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The Potential of Halal Tourism in Ethiopia: Opportunities, Challenges and Prospects

Yıl 2018, Cilt 2, Sayı 1, 13 - 22, 30.06.2018
https://doi.org/10.30625/ijctr.397499

Öz

Recently, Halal tourism has been emerging as lucrative tourism niche both in Muslim and non-Muslim Countries’ destinations. For a long time, tourism industry had been exclusive against Muslims for it was fenced by the so called “Haram” activities. However, nowadays, this problem is being solved through Halal tourism so that more Muslims are engaging in tourism without sacrificing their religion. Countries such as Malaysia, Turkey, Indonesia and Singapore have already entered into Halal tourism. Though Halal tourism is open for both Muslim and non-Muslim customers, stakeholders including scholars in the field have developed a misconception that Halal tourism is only for Muslims. However, in practice, it is compliant with Sharia but open for all. No doubting, Ethiopia can be among the top beneficiaries of Halal tourism developments. Its history as a land of the first Hijra and her geopolitical position for Islamic world enable her to capture the halal tourists’ demand of the Islamic world.  In this paper, literatures and previous researches in the area have been analyzed. Both opportunities and challenges that Ethiopia will be facing in implementing halal tourism have also been inventoried and analyzed. Accordingly, the applicability of Halal tourism in Ethiopian context has been well appraised. 

Kaynakça

  • Ahmädin J. (2010). YäEtyopiyan Muslimoč kä 615-1700: Yäċikonana Yätigl Tarik. Addis Ababa: Märwa S.priners
  • Allen, C. (2010). Islamophobia. University of Birmingham, UK: Ashgate Publishing Company
  • Al-Qaradawi, Y. (2013). The lawful and the prohibited in Islam. Shoruuk International. Battour, M. &, Mohd Nazari I. (2015). Halal tourism: Concepts, practices, challenges and future. Tourism Management Perspectives, 19( Part B) 150-154.
  • Battour, F. (2017). Halal tourism and its impact on non-Muslim tourists' perception, trip quality and trip value. International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research, https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCTHR-02-2017-0020
  • Chandra, J. (2014). Halal Tourism; a New Goldmine for Tourism. International Journal of Business Management & Research (IJBMR), 4(6), 45-62.
  • Dereje, F.(2014). Muslims Renegotiating Marginality in Contemporary Ethiopia. The Muslim World 104
  • Elasrag. H. (2016). Halal Industry : Key Challenges and Opportunities, Online at https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/69631/, MPRA Paper No. 69631. Accessed December 11, 2017
  • Elaziz, M. F & Abdurrahman K. (2017). Religiosity, consumerism and halal tourism: A study of Seaside tourism organizations in Turkey. Tourism Scientific Paper, 65(1), 115 – 128.
  • El-Gohary, H. (2016). Halal tourism, is it really Halal? Tourism Management Perspectives, 19 124–130. Available at ScienceDirect
  • Ethiopian H. (31 March 2017). Ethiopia: Ethio-Turkish Historic Relation - Flourishing Economic Cooperation. Ethiopian Herald, State-owned daily newspaper published in Addis Ababa, Available in http://www.ethpress.gov.et/herald/, Accessed on 16/12/2017.
