Yıl 2020, Cilt 20 , Sayı , Sayfalar 127 - 141 2020-11-25

Tanrılar Gibi: Roma İmparatorluğu’nda İmparator Kültündeki Bazı İfadeler
Similar to Gods: Some Words in the Imperial Cult in the Roman Empire

Andres CİD ZURITA [1]


Augustus öldüğünde imparatorluk kültleri tüm Akdeniz’de yaygınlaşmıştı. Buna istinaden, princeps ve imparatorluk ailesine yönelik tanrısal ve tanrılaştıran sözcüklerin nasıl üretildiğini ve eğer bu ifadeler (günlük yaşamda bile) tanrısallığın samimi bir dile getirilmesi ya da yaranma olup olmadığını hatırlamak önemlidir. Seçilmiş bazı Yunanca ve Latince yazıtların yorumlanması yoluyla, bu çalışma çeşitli zıt öğeler sunmayı ve imparatorluk kültleri konseptine yeni öneriler getirmeyi hedeflemektedir, zira bu dini dışavurum sadece devamlılık ve eklemelerle giden bir kült formu değildi. Aslında veriler, diğer yönetici kült formalarıyla karşılaştırıldığında bazı farklılıklar göstermektedir. İfadelerin önemi üniktir: bir kişinin ya da çeşitli bireylerin ifade edilmesini olduğu gibi ya da mecazi olarak gösterebilmektedirler. Yazıtların bireylerin retoriğini abartabileceğini ve Wittgenstein’in işaret ettiği üzere, “dil oyunu”nun yok sayılamayacağına dikkat etmek önemlidir.
Ayrıca, coğrafi yerler ve kültürel dışavurumlar nedeniyle imparatorluk kült ifadeleri değişebileceğinden bunları dikkate almak önem arzetmektedir. Makalede, dini ve politik içerikteki epigrafik veriler ve edebi metinler çerçevesinde, imparatorluk kültü titulatürü ve hali hazırda devam sorunlar hakkındaki bazı düşünceler gözlemlenebilir.

When Augustus died, the imperial cults were wide spread all over the Mediterranean. Considering that point, it is important to recall how the divine and divinizing words were produced to the princpeps and the imperial family, and, if these words can be seen as a sincere expression of divinity (even in life) or just a mere adulation form. This is an interpretative study of some Greek and Latin inscriptions, that seeks to establish various elements that make some differences and bring new suggestions to the concept of imperial cults because this religious manifestation was not the only one form of cult with continuations and additions. In fact, it had some marked differences that the evidences could demonstrate with the other ruler-cult forms. The importance of words is unique: they can show literally and figurative the expressions of one person and some individuals. In this point it is important to note that inscriptions can even be exaggerating individuals’ rhetoric and it cannot be forgotten the language-game as Wittgenstein pointed out. Furthermore, the geographical locations and the cultural manifestations are important to note because depending the place, usually it can be found more or less powerful words to the imperial cult. Using the religious and political epigraphical monuments and the literature of the period some ideas can be tracked about the titulature of the imperial cult and the problems that still arise. Keywords: Imperial Cults, Divinity of Roman Emperors, Greek Inscriptions, Latin Inscriptions, Interpretations.
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Orcid: 0000-0002-1556-3194
Yazar: Andres CİD ZURITA
Kurum: Universidad del Bío
Ülke: Chile


Tarihler

Başvuru Tarihi : 23 Haziran 2020
Kabul Tarihi : 24 Eylül 2020
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 25 Kasım 2020

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { gephyra757094, journal = {Gephyra}, issn = {1309-3924}, eissn = {2651-5059}, address = {}, publisher = {Nalan Eda AKYÜREK ŞAHİN}, year = {2020}, volume = {20}, pages = {127 - 141}, doi = {10.37095/gephyra.757094}, title = {Similar to Gods: Some Words in the Imperial Cult in the Roman Empire}, key = {cite}, author = {Ci̇d Zurıta, Andres} }
APA Ci̇d Zurıta, A . (2020). Similar to Gods: Some Words in the Imperial Cult in the Roman Empire . Gephyra , 20 , 127-141 . DOI: 10.37095/gephyra.757094
MLA Ci̇d Zurıta, A . "Similar to Gods: Some Words in the Imperial Cult in the Roman Empire" . Gephyra 20 (2020 ): 127-141 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/gephyra/issue/56927/757094>
Chicago Ci̇d Zurıta, A . "Similar to Gods: Some Words in the Imperial Cult in the Roman Empire". Gephyra 20 (2020 ): 127-141
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Similar to Gods: Some Words in the Imperial Cult in the Roman Empire AU - Andres Ci̇d Zurıta Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.37095/gephyra.757094 DO - 10.37095/gephyra.757094 T2 - Gephyra JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 127 EP - 141 VL - 20 IS - SN - 1309-3924-2651-5059 M3 - doi: 10.37095/gephyra.757094 UR - https://doi.org/10.37095/gephyra.757094 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Gephyra Similar to Gods: Some Words in the Imperial Cult in the Roman Empire %A Andres Ci̇d Zurıta %T Similar to Gods: Some Words in the Imperial Cult in the Roman Empire %D 2020 %J Gephyra %P 1309-3924-2651-5059 %V 20 %N %R doi: 10.37095/gephyra.757094 %U 10.37095/gephyra.757094
ISNAD Ci̇d Zurıta, Andres . "Similar to Gods: Some Words in the Imperial Cult in the Roman Empire". Gephyra 20 / (Kasım 2020): 127-141 . https://doi.org/10.37095/gephyra.757094
AMA Ci̇d Zurıta A . Similar to Gods: Some Words in the Imperial Cult in the Roman Empire. GEPHYRA. 2020; 20: 127-141.
Vancouver Ci̇d Zurıta A . Similar to Gods: Some Words in the Imperial Cult in the Roman Empire. Gephyra. 2020; 20: 127-141.
IEEE A. Ci̇d Zurıta , "Similar to Gods: Some Words in the Imperial Cult in the Roman Empire", Gephyra, c. 20, ss. 127-141, Kas. 2020, doi:10.37095/gephyra.757094