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Pulp Dimensions as an Indicator of Age in Turkish Subpopulation

Yıl 2022, Cilt 49, Sayı 1, 5 - 9, 30.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.52037/eads.2022.0002

Öz

Purpose: Age prediction is an important factor in the legal process in forensic medicine. This study aims to assess the impact of pulp height and width on dental age prediction. Materials & Methods: This study consisted of 1000 patients (11-77 years, 500 females and males). The mandibular first molar was assessed on panoramic radiography. Two age estimation methods were applied. The first technique included measurements of pulp length and crown length whereas parameters of the second method were crown width and pulp width. Patients were divided into 4 age groups: Group 1 (between 11 and 18 years), Group 2 (between 19 and 29 years), Group 3; (between 30 and 50 years), Group 4 (between 51 and 77 years). Samples were evaluated by two observers. Multiple linear regression models were performed to predict the chronological age for each indicator. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to assess the relationship between chronological age and predicted dental age. Results: Coefficients of models 1 and 2 were 0.461 and 0.523, respectively. Pearson correlation analysis showed a negative relationship between chronological age and estimated age. The difference between sex is not statistically significant. The age between 30 and 50 years had the highest accuracy, whereas the age between 50 and 77 years had the lowest results among age subgroups. Conclusion: The parameters based on width provided more reliable outcomes than parameters based on length. The age between 30 to 59 years showed the highest accuracy of the pulp width and the pulp height in dental age prediction.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Jain S, Nagi R, Daga M, Shandilya A, Shukla A, Parakh A, et al. Tooth coronal index and pulp/tooth ratio in dental age estimation on digital panoramic radiographs—a comparative study. Forensic Sci Int. 2017;277:115-21.
  • 2. C. Nolla. The development of permanent teeth. J Dent Child. 1960;27:254.
  • 3. Cameriere R, De Luca S, Alemán I, Ferrante L, Cingolani M. Age estimation by pulp/tooth ratio in lower premolars by orthopantomography. Forensic Sci Int. 2012;214:105-12.
  • 4. Roberts G J, Lucas V S, Andiappan M, McDonald F. Dental age estimation: pattern recognition of root canal widths of mandibular molars. A novel mandibular maturity marker at the 18‐year threshold. J Forensic Sci 2017;62:351-4.
  • 5. K Haavikko. The formation and the alveolar and clinical eruption of the permanent teeth An Orthopantomographic study. Proc Finn Dent Soc. 1970;66:103-70.
  • 6. Kvaal SI, Kolltveit KM, Thompsen IO, Solheim T. Age estimation of adults from dental radiographs. Forensic Sci Int. 1995;74:175-85.
  • 7. Star H, Thevissen P, Jacobs R, Fieuws S, Solheim T, Willems G. Human dental age estimation by calculation of pulp–tooth volume ratios yielded on clinically acquired cone beam computed tomography images of monoradicular teeth. J Forensic Sci. 2011;56:77-82.
