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Estimation of Hydrologic Parameters of Kocanaz Watershed by a Hydrologic Model

Yıl 2017, Cilt 9, Sayı 4, 42 - 50, 27.12.2017
https://doi.org/10.24107/ijeas.342039

Öz

The main goal of this study is to estimate the hydrologic parameters of Kocanaz watershed located in Western Black Sea Region, using a semi-distributed hydrologic model, Hydrologic Engineering Center – Hydrologic Modelling System (HEC-HMS). In this study, the hydrologic model was set up for two flood events occurred in 2002 and 2013, in which one was used for calibration while the other one was used for validation of the calibrated hydrologic parameters. The watershed was introduced into the model as a single basin. Hydrologic parameters used for transformation from rainfall to runoff and base flow estimations were searched using Nelder and Mead method and calibrated using the peak-weighted root mean square error. The model results were deliberated by statistical indicators such as Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency coefficient (ENS), coefficient of determination (R2), mass balance error (MBE) and peak flow rate error (PE). The model results were found to be very good for calibration and satisfactory for validation while the peak flow rate was under estimated for both calibration and validation. It can be concluded that small watersheds such as Kocanaz might be modelled as a single basin without sacrificing the estimation capability of the model and increasing the model simulation time. Though, slightly improved peak discharge estimations were obtained in case of using sub basins.  

Kaynakça

  • [1] Akay, H., Baduna Kocyigit, M., Yanmaz, A.M., Estimation of rainfall-runoff relation using HEC-HMS for a basin in Turkey, Sustainable Hydraulics in the Era of Global Changes-Proceedings of the 4th European Congress of the IAHR, Liege, Belgium, 2016.
  • [2] Zhang, H.L., Wang, Y.J., Wang, Y.Q., Li, D.X., Wang X.K., The effect of watershed scale on HEC-HMS calibrated parameters: a case study in the Clear Creek watershed in Iowa, US. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 17, 2735-2745, 2013.
  • [3] Baduna Kocyigit, M., Akay, H., Yanmaz, A.M., Effect of watershed partitioning on hydrologic parameters and estimation of hydrograph of an ungauged basin: a case study in Gokirmak and Kocanaz, Turkey. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 10, 1-13, 2017.
  • [4] Akay, H., Baduna Kocyigit, M., Yanmaz, A.M., A Case Study for Determination of Hydrological Parameters in HEC-HMS in Computing Direct Runoff, 12th International Congress on Advances in Civil Engineering, Istanbul, Turkey, 2016.
  • [5] Reshma, T., Reddy, K.V., Pratap, D., Ahmedi, M., Agilan V., Optimization of Calibration Parameters for an Event Based Watershed Model Using Genetic Algorithm. Water Resources Management, 29, 4589-4606, 2015.
  • [6] Chu, X., Steinman, A., Event and Continuous Hydrologic Modeling with HEC-HMS. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, 135, 119-124, 2009.
  • [7] Laouacheria, F., Mansouri, R., Comparison of WBNM and HEC-HMS for Runoff Hydrograph Prediction in a SmallUrban Catchment. Water Resources Management, 29, 2485-2501, 2015.
  • [8] Kaffas, K., Hrissanthou, V., Application of a Continuous Rainfall-Runoff Model to the Basin of Kosynthos River using the Hydrologic Software HEC-HMS. Global Nest, 16, 188-203, 2014.
  • [9] Shahid, M.A., Boccardo, P., Usman, M., Albanese, A., Qamar, M.U., Predicting Peak Flows in Real Time through Event Based Hydrologic Modeling for a Trans-Boundary River Catchment. Water Resources Management, 31, 793-810, 2017.
  • [10] Yilmaz, A.G., Imteaz, M.A. & Ogwuda, O., Accuracy of HEC-HMS and LBRM Models in Simulating Snow Runoff in Upper Euphrates Basin. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, 17, 342-347, 2012.
  • [11] Baloch, M.A., Ames, D.P., Tanik, A., Hydrologic impacts of climate and land use change on Namnam Stream in Koycegiz Watershed, Turkey. International Journal of Environment Science and Technology, 12, 1481-1494, 2015.
  • [12] Akiner, M.E., Akkoyunlu, A., Modeling and forecasting river flow rate from the Melen Watershed, Turkey. Journal of Hydrology, 456-457, 121-129, 2012.
  • [13] Yanmaz, M., Applied Water Resources Engineering, METU Press; 3rd edition, 2006.
  • [14] Ao, T.Q., Yoshitani, J., Takeuchi, K., Fukami, K., Mutsuura, T., Ishidaira, H., Effects of sub-basin scale on runoff simulation in distributed hydrological model: BTOPMC, Weather Radar Information and Distributed Hydrological Modeling, Sapparo, Japan, 2003.
  • [15] Rouhani, H., Willems, P., Feyen, J., Effect of watershed delineation and areal mean rainfall distribution on runoff prediction using the SWAT model. Hydrology Research, 40, 505-519, 2009.
  • [16] Moriasi, D.N., Arnold, J.G, Van Liew, M.W., Bingner, R.L., Harmel, R.D., Veith, T.L., Model evaluation guidelines for systematic quantification of accuracy in watershed simulations. Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, 50, 885-900, 2007.
  • [17] Joo, J., Kjeldsen, T., Kim, H.J., Lee, H., A Comparison of Two Event-based Flood models (ReFH-rainfall Runoff Model and HEC-HMS). KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, 18, 330-343, 2014.

