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Plio-Quaternary Sandy Deposits and Microbial Buildups at the Southern Marmara Shelf Near Shoreface Area, Turkey

Yıl 2014, Cilt 1, Sayı 1, 40 - 47, 10.11.2014
https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.300731

Öz

Understanding the formation and evolution mechanism of the sandy deposits plays key role to define the hydrodynamics of the shelves and coasts. The barrier islands determined from high resolution chirp seismic reflection profiles, were started to deposit on the boundary (SB) that characterized by the lowstand stages of global sea level in the southern Marmara shelf near shoreface area. The unit haslost its activity at 55 ms, 60 ms depth in Erdek Bay, at 55 ms in Bandırma Bay, at 61 ms front of the Kocasu River. According to global sea level curves, this unit was evolved between 11000-11500 BP and10450-10150 BP. The geometrical situation and internal reflection character of these units indicate the balance between fluvial sediment transportation, marine intrusion and current systems in the study area. Belkis Isthmus that connects the Kapıdağ Peninsula to the mainland occurred synchronously with same process that formed the barrier islands. Bioherm structures were formed on the barrier islands and some of the bioherm’s uppermost surface is reached to 1 m below the sea floor. Bioherm structures are composing from organisms; formation and evolution depend on various stress factors. Barrier islands provide nutritional source to bioherms. Since these structures occur in a limited area, the development should be controlled by secondary factors. Biogenic gas determined from seismic sections closed to bioherm structures, probably plays the secondary role. Addition to this, during the forming and the growing of bioherms, Marmara Islands (Pasalimanı, Avşa, Marmara Islands) and Imralı Island were possibly control the currents and the flooding in the study area and provided convenient environment to these structures evolution.

