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Productivity Analysis of Timber Skidding Operation with Farm Tractor

Yıl 2018, Cilt 4, Sayı 1, 26 - 32, 12.06.2018
https://doi.org/10.33904/ejfe.428397

Öz

Farm tractors equipped with necessary attachments have been widely used in skidding of forest products in Turkey. There are number of different types and sizes of farm tractors that are employed in forest operations. For appropriate logging plans and better machine selections in mechanized forest operations, it is important to analyze the efficiency of farm tractors during skidding operations. In this study, it was aimed to analyze the productivity of timber skidding operation with farm tractor. Time study was used to estimate productivity and then the effects of specified factors (volume, number of piece) on productivity were investigated by using statistical analysis. Logging operation took place in a black pine stand located in the province of Köyceğiz in Muğla. Time data of work stages during uphill skidding operation were collected for two skidding trails with different slope classes (20% and 30%) while average skidding distance was kept constant. It was found that the average productivity for two slope classes were 5.72 m3/hr and 4.30 m3/hr, respectively. The results indicated that the productivity increased as the volume of skidded logs per turn increased for both slope classes. On the other hand, increasing number of pieces transported in each turn caused reduction in productivity of the tractor skidding operation. The most time consuming work stage was skidding followed by move-out unloaded and choker setting stages.        

Kaynakça

  • Acar, H.H. 1997. An investigation on the extraction from compartment by tractors at the mountainous region. Turk J Agric For, (21): 299-306. Abeli, W.S. 1992. Optimal road spacing for manual skidding sulkies. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 6:8-15.
  • Akay, A.E., Sessions, J. 2004. Identifying the factors influencing the cost of mechanized harvesting equipment. Journal of Science and Engineering, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, 7(2): 65-72.
  • Akay, A.E. 2005. Using farm tractors in small-scale forest harvesting operations, Journal of Applied Sciences Research. 1(2): 196-199.
  • Borz, S. A., Ignea, G., Popa, B., Spârchez, G., Iordache, E. 2015. Estimating time consumption and productivity of roundwood skidding in group shelterwood system–a case study in a broadleaved mixed stand located in reduced accessibility conditions. Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering: Journal for Theory and Application of Forestry Engineering, 36(1): 137-146.
  • Gilanipoor, N., Najafi, A., Heshmat Alvaezin, S.M. 2012. Productivity and cost of farm tractor skidding. J For Sci, 58(1): 21-26.
  • Gülci N., Gülci S., Akay A.E. 2017a. Productivity analysis of skidding operations with farm tractor on skid roads: the case of Osmaniye Forest Enterprise Chief, Turkey. 50th International Symposium on Forestry Mechanization Innovating the Competitive Edge: From Research to Impact in the Forest Value Chain, Brasov, Romania, 25th -29th September 2017.
  • Gülci, N., Akay, AE, Erdaş, O, Acar, H. 2017b. Productivity Analysis of Chute System integrated with Portable Winch and Synthetic Rope for Uphill Logging Operation. European Journal of Forest Engineering, 3(2): 72-77.
  • Jour G.M., Majnounian, B. 2008. Productivity and cost of wheeled skidder in Hyrcanian Forest. International Journal of Natural and Engineering Sciences, 2: 99-103.
  • Mousavi R. Naghdi R. 2014. Comparison of productivity and cost of timber extraction by farm tractor, skidding vs. forwarding in Northern Iran. HortFlora Research Spectrum, 3(3): 201-210.
  • Ovaskainen, H., Uusitalo, J., Väätäinen, K. 2004. Characteristics and significance of a harvester operator’s working technique in thinnings. Int J For Eng, 15: 67–77.
  • Öztürk T., Akay A.E. 2007. Modifying farm tractors for forest harvesting operations. International Symposium Bottlenecks, Solutions, and Priorities in the Context of Functions of Forest Resources. 17-19 October. İstanbul, Turkey.
  • Öztürk T. 2010. Productivity of new Holland farm tractor at beech stands on mountainous areas in black sea region. Forestry Ideas, 16(1): 52-57.
  • Proto, A.R., Macrì, G., Visser, R., Russo, D., Zimbalatti, G. 2018. Comparison of Timber Extraction Productivity between Winch and Grapple Skidding: A Case Study in Southern Italian Forests. Forests, 9(2): 61-72.
  • Spinelli, R., Baldini, S. 1992. Productivity and cost analysis of logging arch used with farm tractor in Mediterranean forest skidding operations, Invest. Agrar., Sist. Recur. For. 1(2): 211-221.
  • Spinelli, R., Magagnotti, N. 2011. The effects of introducing modern technology on the financial, labour and energy performance of forest operations in the Italian Alps. Forest Policy and Economics, 13(7): 520-524.
  • Stanki´c, I., Poršinsky, T., Tomašiˇc, Ž., Tonkoviˇc, I., Frntiˇc, M. 2012. Productivity models for operational planning of timber forwarding in Croatia. Croat. J. For. Eng. 33: 61–78.
  • Szewczyk, G., Sowa, J.M., Grzebieniowski, W., Kormanek , M., Kulak, D., Stańczykiewicz, A. 2014. Sequencing of harvester work during standard cuttings and in areas with windbreaks. Silva Fennica, 48(4): 1159-1175.
  • Zimbalatti, G., Proto, A.R. 2009. Prospects of Forest Utilizations in the South of Italy. In Proceedings of the IUFRO (Unit 3.06.00) Workshop on Forestry Utilization in Mediterranean Countries, 17–19 June, Reggio Calabria, Italy.

