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Mechanical and Optical Properties of Multiwall Carbon Nanotube-Reinforced ZA27-Al2O3 Hybrid Composites Fabricated by Powder Metallurgy Routine

Yıl 2023, Cilt: 15 Sayı: 3, 86 - 94, 10.11.2023
https://doi.org/10.24107/ijeas.1291299

Öz

In this study, Multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) were used as a reinforcement element in the hybrid composites of ZA27-Al2O3 produced by powder metallurgy routine. In the samples, the MWCNT were chosen as 1, 3, and 5 % respectively. By using planetary ball milling, the samples were produced in 4 hours with 10-diameter steel balls, and then the powders were pressed with a 20-ton capacity manual press machine after sintering at 400 °C. The microstructures of the composites were examined by optical microscope and their densities were measured with the principle of Archimedes. Furthermore, the mechanical properties were examined by applying the Vickers hardness test. The result indicates that the addition of MWCNT leads to increase in hardness values. The maximum hardness scale value is observed in the sample of ZA27-Al2O3-5% MWCNT.

Kaynakça

  • Pul M, Effect of sintering temperature on pore ratio and mechanical properties of composite structure in nano graphene reinforced ZA27 based composites. International Journal of Minerals, Metallurgy Materials Science, 27, 232-243, 2020.
  • Petrica M, Badisch E, Peinsitt T, Abrasive wear mechanisms and their relation to rock properties. Wear, 308, 86-94, 2013.
  • Owoeye SS, Folorunso DO, Oji B, Borisade SG, Zinc-aluminum (ZA-27)-based metal matrix composites: a review article of synthesis, reinforcement, microstructural, mechanical, and corrosion characteristics. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 100, 373-380, 2019.
  • Prasad B, Abrasive wear characteristics of a zinc-based alloy and zinc-alloy/SiC composite. Wear, 252, 250-263, 2002.
  • Modi O, Rathod S, Prasad B, Jha A, Dixit G, The influence of alumina particle dispersion and test parameters on dry sliding wear behaviour of zinc-based alloy. Tribology international, 40, 1137-1146, 2007.
  • Gangwar S, Pathak VK, Dry sliding wear characteristics evaluation and prediction of vacuum casted marble dust (MD) reinforced ZA-27 alloy composites using hybrid improved bat algorithm and ANN. Materials Today Communications, 25, 101615, 2020.
  • Girish B, Prakash K, Satish B, Jain P, Devi K, Need for optimization of graphite particle reinforcement in ZA-27 alloy composites for tribological applications. Materials Science Engineering: A, 530, 382-388, 2011.
  • Sastry S, Krishna M, Uchil J, A study on damping behaviour of aluminite particulate reinforced ZA-27 alloy metal matrix composites. Journal of Alloys Compounds, 314, 268-274, 2001.
  • Sharma S, Girish B, Kamath R, Satish B, Effect of SiC particle reinforcement on the unlubricated sliding wear behaviour of ZA-27 alloy composites. Wear, 213, 33-40, 1997.
  • Sharma S, Girish B, Somashekar D, Satish B, Kamath R, Sliding wear behaviour of zircon particles reinforced ZA-27 alloy composite materials. Wear, 224, 89-94, 1999.
  • Karni N, Barkay G, Bamberger M, Structure and properties of metal-matrix composite. Journal of Materials Science Letters, 13, 541-544, 1994.
  • Zhu H, Liu S, Mechanical properties of squeeze-cast zinc alloy matrix composites containing α-alumina fibres. Composites, 24, 437-442, 1993.
