Yıl 2020, Cilt 6 , Sayı 3, Sayfalar 216 - 224 2020-05-04

The analysis of occupational accidents among the healthcare staffs

Songül ÖZENİR [1] , Vesile ÜNVER [2]


Objectives: The aim of the study is to identify the attitudes of healthcare professionals towards the potential occupational accidents and the safe use of sharp instruments in their work environment.

Methods: The study was carried out between February 2017 and March 2017 with the participation of 173 health care personnel. The data collection forms consist of two parts, “Questionnaire about the occupational accidents that the participants might experience” and the“Attitude scale about the safe use of sharp objects and instruments by the participants”.

Results: The number of injuries they experienced in the same period varied between 1 and 12 and the mean injury cases were found to be 2.76 ± 2.59. The total score of the participants from the Attitude scale was found to vary between 68 and 112, with a mean total score of 81.65 ± 7.03.

Conclusions: The participants of the study are subject to serious occupational accidents and occupations risks which may negatively affect their health. 

Healthcare workers, occupational injuries, sharp objects and instruments
  • 1. İnci Eİ, Bilişli Y, Hizay D. [Assessment of notifications by healthcare staff suffering from occupational accidents: case of university hospital]. Health Care Acad J 2016;3:83-8. [Article in Turkish]
  • 2. Salman E, Karahan ZC. [Infection risks for healthcare workers and protection I: infections transmitted by blood and body fluids]. Ankara Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Mecmuası 2014;67:43-9. [Article in Turkish]
  • 3. Goniewicz M, Włoszczak-Szubzda A, Niemcewicz M, Witt M, Marciniak-Niemcewicz A, Jarosz MA. Injuries caused by sharp instruments among healthcare workers -- International and Polish Perspectives. Ann Agric Environ Med 2012;19:523-7.
  • 4. Ministry of Health, Health Statistics 2015. http://www.sagem.gov.tr/dosyalar/SIY_2015_Haber_Bulteni.pdf, Accessed: February 10, 2017.
  • 5. Meydanlıoğlu A. [Health and safety of healthcare workers]. Balıkesir Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2013;2:192-9. [Article in Turkish]
  • 6. Ndejjo R, Musinguzi G, Yu X, Buregyeya E, Musoke D, Wang J-S, et al. Occupational health hazards among healthcare workers in Kampala, Uganda. J Environ Public Health 2015;2015:913741.
  • 7. Andersen LL, Clausen T, Mortensen OS, Burr H, Holtermann A. A prospective cohort study on musculoskeletal risk factors for long-term sickness absence among health care workers in elder care. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2012;85:615-22.
  • 8. Swetharani K, Vinod KV, Hamide A, Dutta TK, Harichandrakumar KT. Awareness of blood-borne infections and burden of occupational exposures to blood and body fluids among healthcare personnel in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Indian J Occup Environ Med 2016;20:138-43.
  • 9. Dikmen AU, Medeni V, Uslu İ, Aycan S. [Assessment of work accidents in health care workers in a university hospital in Ankara]. Türk Tabibler Birliği Mesleki Sağlık ve Güvenlik Dergisi 2014;14:22-8. [Article in Turkish]
  • 10. Puro V, De Carli G, Cicalini S. European occupational post-exposure prophylaxis study group. European recommendations for the management of healthcare workers occupationally exposed to hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus. Euro Surveill 2005;10:260-4.
  • 11. Westermann C, Claudia Peters C, Lisiak B, Lamberti M, Nienhaus A. The prevalence of hepatitis C among healthcare workers: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Occup Environ Med 2015;72:880-8.
  • 12. Ucak A. Saglık personelinin maruz kaldığı iş kazaları ve geri bildirimlerinin değerlendirilmesi. Afyon Kocatepe University Institute of Health Sciences Master Thesis, Afyonkarahisar, 2009.