Yıl 2017, Cilt 9, Sayı 4, 42 - 50, 27.12.2017
https://doi.org/10.24107/ijeas.342039

Öz

Kaynakça

  • [1] Akay, H., Baduna Kocyigit, M., Yanmaz, A.M., Estimation of rainfall-runoff relation using HEC-HMS for a basin in Turkey, Sustainable Hydraulics in the Era of Global Changes-Proceedings of the 4th European Congress of the IAHR, Liege, Belgium, 2016.
  • [2] Zhang, H.L., Wang, Y.J., Wang, Y.Q., Li, D.X., Wang X.K., The effect of watershed scale on HEC-HMS calibrated parameters: a case study in the Clear Creek watershed in Iowa, US. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 17, 2735-2745, 2013.
  • [3] Baduna Kocyigit, M., Akay, H., Yanmaz, A.M., Effect of watershed partitioning on hydrologic parameters and estimation of hydrograph of an ungauged basin: a case study in Gokirmak and Kocanaz, Turkey. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 10, 1-13, 2017.
  • [4] Akay, H., Baduna Kocyigit, M., Yanmaz, A.M., A Case Study for Determination of Hydrological Parameters in HEC-HMS in Computing Direct Runoff, 12th International Congress on Advances in Civil Engineering, Istanbul, Turkey, 2016.
  • [5] Reshma, T., Reddy, K.V., Pratap, D., Ahmedi, M., Agilan V., Optimization of Calibration Parameters for an Event Based Watershed Model Using Genetic Algorithm. Water Resources Management, 29, 4589-4606, 2015.
  • [6] Chu, X., Steinman, A., Event and Continuous Hydrologic Modeling with HEC-HMS. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, 135, 119-124, 2009.
  • [7] Laouacheria, F., Mansouri, R., Comparison of WBNM and HEC-HMS for Runoff Hydrograph Prediction in a SmallUrban Catchment. Water Resources Management, 29, 2485-2501, 2015.
  • [8] Kaffas, K., Hrissanthou, V., Application of a Continuous Rainfall-Runoff Model to the Basin of Kosynthos River using the Hydrologic Software HEC-HMS. Global Nest, 16, 188-203, 2014.
  • [9] Shahid, M.A., Boccardo, P., Usman, M., Albanese, A., Qamar, M.U., Predicting Peak Flows in Real Time through Event Based Hydrologic Modeling for a Trans-Boundary River Catchment. Water Resources Management, 31, 793-810, 2017.
  • [10] Yilmaz, A.G., Imteaz, M.A. & Ogwuda, O., Accuracy of HEC-HMS and LBRM Models in Simulating Snow Runoff in Upper Euphrates Basin. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, 17, 342-347, 2012.
  • [11] Baloch, M.A., Ames, D.P., Tanik, A., Hydrologic impacts of climate and land use change on Namnam Stream in Koycegiz Watershed, Turkey. International Journal of Environment Science and Technology, 12, 1481-1494, 2015.
  • [12] Akiner, M.E., Akkoyunlu, A., Modeling and forecasting river flow rate from the Melen Watershed, Turkey. Journal of Hydrology, 456-457, 121-129, 2012.
  • [13] Yanmaz, M., Applied Water Resources Engineering, METU Press; 3rd edition, 2006.
  • [14] Ao, T.Q., Yoshitani, J., Takeuchi, K., Fukami, K., Mutsuura, T., Ishidaira, H., Effects of sub-basin scale on runoff simulation in distributed hydrological model: BTOPMC, Weather Radar Information and Distributed Hydrological Modeling, Sapparo, Japan, 2003.
  • [15] Rouhani, H., Willems, P., Feyen, J., Effect of watershed delineation and areal mean rainfall distribution on runoff prediction using the SWAT model. Hydrology Research, 40, 505-519, 2009.
  • [16] Moriasi, D.N., Arnold, J.G, Van Liew, M.W., Bingner, R.L., Harmel, R.D., Veith, T.L., Model evaluation guidelines for systematic quantification of accuracy in watershed simulations. Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, 50, 885-900, 2007.
  • [17] Joo, J., Kjeldsen, T., Kim, H.J., Lee, H., A Comparison of Two Event-based Flood models (ReFH-rainfall Runoff Model and HEC-HMS). KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, 18, 330-343, 2014.