Kaynakça

  • Aksu, A. E., Hiscott, R. N., Yaşar, D. (1999) Oscillating Quaternary water levels of the Marmara Sea and vigorous outflow into the Aegean Sea from the Marmara Sea-Black Sea drainage corridor. Marine Geology, 153, 275-302.
  • Balkıs, N., Çağatay, M.N. (2001) Factors controlling metal distributions in the surface sediments of the Erdek Bay, Sea of Marmara, Turkey. Environment International 27: 1-13
  • Browder, A.G., McNinch, J.E. (2006) Linking framework geology and near shore morphology: correlation of paleo-channels with shore-oblique sandbars and gravel outcrops. Marine Geology 231, 141–162.
  • Cumings, E. R., Shrock, R. R. (1928) Niagaran coral reefs of Indiana and adjacent States and their stratigraphic relations. Bulletin Geological Society America, 39, 579-620.
  • Çağatay, M. N., Eriş, K., Ryan, W. B. F., Sancar, Ü., Polonia, A., Akçer, S:, Biltekin, D., Gasperini, L., Görür, N., Lericolais, G., Bard E. (2009) Late Pleistocene–Holocene evolution of the northern shelf of the Sea of Marmara. Marine Geology 265, 87-100.
  • Dean, R.G., Dalrymple, R.A. (2002) Coastal Processes with Engineering Applications. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.
  • Galloway, W.E., Hobday, D.K. (1983) Terrigenous Clastic DepositionalSystems. Springer, Berlin, 489 pp.
  • Ergin, M., Kazanci, N., Varol, B., Ileri, Ö., Karadenizli, L. (1997) Sea-level changes and related depositional environments on the southern shelf. Mar Geo 140: 391-403
  • Eriş, K. K., Ryan, W. B. F., Cagatay, M.N., Sancar, U., Lericolais, G., Menot, G., Bard, E. (2007) The timing and evolution of the post-glacial transgression across the Sea of Marmara shelf south of Istanbul. Mar Geo 243: 57-76
  • Gazioğlu, C., Gökaşan, E., Algan, O., Yücel, Z.Y., Tok, B., Doğan, E. (2002) Morphologic features of the Marmara Sea from multibeam data. Marine Geology 190: 397-420
  • Hapke, C.J., Lentz, E.E., Gayes, P.T., McCoy, C.A., Hehre, R.E., Schwab, W.C., Williams, S.J., (2010) A review of sediment budget imbalances along Fire Island, New York: Can nearshore geologic framework and patterns of shoreline change explain the deficit? Journal of Coastal Research 26, 510–522
  • Harris,M.S., Gayes, P.T., Kindinger, J.L., Flocks, J.G., Krantz, D.E., Donovan, P. (2005) Quaternary geomorphology and modern coastal development in response to an inherent framework: an example from Charleston, South Carolina. Journal of Coastal Research 21, 49–64.
  • Houser, C., Hapke, C., Hamilton, S. (2008) Controls on coastal dune morphology, shoreline erosion, and barrier island response to extreme storms. Geomorphology 100, 223–240.
  • Houser, C. (2012) Alongshore variation in the morphology of coastal dunes: implications for storm response. Geomorphology 1173–174, 1–16.
  • McNinch, J.E. (2004) Geologic control in the nearshore: shore-oblique sandbars and shoreline erosional hotspots, Mid-Atlantic Bight, USA. Marine Geology 211, 121–141.
  • Park, J.Y., Gayes, P.T., Wells, J.T. (2009) Monitoring beach renourishment along the sediment-starved shoreline of Grand Strand, South Carolina. Journal of Coastal Research 25, 336–349.
  • Riggs, S.R., Cleary, W.J., Snyder, S.W. (1995) Influence of inherited geologic framework upon barrier beach morphology and shoreface dynamics. Marine Geology 126, 213–234.
  • Schupp, C.A., McNinch, J.E., List, J.H. (2006) Nearshore shore-oblique bars, gravel outcrops, and their correlation to shoreline change. Marine Geology 233, 63–79.
  • Schwab, W.C., Thieler, E.R., Allen, J.R., Foster, D.S., Swift, B.A., Denny, J.F. (2000) Influence of inner-continental shelf geologic framework on the evolution and behavior of the Barrier-Island System between Fire Island Inlet and Shinnecock Inlet, Long Island, New York. Journal of Coastal Research 16, 408–422.
  • Stanford, J.D., Hemingway, R., Rohling E. J., Challenor, P.G., Medina-Elizalde, M., Lester, A.J. (2011) Sea-level probability for the last deglaciation: A statistical analysis of far-field records. Global and Planetary Change 79 (3–4): 193-203
  • Ünlü, S., Alpar, B. (2006) Distribution and sources of hydrocarbons in surface sediments of Gemlik Bay (Marmara Sea, Turkey). Chemosphere 64: 764–777
  • Thornton, E.B., Sallenger, A., Conforto Sesto, J., Egley, L., McGee, T., Parsons, R. (2006) Sand mining impacts on long-term dune erosion in southern Monterey Bay. Marine Geology 229, 45–58.
  • Vardar, D., Öztürk, K., Yaltırak, C., Alpar, B., Tur, H. (2014) Late Pleistocene–Holocene evolution of the southern Marmara shelf and sub-basins: middle strand of the North Anatolian fault, southern Marmara Sea, Turkey. Marine Geophysical Researches.
  • Yaltırak, C. (2002) Tectonic evolution of the Marmara Sea and its surroundings. Marine Geology, 190,493-529.

Yıl 2014, Cilt 1, Sayı 1, 40 - 47, 10.11.2014
https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.300731

