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Yıl 2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 3, 359 - 368, 05.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.908180

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Abalı, H. (2005). Assessment of tsunami hazard in the Marmara Sea. MsC thesis (unpublished), 96p.
  • Aksu, A.E.;Calon, T.J., Hiscott, R.N. (2000). Anatomy of the North Anatolian Fault Zone in the Marmara Sea, western Turkey: extensional basins above a continental transform, GSA Today, 10 (6), June 2000, 3–7.
  • Alpar, B., Altınok, Y., Gazioğlu, C. Yücel, Z.Y. (2002). Tsunami Hazard Assessment in İstanbul Turkish Journal of Marine Sciences 9 (1):3-29.
  • Alpar, B., Gazioğlu, C., Altınok, Y Yücel, Z.Y. Dengiz, Ş. (2004). Tsunami hazard assessment in Istanbul using by high resolution satellite data (Ikonos) and DTM, XXth Congress of the ISPRS, Istanbul.
  • Alpar, B., Yalçıner, A.C., Imamura, F., Synolakis, C.E. (2001). Determination of probable underwater failures and modeling of tsunami propagation in the Sea of Marmara. Proceedings of the International Tsunami Symposium 2001, August 7-10, 2001, Seattle, Washington, USA, pp. 535-544.
  • Altınok, Y., Alpar, B., Yaltırak, C. (2003). Şarköy-Mürefte 1912 Earthquake’s Tsunami, Extension of the Associated Faulting in the Marmara Sea, Turkey. Journal of Seismology, 7(3): 329-346.
  • Altınok, Y., Alpar, B.Ş., Özer, N. Aykurt, H. (2011). Revision of the Tsunami Catalogue affecting Turkish coasts and surrounding regions Natural Hazards And Earth System Sciences, 11: 273-291.
  • Altınok, Y., Alpar, B.Ş., Özer, N. Gazioğlu, C. (2005). 1881 and 1949 earthquakes at the Chios-Cesme Strait (Aegean Sea) and their relation to tsunamis. Natural Hazards And Earth System Sciences, 5(5): 717-725.
  • Altınok, Y., Ersoy, Ş., Yalçıner, A.C., Alpar, B., Kuran, U. (2001a). Historical tsunamis in the Sea of Marmara, International Tsunami Symposium 2001 Proceedings, NOAA, Pacific Marine Environmental Lab., Editor(s) : Eddie Bernard and Frank Gonzales,: U.S.A., Session 4, Number 4-2: 527 - 534.
  • Altınok, Y., Tinti, S., Alpar, B., Yalçıner, A.C., Ersoy, Ş., Bortolucci, E. Armigliato, A., (2001b). The tsunami of August 17, 1999 in İzmit Bay. Natural Hazards, 24: 133-146.
  • Ambraseys, N.N. (1960). The seismic sea wave on July 9, 1956, in the Greek Archipelago. J. Geoph. Res. 65: 1257-1265.
  • Ambraseys, N.N. (1962). Data for the investigation of the seismic sea-waves in the Eastern Mediterranean. Bull. Seism. Soc. Am. 52: 895-913.
  • Ambraseys, N.N. Finkel, C.F. (1991). Long term seismicity of İstanbul and of the Marmara Sea region. Terra Nova, 3, 527-539.
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  • Ambraseys, N.N., Jackson, J.A. (2000). Seismicity of the Sea of Marmara (Turkey) since 1500. Geophys. J. Int. 141, F1– F6.
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  • Armijo, R.; Meyer, B.; Hubert, A., Barka, A., (1999). Westward propagation of the North Anatolian Fault into the northern Aegean: timing and kinematics. Geology, 27, 267–270.
  • Barka, A.A. (1996). Slip distribution along the North Anatolian Fault associated with the large Earthquakes of the period 1939 to 1967. Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am. 86, 1238– 1254.
  • Barka, A.A., Kadinsky-Cade, K., (1988). Strike-slip fault geometry in Turkey and its influence on earthquake activity. Tectonics, 7, 663–684.
  • Batur, A. (1994). Bir depremin yüzyıl dönümü. İstanbul Dergisi 10: 24-33.
  • Batur, A. (1999). Muharrem ayında bir salı günü. Cogito, Deprem Özel Sayısı, Yapı ve Kredi Yayınları, İstanbul, 20: 42-59,.
  • Çesmi-zade, M.R. (1766-1768). Cesmizade Tarihi (1766). Ed. B.S. Kütükoglu, Istanbul Fetih Cemiyeti Yayınları 1993.
  • Crampin, S. Evans, R. (1986). Neotectonics of the Marmara Sea region of Turkey, Journal Geological Society, 143, 343–348.
  • Eginitis, D. (1894). "1310 Zelzelesi Hakkında Rapor", Translated by Bogos, İstanbul, 21 Agustos 1310 Başbakanlık Arşivi Genel Müdürlüğü, Yıldız Esas Evrakı Sıra No. 674, Dosya No. 11, Gömlek No. 24, Varak 29 (hadwritten manuscript, 1894).
  • Gazioğlu, C. (2017). Assessment of Tsunami-related Geohazard Assessment for Coasts of Hersek Peninsula and Gulf of İzmit, International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics, 4(2), 63-78. doi. 10.30897/ijegeo.312554
  • Gazioğlu, C., Alpar, B., Yücel, Z. Y., Müftüoğlu, A. E., Güneysu, C., Ertek, T. A., Demir, V., Kaya, H. (2014). Morphologic features of Kapıdağ Peninsula and its coasts (NW-Turkey) using by remote sensing and DTM. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics, 1(1), 48– 63.
  • Gazioğlu, C., Gökaşan, E., Algan, O. Yücel, Z. Y., Tok, B., Doğan, E., (2002). Morphologic features of the Marmara Sea from multi-beam data, Mar. Geol., 190(1– 2): 397–420.
  • Gazioğlu, C., Yücel, Z.Y., Dogan, E. (2005). “Morphological features of major submarine landslides of Marmara Sea by using multi beam data”. Journal of Coastal Research, 21(4), 664-673.
  • Gazioğlu, C.; Gökaşan, E.; Algan, O.; Yücel, Z.Y.; Tok, B., Doğan, E. (2002). Morphologic features of the Marmara Sea from multi-beam data. Marine Geology, 190, 397–420.
  • Gökaşan, E. Gazioğlu, C., Alpar, B.; Yücel, Z.Y.; Ersoy, Ş. Gündoğdu, O., Yaltirak, C. (2002). Evidences of NW extension of the North Anatolian Fault Zone in Marmara Sea; a new approach to the 17th August 1999 Marmara Sea earthquake. Geo-Marine Letters, 21(4): 183–199.
  • Gökaşan, E.; Alpar, B.; Gazioğlu, C.; Yücel, Z.Y.; Tok, B.; Doğan, E., Güneysu, C. (2001). Active tectonics of the I˙zmit Gulf (NE Marmara Sea): from high resolution seismic and multibeam bathymetry data. Marine Geology, 175/1–4, 271–294.
  • Gökaşan, E.; Ustaömer, T.; Gazioğlu, C.; Yücel, Z.Y.; Öztürk, K.; Tur, H.; Ecevitağlu, B., Tok, B. (2003). Morpho-tectonic evolution of the Marmara Sea inferred from multi-beam bathymetric and seismic data. Geo-Marine Letters, 23(1), 19–33.
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Tsunami Hazard Assessment and Potential Risk Mitigation Requirement for Sea of Marmara Coastline

