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Application of Portable Terrestrial Laser Scanner to a Secondary Broad-Leaved Forest

Yıl 2017, Cilt: 3 Sayı: 1, 7 - 15, 29.06.2017

Öz

In order to conduct further verification of measuring
broad-leaved forests using a low-cost portable Terrestrial Laser Scanner (TLS),
the present study measured a secondary broad-leaved forest of the Funyu
experimental forest, Utsunomiya University, Japan. Then, DBH, height, top end
diameter, sweep, and stem volume were analyzed and compared with results of
coniferous plantation forests using terrestrial LiDAR. RMSE of DBH was 1.91 cm,
which was higher than that of coniferous plantation forests. However, DBH was
typically rounded to 2 cm; therefore, RMSEs of DBH were within the allowable
range. Furthermore, species did not affect the accuracy of DBH mensuration. The
RMSE of height was 2.26 m, which was similar to 2.29 m of the 32-year-old
coniferous plantation forest with high stand density. RMSE of height outside
the plot was higher than that inside the plot because distances from the
portable TLS to trees were too short to measure the heights of trees. The log
detection rate was 79.22% in the present study, whereas it was 85.23% in the
coniferous plantation forest. RMSE of top end diameter was lower than that of
the coniferous plantation forest because the broad-leaved trees were extracted
manually in the present study, whereas coniferous trees were extracted
automatically. Errors in top end diameters increased with increasing top end
heights because the number of points decreased. The RMSE of sweep was much
higher than that of coniferous plantation trees. The RMSE of stem volume was
14.3%, which was lower than that of the coniferous plantation forest, despite
the low-cost portable TLS, because of lower RMSEs of top end diameters and
shorter distances from the portable TLS.