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Aksu, A. E., Hiscott, R. N., Yaşar, D. (1999) Oscillating Quaternary water levels of the Marmara Sea and vigorous outflow into the Aegean Sea from the Marmara Sea-Black Sea drainage corridor. Marine Geology, 153, 275-302.
  • Balkıs, N., Çağatay, M.N. (2001) Factors controlling metal distributions in the surface sediments of the Erdek Bay, Sea of Marmara, Turkey. Environment International 27: 1-13
  • Browder, A.G., McNinch, J.E. (2006) Linking framework geology and near shore morphology: correlation of paleo-channels with shore-oblique sandbars and gravel outcrops. Marine Geology 231, 141–162.
  • Cumings, E. R., Shrock, R. R. (1928) Niagaran coral reefs of Indiana and adjacent States and their stratigraphic relations. Bulletin Geological Society America, 39, 579-620.
  • Çağatay, M. N., Eriş, K., Ryan, W. B. F., Sancar, Ü., Polonia, A., Akçer, S:, Biltekin, D., Gasperini, L., Görür, N., Lericolais, G., Bard E. (2009) Late Pleistocene–Holocene evolution of the northern shelf of the Sea of Marmara. Marine Geology 265, 87-100.
  • Dean, R.G., Dalrymple, R.A. (2002) Coastal Processes with Engineering Applications. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.
  • Galloway, W.E., Hobday, D.K. (1983) Terrigenous Clastic DepositionalSystems. Springer, Berlin, 489 pp.
  • Ergin, M., Kazanci, N., Varol, B., Ileri, Ö., Karadenizli, L. (1997) Sea-level changes and related depositional environments on the southern shelf. Mar Geo 140: 391-403
  • Eriş, K. K., Ryan, W. B. F., Cagatay, M.N., Sancar, U., Lericolais, G., Menot, G., Bard, E. (2007) The timing and evolution of the post-glacial transgression across the Sea of Marmara shelf south of Istanbul. Mar Geo 243: 57-76
  • Gazioğlu, C., Gökaşan, E., Algan, O., Yücel, Z.Y., Tok, B., Doğan, E. (2002) Morphologic features of the Marmara Sea from multibeam data. Marine Geology 190: 397-420
  • Hapke, C.J., Lentz, E.E., Gayes, P.T., McCoy, C.A., Hehre, R.E., Schwab, W.C., Williams, S.J., (2010) A review of sediment budget imbalances along Fire Island, New York: Can nearshore geologic framework and patterns of shoreline change explain the deficit? Journal of Coastal Research 26, 510–522
  • Harris,M.S., Gayes, P.T., Kindinger, J.L., Flocks, J.G., Krantz, D.E., Donovan, P. (2005) Quaternary geomorphology and modern coastal development in response to an inherent framework: an example from Charleston, South Carolina. Journal of Coastal Research 21, 49–64.
  • Houser, C., Hapke, C., Hamilton, S. (2008) Controls on coastal dune morphology, shoreline erosion, and barrier island response to extreme storms. Geomorphology 100, 223–240.
  • Houser, C. (2012) Alongshore variation in the morphology of coastal dunes: implications for storm response. Geomorphology 1173–174, 1–16.
  • McNinch, J.E. (2004) Geologic control in the nearshore: shore-oblique sandbars and shoreline erosional hotspots, Mid-Atlantic Bight, USA. Marine Geology 211, 121–141.
  • Park, J.Y., Gayes, P.T., Wells, J.T. (2009) Monitoring beach renourishment along the sediment-starved shoreline of Grand Strand, South Carolina. Journal of Coastal Research 25, 336–349.
  • Riggs, S.R., Cleary, W.J., Snyder, S.W. (1995) Influence of inherited geologic framework upon barrier beach morphology and shoreface dynamics. Marine Geology 126, 213–234.
  • Schupp, C.A., McNinch, J.E., List, J.H. (2006) Nearshore shore-oblique bars, gravel outcrops, and their correlation to shoreline change. Marine Geology 233, 63–79.
  • Schwab, W.C., Thieler, E.R., Allen, J.R., Foster, D.S., Swift, B.A., Denny, J.F. (2000) Influence of inner-continental shelf geologic framework on the evolution and behavior of the Barrier-Island System between Fire Island Inlet and Shinnecock Inlet, Long Island, New York. Journal of Coastal Research 16, 408–422.
  • Stanford, J.D., Hemingway, R., Rohling E. J., Challenor, P.G., Medina-Elizalde, M., Lester, A.J. (2011) Sea-level probability for the last deglaciation: A statistical analysis of far-field records. Global and Planetary Change 79 (3–4): 193-203
  • Ünlü, S., Alpar, B. (2006) Distribution and sources of hydrocarbons in surface sediments of Gemlik Bay (Marmara Sea, Turkey). Chemosphere 64: 764–777
  • Thornton, E.B., Sallenger, A., Conforto Sesto, J., Egley, L., McGee, T., Parsons, R. (2006) Sand mining impacts on long-term dune erosion in southern Monterey Bay. Marine Geology 229, 45–58.
  • Vardar, D., Öztürk, K., Yaltırak, C., Alpar, B., Tur, H. (2014) Late Pleistocene–Holocene evolution of the southern Marmara shelf and sub-basins: middle strand of the North Anatolian fault, southern Marmara Sea, Turkey. Marine Geophysical Researches.
  • Yaltırak, C. (2002) Tectonic evolution of the Marmara Sea and its surroundings. Marine Geology, 190,493-529.

