Yıl 2019, Cilt 4 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 210 - 218 2019-05-14

HALK SAĞLIĞI SÜRVEYANSINDA SOSYAL MEDYANIN KULLANIMI
THE USE OF SOCIAL MEDIA IN PUBLIC HEALTH SURVEILLANCE

Mehmet Enes Gökler [1] , Selma Metintaş [2]


Geçmişte mevcut tek gözetim sistemi geleneksel klinik veri tabanları iken, teknolojik ilerlemeler halk sağlığının geleceğini şekillendirmekte ve büyük verilerin ortaya çıkmasına ve daha katılımcı araçlar ve iletişim normlarının oluşmasına yol açmaktadır. Bu dijital sürveyans araçlarının, halk sağlığını tehdit eden sonuçların izlenmesini zamanında ve etkin maliyet ile sağlamaları nedeniyle geleneksel yollara göre daha avantajları olduğu söylenmektedir. Bununla birlikte, halk sağlığı sürveyansında sosyal medyanın önemi arttıkça, bu sürveyans yöntemlerinin geçerliliği, geleneksel halk sağlığı altyapısına ilişkin rolleri ile ilgili endişeler de artmaktadır. Çalışmanın amacı, halk sağlığı sürveyansında güncel gelişmeleri anlamakta sosyal medyanın kullanılabilirliği, kullanım alanlarının irdelenmesi ve sürveyans yöntemleri arasında kanıt düzeyinin sorgulanmasıdır.

Although the only surveillance system available in the past has traditional clinical databases, technological developments shape the future of public health and lead to the emergence of large data,  more participatory tools and communication norms. These digital monitoring tools are reported to have more advantages than traditional ways, because they enable timely and effective monitoring of public health threatening situations. However, as the importance of social media in public health surveillance increases, the concerns about the validity of these surveillance methods and their role in traditional public health infrastructure are increasing. The aim of the study is to question the level of evidence between social media surveillance and other surveillance methods with public health perspective. 