  • Miroslav B, Mitrović S, Zivic F, Bobić I, Wear behavior of composites based on ZA-27 alloy reinforced by Al2O3 particles under dry sliding condition. Tribology Letters, 38, 337-346, 2010.
  • Kumar V, Gautam G, Yadav AK, Mohan A, Mohan S, Influence of InSitu Formed ZrB2 Particles on Dry Sliding Behavior of ZA Based Metal Matrix Composites. International Journal of Metalcasting, 17, 1-15, 2022.
  • Khan MM, Nisar M, Effect of in situ TiC reinforcement and applied load on the high-stress abrasive wear behaviour of zinc–aluminum alloy. Wear, 488, 204082-204097, 2022.
  • Kumar NS, Mechanical and wear behavior of ZA-27/Sic/Gr hybrid metal matrix composites. Materials Today: Proceedings, 5, 19969-19975, 2018.
  • Mahendra K, Radhakrishna K, Characterization of stir cast Al—Cu—(fly ash+ SiC) hybrid metal matrix composites. Journal of Composite Materials, 44, 989-1005, 2010.
  • Marigoudar RN, Chip profile studies on SiC reinforced mono and SiC and graphite reinforced hybrid ZA43 MMCs. Advances in Materials Processing Technologies, 1-13, 2022.
  • Aydogdu M, Arda M, Torsional vibration analysis of double walled carbon nanotubes using nonlocal elasticity. International Journal of Mechanics Materials in Design, 12, 71-84, 2016.
  • Civalek Ö, Akbaş ŞD, Akgöz B, Dastjerdi S, Forced vibration analysis of composite beams reinforced by carbon nanotubes. Nanomaterials, 11, 571, 2021.
  • Mercan K, Numanoglu H, Akgöz B, Demir C, Civalek Ö, Higher-order continuum theories for buckling response of silicon carbide nanowires (SiCNWs) on elastic matrix. Archive of Applied Mechanics, 87, 1797-1814, 2017.
  • Peng T, Chang I, Mechanical alloying of multi-walled carbon nanotubes reinforced aluminum composite powder. Powder Technology, 266, 7-15, 2014.
  • AKGÖZ B, CİVALEK Ö, Investigation of size effects on static response of single-walled carbon nanotubes based on strain gradient elasticity. International Journal of Computational Methods, 9, 1240032, 2012.
  • Uzun B, Kafkas U, Yaylı MÖ, Free vibration analysis of nanotube based sensors including rotary inertia based on the Rayleigh beam and modified couple stress theories. Microsystem Technologies, 27, 1913-1923, 2021.
  • Büşra U, YAYLI MÖ, A solution method for longitudinal vibrations of functionally graded nanorods. International Journal of Engineering Applied Sciences, 12, 78-87, 2020.
  • Jena SK, Chakraverty S, Malikan M, Mohammad-Sedighi H, Hygro-magnetic vibration of the single-walled carbon nanotube with nonlinear temperature distribution based on a modified beam theory and nonlocal strain gradient model. International Journal of Applied Mechanics, 12, 2050054-2050065, 2020.
  • Uzun B, Kafkas U, Yaylı MÖ, Stability analysis of restrained nanotubes placed in electromagnetic field. Microsystem Technologies, 26, 3725-3736, 2020.
  • Belarbi M-O, Salami SJ, Garg A, Daikh A-A, Houari M-S-A, Dimitri R, et al., Mechanical behavior analysis of FG-CNT-reinforced polymer composite beams via a hyperbolic shear deformation theory. Continuum Mechanics Thermodynamics, 35, 497-520, 2023.
  • Garg P, Gupta P, Kumar D, Parkash O, Structural and mechanical properties of graphene reinforced aluminum matrix composites. Journal of Materials and Environmental Science, 7, 1461-1473, 2016.
  • Muharrem P, Karbon Nanotüp takviyeli ZA-27 Esaslı Kompozitlerde Karbon Nanotüp Takviye Oranının Mikroyapı Ve Bazı Mekanik Özelliklere Etkisi. International Journal of Engineering Research, 12, 307-316, 2020
Yıl 2023, Cilt: 15 Sayı: 3, 86 - 94, 10.11.2023
https://doi.org/10.24107/ijeas.1291299

