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Analysis of the pedestrian accidents in Turkey

Yıl 2017, Cilt 2, Sayı 3, 100 - 109, 01.10.2017
https://doi.org/10.26833/ijeg.323826

Öz

This study summarizes the methods and findings of a study on pedestrian safety in Turkey. The analyses were conducted for individual provinces as well as for the country as a whole for the years from 2013 to 2015 using data maintained by the Turkish Statistical Institute. An examination of the national level results indicated that despite the equal distribution of women and men in national population, men constitute the 70% of the fatality in pedestrian accidents and 57% of the injuries. It was found that 65+ age group had the highest rate of accident involvement and fatality rates per million population. The lowest accident involvement rates were observed in the 25-64 age group, while the lowest fatality rates were observed in the 15-24 age group. Province level analysis provided a comparative analysis of pedestrian safety records across the 81 provinces. The comparisons were performed in relative terms. In this case study, pedestrian accident involvements and fatalities per million registered vehicle and population were used as the measures of exposure. Clustering analysis were performed to reveal some patterns based on geographic location of the provinces. The results showed that accident involvement and fatality rates per million population were not significantly clustered. Fatality rates per million registered vehicles were significantly clustered 90% confidence level and pedestrian accident involvement rates per million registered vehicles were significantly clustered 95% confidence level.