  • Faiza Khan, M. C. (2017) "The “Halalification” of tourism", Journal of Islamic Marketing, Vol. 8 Issue: 4, pp.558-577, https://doi.org/10.1108/JIMA-01-2016-0001
  • Haggai, E. (1994). Ethiopia and the Middle East. Lynne Rienner Publisher Inc. USA
  • Halbase (2015). Halal tourism. found at http://www.halbase.com/articles content=11 (accessed on: 13/12/2017)
  • Hussein A. (2001). Islam in Nineteenth-Century Wallo, Ethiopia. Leiden: Brill
  • Hussein A. (2006). Coexistence and/or Confrontation?: Towards a Reappraisal of Christian-Muslim Encounter in Contemporary Ethiopia. Journal of Religion in Africa, 36, 4-22
  • Ihsanohlu, E. (winter, 2010). Islamophobia and Terrorism: Impediments to the Culture of Peace. Arches Quaterly, 4(6), 11-13. Retrieved from http://www.thecordobafoundation.com
  • Ijaz, A. 2011. Halal concept & brands. Retrieved from http://halalbrands. blogspot.fi/.Accessed December 11,2017 International Trade Centre [ITC], (2015). From niche to mainstream – Halal Goes Global. International Trade Centre Islamophobia. (2013). In dictionary.com. Retrieved from http://dictionary.reference.com. Accessed on 16/12/2017
  • Jaelani. A. (2017). Halal tourism industry in Indonesia: Potential and prospects. Faculty of Shariah & Islamic Economic, IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon Jl. Perjuangan, By Pass Sunyaragi Cirebon. Electronic copy available at: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2899864. Accessed: December 11, 2017
  • Mastercard-Crescentrating (2017). Global Muslim Travel Index 2017. Mastercard-Crescentrating Mohammed, J.A. (2012). Barriers of tourism development and tourists flow in Eastern Ethiopia: the case of Babile and its environs. Unpublished Master Thesis, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Østebø, T. (2013). Islam and State Relations in Ethiopia: From Containment to the Production of “Governmental Islam. Journal of the American Academy of Religion, 81( 4) 1029–1060.
  • Pew Research Center (2017). Muslims and Islam: Key findings in the U.S. and around the world. http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/02/27/muslims-and-islam-key-findings-in-the-u-s-and-around-the-world. Accessed December 12, 2017.
  • Samori, Z., Nor Zafir M. & Mohammad M. K. (2016) Current trends on Halal tourism: Cases on selected Asian countries. Tourism Management Perspectives 19, 131–136
  • Shafaei, F. & Badaruddin Mohammed. (2015).Malaysia’s branding as an Islamic tourism hub: An assessment. Malaysia Journal of Society and Space, 11( 1), 97 – 106.
  • United Nations World Population Prospects (2017). Ethiopian Population 2017. United Nations population estimates and projection, World Population Review.
  • US. Department of state (2004). International Religious Freedom,Ethiopia, Available athttps://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/irf/2004/35355.htm. Accessed on 16/12/2017.
  • Wibowoa, M. W. & Fauzia S. A. (2016). Non-Muslim Consumers’ Halal Food Product Acceptance Model. Procedia Economics and Finance 37 276 – 283. World Travel Market (2007). The world travel market global trend reports 2007. London: World Travel Market.
  • Yılmaz L & Güler M. E. (2017), Türkiye’de Muhafazakar Değerler Bağlamında Turizm ve Tatil Algısındaki Değişme, International Journal of Contemporary Tourism Research, Vol. 1, Iss. 1, 17-25.