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Pul M, Effect of sintering temperature on pore ratio and mechanical properties of composite structure in nano graphene reinforced ZA27 based composites. International Journal of Minerals, Metallurgy Materials Science, 27, 232-243, 2020.
  • Petrica M, Badisch E, Peinsitt T, Abrasive wear mechanisms and their relation to rock properties. Wear, 308, 86-94, 2013.
  • Owoeye SS, Folorunso DO, Oji B, Borisade SG, Zinc-aluminum (ZA-27)-based metal matrix composites: a review article of synthesis, reinforcement, microstructural, mechanical, and corrosion characteristics. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 100, 373-380, 2019.
  • Prasad B, Abrasive wear characteristics of a zinc-based alloy and zinc-alloy/SiC composite. Wear, 252, 250-263, 2002.
  • Modi O, Rathod S, Prasad B, Jha A, Dixit G, The influence of alumina particle dispersion and test parameters on dry sliding wear behaviour of zinc-based alloy. Tribology international, 40, 1137-1146, 2007.
  • Gangwar S, Pathak VK, Dry sliding wear characteristics evaluation and prediction of vacuum casted marble dust (MD) reinforced ZA-27 alloy composites using hybrid improved bat algorithm and ANN. Materials Today Communications, 25, 101615, 2020.
  • Girish B, Prakash K, Satish B, Jain P, Devi K, Need for optimization of graphite particle reinforcement in ZA-27 alloy composites for tribological applications. Materials Science Engineering: A, 530, 382-388, 2011.
  • Sastry S, Krishna M, Uchil J, A study on damping behaviour of aluminite particulate reinforced ZA-27 alloy metal matrix composites. Journal of Alloys Compounds, 314, 268-274, 2001.
  • Sharma S, Girish B, Kamath R, Satish B, Effect of SiC particle reinforcement on the unlubricated sliding wear behaviour of ZA-27 alloy composites. Wear, 213, 33-40, 1997.
  • Sharma S, Girish B, Somashekar D, Satish B, Kamath R, Sliding wear behaviour of zircon particles reinforced ZA-27 alloy composite materials. Wear, 224, 89-94, 1999.
  • Karni N, Barkay G, Bamberger M, Structure and properties of metal-matrix composite. Journal of Materials Science Letters, 13, 541-544, 1994.
  • Zhu H, Liu S, Mechanical properties of squeeze-cast zinc alloy matrix composites containing α-alumina fibres. Composites, 24, 437-442, 1993.
  • Miroslav B, Mitrović S, Zivic F, Bobić I, Wear behavior of composites based on ZA-27 alloy reinforced by Al2O3 particles under dry sliding condition. Tribology Letters, 38, 337-346, 2010.
  • Kumar V, Gautam G, Yadav AK, Mohan A, Mohan S, Influence of InSitu Formed ZrB2 Particles on Dry Sliding Behavior of ZA Based Metal Matrix Composites. International Journal of Metalcasting, 17, 1-15, 2022.
  • Khan MM, Nisar M, Effect of in situ TiC reinforcement and applied load on the high-stress abrasive wear behaviour of zinc–aluminum alloy. Wear, 488, 204082-204097, 2022.
  • Kumar NS, Mechanical and wear behavior of ZA-27/Sic/Gr hybrid metal matrix composites. Materials Today: Proceedings, 5, 19969-19975, 2018.
  • Mahendra K, Radhakrishna K, Characterization of stir cast Al—Cu—(fly ash+ SiC) hybrid metal matrix composites. Journal of Composite Materials, 44, 989-1005, 2010.
  • Marigoudar RN, Chip profile studies on SiC reinforced mono and SiC and graphite reinforced hybrid ZA43 MMCs. Advances in Materials Processing Technologies, 1-13, 2022.
  • Aydogdu M, Arda M, Torsional vibration analysis of double walled carbon nanotubes using nonlocal elasticity. International Journal of Mechanics Materials in Design, 12, 71-84, 2016.
  • Civalek Ö, Akbaş ŞD, Akgöz B, Dastjerdi S, Forced vibration analysis of composite beams reinforced by carbon nanotubes. Nanomaterials, 11, 571, 2021.
  • Mercan K, Numanoglu H, Akgöz B, Demir C, Civalek Ö, Higher-order continuum theories for buckling response of silicon carbide nanowires (SiCNWs) on elastic matrix. Archive of Applied Mechanics, 87, 1797-1814, 2017.
  • Peng T, Chang I, Mechanical alloying of multi-walled carbon nanotubes reinforced aluminum composite powder. Powder Technology, 266, 7-15, 2014.
  • AKGÖZ B, CİVALEK Ö, Investigation of size effects on static response of single-walled carbon nanotubes based on strain gradient elasticity. International Journal of Computational Methods, 9, 1240032, 2012.
  • Uzun B, Kafkas U, Yaylı MÖ, Free vibration analysis of nanotube based sensors including rotary inertia based on the Rayleigh beam and modified couple stress theories. Microsystem Technologies, 27, 1913-1923, 2021.
  • Büşra U, YAYLI MÖ, A solution method for longitudinal vibrations of functionally graded nanorods. International Journal of Engineering Applied Sciences, 12, 78-87, 2020.
  • Jena SK, Chakraverty S, Malikan M, Mohammad-Sedighi H, Hygro-magnetic vibration of the single-walled carbon nanotube with nonlinear temperature distribution based on a modified beam theory and nonlocal strain gradient model. International Journal of Applied Mechanics, 12, 2050054-2050065, 2020.
  • Uzun B, Kafkas U, Yaylı MÖ, Stability analysis of restrained nanotubes placed in electromagnetic field. Microsystem Technologies, 26, 3725-3736, 2020.
  • Belarbi M-O, Salami SJ, Garg A, Daikh A-A, Houari M-S-A, Dimitri R, et al., Mechanical behavior analysis of FG-CNT-reinforced polymer composite beams via a hyperbolic shear deformation theory. Continuum Mechanics Thermodynamics, 35, 497-520, 2023.
  • Garg P, Gupta P, Kumar D, Parkash O, Structural and mechanical properties of graphene reinforced aluminum matrix composites. Journal of Materials and Environmental Science, 7, 1461-1473, 2016.
  • Muharrem P, Karbon Nanotüp takviyeli ZA-27 Esaslı Kompozitlerde Karbon Nanotüp Takviye Oranının Mikroyapı Ve Bazı Mekanik Özelliklere Etkisi. International Journal of Engineering Research, 12, 307-316, 2020

