schafer, Mark (Hg.): Rethinking Foreign Policy Analysis. New York: Routledge, 112-129.
  • Schafer, M., & Walker, S. G. (2006). Operational code analysis at a distance: The verbs in context system of content analysis. In Beliefs and leadership in world politics (pp. 25-51). Palgrave Macmillan, New York.
  • Schuring, K. (2018). Stability and change in the personality of a political leader: How the LTA and OCA can complement each other (Bachelor's thesis).
  • Shannon, V. P., & Keller, J. W. (2007). Leadership style and international norm violation: The case of the Iraq War. Foreign Policy Analysis, 3(1), 79-104.
  • Smith, C. (2013). Personality in Foreign Policy Decision-Making.
  • Van Esch, F. & Swinkels, M. (2015). How Europe’s political leaders made sense of the Euro Crisis: The influence of pressure and personality. West European Politics, 38 (6), 1203-1225.
  • Yang, Y. E. (2010). Leaders’ conceptual complexity and foreign policy change: Comparing the Bill Clinton and George W. Bush foreign policies toward China. The Chinese Journal of International Politics, 3(4), 415-446.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Siyasi Bilimler
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Edanur ÖNEL (Sorumlu Yazar)
YEDİTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-5250-8760
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Haziran 2020
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020, Cilt 4, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { conress758993, journal = {Contemporary Research in Economics and Social Sciences}, issn = {2587-1846}, eissn = {2636-8153}, address = {Yeditepe Üniversitesi 26 Ağustos Yerleşkesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dekanlığı, 34755 Ataşehir/İstanbul}, publisher = {Yeditepe Üniversitesi}, year = {2020}, volume = {4}, pages = {65 - 88}, doi = {}, title = {THE FIRST AND THE ONLY OPTION: THE WAR Analysis of Bush’s Personality and Decision Making Process of Iraq War}, key = {cite}, author = {Önel, Edanur} }
APA Önel, E. (2020). THE FIRST AND THE ONLY OPTION: THE WAR Analysis of Bush’s Personality and Decision Making Process of Iraq War . Contemporary Research in Economics and Social Sciences , 4 (1) , 65-88 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/conress/issue/56403/758993
MLA Önel, E. "THE FIRST AND THE ONLY OPTION: THE WAR Analysis of Bush’s Personality and Decision Making Process of Iraq War" . Contemporary Research in Economics and Social Sciences 4 (2020 ): 65-88 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/conress/issue/56403/758993>
Chicago Önel, E. "THE FIRST AND THE ONLY OPTION: THE WAR Analysis of Bush’s Personality and Decision Making Process of Iraq War". Contemporary Research in Economics and Social Sciences 4 (2020 ): 65-88
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - THE FIRST AND THE ONLY OPTION: THE WAR Analysis of Bush’s Personality and Decision Making Process of Iraq War AU - Edanur Önel Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - DO - T2 - Contemporary Research in Economics and Social Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 65 EP - 88 VL - 4 IS - 1 SN - 2587-1846-2636-8153 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 İktisat ve Sosyal Bilimlerde Güncel Araştırmalar THE FIRST AND THE ONLY OPTION: THE WAR Analysis of Bush’s Personality and Decision Making Process of Iraq War %A Edanur Önel %T THE FIRST AND THE ONLY OPTION: THE WAR Analysis of Bush’s Personality and Decision Making Process of Iraq War %D 2020 %J Contemporary Research in Economics and Social Sciences %P 2587-1846-2636-8153 %V 4 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Önel, Edanur . "THE FIRST AND THE ONLY OPTION: THE WAR Analysis of Bush’s Personality and Decision Making Process of Iraq War". Contemporary Research in Economics and Social Sciences 4 / 1 (Haziran 2020): 65-88 .
AMA Önel E. THE FIRST AND THE ONLY OPTION: THE WAR Analysis of Bush’s Personality and Decision Making Process of Iraq War. CONRESS. 2020; 4(1): 65-88.
Vancouver Önel E. THE FIRST AND THE ONLY OPTION: THE WAR Analysis of Bush’s Personality and Decision Making Process of Iraq War. Contemporary Research in Economics and Social Sciences. 2020; 4(1): 65-88.
IEEE E. Önel , "THE FIRST AND THE ONLY OPTION: THE WAR Analysis of Bush’s Personality and Decision Making Process of Iraq War", Contemporary Research in Economics and Social Sciences, c. 4, sayı. 1, ss. 65-88, Haz. 2020