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Analysis of Noise Level Influencing Farm Tractor Operators during Forest Harvesting Operation

Yıl 2018, Cilt: 4 Sayı: 1, 13 - 17, 12.06.2018

Öz

In Turkey, forest harvesting activities are
generally performed by forest villagers or small-size contractors managed by
forest villagers. Highly mechanized harvesting equipment are not very common
since they are not affordable by forest villagers or contractors. Farm tractors
are mostly used in forest harvesting operations because of relatively low
hourly equipment cost. In fact, farm tractors have been used in many stages of
forest operations including skidding, forwarding, cable yarding, and loading.
However, working environment of farm tractors is subject to intensive noise
disturbance during forest harvesting activities. Thus, tractor operators often
expose excessive noise effect which can result in hearing impairment or
permanent hearing loss. In this study, the average and peak noise levels
generated by a Türk Fiat 450 model farm tractor during forest harvesting
operation were measured. The average and peak noise levels were measured as 84.52 dBA and 105.02 dBA, respectively. To minimize the potential
hazard of noise exposed by operator, daily
working hours and resting times should be determined based on noise level and the
pieces that affect the level of the noise should be maintained and isolated
properly.  

Kaynakça

  • Akay, A.E., Sessions, J. 2004. Identifying the factors influencing the cost of mechanized harvesting equipment. Journal of Science and Engineering, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, 7 (2): 65-72.
  • Akay, A.E. 2005. Using farm tractors in small-scale forest harvesting operations, Journal of Applied Sciences Research. 1 (2): 196-199.
  • Carbaugh, E., Hensley, A. 2005. Farm tractor harvesting systems. College of Natural Resources, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA. 7p.
  • Doygun, H., Gurun D.K. 2008. Analyzing and mapping spatial and temporal dynamics of urban traffic noise pollution: A case study in Kahramanmaraş, Turkey. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 142: 65-72.
  • Durgut, M.R., Celen, H. 2004. Noise levels of agricultural machineries. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences. (7): 895-901.
  • Güvercin, Ö., Aybek, A. 2003. Noise Problem in Stone Pulverizing and Sieving Plants. KSU Journal of Science and Engineering. 6(2): 101-107.
  • Lutman, M.E. 2000. What is the risk of noise-induced hearing loss at 80, 853 90 dB(A) and above? Occup. Med. 50(4): 274-275
  • Melemez, K., Tunay, M. 2010. The investigation of the ergonomic aspects of the noise caused by agricultural tractors used in Turkish forestry. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 5(4): 243-249.
  • Mirbod, S.M., Inaba, R., Yoshida, H., Nagata, C., Komura, Y., Iwata, H. 1992. Noise exposure level while operating electronic arcade games as a leisure time activity, Industrial Health, 30: 65-76.
  • Öztürk T., Akay A.E. 2007. Modifying farm tractors for forest harvesting operations. International Symposium Bottlenecks, Solutions, and Priorities in the Context of Functions of Forest Resources. 17-19 October. İstanbul, Turkey.
  • Serin, H., Akay, A.E. 2008. The analyses of noise level during tree bucking operation. XIV. National Congress of Ergonomics. 30 October-1 November. Trabzon, Turkey. pp: 412-416
  • Serin, H., Akay, A.E. 2010. Noise level analysis of a bulldozer used in constructing a forest road in Mediterranean Region of Turkey, African Journal of Agricultural Research. 5(19): 2624-2628.
  • Tezer, E., Sabancı, A. 2005. Agricultural Mechanization I, Ç.Ü. Faculty of Agriculture, Publication No: 44, Class Book Pub. No: A-7, Adana.
  • Türk, Y., Gümüş, S. 2010. Log skidding with farm tractor. FORMEC 2010, 11-14 July, Padova, Italy.
Yıl 2018, Cilt: 4 Sayı: 1, 13 - 17, 12.06.2018

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Akay, A.E., Sessions, J. 2004. Identifying the factors influencing the cost of mechanized harvesting equipment. Journal of Science and Engineering, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, 7 (2): 65-72.
  • Akay, A.E. 2005. Using farm tractors in small-scale forest harvesting operations, Journal of Applied Sciences Research. 1 (2): 196-199.
  • Carbaugh, E., Hensley, A. 2005. Farm tractor harvesting systems. College of Natural Resources, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA. 7p.
  • Doygun, H., Gurun D.K. 2008. Analyzing and mapping spatial and temporal dynamics of urban traffic noise pollution: A case study in Kahramanmaraş, Turkey. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 142: 65-72.
  • Durgut, M.R., Celen, H. 2004. Noise levels of agricultural machineries. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences. (7): 895-901.
  • Güvercin, Ö., Aybek, A. 2003. Noise Problem in Stone Pulverizing and Sieving Plants. KSU Journal of Science and Engineering. 6(2): 101-107.
  • Lutman, M.E. 2000. What is the risk of noise-induced hearing loss at 80, 853 90 dB(A) and above? Occup. Med. 50(4): 274-275
  • Melemez, K., Tunay, M. 2010. The investigation of the ergonomic aspects of the noise caused by agricultural tractors used in Turkish forestry. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 5(4): 243-249.
  • Mirbod, S.M., Inaba, R., Yoshida, H., Nagata, C., Komura, Y., Iwata, H. 1992. Noise exposure level while operating electronic arcade games as a leisure time activity, Industrial Health, 30: 65-76.
  • Öztürk T., Akay A.E. 2007. Modifying farm tractors for forest harvesting operations. International Symposium Bottlenecks, Solutions, and Priorities in the Context of Functions of Forest Resources. 17-19 October. İstanbul, Turkey.
  • Serin, H., Akay, A.E. 2008. The analyses of noise level during tree bucking operation. XIV. National Congress of Ergonomics. 30 October-1 November. Trabzon, Turkey. pp: 412-416
  • Serin, H., Akay, A.E. 2010. Noise level analysis of a bulldozer used in constructing a forest road in Mediterranean Region of Turkey, African Journal of Agricultural Research. 5(19): 2624-2628.
  • Tezer, E., Sabancı, A. 2005. Agricultural Mechanization I, Ç.Ü. Faculty of Agriculture, Publication No: 44, Class Book Pub. No: A-7, Adana.
  • Türk, Y., Gümüş, S. 2010. Log skidding with farm tractor. FORMEC 2010, 11-14 July, Padova, Italy.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Research Articles
Yazarlar

İnanç TAŞ

Halit BÜYÜKSAKALLI Bu kişi benim

Abdullah Emin AKAY

Yayımlanma Tarihi 12 Haziran 2018
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2018 Cilt: 4 Sayı: 1

Kaynak Göster

APA TAŞ, İ., BÜYÜKSAKALLI, H., & AKAY, A. E. (2018). Analysis of Noise Level Influencing Farm Tractor Operators during Forest Harvesting Operation. European Journal of Forest Engineering, 4(1), 13-17.

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The works published in European Journal of Forest Engineering (EJFE) are licensed under a  Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.