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Dünya’nın Teknolojik Başarısı: Ülkelerin, Kıtaların ve Dönemlerin Güncellenmesi ve Analizi

Yıl 2022, Cilt 37, Sayı 1, 250 - 268, 14.03.2022
https://doi.org/10.24988/ije.1005608

Öz

Bu çalışma, 1990-2019 döneminde 72 ülke için Teknoloji Başarı Endeksinin gelişimini incelemektedir. TAI'deki ülkeler dört grup ülke halinde sınıflandırılır ve TAI'nin belirleyicileri üç zaman diliminde teknolojinin yaratılması, eski teknolojinin yayılması, yeni teknolojinin yayılması ve insan becerilerinin geliştirilmesinden oluşmaktadır. Ana bulgular, TAI sıralamasının 9 ülke liderlerden oluştuğunu, potansiyel liderlerin 43 ülke olduğunu, dinamik benimseyenler 5 ülke olduğunu ve sadece 5 ülkenin marjinalleştiğini göstermektedir. Genel olarak bulgular, TAI liderlerinin teknolojiye üç dönemde de erişme ve kullanma yeteneklerine sahip olduğunu göstermektedir. Ayrıca, son on yılda, potansiyel liderler sıralamasına giren ülkelerin sayısında bir artış gözlemlendi. Ek olarak, ampirik bulgular, dört alt endeks arasında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bir ilişki olduğunu ve pozitif bir korelasyona sahip olduğunu göstermektedir. Dolayısıyla bu çalışma, dört alt endeks, gelir düzeyi ve zaman bazında ülkelerin kalkınmasında teknolojik başarıların, yayılmaların ve adaptasyonların rolünü sunmaktadır.

Kaynakça

  • Ali, T.M., Kiani, A.K., Asrar, M., Bashir T., 2014, “Technology Achievement Index of Muslim Nations-Ranking and Comparative Study” Science, Technology and Development, Vol: 33, (2), pp. 49-62.
  • Arcelus, F., Sharma, B., & Srinivasan, G. (2005). Assessing the information content of the technology achievement index in the presence of the human development. Economics Bulletin, 15(1).
  • Archibugi, D., & Coco, A. (2004). A new indicator of technological capabilities for developed and developing countries (ArCo). World Development, 32(4), 629–654. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2003.10.008.
  • Burinskiene, A. (2013). International Trade, Innovations, and Technological Achievement in Countries.795–812. https://doi.org/10.2507/daaam.scibook.2013.48
  • Cherchye, L., Moesen, W., Rogge, N., Van Puyenbroeck, T., Saisana, M., Saltelli, A., Liska, R., & Tarantola, S. (2008). Creating composite indicators with DEA and robustness analysis: The case of the Technology Achievement Index. Journal of the Operational Research Society, 59(2), 239–251. https://doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.jors.2602445
  • Desai, M., Fukuda-Parr, S., Johansson, C., & Sagasti, F. (2002). Measuring the Technology Achievement of Nations and the Capacity to Participate in the Network Age. Journal of Human Development, 3(1), 95–122. https://doi.org/10.1080/14649880120105399
  • Gani, A. (2009). Technological Achievement, High Technology Exports and Growth. Journal of Comparative International Management, 12(2), 31.
  • Gani, A., & Sharma, B. (2003). The effects of information technology achievement and diffusion on foreign direct investment. Perspectives on Global Development and Technology, 2(2), 161–178. https://doi.org/10.1163/156915003322763548
  • Hill, R. P., & Dhanda, K. K. (2003). Technological achievement and human development: A view from the United Nations Development Program. Human Rights Quarterly, 25(4), 1020–1034. https://doi.org/10.1353/hrq.2003.0044
  • Incekara, A., Guz, T., & Sengun, G. (2017). Measuring the technology achievement index: comparison and ranking of countries. Pressacademia, 4(2), 164–174. https://doi.org/10.17261/pressacademia.2017.446
  • Nasir, A., Ali, T. M., Shahdin, S., & Rahman, T. U. (2011). Technology achievement index 2009: Ranking and comparative study of nations. Scientometrics, 87(1), 41–62. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-010-0285-6
  • Ratnapuri, C. I., & Inayati, T. (2019). Technology Gaps among South East Asia Countries from the Perspective of Technology Achievement Index. International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering, 8(4), 500–505.https://doi.org/10.35940/ijrte.d6916.11841

Technological Achievement of the World: An Update and Analysis of Countries, Continents and Periods

Yıl 2022, Cilt 37, Sayı 1, 250 - 268, 14.03.2022
https://doi.org/10.24988/ije.1005608

Öz

This study examines the development of Technology Achievement Index for 72 nations from 1990 through 2019. The nations in the TAI are classified into four groups of countries and the determinants of TAI are comprised of creation of technology, diffusion of old technology, diffusion of new technology, and development of human skills for three periods of time. The main findings indicate that TAI ranking consists of leaders who are 9 countries, potential leaders are 43 countries, dynamic adopters are 5 countries, and only 5 countries are marginalized. In general, the findings show that leaders of TAI have capabilities to enable and use technology in three periods. Besides, over the past decades, the number of countries entering the ranks of potential leaders has observed an increase. Additionally, the empirical findings demonstrate that there is a statistically significant relationship between four sub-indices and has a positive correlation. This study, therefore, provides on the role of technological achievements, diffusions, and adaptions in the development of countries on the basis of four sub-indices, income levels, and time.