Yıl 2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 3, 359 - 368, 05.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.908180

Öz

The westward movement of the seismic energy along the North Anatolian Fault (NAF) during the 20th century has increased the probability that the next activity will be offshore in the Sea of Marmara. According to historical records 35 tsunami events have impacted the Sea of Marmara coasts (Altınok, et al., 2011). Offshore seismic sources may trigger these tsunamis directly or through coseismic underwater failure. The 1999 İzmit Bay tsunami led to more comprehensive analyses of these events which are generally caused by underwater failures close to the target coastline. Waves so generated can arrive at nearby coastlines in minutes, causing extensive damage and loss of life. Here this paper proposes, on the basis of tsunami models in the Sea of Marmara and methodology used internationally, tsunami inundation maps for the areas along the Sea of Marmara coasts in the light of both remote sensing and DTMs data. This investigation highlights the information regarding the most vulnerable tsunamigenic areas. Such maps for selected areas help to understand the possible effects on those regions and should only be used for evacuation planning and reducing possible hazard

Kaynakça

  • Abalı, H. (2005). Assessment of tsunami hazard in the Marmara Sea. MsC thesis (unpublished), 96p.
  • Aksu, A.E.;Calon, T.J., Hiscott, R.N. (2000). Anatomy of the North Anatolian Fault Zone in the Marmara Sea, western Turkey: extensional basins above a continental transform, GSA Today, 10 (6), June 2000, 3–7.
  • Alpar, B., Altınok, Y., Gazioğlu, C. Yücel, Z.Y. (2002). Tsunami Hazard Assessment in İstanbul Turkish Journal of Marine Sciences 9 (1):3-29.
  • Alpar, B., Gazioğlu, C., Altınok, Y Yücel, Z.Y. Dengiz, Ş. (2004). Tsunami hazard assessment in Istanbul using by high resolution satellite data (Ikonos) and DTM, XXth Congress of the ISPRS, Istanbul.
  • Alpar, B., Yalçıner, A.C., Imamura, F., Synolakis, C.E. (2001). Determination of probable underwater failures and modeling of tsunami propagation in the Sea of Marmara. Proceedings of the International Tsunami Symposium 2001, August 7-10, 2001, Seattle, Washington, USA, pp. 535-544.
  • Altınok, Y., Alpar, B., Yaltırak, C. (2003). Şarköy-Mürefte 1912 Earthquake’s Tsunami, Extension of the Associated Faulting in the Marmara Sea, Turkey. Journal of Seismology, 7(3): 329-346.
  • Altınok, Y., Alpar, B.Ş., Özer, N. Aykurt, H. (2011). Revision of the Tsunami Catalogue affecting Turkish coasts and surrounding regions Natural Hazards And Earth System Sciences, 11: 273-291.
  • Altınok, Y., Alpar, B.Ş., Özer, N. Gazioğlu, C. (2005). 1881 and 1949 earthquakes at the Chios-Cesme Strait (Aegean Sea) and their relation to tsunamis. Natural Hazards And Earth System Sciences, 5(5): 717-725.
  • Altınok, Y., Ersoy, Ş., Yalçıner, A.C., Alpar, B., Kuran, U. (2001a). Historical tsunamis in the Sea of Marmara, International Tsunami Symposium 2001 Proceedings, NOAA, Pacific Marine Environmental Lab., Editor(s) : Eddie Bernard and Frank Gonzales,: U.S.A., Session 4, Number 4-2: 527 - 534.
  • Altınok, Y., Tinti, S., Alpar, B., Yalçıner, A.C., Ersoy, Ş., Bortolucci, E. Armigliato, A., (2001b). The tsunami of August 17, 1999 in İzmit Bay. Natural Hazards, 24: 133-146.
  • Ambraseys, N.N. (1960). The seismic sea wave on July 9, 1956, in the Greek Archipelago. J. Geoph. Res. 65: 1257-1265.