Yıl 2018, Cilt 4, Sayı 1, 26 - 32, 12.06.2018
https://doi.org/10.33904/ejfe.428397

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Acar, H.H. 1997. An investigation on the extraction from compartment by tractors at the mountainous region. Turk J Agric For, (21): 299-306. Abeli, W.S. 1992. Optimal road spacing for manual skidding sulkies. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 6:8-15.
  • Akay, A.E., Sessions, J. 2004. Identifying the factors influencing the cost of mechanized harvesting equipment. Journal of Science and Engineering, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, 7(2): 65-72.
  • Akay, A.E. 2005. Using farm tractors in small-scale forest harvesting operations, Journal of Applied Sciences Research. 1(2): 196-199.
  • Borz, S. A., Ignea, G., Popa, B., Spârchez, G., Iordache, E. 2015. Estimating time consumption and productivity of roundwood skidding in group shelterwood system–a case study in a broadleaved mixed stand located in reduced accessibility conditions. Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering: Journal for Theory and Application of Forestry Engineering, 36(1): 137-146.
  • Gilanipoor, N., Najafi, A., Heshmat Alvaezin, S.M. 2012. Productivity and cost of farm tractor skidding. J For Sci, 58(1): 21-26.
  • Gülci N., Gülci S., Akay A.E. 2017a. Productivity analysis of skidding operations with farm tractor on skid roads: the case of Osmaniye Forest Enterprise Chief, Turkey. 50th International Symposium on Forestry Mechanization Innovating the Competitive Edge: From Research to Impact in the Forest Value Chain, Brasov, Romania, 25th -29th September 2017.
  • Gülci, N., Akay, AE, Erdaş, O, Acar, H. 2017b. Productivity Analysis of Chute System integrated with Portable Winch and Synthetic Rope for Uphill Logging Operation. European Journal of Forest Engineering, 3(2): 72-77.
  • Jour G.M., Majnounian, B. 2008. Productivity and cost of wheeled skidder in Hyrcanian Forest. International Journal of Natural and Engineering Sciences, 2: 99-103.
  • Mousavi R. Naghdi R. 2014. Comparison of productivity and cost of timber extraction by farm tractor, skidding vs. forwarding in Northern Iran. HortFlora Research Spectrum, 3(3): 201-210.
  • Ovaskainen, H., Uusitalo, J., Väätäinen, K. 2004. Characteristics and significance of a harvester operator’s working technique in thinnings. Int J For Eng, 15: 67–77.
  • Öztürk T., Akay A.E. 2007. Modifying farm tractors for forest harvesting operations. International Symposium Bottlenecks, Solutions, and Priorities in the Context of Functions of Forest Resources. 17-19 October. İstanbul, Turkey.
  • Öztürk T. 2010. Productivity of new Holland farm tractor at beech stands on mountainous areas in black sea region. Forestry Ideas, 16(1): 52-57.
  • Proto, A.R., Macrì, G., Visser, R., Russo, D., Zimbalatti, G. 2018. Comparison of Timber Extraction Productivity between Winch and Grapple Skidding: A Case Study in Southern Italian Forests. Forests, 9(2): 61-72.
  • Spinelli, R., Baldini, S. 1992. Productivity and cost analysis of logging arch used with farm tractor in Mediterranean forest skidding operations, Invest. Agrar., Sist. Recur. For. 1(2): 211-221.
  • Spinelli, R., Magagnotti, N. 2011. The effects of introducing modern technology on the financial, labour and energy performance of forest operations in the Italian Alps. Forest Policy and Economics, 13(7): 520-524.
  • Stanki´c, I., Poršinsky, T., Tomašiˇc, Ž., Tonkoviˇc, I., Frntiˇc, M. 2012. Productivity models for operational planning of timber forwarding in Croatia. Croat. J. For. Eng. 33: 61–78.
  • Szewczyk, G., Sowa, J.M., Grzebieniowski, W., Kormanek , M., Kulak, D., Stańczykiewicz, A. 2014. Sequencing of harvester work during standard cuttings and in areas with windbreaks. Silva Fennica, 48(4): 1159-1175.
  • Zimbalatti, G., Proto, A.R. 2009. Prospects of Forest Utilizations in the South of Italy. In Proceedings of the IUFRO (Unit 3.06.00) Workshop on Forestry Utilization in Mediterranean Countries, 17–19 June, Reggio Calabria, Italy.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Research Articles
Yazarlar