Kaynakça

  • Bernhoft, I. M. and Carstensen G., 2008. Preferences and behaviour of pedestrians and cyclists by age and gender. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour 11(2), 83-95.
  • Caputcu, M., Tanyel, S., Sengoz, B., Ozuysal, M., Kaplan, S., Karabayir A., 2016. Yayalar ve ihmal edilen yaya yolları. İTÜ Vakfı Dergisi 71, 52-57.
  • Carthy, T., Packham, D., Salter, D., Silcock, D. 1995. Risk and safety on the roads: The older pedestrian. AA Foundation for Road Safety Research. The University of Newcastle upon Tyne.
  • Davis, G., 2001. Relating severity of pedestrian injury to impact speed in vehicle‐vehicle‐pedestrian crashes. Transportation Research Record 1773, 108-113.
  • EC, 2016. European Commission, Directorate General for Transport. Traffic Safety Basic Facts on Pedestrians. European Commission, Directorate General for Transport, Brussels, Belgium.
  • Erdogan, S., 2009. Explorative spatial analysis of traffic accident statistics and road mortality among the provinces of Turkey. Journal of Safety Research 40(5), 341-351.
  • Henary, B. Y., Ivarsson, J., Crandall J. R., 2006. The influence of age on the morbidity and mortality of pedestrian victims. Traffic Injury Prevention 7(2), 182- 190.
  • Holland, C. and Hill, R., 2007. The effect of age, gender and driver status on pedestrians’ intentions to cross the road in risky situations. Accident Analysis & Prevention 39(2), 224-237.
  • Hoskal, D., 2006. 2003-2004 Yıllarında Diyarbakir ilinde meydana gelen yaralanmalı yaya kazalarının incelenmesi. Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Gazi Üniversitesi, Ankara, Türkiye.
  • Kaplan, H., Alpan, A., Hayirli C., 2015. Kent merkezlerinde yaya güvenliği ve trafik güvenilirliğinin irdelenmesi: Ankara Kızılay kent merkezi örneklem çalışması. Sürdürülebilir Ulaşım için Yol ve Trafik Güvenliği (ROTRASA) Kongresi, Ankara, Türkiye.
  • Kim, J. K, Ulfarsson, G. F., Shankar, V. N., Kim, S., 2008. Age and pedestrian injury severity in motor-vehicle crashes: A heteroskedastic logit analysis. Accident Analysis & Prevention 40(5), 1695-1702.
  • Mabunda, M. M., Swart, L. A., Seedat, M., 2008. Magnitude and categories of pedestrian fatalities in South Africa. Accident Analysis & Prevention 40, 586-593.
  • Mohamed, M. G., Saunier, N., Miranda-Moreno, L.F., Ukkusuri, S.V., 2013. A clustering regression approach: A comprehensive injury severity analysis of pedestrian– vehicle crashes in New York, US and Montreal, Canada. Safety Science 54, 27-37.
  • Moran, P.A.P. 1950. Notes on continuous stochastic phenomena. Biometrika 37, 17-23.
  • NHTSA, 2016. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Traffic Safety Facts, Pedestrians: 2014 Data. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Washington, DC, USA.
  • Onieva-García M. Á., Martínez-Ruiz, V., Lardelli-Claret, P., Jiménez-Moleón, J. J., Amezcua-Prieto, C., de Dios Luna-del-Castillo, J., Jiménez-Mejías, E., 2016. Gender and age differences in components of traffic-related pedestrian death rates: Exposure, risk of crash and fatality rate. Injury epidemiology 3(1), 1-10.
  • Oxley, J., Fildes, B., Ihsen, E., Charlton, J., Day, R., 1997. Differences in traffic judgements between young and old adult pedestrians. Accident Analysis & Prevention 29(6), 839-847.
  • Ozkan, K., 2002. Ankara'da meydana gelen yaya kazalarına uygun denetim politikasının tespiti. Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Gazi Üniversitesi, Ankara, Türkiye.
  • Pollack, K. M., Gielen, A. C, Ismail, M.NM., Mitzner, M., Wu, M., Links, J.M., 2014. Investigating and improving pedestrian safety in an urban environment. Injury Epidemiology 1(1), 1-11.
  • Pucher, J. and Dijkstra, L., 2003. Promoting safe walking and cycling to improve public health: lessons from the Netherlands and Germany. American Journal of Public Health, 93(9), 1509-1516.
  • Richards, D. C., 2010. Relationship between speed and risk of fatal injury: Pedestrians and car occupants. Department for Transport, London, United Kingdom, Road Safety Web Publication No. 16.
  • Rosén, E. and Sander U., 2009. Pedestrian fatality risk as a function of car impact speed. Accident Analysis & Prevention 41(3), 536-542.
  • Sheppard, D. and Pattinson, M. I. M. 1986. Interviews with elderly pedestrians involved in road accidents. Research Report 98. Transport and Road Research Laboratory, Crowthorne, UK.
  • Tefft, B. C., 2013. Impact speed and a pedestrian's risk of severe injury or death. Accident Analysis & Prevention 50, 871-878.
  • TurkStat, 2016a. Turkish Statistical Institute. Trafik kaza istatistikleri: Karayolu 2013, 2014, 2015. Türkiye İstatistik Enstitüsü, Ankara, Türkiye, 2016.
  • TurkStat, 2016b. Turkish Statistical Institute. Address based population registration system. http://www.turkstat.gov.tr/PreTablo.do?alt_id=1059 Access: 02.01.2017.
  • WHO, 2015. World Health Organization. Global status report on road safety 2015. World Health Organization, Italy.
  • WHO, 2016. World Health Organization. Global health observatory, distribution of road traffic deaths by type of road user. http://www.who.int/gho/road_safety/mortality/traffic_de aths_distribution/en/index.html Access: 05.02.2017.
  • Yuksekol, I., 2012. Evaluation of pedestrian safety around bus stops using Geographic Information Systems. MSc Thesis, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey.
  • Zhu, M., Zhao, S., Coben, J. H., Smith, G. S. Why more male pedestrians die in vehicle-pedestrian collisions than female pedestrians: A decompositional analysis. Injury Prevention 19(4), 227-231 2013.

Yıl 2017, Cilt 2, Sayı 3, 100 - 109, 01.10.2017
https://doi.org/10.26833/ijeg.323826