Ayrıntılar

Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Research Articles
Yazarlar

Denizhan Vardar Bu kişi benim
Istanbul University, Institute of Marine Science and Management, Department of Marine Geology and Geophysics, Fatih, İstanbul
Türkiye


Hande Aykurt Vardar Bu kişi benim
Istanbul University, Engineering Faculty, Department of Geophysical Engineering, Avcılar, İstanbul
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 10 Kasım 2014
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2014, Cilt 1, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ijegeo300731, journal = {International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics}, eissn = {2148-9173}, address = {}, publisher = {Cem GAZİOĞLU}, year = {2014}, volume = {1}, number = {1}, pages = {40 - 47}, doi = {10.30897/ijegeo.300731}, title = {Plio-Quaternary Sandy Deposits and Microbial Buildups at the Southern Marmara Shelf Near Shoreface Area, Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {Vardar, Denizhan and Vardar, Hande Aykurt} }
APA Vardar, D. & Vardar, H. A. (2014). Plio-Quaternary Sandy Deposits and Microbial Buildups at the Southern Marmara Shelf Near Shoreface Area, Turkey . International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics , 1 (1) , 40-47 . DOI: 10.30897/ijegeo.300731
MLA Vardar, D. , Vardar, H. A. "Plio-Quaternary Sandy Deposits and Microbial Buildups at the Southern Marmara Shelf Near Shoreface Area, Turkey" . International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 1 (2014 ): 40-47 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ijegeo/issue/28163/300731>
Chicago Vardar, D. , Vardar, H. A. "Plio-Quaternary Sandy Deposits and Microbial Buildups at the Southern Marmara Shelf Near Shoreface Area, Turkey". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 1 (2014 ): 40-47
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Plio-Quaternary Sandy Deposits and Microbial Buildups at the Southern Marmara Shelf Near Shoreface Area, Turkey AU - DenizhanVardar, Hande AykurtVardar Y1 - 2014 PY - 2014 N1 - doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.300731 DO - 10.30897/ijegeo.300731 T2 - International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 40 EP - 47 VL - 1 IS - 1 SN - -2148-9173 M3 - doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.300731 UR - https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.300731 Y2 - 2014 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics Plio-Quaternary Sandy Deposits and Microbial Buildups at the Southern Marmara Shelf Near Shoreface Area, Turkey %A Denizhan Vardar , Hande Aykurt Vardar %T Plio-Quaternary Sandy Deposits and Microbial Buildups at the Southern Marmara Shelf Near Shoreface Area, Turkey %D 2014 %J International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics %P -2148-9173 %V 1 %N 1 %R doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.300731 %U 10.30897/ijegeo.300731
ISNAD Vardar, Denizhan , Vardar, Hande Aykurt . "Plio-Quaternary Sandy Deposits and Microbial Buildups at the Southern Marmara Shelf Near Shoreface Area, Turkey". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 1 / 1 (Kasım 2014): 40-47 . https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.300731
AMA Vardar D. , Vardar H. A. Plio-Quaternary Sandy Deposits and Microbial Buildups at the Southern Marmara Shelf Near Shoreface Area, Turkey. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics. 2014; 1(1): 40-47.
Vancouver Vardar D. , Vardar H. A. Plio-Quaternary Sandy Deposits and Microbial Buildups at the Southern Marmara Shelf Near Shoreface Area, Turkey. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics. 2014; 1(1): 40-47.
IEEE D. Vardar ve H. A. Vardar , "Plio-Quaternary Sandy Deposits and Microbial Buildups at the Southern Marmara Shelf Near Shoreface Area, Turkey", International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics, c. 1, sayı. 1, ss. 40-47, Kas. 2014, doi:10.30897/ijegeo.300731