Kaynakça

  • Acuna, M., Murphy, G. and Rombouts, J., 2009. Determining Radiata pine tree value and log product yields using terrestrial LiDAR and optimal bucking in South Australia. COFE.
  • ANRE, 2012. Settlement of the Details of the Feed-in Tariff Scheme for Renewable Energy, including purchase price and surcharge rates. http://www.meti.go.jp/english/press/2012/0618_01.html.
  • Aruga, K., Liu, C., Uemura, R. and Furusawa, T., 2016 Economic balance of a clearcutting operation using terrestrial LiDAR. European Journal of Forest Engineering 2(1): 1-10.
  • Calders, K., Newnham, G., Burt, A., Murphy, S., Raumonen, P., Herold, M., Culvenor, D., Avitabile, V., Disney, M., Armston, J. and Kaasalainen, M., 2015. Nondestructive estimates of above-ground biomass using terrestrial laser scanning. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 6: 198-208.
  • Endo, T., Nakamura, H., Sawasa, Y. and Sawada, H., 2012. Study on the estimation of the diameter of trunk of tree using terrestrial LiDAR. Bimonthly Journal of Institute of Industrial Science, University of Tokyo 64(4): 159-163.
  • Forestry Agency of Japan, 1970. Stem Volume Table. Forestry Agency of Japan, Tokyo.
  • Forestry Agency of Japan, 2013. Annual Report on Forest and Forestry in Japan. Fiscal Year 2012 (summary). Forestry Agency of Japan, Tokyo.
  • Forestry Agency of Japan, 2016. Forest and Forestry Basic Plan. Forestry Agency of Japan, Tokyo.
  • Ito, T., Matsue, K., Shuin, Y. and Naito, K., 2011. Estimating individual stem volumes of Sugi and Hinoki with different densities using airborne LiDAR. Journal of the Japan Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 50(1): 18-26.
  • Kato, A., Moskal, L.M. and Kobayashi, T., 2011. Effect of scan coverage on stem diameter measurement using terrestrial lidar. SilviLaser 2011, October 16-20, 2011 – Hobart, AU.
  • Kato, A., Ando, Y., Yoshida, T., Kajiwara, K., Honda, Y. and Kobayashi, T., 2014a. Method to create forest inventory using portable terrestrial laser. Journal of the Japanese Society of Revegetation Technology 40(1): 136-141.
  • Kato, A., Ishii, H., Enoki, T., Osawa, A., Kobayashi, T., Umeki, K., Sasaki, T. and Matsue, K., 2014b. Application of laser remote sensing to forest ecological research. Journal of the Japan Forest Society 96(3): 168-181.
  • Kato, A., Bradford, M., Moskal, L.M., Kajiwara, K. and Honda, Y., 2015. Low cost and accurate forest biomass estimation using a portable terrestrial laser scanner. SilviLaser 2015, September 28-30, 2015 – La Grande Motte, France.
  • Kelbe, D., Romanczyk, P., van Aardt, J., Cawse-Nicholson, K. and Krause, K., 2012. Automatic extraction of tree stem models from single terrestrial lidar scans in structurally heterogeneous forest environments. SilviLaser 2012, September 16-19, Vancouver, Canada.
  • Murphy, G.E., Acuna, M.A. and Dumbrell, I., 2010. Tree value and log product yield determination in radiate pine plantations in Australia: comparisons of terrestrial laser scanning with a forest inventory system and manual measurements. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 40: 2223-2233.
  • Omasa, K., Urano, Y., Oguma, H. and Fujinuma, Y., 2002. Mapping of tree position of Larix leptolepis woods and estimation of Diameter at Breast Height (DBH) and biomass of the trees using range data measured by a portable scanning Lidar. Journal of the Remote Sensing Society of Japan 22(5): 550-557.
  • Pueschel, P., Newnham, G., Rock, G., Udelhoven, T., Werner, W. and Hill, J., 2013. The influence of scan mode and circle fitting on tree stem detection, stem diameter and volume extraction from terrestrial laser scans. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 77: 44-56.
  • Tansey, K., Selmes, N., Anstee, A., Tate, N.J. and Dennniss, A., 2009. Estimating tree and stand variables in a Corsican Pine woodland from terrestrial laser scanner data. International Journal of Remote Sensing 30: 5195-5209.
  • Urano, Y. and Omasa, K., 2003. Error estimation about the biomass of Japanese Cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) woods measured by a portable scanning Lidar. Eco-engineering 15(2): 79-85.
  • Yang, X., Strahler, A.H., Schaaf, C.B., Jupp, D.L.B., Yao, T., Zhao, F., Wang, Z., Culvenor, D.S., Newnham, G.J., Lovell, J.L., Dubayah, R.O., Woodcock, C.E. and Ni-Meister, W., 2013. Three-dimensional forest reconstruction and structural parameter retrievals using a terrestrial full-waveform lidar instrument (Echidna). Remote Sensing of Environment 135: 36-51.
Yıl 2017, Cilt: 3 Sayı: 1, 7 - 15, 29.06.2017

