Yazım Kuralları

Basic Rules

All submissions must be original, unpublished, and not under the review of any other publication synchronously. The journal does not publish manuscripts that are previously published as full text in conference proceedings (except in the form of an abstract). The Editor has the right to reformat, reject or return the manuscript not complying with the required conditions of publication to its author for editing. The authors who wish to withdraw their manuscripts should notify the editor in writing. In case of need, the editor requests the opinion of the Editorial Board about some manuscripts.

The author(s) of the original research articles (including short communications) must declare that they were involved in at least 3 of the 5 stages of the study stated in the Acknowledgement of Authorship and Transfer of Copyright Agreement as “designing the study”, “collecting the data”, “analyzing the data”, “writing the manuscript” and “confirming the accuracy of the data and the analyses”. Those who do not fulfill this prerequisite should not be stated as an author of these types of submissions to ENT Updates.

The submitted manuscripts are reviewed in accordance with “double-blind peer review” process for both reviewers and authors. During the peer review process, each submission will be reviewed by at least two external, independent peer reviewers who are experts in their fields in order to ensure an unbiased evaluation process. Final decision for publication of the manuscripts is under the responsibility of the Editor-in-Chief.


ENT Updates mainly welcomes manuscripts of clinical and basic research articles, experimental studies, reviews, case reports, short communications and letters to the editor related to ENT topics. It also covers related specialties of ENT such as allergy, pediatrics, neurology, psychiatry, neurosurgery, radiology, anesthesiology, pulmonology and etc.

ENT Updates includes the following article categories:

• Clinical Research

• Basic Research

• Experimental Study

• Review

• Case Report

• Short Communication

• Letter to the Editor

• Obituary

• Book Review

• Abstracts

• News and Announcements

Clinical and Basic Research Articles / Experimental Studies describe substantial original researches that fall within the scope of the Journal. They should consist of sections entitled as ‘Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion and Conclusion’, and should not exceed 5000 words excluding the abstract, references and tables. The number of references should be max. 40, and the number of authors should not exceed 6 from the same department.

Reviews section highlights current development in relevant areas of the journal. They are generally invited; the authors of the unsolicited review articles should consult with the Editor-in-Chief. They should be structured under unstandardized subtitles and should not exceed 3000 words excluding the abstract, references and tables. The number of authors should not exceed 3 from the same department.

Case Reports are papers including new, noteworthy or unusual cases which could be of help for basic notions and clinical practice.

Short Communications cover original research articles when their topic and results are limited in scope and in cases that do not require writing a full original article. They should be sectioned like an original research article but not exceed 1000 words. Their references and tables should not exceed 6 and 2 in number. The number of authors should be max. 6 from the same department.

The categories above are peer-reviewed. They should include abstract and keywords. For detailed information about the abstracts, please refer to Manuscript Preparation section. There are also categories including Letters to the Editor, Book Reviews, Obituary, Abstracts, News and Announcements which do not require a conventional peer-review process.

Manuscript Preparation

In addition to the rules listed below, manuscripts to be published in ENT Updates should be in compliance with the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals published by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) of which latest version is available at www.icmje.org

Files should be prepared as a Word document (1997 or later versions) using font size 12 Times New Roman characters, double-spaced and with 2.5 cm margins on each side, top and bottom. All pages, including the title page, should have a page number located at the bottom-right corner of the page.

Only standard abbreviations should be used; other shortened phrases should be indicated in parentheses as used in the text. Generic or chemical names of drugs should be used instead of trade names. If the trade mark of any drug or device should be given in the methods section then the name of the manufacturer including its location should be stated in a following parenthesis.

Manuscripts should be designed in the following order: title page, abstract, main text, references, and tables, with each typeset on a separate page.

Page 1 - Title page

Page 2 – Title, abstract and keywords in English

Page 3 and next - Main text

Next Page - References

Next Page - Table number, heading and tables (each table should be placed in separate pages)

Next Page – Figure number, legends and figures (each figure should be placed in separate pages)

Title Page

On the title page of the manuscript the title of the article, full names and surnames of the authors should be written in combination. The institutional info i.e. clinics/ department/ division/ institute and/ or organization should be also indicated. A running heading not exceeding 40 characters should be also given which is desired to appear on the top of continuing pages when journal is published. Title page should contain address of the correspondence including name, e-mail, phone, and fax numbers of the corresponding author. Previous presentation (if any) of the study in a congress, meeting or symposium should be indicated on this page. All financial supports, funding and (if any) sponsorship should also be indicated.


Abstract section of all types of manuscripts in the peer-review categories (Clinical and basic research articles / experimental studies, reviews, case reports, and short communications) should include a summary of the text. In the Abstract section, use of abbreviations should be avoided as far as possible. It should not contain any reference, figure, table and citation. In compliance with the stipulations set forth by (MeSH) at least two, at most five suitable keywords should be used.

The abstracts of clinical and basic research articles / experimental studies (max. 250 words) and short communications (max. 150 words) should be structured in four paragraphs (using the following subtitles: Objective, Methods, Results, and Conclusion. Reviews (max. 250 words) and case reports (max. 150 words) need to include an unstructured abstract that is one paragraph.

Main Text

Clinical and basic research articles / experimental studies and short communications should include the following sections: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgement (if any), References, Headings of Tables, and Figure Legends. All the individuals not meeting the criteria of authorship but nevertheless contributed to the preparation of the manuscript by giving assistance to the authors in technical issues, and during processes of writing, editing (e.g. professional medical writers), collection, and analysis of data should be mentioned in the Acknowledgment section (for the detailed information about the limitation of the number of authors by each manuscript type please refer to Coverage section).


