Araştırma Makalesi
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The Effect of Soil Properties on Landslides along Forest Road

Yıl 2017, Cilt: 3 Sayı: 1, 1 - 6, 29.06.2017

Öz

Forest roads provide
access to forest resources in order to conduct forest operations and to extract
all types of forest products economically. Forest roads should be well planned
in such a way that damages on the forest ecosystem are minimized. The landslides,
caused by the natural or man-induced complex environmental factors, are considered
as one of the major environmental impacts along the forest roads. Some soil
properties may weaken the cohesion of the soil and accelerate the road
disruptions. In this study, causes of the landslides that happen on the forest
roads in Maçka Region in northeast of Turkey have been investigated in terms of
the soil properties. For this purpose, soil samples were collected separately
from the sample fields (SF) subject to landslides and from the areas of control
points (CP) with no landslide occurrences. Dispersion rates (DR) indicating the
sensitivity of the soil samples to erosion, and their physical and chemical
properties have been investigated. The results indicated that most of the
landslides along the roadway occurred on the cut slopes. As a result of soil
analysis, the soils of entire study area were found to be sensitive to erosion
(DR > 15) and the soil type was generally in the sandy clay form. It was
found that there was negative and meaningful correlation between DR and Fe along
with Silt, while there was a meaningful and positive correlation between DR and
Sand. In order to find out whether SF and CP are different in terms of soil properties,
Independent Sample T-test was conducted. The results revealed that there was a
significant difference only in P (Phosphorus) content while the differences
between other soil properties were found to be insignificant.

Kaynakça

  • Acar, H.H., 1993. The damages that occurred in the forest roads after 1990 flood disaster and its effects on the forestry transport. The Forest Ecology Journal, 2 (7): 14-17.
  • Balcı, A.N. and Öztan, Y., 1987. Flood control. Black Sea Technical University, Faculty of Forestry publication No: 12. Trabzon.
  • Balcı, A.N., 1996. Soil protection. I.U. Faculty of Forestry publication No: 439. Istanbul.
  • Bhatia, K.S. and Narain, B., 1985. Erodibility of some Uttar Pradash soils in relation to their nutritional behaviour. P, 610–614, Indian.
  • Erdaş, O., 1997. Forest Roads. B.T.U. Faculty of Forestry Publication. Vol. 1 No: 25. Trabzon.
  • Göl, C. and Dengiz, O., 2007. Land use and land cover variation and soil properties of Çankırı-Eldivan Karataşbaği River Basin. Journal of Faculty of Agriculture, OMU, 22 (1): 86-97.
  • Görcelioğlu, E., 2003. Flood and Avalanche Control. I.U. Faculty of Forestry Publication No: 473. Istanbul.
  • Görcelioğlu, E., 2004a. Bio-technical Structures. I.U. Faculty of Forestry Publication No: 483. Istanbul.
  • Görcelioğlu, E., 2004b. Forest Paths-Erosion Relations. I.U. Faculty of Forestry Publication No: 476. Istanbul.
  • Güven, İ.H., 1993. Geological and Metallogenic Map of the Eastern Black Sea Region; 1:250000 Map. MTA, Trabzon.
  • Megahan, W. F., 1977. Reducing Erosional Impact of Roads. FAO Conservation Guide 1, FAO, Rome. OGM, 2017. Forest Presence in Maçka Forestry Department. http://trabzonobm.ogm.gov.tr/Pages/ourforests/forestpresence.aspx
  • Rhoton, F.E., Meyer, L.D. and Tyler, D.D., 1990. Effect of past erosion on the in terrill erodibility of a fragipan soil. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 45:660-663.
  • Uzunsoy, O. and Görcelioğlu, E., 1985. Basic Principles and Applications in Basin Breeding. I.U. Faculty of Forestry Publication No. 371. Istanbul.
Yıl 2017, Cilt: 3 Sayı: 1, 1 - 6, 29.06.2017

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Acar, H.H., 1993. The damages that occurred in the forest roads after 1990 flood disaster and its effects on the forestry transport. The Forest Ecology Journal, 2 (7): 14-17.
  • Balcı, A.N. and Öztan, Y., 1987. Flood control. Black Sea Technical University, Faculty of Forestry publication No: 12. Trabzon.
  • Balcı, A.N., 1996. Soil protection. I.U. Faculty of Forestry publication No: 439. Istanbul.
  • Bhatia, K.S. and Narain, B., 1985. Erodibility of some Uttar Pradash soils in relation to their nutritional behaviour. P, 610–614, Indian.
  • Erdaş, O., 1997. Forest Roads. B.T.U. Faculty of Forestry Publication. Vol. 1 No: 25. Trabzon.
  • Göl, C. and Dengiz, O., 2007. Land use and land cover variation and soil properties of Çankırı-Eldivan Karataşbaği River Basin. Journal of Faculty of Agriculture, OMU, 22 (1): 86-97.
  • Görcelioğlu, E., 2003. Flood and Avalanche Control. I.U. Faculty of Forestry Publication No: 473. Istanbul.
  • Görcelioğlu, E., 2004a. Bio-technical Structures. I.U. Faculty of Forestry Publication No: 483. Istanbul.
  • Görcelioğlu, E., 2004b. Forest Paths-Erosion Relations. I.U. Faculty of Forestry Publication No: 476. Istanbul.
  • Güven, İ.H., 1993. Geological and Metallogenic Map of the Eastern Black Sea Region; 1:250000 Map. MTA, Trabzon.
  • Megahan, W. F., 1977. Reducing Erosional Impact of Roads. FAO Conservation Guide 1, FAO, Rome. OGM, 2017. Forest Presence in Maçka Forestry Department. http://trabzonobm.ogm.gov.tr/Pages/ourforests/forestpresence.aspx
  • Rhoton, F.E., Meyer, L.D. and Tyler, D.D., 1990. Effect of past erosion on the in terrill erodibility of a fragipan soil. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 45:660-663.
  • Uzunsoy, O. and Görcelioğlu, E., 1985. Basic Principles and Applications in Basin Breeding. I.U. Faculty of Forestry Publication No. 371. Istanbul.

Ayrıntılar

Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Research Articles
Yazarlar

Yilmaz TURK

Yayımlanma Tarihi 29 Haziran 2017
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2017 Cilt: 3 Sayı: 1

Kaynak Göster

APA TURK, Y. (2017). The Effect of Soil Properties on Landslides along Forest Road. European Journal of Forest Engineering, 3(1), 1-6.

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The works published in European Journal of Forest Engineering (EJFE) are licensed under a  Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.