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Acuna, M., Murphy, G. and Rombouts, J., 2009. Determining Radiata pine tree value and log product yields using terrestrial LiDAR and optimal bucking in South Australia. COFE.
  • ANRE, 2012. Settlement of the Details of the Feed-in Tariff Scheme for Renewable Energy, including purchase price and surcharge rates. http://www.meti.go.jp/english/press/2012/0618_01.html.
  • Aruga, K., Liu, C., Uemura, R. and Furusawa, T., 2016 Economic balance of a clearcutting operation using terrestrial LiDAR. European Journal of Forest Engineering 2(1): 1-10.
  • Calders, K., Newnham, G., Burt, A., Murphy, S., Raumonen, P., Herold, M., Culvenor, D., Avitabile, V., Disney, M., Armston, J. and Kaasalainen, M., 2015. Nondestructive estimates of above-ground biomass using terrestrial laser scanning. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 6: 198-208.
  • Endo, T., Nakamura, H., Sawasa, Y. and Sawada, H., 2012. Study on the estimation of the diameter of trunk of tree using terrestrial LiDAR. Bimonthly Journal of Institute of Industrial Science, University of Tokyo 64(4): 159-163.
  • Forestry Agency of Japan, 1970. Stem Volume Table. Forestry Agency of Japan, Tokyo.
  • Forestry Agency of Japan, 2013. Annual Report on Forest and Forestry in Japan. Fiscal Year 2012 (summary). Forestry Agency of Japan, Tokyo.
  • Forestry Agency of Japan, 2016. Forest and Forestry Basic Plan. Forestry Agency of Japan, Tokyo.
  • Ito, T., Matsue, K., Shuin, Y. and Naito, K., 2011. Estimating individual stem volumes of Sugi and Hinoki with different densities using airborne LiDAR. Journal of the Japan Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 50(1): 18-26.
  • Kato, A., Moskal, L.M. and Kobayashi, T., 2011. Effect of scan coverage on stem diameter measurement using terrestrial lidar. SilviLaser 2011, October 16-20, 2011 – Hobart, AU.
  • Kato, A., Ando, Y., Yoshida, T., Kajiwara, K., Honda, Y. and Kobayashi, T., 2014a. Method to create forest inventory using portable terrestrial laser. Journal of the Japanese Society of Revegetation Technology 40(1): 136-141.
  • Kato, A., Ishii, H., Enoki, T., Osawa, A., Kobayashi, T., Umeki, K., Sasaki, T. and Matsue, K., 2014b. Application of laser remote sensing to forest ecological research. Journal of the Japan Forest Society 96(3): 168-181.
  • Kato, A., Bradford, M., Moskal, L.M., Kajiwara, K. and Honda, Y., 2015. Low cost and accurate forest biomass estimation using a portable terrestrial laser scanner. SilviLaser 2015, September 28-30, 2015 – La Grande Motte, France.
  • Kelbe, D., Romanczyk, P., van Aardt, J., Cawse-Nicholson, K. and Krause, K., 2012. Automatic extraction of tree stem models from single terrestrial lidar scans in structurally heterogeneous forest environments. SilviLaser 2012, September 16-19, Vancouver, Canada.
  • Murphy, G.E., Acuna, M.A. and Dumbrell, I., 2010. Tree value and log product yield determination in radiate pine plantations in Australia: comparisons of terrestrial laser scanning with a forest inventory system and manual measurements. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 40: 2223-2233.
  • Omasa, K., Urano, Y., Oguma, H. and Fujinuma, Y., 2002. Mapping of tree position of Larix leptolepis woods and estimation of Diameter at Breast Height (DBH) and biomass of the trees using range data measured by a portable scanning Lidar. Journal of the Remote Sensing Society of Japan 22(5): 550-557.
  • Pueschel, P., Newnham, G., Rock, G., Udelhoven, T., Werner, W. and Hill, J., 2013. The influence of scan mode and circle fitting on tree stem detection, stem diameter and volume extraction from terrestrial laser scans. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 77: 44-56.
  • Tansey, K., Selmes, N., Anstee, A., Tate, N.J. and Dennniss, A., 2009. Estimating tree and stand variables in a Corsican Pine woodland from terrestrial laser scanner data. International Journal of Remote Sensing 30: 5195-5209.
  • Urano, Y. and Omasa, K., 2003. Error estimation about the biomass of Japanese Cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) woods measured by a portable scanning Lidar. Eco-engineering 15(2): 79-85.
  • Yang, X., Strahler, A.H., Schaaf, C.B., Jupp, D.L.B., Yao, T., Zhao, F., Wang, Z., Culvenor, D.S., Newnham, G.J., Lovell, J.L., Dubayah, R.O., Woodcock, C.E. and Ni-Meister, W., 2013. Three-dimensional forest reconstruction and structural parameter retrievals using a terrestrial full-waveform lidar instrument (Echidna). Remote Sensing of Environment 135: 36-51.

Ayrıntılar

Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Research Articles
Yazarlar

Kazuhiro ARUGA

Erina YANAGİHARA Bu kişi benim

Takahisa YAMAMOTO Bu kişi benim

Futoshi ISHİGURİ Bu kişi benim

Takashi FURUSAWA Bu kişi benim

Akira KATO Bu kişi benim

Yayımlanma Tarihi 29 Haziran 2017
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2017 Cilt: 3 Sayı: 1

Kaynak Göster

APA ARUGA, K., YANAGİHARA, E., YAMAMOTO, T., ISHİGURİ, F., vd. (2017). Application of Portable Terrestrial Laser Scanner to a Secondary Broad-Leaved Forest. European Journal of Forest Engineering, 3(1), 7-15.

Creative Commons License

The works published in European Journal of Forest Engineering (EJFE) are licensed under a  Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.