Yıl 2018, Cilt 7 , Sayı 1, Sayfalar 24 - 41 2018-03-31

The Incorporation of Grammar into Young Learner Classes: Focus on Form or Focus on Forms?

Dönercan DÖNÜK [1]


One of the current issues in the field of applied linguistics is the type of grammar instruction to be adopted in EFL classes; particularly, with young learners. The purpose of this paper is to revisit the place of grammar in language teaching from a contemporary window, to discuss the role and delivery of grammar focus in EFL settings, and to illustrate examples for classroom applications of this focus through an ITE course, which is based on teaching young learners. The elaboration of the type of focus and voices from the classroom as to its implementation are sure to introduce another dimension, whose central point is to propose a sample course procedure for the provision of the focus during the form-focused instruction.

 

focus on form, grammar instruction, young learners, course procedure
  • Borg, S. (2001). Self-perception and practice in teaching grammar. ELT journal, 55(1), 21-29. Borg, S., & Burns, A. 3 (2008). Integrating grammar in adult TESOL classrooms. Applied Linguistics, 29 (3), 456-482. Byrd, P. (2005). Instructed grammar. In Handbook of research in Second Language Teaching and Learning, 1, 545-562. Dönük, D. (2012). A distant implementation of INSET: A teacher training platform for contextual grammar teaching. Çukurova University Institute of Social Sciences Department of English Language Teaching. Doughty, C. & Williams, J. (2004). Focus on form in classroom second language acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Ellis, R. (2015). The importance of focus on form in communicative language teaching. Eurasian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 1(2), 1-12. Ellis, R., Basturkmen, H., & Loewen, S. (2001). Preemptive focus on form in the ESL classroom. TESOL Quarterly, 35 (3), 407-432. Ellis, R., Basturkmen, H., & Loewen, S. (2002). Doing focus-on-form. System, 30 (4), 419-432. Faerch, C. (1985). Meta talk in FL classroom discourse. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 7 (2), 184-199. Fotos, S. & Ellis, R. (1991). Communicating about grammar: A task-based approach. TESOL quarterly, 605-628. Fotos, S. (1998). Shifting the focus from forms to form in the EFL classroom. ELT Journal, 52 (4), 301-307. Fotos, S. (1998). Shifting the focus from forms to form in the EFL classroom. ELT J, 52 (4), 301-307. Shak, J., & Gardner, S. (2008). Young learner perspectives on four focus-on-form tasks. Language Teaching Research, 12 (3), 387-408. Sheen, R. (2002). "'Focus on form' and' focus on forms'. ELT Journal, 56 (3), 303-305. Shulman, L. S. (1986). Those who understand: Knowledge growth in teaching. Educational Researcher, 4-14. Soler, E. A., & Mayo, M.P.G. (2008): Incidental focus on form and learning outcomes with young foreign language classroom learners. Second Language Acquisition and the Younger Learner: Child's Play?, 23, 452. Spada, N., & Lightbown, P. M. (2008). "Form Focused Instruction: Isolated or Integrated?. TESOL Quarterly, 42 (2), 181-207. Uysal, H. H., & Bardakci, M. (2014). Teacher beliefs and practices of grammar teaching: focusing on meaning, form, or forms?. South African Journal of Education, 34 (1), 1-16. Valeo, A., & Spada, N. (2015). Is There a Better Time to Focus on Form? Teacher and Learner Views. TESOL Quarterly, 50(2). Williams, J. (2005). Form-focused instruction. In E. Hinkel (Eds.) Handbook of research in second language teaching and learning (pp. 671–691). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Yee, V., & Wagner, M. (1984). Teacher talk: the structure of vocabulary and grammar explanations. Department of ESL Scholarly Paper. University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu.
Birincil Dil en
Bölüm ELT Research Journal
Yazarlar

Yazar: Dönercan DÖNÜK (Sorumlu Yazar)

Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Mart 2018

APA DÖNÜK, D . (2018). The Incorporation of Grammar into Young Learner Classes: Focus on Form or Focus on Forms?. ELT Research Journal , 7 (1) , 24-41 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/eltrj/issue/40004/475581