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Bernhoft, I. M. and Carstensen G., 2008. Preferences and behaviour of pedestrians and cyclists by age and gender. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour 11(2), 83-95.
  • Caputcu, M., Tanyel, S., Sengoz, B., Ozuysal, M., Kaplan, S., Karabayir A., 2016. Yayalar ve ihmal edilen yaya yolları. İTÜ Vakfı Dergisi 71, 52-57.
  • Carthy, T., Packham, D., Salter, D., Silcock, D. 1995. Risk and safety on the roads: The older pedestrian. AA Foundation for Road Safety Research. The University of Newcastle upon Tyne.
  • Davis, G., 2001. Relating severity of pedestrian injury to impact speed in vehicle‐vehicle‐pedestrian crashes. Transportation Research Record 1773, 108-113.
  • EC, 2016. European Commission, Directorate General for Transport. Traffic Safety Basic Facts on Pedestrians. European Commission, Directorate General for Transport, Brussels, Belgium.
  • Erdogan, S., 2009. Explorative spatial analysis of traffic accident statistics and road mortality among the provinces of Turkey. Journal of Safety Research 40(5), 341-351.
  • Henary, B. Y., Ivarsson, J., Crandall J. R., 2006. The influence of age on the morbidity and mortality of pedestrian victims. Traffic Injury Prevention 7(2), 182- 190.
  • Holland, C. and Hill, R., 2007. The effect of age, gender and driver status on pedestrians’ intentions to cross the road in risky situations. Accident Analysis & Prevention 39(2), 224-237.
  • Hoskal, D., 2006. 2003-2004 Yıllarında Diyarbakir ilinde meydana gelen yaralanmalı yaya kazalarının incelenmesi. Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Gazi Üniversitesi, Ankara, Türkiye.
  • Kaplan, H., Alpan, A., Hayirli C., 2015. Kent merkezlerinde yaya güvenliği ve trafik güvenilirliğinin irdelenmesi: Ankara Kızılay kent merkezi örneklem çalışması. Sürdürülebilir Ulaşım için Yol ve Trafik Güvenliği (ROTRASA) Kongresi, Ankara, Türkiye.
  • Kim, J. K, Ulfarsson, G. F., Shankar, V. N., Kim, S., 2008. Age and pedestrian injury severity in motor-vehicle crashes: A heteroskedastic logit analysis. Accident Analysis & Prevention 40(5), 1695-1702.
  • Mabunda, M. M., Swart, L. A., Seedat, M., 2008. Magnitude and categories of pedestrian fatalities in South Africa. Accident Analysis & Prevention 40, 586-593.
  • Mohamed, M. G., Saunier, N., Miranda-Moreno, L.F., Ukkusuri, S.V., 2013. A clustering regression approach: A comprehensive injury severity analysis of pedestrian– vehicle crashes in New York, US and Montreal, Canada. Safety Science 54, 27-37.
  • Moran, P.A.P. 1950. Notes on continuous stochastic phenomena. Biometrika 37, 17-23.
  • NHTSA, 2016. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Traffic Safety Facts, Pedestrians: 2014 Data. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Washington, DC, USA.
  • Onieva-García M. Á., Martínez-Ruiz, V., Lardelli-Claret, P., Jiménez-Moleón, J. J., Amezcua-Prieto, C., de Dios Luna-del-Castillo, J., Jiménez-Mejías, E., 2016. Gender and age differences in components of traffic-related pedestrian death rates: Exposure, risk of crash and fatality rate. Injury epidemiology 3(1), 1-10.
  • Oxley, J., Fildes, B., Ihsen, E., Charlton, J., Day, R., 1997. Differences in traffic judgements between young and old adult pedestrians. Accident Analysis & Prevention 29(6), 839-847.
  • Ozkan, K., 2002. Ankara'da meydana gelen yaya kazalarına uygun denetim politikasının tespiti. Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Gazi Üniversitesi, Ankara, Türkiye.
  • Pollack, K. M., Gielen, A. C, Ismail, M.NM., Mitzner, M., Wu, M., Links, J.M., 2014. Investigating and improving pedestrian safety in an urban environment. Injury Epidemiology 1(1), 1-11.
  • Pucher, J. and Dijkstra, L., 2003. Promoting safe walking and cycling to improve public health: lessons from the Netherlands and Germany. American Journal of Public Health, 93(9), 1509-1516.
  • Richards, D. C., 2010. Relationship between speed and risk of fatal injury: Pedestrians and car occupants. Department for Transport, London, United Kingdom, Road Safety Web Publication No. 16.
  • Rosén, E. and Sander U., 2009. Pedestrian fatality risk as a function of car impact speed. Accident Analysis & Prevention 41(3), 536-542.
  • Sheppard, D. and Pattinson, M. I. M. 1986. Interviews with elderly pedestrians involved in road accidents. Research Report 98. Transport and Road Research Laboratory, Crowthorne, UK.
  • Tefft, B. C., 2013. Impact speed and a pedestrian's risk of severe injury or death. Accident Analysis & Prevention 50, 871-878.
  • TurkStat, 2016a. Turkish Statistical Institute. Trafik kaza istatistikleri: Karayolu 2013, 2014, 2015. Türkiye İstatistik Enstitüsü, Ankara, Türkiye, 2016.
  • TurkStat, 2016b. Turkish Statistical Institute. Address based population registration system. http://www.turkstat.gov.tr/PreTablo.do?alt_id=1059 Access: 02.01.2017.
  • WHO, 2015. World Health Organization. Global status report on road safety 2015. World Health Organization, Italy.
  • WHO, 2016. World Health Organization. Global health observatory, distribution of road traffic deaths by type of road user. http://www.who.int/gho/road_safety/mortality/traffic_de aths_distribution/en/index.html Access: 05.02.2017.
  • Yuksekol, I., 2012. Evaluation of pedestrian safety around bus stops using Geographic Information Systems. MSc Thesis, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey.
  • Zhu, M., Zhao, S., Coben, J. H., Smith, G. S. Why more male pedestrians die in vehicle-pedestrian collisions than female pedestrians: A decompositional analysis. Injury Prevention 19(4), 227-231 2013.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Mühendislik, Ortak Disiplinler
Bölüm Articles
Yazarlar