  • Ambraseys, N.N. (1962). Data for the investigation of the seismic sea-waves in the Eastern Mediterranean. Bull. Seism. Soc. Am. 52: 895-913.
  • Ambraseys, N.N. Finkel, C.F. (1991). Long term seismicity of İstanbul and of the Marmara Sea region. Terra Nova, 3, 527-539.
  • Ambraseys, N.N. Finkel, C.F. (1995). The Seismicity of Turkey and Adjacent Areas. A Historical Review, 1500-1800. Eren Yayıncılık, İstanbul.
  • Ambraseys, N.N., Jackson, J.A. (2000). Seismicity of the Sea of Marmara (Turkey) since 1500. Geophys. J. Int. 141, F1– F6.
  • Antonopoulos, A. (1978). Contribution to the knowledge of tsunamis in the Eastern Mediterranean from ancient times until the recent. Ann. Geol. Des. Pays. Helleniques, Le serie TXXIX/2: 740-757.
  • Armijo, R.; Meyer, B.; Hubert, A., Barka, A., (1999). Westward propagation of the North Anatolian Fault into the northern Aegean: timing and kinematics. Geology, 27, 267–270.
  • Barka, A.A. (1996). Slip distribution along the North Anatolian Fault associated with the large Earthquakes of the period 1939 to 1967. Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am. 86, 1238– 1254.
  • Barka, A.A., Kadinsky-Cade, K., (1988). Strike-slip fault geometry in Turkey and its influence on earthquake activity. Tectonics, 7, 663–684.
  • Batur, A. (1994). Bir depremin yüzyıl dönümü. İstanbul Dergisi 10: 24-33.
  • Batur, A. (1999). Muharrem ayında bir salı günü. Cogito, Deprem Özel Sayısı, Yapı ve Kredi Yayınları, İstanbul, 20: 42-59,.
  • Çesmi-zade, M.R. (1766-1768). Cesmizade Tarihi (1766). Ed. B.S. Kütükoglu, Istanbul Fetih Cemiyeti Yayınları 1993.
  • Crampin, S. Evans, R. (1986). Neotectonics of the Marmara Sea region of Turkey, Journal Geological Society, 143, 343–348.
  • Eginitis, D. (1894). "1310 Zelzelesi Hakkında Rapor", Translated by Bogos, İstanbul, 21 Agustos 1310 Başbakanlık Arşivi Genel Müdürlüğü, Yıldız Esas Evrakı Sıra No. 674, Dosya No. 11, Gömlek No. 24, Varak 29 (hadwritten manuscript, 1894).
  • Gazioğlu, C. (2017). Assessment of Tsunami-related Geohazard Assessment for Coasts of Hersek Peninsula and Gulf of İzmit, International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics, 4(2), 63-78. doi. 10.30897/ijegeo.312554
  • Gazioğlu, C., Alpar, B., Yücel, Z. Y., Müftüoğlu, A. E., Güneysu, C., Ertek, T. A., Demir, V., Kaya, H. (2014). Morphologic features of Kapıdağ Peninsula and its coasts (NW-Turkey) using by remote sensing and DTM. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics, 1(1), 48– 63.
  • Gazioğlu, C., Gökaşan, E., Algan, O. Yücel, Z. Y., Tok, B., Doğan, E., (2002). Morphologic features of the Marmara Sea from multi-beam data, Mar. Geol., 190(1– 2): 397–420.
  • Gazioğlu, C., Yücel, Z.Y., Dogan, E. (2005). “Morphological features of major submarine landslides of Marmara Sea by using multi beam data”. Journal of Coastal Research, 21(4), 664-673.
  • Gazioğlu, C.; Gökaşan, E.; Algan, O.; Yücel, Z.Y.; Tok, B., Doğan, E. (2002). Morphologic features of the Marmara Sea from multi-beam data. Marine Geology, 190, 397–420.
  • Gökaşan, E. Gazioğlu, C., Alpar, B.; Yücel, Z.Y.; Ersoy, Ş. Gündoğdu, O., Yaltirak, C. (2002). Evidences of NW extension of the North Anatolian Fault Zone in Marmara Sea; a new approach to the 17th August 1999 Marmara Sea earthquake. Geo-Marine Letters, 21(4): 183–199.
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Oşinografi
Bölüm Review Articles
Yazarlar