  • 13. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.Guidelines for Protecting the Safety and Health of HealthCare Workers. https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/88-119/pdfs/88-119.pdf Accessed April 17, 2017.
  • 14. [Regulation on the ensuring the safety of patients and employees]. Official Gazette Issue: 27897, 6 April 2011. [Article in Turkish]
  • 15. Uzunbayır N. [An attitude scale towards safe medical device usage of healthcare workers]. Ege University, Graduate School of Health Sciences, Master Thesis, 2009. [Article in Turkish]
  • 16. Bush C, Schmid K, Rupp ME, Watanabe-Galloway S, Wolford B, Sandkovsky U. Blood borne pathogen exposures: difference in reporting rates and individual predictors among healthcare personnel. Am J Infect Control 2017;45:372-6.
  • 17. Omac M, Eğri M, Karaoğlu L. [Evaluation of occupational needle stick - Sharp injuries and status of Hepatitis B immunization on nurses working at Malatya province hospitals]. İnönü Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Dergisi 2010;17:19-25. [Article in Turkish]
  • 18. Altıok M, Kuyurtar F, Karaçorlu S, Ersöz G, Erdoğan S. [Healthcare workers experiences with sharps and needlestick injuries and precautions they took when injuring]. Maltepe Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Bilim ve Sanatı Dergisi 2009;2:70-9. [Article in Turkish]
  • 19. Ottino MC, Argentero A, Argentero PA, Garzaro G, Zotti CM. Needlestick prevention devices: data from hospital surveillance in Piedmont, Italy-comprehensive analysis on needlestick injuries between healthcare workers after the introduction of safety devices. BMJ Open 2019;9:2-10.
  • 20. Güney SB, Köksal O, Durak VA. [The needlestick and sharp injuries among emergency service workers and analysis of prevention methods]. Uludağ Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Dergisi 2017;43:1-5.
  • 21. Taşçıoğlu I. [To fix the risks which arise from work and working environment and the level of nurses' perception of these risks in Lüleburgaz state Hospital and Lüleburgaz 82. Yil State Hospital]. Trakya University, Faculty of Health Science, Master Thesis, Edirne, 2007. [Article in Turkish]
  • 22. Samancıoğlu S, Unlu D, Akyol AD. [The evaluation of needlestick and sharp injuries among intensive care nurses]. Anadolu Hemşirelik ve Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2013;16:43-9. [Article in Turkish]
  • 23. Motaarefi H, Mahmoudi H, Mohammadi E, Hasanpour-Dehkordi A. Factors associated with needlestick injuries in healthcare occupations: a systematic review. J Clin Diagn Res 2016;10:IE01-04.
  • 24. Akkaya S, Sengoz G, Pehlivanoğlu F, Özdemir EG, Tek SA. [Evaluation of the survey results concerning sharps injuries]. Klimik Dergisi 2014;27:95-8. [Article in Turkish]
  • 25. Özyiğit F, Küçük A, Altuntaş Ö, Arıkan İ, Kumbasar H, Fener S, et al. [The attitude of healthcare workers to safe use of medical instruments in a training and research hospital]. Med Bull Haseki 2014;52:168-71. [Article in Turkish]
Birincil Dil en
Konular Halk ve Çevre Sağlığı
Bölüm Original Article
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-5871-5784
Yazar: Songül ÖZENİR
Kurum: Department of Nursery, Tuzla State Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-2892-9503
Yazar: Vesile ÜNVER (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Department of Nursery, Acıbadem Mehmet Ali Aydınlar University, Faculty of Health Sciences, İstanbul, Turkey
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 4 Mayıs 2020

EndNote %0 The European Research Journal The analysis of occupational accidents among the healthcare staffs %A Songül ÖZENİR , Vesile ÜNVER %T The analysis of occupational accidents among the healthcare staffs %D 2020 %J The European Research Journal %P -2149-3189 %V 6 %N 3 %R doi: 10.18621/eurj.455476 %U 10.18621/eurj.455476