Murat OZEN>
Mersin University
orcid.org/0000-0002-1745-7483
Türkiye


Cennet GULER SAYİN Bu kişi benim
Mersin University
Türkiye


Yasemin YURUK Bu kişi benim
Mersin University
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Ekim 2017
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2017, Cilt 2, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @kısa bildiri { ijeg323826, journal = {International Journal of Engineering and Geosciences}, eissn = {2548-0960}, address = {}, publisher = {Murat YAKAR}, year = {2017}, volume = {2}, number = {3}, pages = {100 - 109}, doi = {10.26833/ijeg.323826}, title = {Analysis of the pedestrian accidents in Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {Ozen, Murat and Guler Sayin, Cennet and Yuruk, Yasemin} }
APA Ozen, M. , Guler Sayin, C. & Yuruk, Y. (2017). Analysis of the pedestrian accidents in Turkey . International Journal of Engineering and Geosciences , 2 (3) , 100-109 . DOI: 10.26833/ijeg.323826
MLA Ozen, M. , Guler Sayin, C. , Yuruk, Y. "Analysis of the pedestrian accidents in Turkey" . International Journal of Engineering and Geosciences 2 (2017 ): 100-109 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ijeg/issue/31034/323826>
Chicago Ozen, M. , Guler Sayin, C. , Yuruk, Y. "Analysis of the pedestrian accidents in Turkey". International Journal of Engineering and Geosciences 2 (2017 ): 100-109
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Analysis of the pedestrian accidents in Turkey AU - Murat Ozen , Cennet Guler Sayin , Yasemin Yuruk Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.26833/ijeg.323826 DO - 10.26833/ijeg.323826 T2 - International Journal of Engineering and Geosciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 100 EP - 109 VL - 2 IS - 3 SN - -2548-0960 M3 - doi: 10.26833/ijeg.323826 UR - https://doi.org/10.26833/ijeg.323826 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Engineering and Geosciences Analysis of the pedestrian accidents in Turkey %A Murat Ozen , Cennet Guler Sayin , Yasemin Yuruk %T Analysis of the pedestrian accidents in Turkey %D 2017 %J International Journal of Engineering and Geosciences %P -2548-0960 %V 2 %N 3 %R doi: 10.26833/ijeg.323826 %U 10.26833/ijeg.323826
ISNAD Ozen, Murat , Guler Sayin, Cennet , Yuruk, Yasemin . "Analysis of the pedestrian accidents in Turkey". International Journal of Engineering and Geosciences 2 / 3 (Ekim 2017): 100-109 . https://doi.org/10.26833/ijeg.323826
AMA Ozen M. , Guler Sayin C. , Yuruk Y. Analysis of the pedestrian accidents in Turkey. IJEG. 2017; 2(3): 100-109.
Vancouver Ozen M. , Guler Sayin C. , Yuruk Y. Analysis of the pedestrian accidents in Turkey. International Journal of Engineering and Geosciences. 2017; 2(3): 100-109.
IEEE M. Ozen , C. Guler Sayin ve Y. Yuruk , "Analysis of the pedestrian accidents in Turkey", International Journal of Engineering and Geosciences, c. 2, sayı. 3, ss. 100-109, Eki. 2017, doi:10.26833/ijeg.323826