Yıl 2018, Cilt 2, Sayı 1, 13 - 22, 30.06.2018
https://doi.org/10.30625/ijctr.397499

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Ahmädin J. (2010). YäEtyopiyan Muslimoč kä 615-1700: Yäċikonana Yätigl Tarik. Addis Ababa: Märwa S.priners
  • Allen, C. (2010). Islamophobia. University of Birmingham, UK: Ashgate Publishing Company
  • Al-Qaradawi, Y. (2013). The lawful and the prohibited in Islam. Shoruuk International. Battour, M. &, Mohd Nazari I. (2015). Halal tourism: Concepts, practices, challenges and future. Tourism Management Perspectives, 19( Part B) 150-154.
  • Battour, F. (2017). Halal tourism and its impact on non-Muslim tourists' perception, trip quality and trip value. International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research, https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCTHR-02-2017-0020
  • Chandra, J. (2014). Halal Tourism; a New Goldmine for Tourism. International Journal of Business Management & Research (IJBMR), 4(6), 45-62.
  • Dereje, F.(2014). Muslims Renegotiating Marginality in Contemporary Ethiopia. The Muslim World 104
  • Elasrag. H. (2016). Halal Industry : Key Challenges and Opportunities, Online at https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/69631/, MPRA Paper No. 69631. Accessed December 11, 2017
  • Elaziz, M. F & Abdurrahman K. (2017). Religiosity, consumerism and halal tourism: A study of Seaside tourism organizations in Turkey. Tourism Scientific Paper, 65(1), 115 – 128.
  • El-Gohary, H. (2016). Halal tourism, is it really Halal? Tourism Management Perspectives, 19 124–130. Available at ScienceDirect
  • Ethiopian H. (31 March 2017). Ethiopia: Ethio-Turkish Historic Relation - Flourishing Economic Cooperation. Ethiopian Herald, State-owned daily newspaper published in Addis Ababa, Available in http://www.ethpress.gov.et/herald/, Accessed on 16/12/2017.
  • Faiza Khan, M. C. (2017) "The “Halalification” of tourism", Journal of Islamic Marketing, Vol. 8 Issue: 4, pp.558-577, https://doi.org/10.1108/JIMA-01-2016-0001
  • Haggai, E. (1994). Ethiopia and the Middle East. Lynne Rienner Publisher Inc. USA
  • Halbase (2015). Halal tourism. found at http://www.halbase.com/articles content=11 (accessed on: 13/12/2017)
  • Hussein A. (2001). Islam in Nineteenth-Century Wallo, Ethiopia. Leiden: Brill
  • Hussein A. (2006). Coexistence and/or Confrontation?: Towards a Reappraisal of Christian-Muslim Encounter in Contemporary Ethiopia. Journal of Religion in Africa, 36, 4-22
  • Ihsanohlu, E. (winter, 2010). Islamophobia and Terrorism: Impediments to the Culture of Peace. Arches Quaterly, 4(6), 11-13. Retrieved from http://www.thecordobafoundation.com
  • Ijaz, A. 2011. Halal concept & brands. Retrieved from http://halalbrands. blogspot.fi/.Accessed December 11,2017 International Trade Centre [ITC], (2015). From niche to mainstream – Halal Goes Global. International Trade Centre Islamophobia. (2013). In dictionary.com. Retrieved from http://dictionary.reference.com. Accessed on 16/12/2017
  • Jaelani. A. (2017). Halal tourism industry in Indonesia: Potential and prospects. Faculty of Shariah & Islamic Economic, IAIN Syekh Nurjati Cirebon Jl. Perjuangan, By Pass Sunyaragi Cirebon. Electronic copy available at: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2899864. Accessed: December 11, 2017
  • Mastercard-Crescentrating (2017). Global Muslim Travel Index 2017. Mastercard-Crescentrating Mohammed, J.A. (2012). Barriers of tourism development and tourists flow in Eastern Ethiopia: the case of Babile and its environs. Unpublished Master Thesis, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Østebø, T. (2013). Islam and State Relations in Ethiopia: From Containment to the Production of “Governmental Islam. Journal of the American Academy of Religion, 81( 4) 1029–1060.
  • Pew Research Center (2017). Muslims and Islam: Key findings in the U.S. and around the world. http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/02/27/muslims-and-islam-key-findings-in-the-u-s-and-around-the-world. Accessed December 12, 2017.
  • Samori, Z., Nor Zafir M. & Mohammad M. K. (2016) Current trends on Halal tourism: Cases on selected Asian countries. Tourism Management Perspectives 19, 131–136
  • Shafaei, F. & Badaruddin Mohammed. (2015).Malaysia’s branding as an Islamic tourism hub: An assessment. Malaysia Journal of Society and Space, 11( 1), 97 – 106.
  • United Nations World Population Prospects (2017). Ethiopian Population 2017. United Nations population estimates and projection, World Population Review.
  • US. Department of state (2004). International Religious Freedom,Ethiopia, Available athttps://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/irf/2004/35355.htm. Accessed on 16/12/2017.
  • Wibowoa, M. W. & Fauzia S. A. (2016). Non-Muslim Consumers’ Halal Food Product Acceptance Model. Procedia Economics and Finance 37 276 – 283. World Travel Market (2007). The world travel market global trend reports 2007. London: World Travel Market.
  • Yılmaz L & Güler M. E. (2017), Türkiye’de Muhafazakar Değerler Bağlamında Turizm ve Tatil Algısındaki Değişme, International Journal of Contemporary Tourism Research, Vol. 1, Iss. 1, 17-25.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Otelcilik, Konaklama, Spor ve Turizm
Bölüm Özgün Bilimsel Makale
Yazarlar

Mohammed Jemal Ahmed> (Sorumlu Yazar)
İZMİR KATİP ÇELEBİ UNİVERSİTY
0000-0002-8744-7328
Türkiye


Atilla AKBABA>

0000-0002-9434-2145
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Haziran 2018
Gönderilme Tarihi 22 Şubat 2018
Kabul Tarihi 5 Mayıs 2018
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2018, Cilt 2, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Ahmed, M. J. & Akbaba, A. (2018). The Potential of Halal Tourism in Ethiopia: Opportunities, Challenges and Prospects . International Journal of Contemporary Tourism Research , 2 (1) , 13-22 . DOI: 10.30625/ijctr.397499