Kaynakça

  • Ali, T.M., Kiani, A.K., Asrar, M., Bashir T., 2014, “Technology Achievement Index of Muslim Nations-Ranking and Comparative Study” Science, Technology and Development, Vol: 33, (2), pp. 49-62.
  • Arcelus, F., Sharma, B., & Srinivasan, G. (2005). Assessing the information content of the technology achievement index in the presence of the human development. Economics Bulletin, 15(1).
  • Archibugi, D., & Coco, A. (2004). A new indicator of technological capabilities for developed and developing countries (ArCo). World Development, 32(4), 629–654. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2003.10.008.
  • Burinskiene, A. (2013). International Trade, Innovations, and Technological Achievement in Countries.795–812. https://doi.org/10.2507/daaam.scibook.2013.48
  • Cherchye, L., Moesen, W., Rogge, N., Van Puyenbroeck, T., Saisana, M., Saltelli, A., Liska, R., & Tarantola, S. (2008). Creating composite indicators with DEA and robustness analysis: The case of the Technology Achievement Index. Journal of the Operational Research Society, 59(2), 239–251. https://doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.jors.2602445
  • Desai, M., Fukuda-Parr, S., Johansson, C., & Sagasti, F. (2002). Measuring the Technology Achievement of Nations and the Capacity to Participate in the Network Age. Journal of Human Development, 3(1), 95–122. https://doi.org/10.1080/14649880120105399
  • Gani, A. (2009). Technological Achievement, High Technology Exports and Growth. Journal of Comparative International Management, 12(2), 31.
  • Gani, A., & Sharma, B. (2003). The effects of information technology achievement and diffusion on foreign direct investment. Perspectives on Global Development and Technology, 2(2), 161–178. https://doi.org/10.1163/156915003322763548
  • Hill, R. P., & Dhanda, K. K. (2003). Technological achievement and human development: A view from the United Nations Development Program. Human Rights Quarterly, 25(4), 1020–1034. https://doi.org/10.1353/hrq.2003.0044
  • Incekara, A., Guz, T., & Sengun, G. (2017). Measuring the technology achievement index: comparison and ranking of countries. Pressacademia, 4(2), 164–174. https://doi.org/10.17261/pressacademia.2017.446
  • Nasir, A., Ali, T. M., Shahdin, S., & Rahman, T. U. (2011). Technology achievement index 2009: Ranking and comparative study of nations. Scientometrics, 87(1), 41–62. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-010-0285-6
  • Ratnapuri, C. I., & Inayati, T. (2019). Technology Gaps among South East Asia Countries from the Perspective of Technology Achievement Index. International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering, 8(4), 500–505.https://doi.org/10.35940/ijrte.d6916.11841

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular İktisat
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Büşra AĞAN> (Sorumlu Yazar)
Eastern Mediterranean University
0000-0003-1485-9142
Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti

Erken Görünüm Tarihi 2 Mart 2022
Yayımlanma Tarihi 14 Mart 2022
Başvuru Tarihi 6 Ekim 2021
Kabul Tarihi 4 Kasım 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 37, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ije1005608, journal = {İzmir İktisat Dergisi}, issn = {1308-8173}, eissn = {1308-8505}, address = {Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Buca - İZMİR}, publisher = {Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi}, year = {2022}, volume = {37}, number = {1}, pages = {250 - 268}, doi = {10.24988/ije.1005608}, title = {Technological Achievement of the World: An Update and Analysis of Countries, Continents and Periods}, key = {cite}, author = {Ağan, Büşra} }
APA Ağan, B. (2022). Technological Achievement of the World: An Update and Analysis of Countries, Continents and Periods . İzmir İktisat Dergisi , 37 (1) , 250-268 . DOI: 10.24988/ije.1005608
MLA Ağan, B. "Technological Achievement of the World: An Update and Analysis of Countries, Continents and Periods" . İzmir İktisat Dergisi 37 (2022 ): 250-268 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ije/issue/68568/1005608>
Chicago Ağan, B. "Technological Achievement of the World: An Update and Analysis of Countries, Continents and Periods". İzmir İktisat Dergisi 37 (2022 ): 250-268
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Technological Achievement of the World: An Update and Analysis of Countries, Continents and Periods AU - Büşra Ağan Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.24988/ije.1005608 DO - 10.24988/ije.1005608 T2 - İzmir İktisat Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 250 EP - 268 VL - 37 IS - 1 SN - 1308-8173-1308-8505 M3 - doi: 10.24988/ije.1005608 UR - https://doi.org/10.24988/ije.1005608 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 İzmir İktisat Dergisi Technological Achievement of the World: An Update and Analysis of Countries, Continents and Periods %A Büşra Ağan %T Technological Achievement of the World: An Update and Analysis of Countries, Continents and Periods %D 2022 %J İzmir İktisat Dergisi %P 1308-8173-1308-8505 %V 37 %N 1 %R doi: 10.24988/ije.1005608 %U 10.24988/ije.1005608
ISNAD Ağan, Büşra . "Technological Achievement of the World: An Update and Analysis of Countries, Continents and Periods". İzmir İktisat Dergisi 37 / 1 (Mart 2022): 250-268 . https://doi.org/10.24988/ije.1005608
AMA Ağan B. Technological Achievement of the World: An Update and Analysis of Countries, Continents and Periods. ije. 2022; 37(1): 250-268.
Vancouver Ağan B. Technological Achievement of the World: An Update and Analysis of Countries, Continents and Periods. İzmir İktisat Dergisi. 2022; 37(1): 250-268.
IEEE B. Ağan , "Technological Achievement of the World: An Update and Analysis of Countries, Continents and Periods", İzmir İktisat Dergisi, c. 37, sayı. 1, ss. 250-268, Mar. 2022, doi:10.24988/ije.1005608

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