Yıl 2020, Cilt 11 , Sayı , Sayfalar 48 - 52 2020-12-31

Effects of Deep Cryogenic Treatment on the Mechanical Properties of Medium Carbon Spring Steels

Resat Can OZDEN [1] , Ersu LOKCU [2] , Mustafa ANIK [3]


The cryogenic treatment is a method frequently used in the development of the wear resistance of alloy steels due to the increase in their hardness driven by the mechanisms such as the conversion of retained austenite to martensite and the formation of secondary carbides. In recent studies, it has been reported that besides the hardening mechanisms, the cryogenic treatment can also improve the mechanical properties of the alloys by reducing the residual stresses and modifying the microstructure. This research aims to investigate the impact of deep cryogenic process (-196°C) on the microstructures of medium carbon spring steels contain various alloying elements. The conventional heat treatment (CHT) and the deep cryogenic treatment (DCT) procedures were applied to the spring steels which have various alloying elements. Hardness, tensile and notch toughness tests were performed to determine the mechanical properties. Consequently, the aim is to determine the applicability of the cryogenic treatment in the improvement of the mechanical properties of medium carbon spring steels.
Steels, Cryogenic Treatment, Mechanical Properties, Alloying
  • Baldissera, P., & Delprete, C. (2008). Deep cryogenic treatment: A bibliographic review. The Open Mechanical Engineering Journal, 2(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.2174/1874155X00802010001
  • Bensely, A., Venkatesh, S., Mohan Lal, D., Nagarajan, G., Rajadurai, A., & Junik, K. (2008). Effect of cryogenic treatment on distribution of residual stress in case carburized En 353 steel. Materials Science and Engineering A, 479(1–2), 229–235. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2007.07.035
  • Das, D., Sarkar, R., Dutta, A. K., & Ray, K. K. (2010). Influence of sub-zero treatments on fracture toughness of AISI D2 steel. Materials Science and Engineering A, 528(2), 589–603. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2010.09.057
  • Ghasemi-Nanesa, H., & Jahazi, M. (2014). Simultaneous enhancement of strength and ductility in cryogenically treated AISI D2 tool steel. Materials Science and Engineering A, 598, 413–419. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2014.01.065
  • Michaud, P., Delagnes, D., Lamesle, P., Mathon, M. H., & Levaillant, C. (2007). The effect of the addition of alloying elements on carbide precipitation and mechanical properties in 5% chromium martensitic steels. Acta Materialia, 55(14), 4877–4889. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2007.05.004
  • Myeong, T., & Yamabayashi, Y. (1997). A new life extension method for high cycle fatigue using micro-martensitic transformation in an austenitic stainless steel. Journal of Fatigue, 19(1), 69–73. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0142-1123(97)00060-1
  • Özden, R., & Anik, M. (2020). Enhancement of the mechanical properties of EN52CrMoV4 spring steel by deep cryogenic treatment Verbesserung der mechanischen Eigenschaften von EN52CrMoV4 Federstahl durch Tieftemperaturbehandlung. Materialwissenschaft Und Werkstofftechnik, 51, 422–431. https://doi.org/10.1002/mawe.201900122
  • Preciado, M., & Pellizzari, M. (2014). Influence of deep cryogenic treatment on the thermal decomposition of Fe-C martensite. Journal of Materials Science, 49(23), 8183–8191. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-014-8527-2
  • Senthilkumar, D., Rajendran, I., Pellizzari, M., & Siiriainen, J. (2011). Influence of shallow and deep cryogenic treatment on the residual state of stress of 4140 steel. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 211(3), 396–401. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2010.10.018
  • Vahdat, S. E., Nategh, S., & Mirdamadi, S. (2013). Microstructure and tensile properties of 45WCrV7 tool steel after deep cryogenic treatment. Materials Science & Engineering A, 585, 444–454. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2013.07.057
  • Villa, M., Pantleon, K., & Somers, M. A. J. (2014). Evolution of compressive strains in retained austenite during sub-zero Celsius martensite formation and tempering. Acta Materialia, 65, 383–392. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2013.11.007
  • Zhirafar, S., Rezaeian, A., & Pugh, M. (2007). Effect of cryogenic treatment on the mechanical properties of 4340 steel. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 186(1–3), 298–303. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2006.12.046
Birincil Dil en
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Resat Can OZDEN
Kurum: ESKISEHIR OSMANGAZI UNIVERSITY
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Ersu LOKCU
Kurum: ESKISEHIR OSMANGAZI UNIVERSITY
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Mustafa ANIK
Kurum: Eskişehir Osmangazi University
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Aralık 2020

Bibtex @konferans bildirisi { epstem836320, journal = {The Eurasia Proceedings of Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-3199}, address = {isresoffice@gmail.com}, publisher = {ISRES Organizasyon Turizm Eğitim Danışmanlık Ltd. Şti.}, year = {2020}, volume = {11}, pages = {48 - 52}, doi = {}, title = {Effects of Deep Cryogenic Treatment on the Mechanical Properties of Medium Carbon Spring Steels}, key = {cite}, author = {Ozden, Resat Can and Lokcu, Ersu and Anık, Mustafa} }
APA Ozden, R , Lokcu, E , Anık, M . (2020). Effects of Deep Cryogenic Treatment on the Mechanical Properties of Medium Carbon Spring Steels . The Eurasia Proceedings of Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics , 11 , 48-52 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/epstem/issue/58065/836320
MLA Ozden, R , Lokcu, E , Anık, M . "Effects of Deep Cryogenic Treatment on the Mechanical Properties of Medium Carbon Spring Steels" . The Eurasia Proceedings of Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics 11 (2020 ): 48-52 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/epstem/issue/58065/836320>
Chicago Ozden, R , Lokcu, E , Anık, M . "Effects of Deep Cryogenic Treatment on the Mechanical Properties of Medium Carbon Spring Steels". The Eurasia Proceedings of Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics 11 (2020 ): 48-52
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of Deep Cryogenic Treatment on the Mechanical Properties of Medium Carbon Spring Steels AU - Resat Can Ozden , Ersu Lokcu , Mustafa Anık Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - DO - T2 - The Eurasia Proceedings of Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 48 EP - 52 VL - 11 IS - SN - -2602-3199 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 The Eurasia Proceedings of Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics Effects of Deep Cryogenic Treatment on the Mechanical Properties of Medium Carbon Spring Steels %A Resat Can Ozden , Ersu Lokcu , Mustafa Anık %T Effects of Deep Cryogenic Treatment on the Mechanical Properties of Medium Carbon Spring Steels %D 2020 %J The Eurasia Proceedings of Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics %P -2602-3199 %V 11 %N %R %U
ISNAD Ozden, Resat Can , Lokcu, Ersu , Anık, Mustafa . "Effects of Deep Cryogenic Treatment on the Mechanical Properties of Medium Carbon Spring Steels". The Eurasia Proceedings of Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics 11 / (Aralık 2020): 48-52 .
AMA Ozden R , Lokcu E , Anık M . Effects of Deep Cryogenic Treatment on the Mechanical Properties of Medium Carbon Spring Steels. EPSTEM. 2020; 11: 48-52.
Vancouver Ozden R , Lokcu E , Anık M . Effects of Deep Cryogenic Treatment on the Mechanical Properties of Medium Carbon Spring Steels. The Eurasia Proceedings of Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics. 2020; 11: 48-52.
IEEE R. Ozden , E. Lokcu ve M. Anık , "Effects of Deep Cryogenic Treatment on the Mechanical Properties of Medium Carbon Spring Steels", The Eurasia Proceedings of Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics, c. 11, ss. 48-52, Ara. 2021