Ayrıntılar

Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Müsteyde BADUNA KOÇYİĞİT
GAZİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, MÜHENDİSLİK FAKÜLTESİ
Türkiye


Hüseyin AKAY
GAZİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, MÜHENDİSLİK FAKÜLTESİ
Türkiye


Ali Melih YANMAZ
ORTA DOĞU TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 27 Aralık 2017
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2017, Cilt 9, Sayı 4

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ijeas342039, journal = {International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences}, eissn = {1309-0267}, address = {Akdeniz Üniversitesi, Mühendislik Fakültesi, 07058, Antalya, TURKIYE}, publisher = {Akdeniz Üniversitesi}, year = {2017}, volume = {9}, number = {4}, pages = {42 - 50}, doi = {10.24107/ijeas.342039}, title = {Estimation of Hydrologic Parameters of Kocanaz Watershed by a Hydrologic Model}, key = {cite}, author = {Baduna Koçyiğit, Müsteyde and Akay, Hüseyin and Yanmaz, Ali Melih} }
APA Baduna Koçyiğit, M. , Akay, H. & Yanmaz, A. M. (2017). Estimation of Hydrologic Parameters of Kocanaz Watershed by a Hydrologic Model . International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences , 9 (4) , 42-50 . DOI: 10.24107/ijeas.342039
MLA Baduna Koçyiğit, M. , Akay, H. , Yanmaz, A. M. "Estimation of Hydrologic Parameters of Kocanaz Watershed by a Hydrologic Model" . International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences 9 (2017 ): 42-50 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ijeas/issue/32676/342039>
Chicago Baduna Koçyiğit, M. , Akay, H. , Yanmaz, A. M. "Estimation of Hydrologic Parameters of Kocanaz Watershed by a Hydrologic Model". International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences 9 (2017 ): 42-50
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Estimation of Hydrologic Parameters of Kocanaz Watershed by a Hydrologic Model AU - Müsteyde Baduna Koçyiğit , Hüseyin Akay , Ali Melih Yanmaz Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.24107/ijeas.342039 DO - 10.24107/ijeas.342039 T2 - International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 42 EP - 50 VL - 9 IS - 4 SN - -1309-0267 M3 - doi: 10.24107/ijeas.342039 UR - https://doi.org/10.24107/ijeas.342039 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences Estimation of Hydrologic Parameters of Kocanaz Watershed by a Hydrologic Model %A Müsteyde Baduna Koçyiğit , Hüseyin Akay , Ali Melih Yanmaz %T Estimation of Hydrologic Parameters of Kocanaz Watershed by a Hydrologic Model %D 2017 %J International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences %P -1309-0267 %V 9 %N 4 %R doi: 10.24107/ijeas.342039 %U 10.24107/ijeas.342039
ISNAD Baduna Koçyiğit, Müsteyde , Akay, Hüseyin , Yanmaz, Ali Melih . "Estimation of Hydrologic Parameters of Kocanaz Watershed by a Hydrologic Model". International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences 9 / 4 (Aralık 2017): 42-50 . https://doi.org/10.24107/ijeas.342039
AMA Baduna Koçyiğit M. , Akay H. , Yanmaz A. M. Estimation of Hydrologic Parameters of Kocanaz Watershed by a Hydrologic Model. IJEAS. 2017; 9(4): 42-50.
Vancouver Baduna Koçyiğit M. , Akay H. , Yanmaz A. M. Estimation of Hydrologic Parameters of Kocanaz Watershed by a Hydrologic Model. International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. 2017; 9(4): 42-50.
IEEE M. Baduna Koçyiğit , H. Akay ve A. M. Yanmaz , "Estimation of Hydrologic Parameters of Kocanaz Watershed by a Hydrologic Model", International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, c. 9, sayı. 4, ss. 42-50, Ara. 2017, doi:10.24107/ijeas.342039

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