Yıl 2019, Cilt 6 , Sayı 3, Sayfalar 288 - 299 2019-12-08

Flood risk, in the sense of damage that a ‘flood event’ can cause, was globally indexed and quantified to show the relationship between various natural and social factors. The Pressure and Release (PAR) model consisting of five key indexes; hazard, exposure, vulnerability, capacity soft countermeasures, and capacity hard countermeasures along with the entropy method was used to measure the uncertainty in information gathered. In this study, flood risk index was calculated for Yesilirmak Basin of Turkey based on PAR. The basin is one of the coastal watersheds of Turkey experiencing frequent flood events. Damage data covering years from 2000 to 2015 have been obtained from the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry for Turkey. Candidate data for hazard, vulnerability, counter-measures and exposure were collected in accordance with temporal and spatial scales, and the collected data were compiled on a watershed basis. When grouping the sub-indicators, AWDO (Asian Water Development Outlook) was used and selected from a group of parameters covering a wide range of characteristics such as economy, health, vegetation, population, river according to their global presence, and data consistency. As long-term data accessibility was highly limited under basin conditions, data was obtained from relatively more reliable global sources such as United Nations’ databases on which data has been collected annually. The correlation among the collected parameter values was calculated based on the amount of damage that had occurred, and data with high correlation was included in the index account. Parameters that were not screened were rather weighted by using the entropy method and their effect on flood damage were determined. The calculated flood risk index based on PAR model was named as Yesilirmak Basin Flood Risk Index (Y-FRI). The resulting Y-FRI radar charts indicated that the most important variation occurred for the soft countermeasure index. In addition, the five main indices and the flood risk index was positively correlated with hazard, exposure and vulnerability indices, while negatively correlated with the countermeasures. This study showed that not only the hazard parameters directly contribute to flood formation, but also the vulnerability, exposure and countermeasure parameters that reflected the conditions of the region where the flood occurred have quantitatively influenced the flood damage.
Flood Risk Index, PAR model, Entropy, Vulnerability, Hazard, Normalization, Yeşilırmak Basin, countermeasures
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Research Articles
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0001-5310-0775
Yazar: Ezgi Nur MENTEŞ
Kurum: İTÜ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-4962-0492
Yazar: Şinasi KAYA
Kurum: İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-0319-0298
Yazar: Ayşegül TANIK
Kurum: İTÜ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-2083-4008
Yazar: Cem GAZİOĞLU (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Istanbul University, Institute of Marine Sciences and Management
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 8 Aralık 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ijegeo661533, journal = {International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-9173}, address = {}, publisher = {Cem GAZİOĞLU}, year = {2019}, volume = {6}, pages = {288 - 299}, doi = {10.30897/ijegeo.661533}, title = {Calculation of Flood Risk Index for Yesilirmak Basin-Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {MENTEŞ, Ezgi Nur and KAYA, Şinasi and TANIK, Ayşegül and GAZİOĞLU, Cem} }
APA MENTEŞ, E , KAYA, Ş , TANIK, A , GAZİOĞLU, C . (2019). Calculation of Flood Risk Index for Yesilirmak Basin-Turkey. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics , 6 (3) , 288-299 . DOI: 10.30897/ijegeo.661533
MLA MENTEŞ, E , KAYA, Ş , TANIK, A , GAZİOĞLU, C . "Calculation of Flood Risk Index for Yesilirmak Basin-Turkey". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 6 (2019 ): 288-299 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ijegeo/issue/50267/661533>
Chicago MENTEŞ, E , KAYA, Ş , TANIK, A , GAZİOĞLU, C . "Calculation of Flood Risk Index for Yesilirmak Basin-Turkey". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 6 (2019 ): 288-299
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Calculation of Flood Risk Index for Yesilirmak Basin-Turkey AU - Ezgi Nur MENTEŞ , Şinasi KAYA , Ayşegül TANIK , Cem GAZİOĞLU Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.661533 DO - 10.30897/ijegeo.661533 T2 - International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 288 EP - 299 VL - 6 IS - 3 SN - -2148-9173 M3 - doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.661533 UR - https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.661533 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics Calculation of Flood Risk Index for Yesilirmak Basin-Turkey %A Ezgi Nur MENTEŞ , Şinasi KAYA , Ayşegül TANIK , Cem GAZİOĞLU %T Calculation of Flood Risk Index for Yesilirmak Basin-Turkey %D 2019 %J International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics %P -2148-9173 %V 6 %N 3 %R doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.661533 %U 10.30897/ijegeo.661533
ISNAD MENTEŞ, Ezgi Nur , KAYA, Şinasi , TANIK, Ayşegül , GAZİOĞLU, Cem . "Calculation of Flood Risk Index for Yesilirmak Basin-Turkey". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 6 / 3 (Aralık 2019): 288-299 . https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.661533
AMA MENTEŞ E , KAYA Ş , TANIK A , GAZİOĞLU C . Calculation of Flood Risk Index for Yesilirmak Basin-Turkey. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics. 2019; 6(3): 288-299.
Vancouver MENTEŞ E , KAYA Ş , TANIK A , GAZİOĞLU C . Calculation of Flood Risk Index for Yesilirmak Basin-Turkey. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics. 2019; 6(3): 299-288.