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Mikail ASLAN 0000-0003-0578-5049

Erken Görünüm Tarihi 29 Ekim 2023
Yayımlanma Tarihi 10 Kasım 2023
Kabul Tarihi 2 Ağustos 2023
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2023 Cilt: 15 Sayı: 3

Kaynak Göster

APA ASLAN, M. (2023). Mechanical and Optical Properties of Multiwall Carbon Nanotube-Reinforced ZA27-Al2O3 Hybrid Composites Fabricated by Powder Metallurgy Routine. International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 15(3), 86-94. https://doi.org/10.24107/ijeas.1291299
AMA ASLAN M. Mechanical and Optical Properties of Multiwall Carbon Nanotube-Reinforced ZA27-Al2O3 Hybrid Composites Fabricated by Powder Metallurgy Routine. IJEAS. Kasım 2023;15(3):86-94. doi:10.24107/ijeas.1291299
Chicago ASLAN, Mikail. “Mechanical and Optical Properties of Multiwall Carbon Nanotube-Reinforced ZA27-Al2O3 Hybrid Composites Fabricated by Powder Metallurgy Routine”. International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences 15, sy. 3 (Kasım 2023): 86-94. https://doi.org/10.24107/ijeas.1291299.
EndNote ASLAN M (01 Kasım 2023) Mechanical and Optical Properties of Multiwall Carbon Nanotube-Reinforced ZA27-Al2O3 Hybrid Composites Fabricated by Powder Metallurgy Routine. International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences 15 3 86–94.
IEEE M. ASLAN, “Mechanical and Optical Properties of Multiwall Carbon Nanotube-Reinforced ZA27-Al2O3 Hybrid Composites Fabricated by Powder Metallurgy Routine”, IJEAS, c. 15, sy. 3, ss. 86–94, 2023, doi: 10.24107/ijeas.1291299.
ISNAD ASLAN, Mikail. “Mechanical and Optical Properties of Multiwall Carbon Nanotube-Reinforced ZA27-Al2O3 Hybrid Composites Fabricated by Powder Metallurgy Routine”. International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences 15/3 (Kasım 2023), 86-94. https://doi.org/10.24107/ijeas.1291299.
JAMA ASLAN M. Mechanical and Optical Properties of Multiwall Carbon Nanotube-Reinforced ZA27-Al2O3 Hybrid Composites Fabricated by Powder Metallurgy Routine. IJEAS. 2023;15:86–94.
MLA ASLAN, Mikail. “Mechanical and Optical Properties of Multiwall Carbon Nanotube-Reinforced ZA27-Al2O3 Hybrid Composites Fabricated by Powder Metallurgy Routine”. International Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, c. 15, sy. 3, 2023, ss. 86-94, doi:10.24107/ijeas.1291299.
Vancouver ASLAN M. Mechanical and Optical Properties of Multiwall Carbon Nanotube-Reinforced ZA27-Al2O3 Hybrid Composites Fabricated by Powder Metallurgy Routine. IJEAS. 2023;15(3):86-94.

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