Yıl 2019, Cilt 5 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 83 - 91 2019-12-21

Plot-Scale Effects of Ground-Based Skidding on Runoff and Soil Loss in Relation to Slopes and Leaf-On and Leaf-Off Periods in the Mixed Broadleaf Forests

Meghdad JOURGHOLAMİ [1] , Saeedeh JOURİZ [2]


Soil compaction and loss of surface litter from skid trails reduced the water absorption capacity in mineral soils, which reduced water infiltration and increased runoff, which then caused surface erosion. We hypothesized that ground-based skidding, different slope angle classes (0–20% and 20–40%), and forest canopy cover (leaf-on and leaf-off period) would be significantly effect on runoff and sediment loss. In order to measure the total runoff and the sediment loss, quadruplicate bounded runoff plot (2 m2) was established on the skidding and the control sites, and two different slope angle classes on each site (totally 16 runoff plots with 20 rainfall events) in the Gorazbon district in Hyrcanian deciduous forests following Timberjack 450C skidding operations (32 machine passes) over one-year. The natural rainfalls were measured due to get more useful data. The skidding and the leaf-on and leaf-off period had statistically significant effects on runoff and sediments (P < 0.05). There was a statistically significant difference between runoff and sediment loss in different leaf-on and leaf-off periods, with leaf-off period having the highest sediment loss, while the leaf-on period had the least. The slope angle classes and its interactions had no significant effect on runoff and sediment loss. The highest runoff of just over 1.6 mm was from a skid trail with a 20–40% slope in the leaf-off period, and the highest sediment production was 6.95 g in the skid trail with a 20–40% slope in the leaf-off period. In the Hyrcanian deciduous forest, fallen leaves (leaf-off period) were coincided with the highest and most erosive rainfall, which resulted in an increase in runoff and sediment yield.

Skidding, Runoff, Soil loss, Leaf cover period, Sloope angle
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Research Articles
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0003-3676-278X
Yazar: Meghdad JOURGHOLAMİ (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: University of Tehran
Ülke: Iran


Orcid: 0000-0003-3676-278X
Yazar: Saeedeh JOURİZ
Kurum: University of Tehran
Ülke: Iran


Destekleyen Kurum University of Tehran
Proje Numarası 28514
Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 21 Aralık 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ejfe591851, journal = {European Journal of Forest Engineering}, issn = {}, eissn = {2149-5637}, address = {}, publisher = {Forest Engineering and Technologies Platform}, year = {2019}, volume = {5}, pages = {83 - 91}, doi = {10.33904/ejfe.591851}, title = {Plot-Scale Effects of Ground-Based Skidding on Runoff and Soil Loss in Relation to Slopes and Leaf-On and Leaf-Off Periods in the Mixed Broadleaf Forests}, key = {cite}, author = {Jourgholami̇, Meghdad and Jouri̇z, Saeedeh} }
APA Jourgholami̇, M , Jouri̇z, S . (2019). Plot-Scale Effects of Ground-Based Skidding on Runoff and Soil Loss in Relation to Slopes and Leaf-On and Leaf-Off Periods in the Mixed Broadleaf Forests . European Journal of Forest Engineering , 5 (2) , 83-91 . DOI: 10.33904/ejfe.591851
MLA Jourgholami̇, M , Jouri̇z, S . "Plot-Scale Effects of Ground-Based Skidding on Runoff and Soil Loss in Relation to Slopes and Leaf-On and Leaf-Off Periods in the Mixed Broadleaf Forests" . European Journal of Forest Engineering 5 (2019 ): 83-91 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ejfe/issue/48874/591851>
Chicago Jourgholami̇, M , Jouri̇z, S . "Plot-Scale Effects of Ground-Based Skidding on Runoff and Soil Loss in Relation to Slopes and Leaf-On and Leaf-Off Periods in the Mixed Broadleaf Forests". European Journal of Forest Engineering 5 (2019 ): 83-91
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Plot-Scale Effects of Ground-Based Skidding on Runoff and Soil Loss in Relation to Slopes and Leaf-On and Leaf-Off Periods in the Mixed Broadleaf Forests AU - Meghdad Jourgholami̇ , Saeedeh Jouri̇z Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.33904/ejfe.591851 DO - 10.33904/ejfe.591851 T2 - European Journal of Forest Engineering JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 83 EP - 91 VL - 5 IS - 2 SN - -2149-5637 M3 - doi: 10.33904/ejfe.591851 UR - https://doi.org/10.33904/ejfe.591851 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 European Journal of Forest Engineering Plot-Scale Effects of Ground-Based Skidding on Runoff and Soil Loss in Relation to Slopes and Leaf-On and Leaf-Off Periods in the Mixed Broadleaf Forests %A Meghdad Jourgholami̇ , Saeedeh Jouri̇z %T Plot-Scale Effects of Ground-Based Skidding on Runoff and Soil Loss in Relation to Slopes and Leaf-On and Leaf-Off Periods in the Mixed Broadleaf Forests %D 2019 %J European Journal of Forest Engineering %P -2149-5637 %V 5 %N 2 %R doi: 10.33904/ejfe.591851 %U 10.33904/ejfe.591851
ISNAD Jourgholami̇, Meghdad , Jouri̇z, Saeedeh . "Plot-Scale Effects of Ground-Based Skidding on Runoff and Soil Loss in Relation to Slopes and Leaf-On and Leaf-Off Periods in the Mixed Broadleaf Forests". European Journal of Forest Engineering 5 / 2 (Aralık 2019): 83-91 . https://doi.org/10.33904/ejfe.591851
AMA Jourgholami̇ M , Jouri̇z S . Plot-Scale Effects of Ground-Based Skidding on Runoff and Soil Loss in Relation to Slopes and Leaf-On and Leaf-Off Periods in the Mixed Broadleaf Forests. Eur J Forest Eng. 2019; 5(2): 83-91.
Vancouver Jourgholami̇ M , Jouri̇z S . Plot-Scale Effects of Ground-Based Skidding on Runoff and Soil Loss in Relation to Slopes and Leaf-On and Leaf-Off Periods in the Mixed Broadleaf Forests. European Journal of Forest Engineering. 2019; 5(2): 83-91.