Ayhan SALAR (Sorumlu Yazar)
İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, DENİZ BİLİMLERİ VE İŞLETMECİLİĞİ ENSTİTÜSÜ, DENİZ İŞLETMECİLİĞİ (YL) (TEZLİ)
0000-0003-1781-7917
Türkiye


Cem GAZİOĞLU
İstanbul Üniversitesi, Deniz Bilimleri Enstitüsü
0000-0002-2083-4008
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 5 Eylül 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @derleme { ijegeo908180, journal = {International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-9173}, address = {}, publisher = {Cem GAZİOĞLU}, year = {2021}, volume = {8}, pages = {359 - 368}, doi = {10.30897/ijegeo.908180}, title = {Tsunami Hazard Assessment and Potential Risk Mitigation Requirement for Sea of Marmara Coastline}, key = {cite}, author = {Salar, Ayhan and Gazioğlu, Cem} }
APA Salar, A. & Gazioğlu, C. (2021). Tsunami Hazard Assessment and Potential Risk Mitigation Requirement for Sea of Marmara Coastline . International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics , 8 (3) , 359-368 . DOI: 10.30897/ijegeo.908180
MLA Salar, A. , Gazioğlu, C. "Tsunami Hazard Assessment and Potential Risk Mitigation Requirement for Sea of Marmara Coastline" . International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 8 (2021 ): 359-368 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ijegeo/issue/61200/908180>
Chicago Salar, A. , Gazioğlu, C. "Tsunami Hazard Assessment and Potential Risk Mitigation Requirement for Sea of Marmara Coastline". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 8 (2021 ): 359-368
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Tsunami Hazard Assessment and Potential Risk Mitigation Requirement for Sea of Marmara Coastline AU - Ayhan Salar , Cem Gazioğlu Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.908180 DO - 10.30897/ijegeo.908180 T2 - International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 359 EP - 368 VL - 8 IS - 3 SN - -2148-9173 M3 - doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.908180 UR - https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.908180 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics Tsunami Hazard Assessment and Potential Risk Mitigation Requirement for Sea of Marmara Coastline %A Ayhan Salar , Cem Gazioğlu %T Tsunami Hazard Assessment and Potential Risk Mitigation Requirement for Sea of Marmara Coastline %D 2021 %J International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics %P -2148-9173 %V 8 %N 3 %R doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.908180 %U 10.30897/ijegeo.908180
ISNAD Salar, Ayhan , Gazioğlu, Cem . "Tsunami Hazard Assessment and Potential Risk Mitigation Requirement for Sea of Marmara Coastline". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 8 / 3 (Eylül 2021): 359-368 . https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.908180
AMA Salar A. , Gazioğlu C. Tsunami Hazard Assessment and Potential Risk Mitigation Requirement for Sea of Marmara Coastline. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics. 2021; 8(3): 359-368.
Vancouver Salar A. , Gazioğlu C. Tsunami Hazard Assessment and Potential Risk Mitigation Requirement for Sea of Marmara Coastline. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics. 2021; 8(3): 359-368.
IEEE A. Salar ve C. Gazioğlu , "Tsunami Hazard Assessment and Potential Risk Mitigation Requirement for Sea of Marmara Coastline", International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics, c. 8, sayı. 3, ss. 359-368, Eyl. 2021, doi:10.30897/ijegeo.908180