  • 1. Teutsch S, Churchill R. Principles and Practice of Public Health Surveillance. Second.; 2000.
  • 2. Gilbert R, Cliffe SJ. Public Health Surveillance. In: Public Health Intelligence. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016:91-110. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-28326-5_5
  • 3. Garner JS, Jarvis WR, Emori TG, Horan TC, Hughes JM. CDC definitions for nosocomial infections, 1988. Am J Infect Control. 1988;16(3):128-140. doi:10.1016/0196-6553(88)90053-3
  • 4. Garcia-Abreu A, Halperin W, Danel I. Public Health Surveillance : Toolkit. World Bank; 2002.
  • 5. Detels R, Beaglehole R, Lansang MA, Gulliford M, eds. Oxford Textbook of Public Health. Oxford University Press; 2009. doi:10.1093/med/9780199218707.001.0001
  • 6. McNab C. What social media offers to health professionals and citizens. Bull World Health Organ. 2009;87:566-566. doi:10.1590/S0042-96862009000800002
  • 7. Thackeray R, Crookston BT, West JH. Correlates of health-related social media use among adults. J Med Internet Res. 2013;15(1):e21. doi:10.2196/jmir.2297
  • 8. Fung IC-H, Tse ZTH, Fu K-W. The use of social media in public health surveillance. West Pacific Surveill response J WPSAR. 2015;6(2):3-6. doi:10.5365/WPSAR.2015.6.1.019
  • 9. Salathé M, Freifeld CC, Mekaru SR, Tomasulo AF, Brownstein JS. Influenza A (H7N9) and the importance of digital epidemiology. N Engl J Med. 2013;369(5):401-404. doi:10.1056/NEJMp1307752
  • 10. Brownstein JS, Freifeld CC. HealthMap: the development of automated real-time internet surveillance for epidemic intelligence. Euro Surveill. 2007;12(11):E071129.5. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18053570. Accessed January 22, 2019.
  • 11. Broniatowski DA, Paul MJ, Dredze M. National and Local Influenza Surveillance through Twitter: An Analysis of the 2012-2013 Influenza Epidemic. Preis T, ed. PLoS One. 2013;8(12):e83672. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0083672
  • 12. Paul MJ, Sarker A, Brownstein JS, et al. SOCIAL MEDIA MINING FOR PUBLIC HEALTH MONITORING AND SURVEILLANCE. www.worldscientific.com. Accessed January 22, 2019.
  • 13. Zook M, Graham M, Shelton T, Gorman S. Volunteered Geographic Information and Crowdsourcing Disaster Relief: A Case Study of the Haitian Earthquake. World Med Heal Policy. 2010;2(2):6-32. doi:10.2202/1948-4682.1069
  • 14. Peary BDM, Shaw R, Takeuchi Y. Utilization of Social Media in the East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami and its Effectiveness. J Nat Disaster Sci. 2012;34(1):3-18. doi:10.2328/jnds.34.3
  • 15. Thackeray R, Burton SH, Giraud-Carrier C, Rollins S, Draper CR. Using Twitter for breast cancer prevention: an analysis of breast cancer awareness month. BMC Cancer. 2013;13(1):508. doi:10.1186/1471-2407-13-508
  • 16. Velasco E, Agheneza T, Denecke K, Kirchner G, Eckmanns T. Social Media and Internet-Based Data in Global Systems for Public Health Surveillance: A Systematic Review. Milbank Q. 2014;92(1):7-33. doi:10.1111/1468-0009.12038
  • 17. Hartley DM. Using social media and internet data for public health surveillance: the importance of talking. Milbank Q. 2014;92(1):34-39. doi:10.1111/1468-0009.12039
  • 18. Bansal S, Chowell G, Simonsen L, Vespignani A, Viboud C. Big Data for Infectious Disease Surveillance and Modeling. J Infect Dis. 2016;214(suppl 4):S375-S379. doi:10.1093/infdis/jiw400
  • 19. Cassa CA, Chunara R, Mandl K, Brownstein JS. Twitter as a sentinel in emergency situations: lessons from the Boston marathon explosions. PLoS Curr. 2013;5. doi:10.1371/currents.dis.ad70cd1c8bc585e9470046cde334ee4b
  • 20. Chunara R, Bouton L, Ayers JW, Brownstein JS. Assessing the Online Social Environment for Surveillance of Obesity Prevalence. Pappalardo F, ed. PLoS One. 2013;8(4):e61373. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0061373
  • 21. Charles-Smith LE, Reynolds TL, Cameron MA, et al. Using Social Media for Actionable Disease Surveillance and Outbreak Management: A Systematic Literature Review. Braunstein LA, ed. PLoS One. 2015;10(10):e0139701. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0139701
  • 22. Chunara R, Andrews JR, Brownstein JS. Social and News Media Enable Estimation of Epidemiological Patterns Early in the 2010 Haitian Cholera Outbreak. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2012;86(1):39-45. doi:10.4269/ajtmh.2012.11-0597
  • 23. Freifeld CC, Mandl KD, Reis BY, Brownstein JS. HealthMap: Global Infectious Disease Monitoring through Automated Classification and Visualization of Internet Media Reports. J Am Med Informatics Assoc. 2008;15(2):150-157. doi:10.1197/jamia.M2544
  • 24. Yang CC, Yang H, Jiang L. Postmarketing Drug Safety Surveillance Using Publicly Available Health-Consumer-Contributed Content in Social Media. ACM Trans Manag Inf Syst. 2014;5(1):1-21. doi:10.1145/2576233
  • 25. Bilge U, Bozkurt S, Yolcular BO, Ozel D. Can social web help to detect influenza related illnesses in Turkey? Stud Health Technol Inform. 2012;174:100-104. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22491120. Accessed January 23, 2019.
  • 26. Paul MJ, Dredze M. Discovering Health Topics in Social Media Using Topic Models. Lambiotte R, ed. PLoS One. 2014;9(8):e103408. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0103408
  • 27. Norman CD. Social media and health promotion. Glob Health Promot. 2012;19(4):3-6. doi:10.1177/1757975912464593
Birincil Dil tr
Konular Tıp
Bölüm Derlemeler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-1524-8565
Yazar: Mehmet Enes Gökler (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: ANKARA YILDIRIM BEYAZIT ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-5002-5041
Yazar: Selma Metintaş
Kurum: ESKİŞEHİR OSMANGAZİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Başvuru Tarihi : 21 Mart 2019
Kabul Tarihi : 11 Mayıs 2019
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 14 Mayıs 2019

Vancouver Gökler M , Metintaş S . HALK SAĞLIĞI SÜRVEYANSINDA SOSYAL MEDYANIN KULLANIMI. ESTÜDAM Halk Sağlığı Dergisi. 2019; 4(2): 210-218.