Sercan GÜLCİ (Sorumlu Yazar)
KAHRAMANMARAŞ SÜTÇÜ İMAM ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ORMAN FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0003-3349-517X
Türkiye


Halit HALİT BÜYÜKSAKALLI Bu kişi benim
MUĞLA SITKI KOÇMAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ, KÖYCEĞİZ MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU
Türkiye


İnanç TAŞ
BURSA TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ORMAN FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-4504-6876
Türkiye


Abdullah Emin AKAY
0000-0001-6558-9029
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 12 Haziran 2018
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2018, Cilt 4, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ejfe428397, journal = {European Journal of Forest Engineering}, issn = {}, eissn = {2149-5637}, address = {}, publisher = {Forest Engineering and Technologies Platform}, year = {2018}, volume = {4}, pages = {26 - 32}, doi = {10.33904/ejfe.428397}, title = {Productivity Analysis of Timber Skidding Operation with Farm Tractor}, key = {cite}, author = {Gülci, Sercan and Halit Büyüksakallı, Halit and Taş, İnanç and Akay, Abdullah Emin} }
APA Gülci, S. , Halit Büyüksakallı, H. , Taş, İ. & Akay, A. E. (2018). Productivity Analysis of Timber Skidding Operation with Farm Tractor . European Journal of Forest Engineering , 4 (1) , 26-32 . DOI: 10.33904/ejfe.428397
MLA Gülci, S. , Halit Büyüksakallı, H. , Taş, İ. , Akay, A. E. "Productivity Analysis of Timber Skidding Operation with Farm Tractor" . European Journal of Forest Engineering 4 (2018 ): 26-32 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ejfe/issue/37390/428397>
Chicago Gülci, S. , Halit Büyüksakallı, H. , Taş, İ. , Akay, A. E. "Productivity Analysis of Timber Skidding Operation with Farm Tractor". European Journal of Forest Engineering 4 (2018 ): 26-32
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Productivity Analysis of Timber Skidding Operation with Farm Tractor AU - Sercan Gülci , Halit Halit Büyüksakallı , İnanç Taş , Abdullah Emin Akay Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.33904/ejfe.428397 DO - 10.33904/ejfe.428397 T2 - European Journal of Forest Engineering JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 26 EP - 32 VL - 4 IS - 1 SN - -2149-5637 M3 - doi: 10.33904/ejfe.428397 UR - https://doi.org/10.33904/ejfe.428397 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 European Journal of Forest Engineering Productivity Analysis of Timber Skidding Operation with Farm Tractor %A Sercan Gülci , Halit Halit Büyüksakallı , İnanç Taş , Abdullah Emin Akay %T Productivity Analysis of Timber Skidding Operation with Farm Tractor %D 2018 %J European Journal of Forest Engineering %P -2149-5637 %V 4 %N 1 %R doi: 10.33904/ejfe.428397 %U 10.33904/ejfe.428397
ISNAD Gülci, Sercan , Halit Büyüksakallı, Halit , Taş, İnanç , Akay, Abdullah Emin . "Productivity Analysis of Timber Skidding Operation with Farm Tractor". European Journal of Forest Engineering 4 / 1 (Haziran 2018): 26-32 . https://doi.org/10.33904/ejfe.428397
AMA Gülci S. , Halit Büyüksakallı H. , Taş İ. , Akay A. E. Productivity Analysis of Timber Skidding Operation with Farm Tractor. Eur J Forest Eng. 2018; 4(1): 26-32.
Vancouver Gülci S. , Halit Büyüksakallı H. , Taş İ. , Akay A. E. Productivity Analysis of Timber Skidding Operation with Farm Tractor. European Journal of Forest Engineering. 2018; 4(1): 26-32.
IEEE S. Gülci , H. Halit Büyüksakallı , İ. Taş ve A. E. Akay , "Productivity Analysis of Timber Skidding Operation with Farm Tractor", European Journal of Forest Engineering, c. 4, sayı. 1, ss. 26-32, Haz. 2018, doi:10.33904/ejfe.428397

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The works published in European Journal of Forest Engineering (EJFE) are licensed under a  Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.