Araştırma Makalesi
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Yıl 2017, Cilt: 3 Sayı: 1, 16 - 22, 29.06.2017

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Gan, J., Smith, C.T., 2006. Availability of logging residues and potential for electricity production and carbon displacement in the USA. Biomass and Bioenergy, 30(12):1011-1020.
  • Hardy, C.C., 1996. Guidelines for estimating volume, biomass, and smoke production for piled slash. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-364. Portland, OR: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 17 p.
  • Hunter ML. 1990. Wildlife, Forests, and Forestry. New Jersey: Prentice Hall,. 363 p.
  • Ince, P. J., Kramp, A.D., Skog, K.E., Yoo, D.I., Sample, V.A., 2011. Modeling future US forest sector market and trade impacts of expansion in wood energy consumption. Journal of Forest Economics, 17(2): 142-156.
  • Kizha, A.R, Han. H.S., 2015. Forest residues recovered from whole-tree timber harvesting operations. European Journal of Forest Engineering, 1(2): 46-55.
  • Kumar, A., Cameron, J.B., Flynn. P.C., 2003. Biomass power cost and optimum plant size in western Canada. Biomass and Bioenergy. 24:445-464.
  • Long, J.J., Boston. K., 2014. An evaluation of alternative measurement techniques for estimating the volume of logging residues. Forest Science. 60(1):200-204.
  • Nurmi, J. 2007. Recovery of logging residues for energy from spruce (Pices abies) dominated stands. Biomass and Bioenergy. 31:375-380.
  • Perlack, R.D., Wright, L.L., Turhollow, A.F., Graham, R.L., Stockes, B.J., Erbach. D.C., 2005. Biomass as feedstock for a bioenergy and bioproducts industry: the technical feasibility of a billion-ton annual supply. USDA and USDOE, Oak Ridge, TN.
  • Smith, D., Sessions, J., Tuers, K., Way D., Traver, J., 2012. Characteristics of Forest-Derived Woody Biomass Collected and Processed in Oregon. Forest Products Journal. 62(7/8):520-527.
  • Warren, W.G., Olsen, P.F., 1964. A line intersect technique for assessing logging waste. Forest Science. 10(3):267-276.
  • Wright, C.S., Balog, C.S., Kelly, J.W., 2010. Estimating volume, biomass, and potential emissions of hand-piled fuels. Portland, OR: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station.
  • Zamora-Cristales, R., Boston, K., Sessions, J., Murphy, G., 2013. Stochastic simulation and optimization of mobile chipping and transport of forest biomass from harvest residues. Silva Fennica. 47(5):1-22.

The Quantification of Logging Residues in Oregon with Impacts on Sustainability and Availability of Raw Material for Future Biomass Energy

Yıl 2017, Cilt: 3 Sayı: 1, 16 - 22, 29.06.2017

Öz

With an increasing societal desire to move towards
renewable energy sources, interest in utilizing forest logging residues,
logging slash, as a feedstock for new energy products is expanding. The
Northwest Advances Renewables Alliance (NARA) is working to develop processes
for transforming logging residues or slash into aviation fuel, Jet-A. As part
of NARA, this study evaluated the availability, utilization, and the material
that would remain on sites following clear-fell logging in the Pacific
Northwest (USA). Little work has been performed to quantify the volume of
harvest residues that are available for biomass material or to determine the
volume remaining on site after harvesting with current utilization practices
for private forest lands in the Pacific Northwest (PNW). To quantify these two
amounts, the volume from logging residue from six sample harvesting units was measured
to determine the available biomass and the quantity that remains on site.
First, all of forest harvest residues piles were measured; these are considered
the available biomass sources. Second, transects with a minimum total length of
one-thousand-foot line-intersect sampling was performed to estimate the volume
of residual material, not placed into piles, that will remain on site. The
results will show both what is available for collection and the minimum amount
of slash that will remain in the unit. The results from this study’s
measurement showed that the previous estimates of available residues in piles,
may overestimate available residues by at least 20%. The volume of residues
left in piles was dependent on logging system. Cable yarding left nearly 60% of
total logging residue that remained on site. The average pile ranged between 62
m3/ha and 79 m3/ha remaining on site. Ground-based
operations using shovels may leave as little as 39 % on site with a range
between 79 m3/ha and 40 m3/ha) remaining on sites with
110 m3/ha in piles.

Kaynakça

  • Gan, J., Smith, C.T., 2006. Availability of logging residues and potential for electricity production and carbon displacement in the USA. Biomass and Bioenergy, 30(12):1011-1020.
  • Hardy, C.C., 1996. Guidelines for estimating volume, biomass, and smoke production for piled slash. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-364. Portland, OR: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 17 p.
  • Hunter ML. 1990. Wildlife, Forests, and Forestry. New Jersey: Prentice Hall,. 363 p.
  • Ince, P. J., Kramp, A.D., Skog, K.E., Yoo, D.I., Sample, V.A., 2011. Modeling future US forest sector market and trade impacts of expansion in wood energy consumption. Journal of Forest Economics, 17(2): 142-156.
  • Kizha, A.R, Han. H.S., 2015. Forest residues recovered from whole-tree timber harvesting operations. European Journal of Forest Engineering, 1(2): 46-55.
  • Kumar, A., Cameron, J.B., Flynn. P.C., 2003. Biomass power cost and optimum plant size in western Canada. Biomass and Bioenergy. 24:445-464.
  • Long, J.J., Boston. K., 2014. An evaluation of alternative measurement techniques for estimating the volume of logging residues. Forest Science. 60(1):200-204.
  • Nurmi, J. 2007. Recovery of logging residues for energy from spruce (Pices abies) dominated stands. Biomass and Bioenergy. 31:375-380.
  • Perlack, R.D., Wright, L.L., Turhollow, A.F., Graham, R.L., Stockes, B.J., Erbach. D.C., 2005. Biomass as feedstock for a bioenergy and bioproducts industry: the technical feasibility of a billion-ton annual supply. USDA and USDOE, Oak Ridge, TN.
  • Smith, D., Sessions, J., Tuers, K., Way D., Traver, J., 2012. Characteristics of Forest-Derived Woody Biomass Collected and Processed in Oregon. Forest Products Journal. 62(7/8):520-527.
  • Warren, W.G., Olsen, P.F., 1964. A line intersect technique for assessing logging waste. Forest Science. 10(3):267-276.
  • Wright, C.S., Balog, C.S., Kelly, J.W., 2010. Estimating volume, biomass, and potential emissions of hand-piled fuels. Portland, OR: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station.
  • Zamora-Cristales, R., Boston, K., Sessions, J., Murphy, G., 2013. Stochastic simulation and optimization of mobile chipping and transport of forest biomass from harvest residues. Silva Fennica. 47(5):1-22.

Ayrıntılar

Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Research Articles
Yazarlar

Chet MİLLER Bu kişi benim

Kevin BOSTON Bu kişi benim

Yayımlanma Tarihi 29 Haziran 2017
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2017 Cilt: 3 Sayı: 1

Kaynak Göster

APA MİLLER, C., & BOSTON, K. (2017). The Quantification of Logging Residues in Oregon with Impacts on Sustainability and Availability of Raw Material for Future Biomass Energy. European Journal of Forest Engineering, 3(1), 16-22.

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The works published in European Journal of Forest Engineering (EJFE) are licensed under a  Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.