  • 8. Oi T, Saka H, Ide Y. Three‐dimensional observation of pulp cavities in the maxillary first premolar tooth using micro‐CT. Int Endod J. 2004;37:46-51.
  • 9. S. Seltzer, I.B. Bender. Seltzer and Bender's dental pulp, in: K. M. Hargreaves, H. E. Goodis, F. R. Tay, (Eds.). Quintessence Publishing Co, Inc, Chicago; 2012. p. 40-98.
  • 10. Cameriere R, Ferrante L, Cingolani M. Variations in pulp/tooth area ratio as an indicator of age: a preliminary study. J Forensic Sci 2004; 49: 1-3.
  • 11. Ranasinghe S, Perera J, Taylor J A, Tennakoon A, Pallewatte A, Jayasinghe R. Dental age estimation using radiographs: Towards the best method for Sri Lankan children. Forensic Sci Int. 2019; 298:64-70.
  • 12. Cunha E, Baccino E, Martrille L, Ramsthaler F, Prieto J, Schuliar Y, Cattaneo C. The problem of aging human remains and living individuals: a review. Forensic Sci Int. 2009;193:1-13.
  • 13. A S Panchbhai. Dental radiographic indicators, a key to age estimation. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 2011;40:199-212.
  • 14. Talabani R M, Baban M T, Mahmood M A. Age estimation using lower permanent first molars on a panoramic radiograph: A digital image analysis. J Forensic Dent Sci. 2015;7:158.
  • 15. Someda H, Saka H, Matsunaga S, Ide Y, Nakahara K, Hirata S. Age estimation based on three-dimensional measurement of mandibular central incisors in Japanese. Forensic Sci Int. 2009;185:110-4.
  • 16. Pinchi V, Pradella F, Buti J, Baldinotti C, Focardi M, Norelli G A. A new age estimation procedure based on the 3D CBCT study of the pulp cavity and hard tissues of the teeth for forensic purposes: A pilot study. J Forensic Leg Med. 2015; 36:150-7.
  • 17. Eisenburger M, Addy M. Erosion and attrition of human enamel in vitro part I: interaction effects. J Dent. 2002;30:341-7.
  • 18. Solheim T. Amount of secondary dentin as an indicator of age. Eur J Oral Sci. 1992;100:193-9.
  • 19. Jin G C, Lee S J, Roh B D. Anatomical study of C-shaped canals in mandibular second molars by analysis of computed tomography. J Endod. 2006;32:10-3.
  • 20. Salido EC, Yen PH, Koprivnikar K, Yu LC, Shapiro LJ. The human enamel protein gene amelogenin is expressed from both the X and the Y chromosomes. Am J Hum Genet. 1992;50:303-16.
  • 21. Drusini A G, Oriella T, Cristina R. The coronal pulp cavity index: a biomarker for age determination in human adults. Am J Phys Anthropol. 1997;103:353-63.
  • 22. Karkhanis S, Peter M, Daniel F. Age estimation standards for a Western Australian population using the coronal pulp cavity index. Forensic Sci Int. 2013;231- 412.
  • 23. Dalıtz G D. Age determination of adult human remains by teeth examination. J Forensic Sci Soc. 1962;3:11-21
  • 24. Möller Å J, Fabricius L, Dahlen G, Öhman A E, Heyden G U Y. Influence on periapical tissues of indigenous oral bacteria and necrotic pulp tissue in monkeys. Eur J Oral Sci. 1981;89:475-84.
  • 25. Demirci M, Tuncer S, Yuceokur A A. Prevalence of caries on individual tooth surfaces and its distribution by age and gender in university clinic patients. Eur J Dent. 2010;4:270.