References used in the text should be directly related to the topic, as recent as possible and in enough numbers (for the detailed infromation about the limitation of the number of references by each manuscript type please refer to Coverage section).

Please click to download the EndNote style of ENT Updates to format your references.

Reference within article:

References should be numbered in square brackets in the order in which they are mentioned in the text including Tables and Figures. Please use superscript numerals after the punctation. Citation order should be checked carefully.

Reference list:

Only published articles or articles in press can be used in references. Unpublished data including conference papers or personal communications should not be used. Papers published in only electronic journals or in the preprint or online first issues of the electronic versions of conventional periodicals should be absolutely presented with DOI (digital object identifier) numbers.

Journal titles should be abbreviated according to the Index Medicus. All authors if six or fewer should be listed; otherwise, the first three and “et al.” should be written.

To avoid some reference biases direct use of the references is strongly recommended and the authors may be asked to provide the first and last pages of certain references. Publication of the manuscript will be suspended until this request is fulfilled by the author(s).

Citation format in text:

Single reference.[1] Reference with multiple articles.[2,3] Reference with multiple articles three and over three articles.[4-6] Reference with multiple articles three and over three

rticles+referring to additional resources.[3-5,7]

Journal article: Author. Title. [Article in Language] Journal Year; Volume: Pages.

Note: Unless specified language for English article [Article in Language] it will not appear in the reference list. Example:

1. Karim R, Ghabrial R, Lynch T, Tang B. A comparison of external and endoscopic endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy for acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction. Clin Ophthalmol 2011;5:979-89.
2. Tamaki A, Rocco JW, Ozer E. The future of robotic surgery in otolaryngology - head and neck surgery. Oral Oncol 2020 Feb; doi: 10.1016/j.oraloncology.2019.104510. [Epub ahead of print].

Journal Article in other languge: Author. Title. [Article in Language] Journal Year; Volume: Pages.

Note: Unless specified language for English article [Article in Language] it will not appear in the reference list. Example:

3. Piaton J, Keller P, Limon S, Quenot S. First line endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy technique and results. Comparison between diode laser and electrocautery instrument. Study based on 422 procedures. [Article in French] J Fr Ophtalmol 2002;25:135-45.

4. Yelken K, Güven M, Aladağ I, Eyibilen A. Relations between symptoms, durations and triggers of attacks and concurrent diseases in paradoxical vocal fold movement disorder. [Article in Turkish] Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtis Derg 2009;19:16-21.

Book: Author. Title. Edition ed. In: Series Editor, editor. Series Title. Place Published: Publisher; Year Date. p. Number of Pages. Example:

5. Neufeld EF, Muenzer J. The mucopolysaccharidoses. In: Scriver CR, editor. The metabolic and molecular bases of inherited disease. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2001. p. 3421-52.

6. Kısakürek NF. Ulu Hakan ikinci Abdülhamid Han. 19. basım. ed. Büyük Doğu Yayınları. İstanbul: Büyük Doğu Yayınları; 2011. p. 687.

Web Page: Author. Title [Type of Medium]. Place Published: Publisher; Year [updated Last Update Date; cited Access Year Access Date]. Contents; Edition: [Description]. Available from:

URL. Example:

7. Baloghova J, Schwartz RA, Baranova Z, et al. Mucopolysaccharidoses Types I–VII [cited 2014 Aug 21]. Available from: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/ 1115193-overview.

Government Document: Author. Publisher Title. Edition ed. Place Published: Year. p. Pages. Example:

8. T.C. Tarım ve Köyişleri Bakanlığı Kırsal Kalkınma Planı (2010-2013). Ankara: 2010. p. 14.

Tables and Figures

Tables, figures, graphics, and illustrations should be numbered with arabic numerals in the order of their citations in the text.

Each table should be written on a separate page in a double space. For each table a short heading should be designated. Explanations should be made in footnotes, rather than in the heading. All nonstandardized abbreviations should be explained in the footnotes. For footnotes the following symbols should be used in the order indicated in parenthesis: (*,†,‡,§,||,¶,**,††,‡‡). Make sure that each table is referred in the text.

All illustrations (photographs, graphics, and drawings) accompanying the manuscript should be referred to as “Figure”. All figures should be original. Figures previously published elsewhere (even though by the author himself) should be submitted with the written permission of the original copyright holder.

Figures and graphics should be drawn or photographed using professional means. Photographs should be reproduced using digital printing quality. Figures and graphics should be entered in electronic database as a JPEG image file format at a resolution of at least 300 pixels, and before saving, image qualities of these files should be controlled by examining their displays on the monitor screen.

Microfilms of radiograms, CT, and MRI images, other diagnostic images, and photos of histopathologic specimens can be saved as JPG image e-file formats with high resolution. Letters, numbers, and symbols on the photos should be explicit, and identical with readable dimensions even if their font sizes were reduced for publication purposes. Illustrations and photos should be intelligible by themselves as far as possible without their accompanying legends, and footnotes. If photo(s) of the patient(s) is/are to be used, either identity of the patient should be unrecognizable from photo(s) or written permission should be obtained from the patient(s) or their intimates responsible for their care.

Starting from a separate page, legends of the figures, graphics, illustrations, and photos should be written in double space, and their assigned corresponding numbers should be indicated. Each symbol, arrow, number or letter used to indicate parts of a figure should be explicitly explained in the legend of the figure. Microscopic photographs should include information on staining and magnification.