Yıl 2022, Cilt 49, Sayı 1, 5 - 9, 30.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.52037/eads.2022.0002

Öz

Kaynakça

  • 1. Jain S, Nagi R, Daga M, Shandilya A, Shukla A, Parakh A, et al. Tooth coronal index and pulp/tooth ratio in dental age estimation on digital panoramic radiographs—a comparative study. Forensic Sci Int. 2017;277:115-21.
  • 2. C. Nolla. The development of permanent teeth. J Dent Child. 1960;27:254.
  • 3. Cameriere R, De Luca S, Alemán I, Ferrante L, Cingolani M. Age estimation by pulp/tooth ratio in lower premolars by orthopantomography. Forensic Sci Int. 2012;214:105-12.
  • 4. Roberts G J, Lucas V S, Andiappan M, McDonald F. Dental age estimation: pattern recognition of root canal widths of mandibular molars. A novel mandibular maturity marker at the 18‐year threshold. J Forensic Sci 2017;62:351-4.
  • 5. K Haavikko. The formation and the alveolar and clinical eruption of the permanent teeth An Orthopantomographic study. Proc Finn Dent Soc. 1970;66:103-70.
  • 6. Kvaal SI, Kolltveit KM, Thompsen IO, Solheim T. Age estimation of adults from dental radiographs. Forensic Sci Int. 1995;74:175-85.
  • 7. Star H, Thevissen P, Jacobs R, Fieuws S, Solheim T, Willems G. Human dental age estimation by calculation of pulp–tooth volume ratios yielded on clinically acquired cone beam computed tomography images of monoradicular teeth. J Forensic Sci. 2011;56:77-82.
  • 8. Oi T, Saka H, Ide Y. Three‐dimensional observation of pulp cavities in the maxillary first premolar tooth using micro‐CT. Int Endod J. 2004;37:46-51.
  • 9. S. Seltzer, I.B. Bender. Seltzer and Bender's dental pulp, in: K. M. Hargreaves, H. E. Goodis, F. R. Tay, (Eds.). Quintessence Publishing Co, Inc, Chicago; 2012. p. 40-98.
  • 10. Cameriere R, Ferrante L, Cingolani M. Variations in pulp/tooth area ratio as an indicator of age: a preliminary study. J Forensic Sci 2004; 49: 1-3.
  • 11. Ranasinghe S, Perera J, Taylor J A, Tennakoon A, Pallewatte A, Jayasinghe R. Dental age estimation using radiographs: Towards the best method for Sri Lankan children. Forensic Sci Int. 2019; 298:64-70.
  • 12. Cunha E, Baccino E, Martrille L, Ramsthaler F, Prieto J, Schuliar Y, Cattaneo C. The problem of aging human remains and living individuals: a review. Forensic Sci Int. 2009;193:1-13.
  • 13. A S Panchbhai. Dental radiographic indicators, a key to age estimation. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 2011;40:199-212.
  • 14. Talabani R M, Baban M T, Mahmood M A. Age estimation using lower permanent first molars on a panoramic radiograph: A digital image analysis. J Forensic Dent Sci. 2015;7:158.
  • 15. Someda H, Saka H, Matsunaga S, Ide Y, Nakahara K, Hirata S. Age estimation based on three-dimensional measurement of mandibular central incisors in Japanese. Forensic Sci Int. 2009;185:110-4.
  • 16. Pinchi V, Pradella F, Buti J, Baldinotti C, Focardi M, Norelli G A. A new age estimation procedure based on the 3D CBCT study of the pulp cavity and hard tissues of the teeth for forensic purposes: A pilot study. J Forensic Leg Med. 2015; 36:150-7.
  • 17. Eisenburger M, Addy M. Erosion and attrition of human enamel in vitro part I: interaction effects. J Dent. 2002;30:341-7.
  • 18. Solheim T. Amount of secondary dentin as an indicator of age. Eur J Oral Sci. 1992;100:193-9.
  • 19. Jin G C, Lee S J, Roh B D. Anatomical study of C-shaped canals in mandibular second molars by analysis of computed tomography. J Endod. 2006;32:10-3.
  • 20. Salido EC, Yen PH, Koprivnikar K, Yu LC, Shapiro LJ. The human enamel protein gene amelogenin is expressed from both the X and the Y chromosomes. Am J Hum Genet. 1992;50:303-16.
  • 21. Drusini A G, Oriella T, Cristina R. The coronal pulp cavity index: a biomarker for age determination in human adults. Am J Phys Anthropol. 1997;103:353-63.
  • 22. Karkhanis S, Peter M, Daniel F. Age estimation standards for a Western Australian population using the coronal pulp cavity index. Forensic Sci Int. 2013;231- 412.
  • 23. Dalıtz G D. Age determination of adult human remains by teeth examination. J Forensic Sci Soc. 1962;3:11-21
  • 24. Möller Å J, Fabricius L, Dahlen G, Öhman A E, Heyden G U Y. Influence on periapical tissues of indigenous oral bacteria and necrotic pulp tissue in monkeys. Eur J Oral Sci. 1981;89:475-84.
  • 25. Demirci M, Tuncer S, Yuceokur A A. Prevalence of caries on individual tooth surfaces and its distribution by age and gender in university clinic patients. Eur J Dent. 2010;4:270.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Diş Hekimliği
Bölüm Original Research Articles
Yazarlar

Deniz YANIK (Sorumlu Yazar)
ANTALYA BİLİM ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-5676-0293
Türkiye


Şelale ÖZEL
ALTINBAŞ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-7399-1074
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Nisan 2022
Başvuru Tarihi 13 Ekim 2021
Kabul Tarihi 26 Mart 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 49, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Vancouver Yanık D. , Özel Ş. Pulp Dimensions as an Indicator of Age in Turkish Subpopulation. European Annals of Dental Sciences. 2022; 49(1): 5-9.