Araştırma Makalesi
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Yıl 2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 3, 386 - 396, 05.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.914055

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Afyoncu E (2018). Tarih Boyunca İstanbul Büyük Depremlerle Sarsıldı, Sabah Gazetesi, 23/09/2018 (in Turkish).
  • Agathias M (1828). Historiarum libri Quinque. Ιστοριων. Bonnae: Impensis Ed. Weberi.
  • Agathias M (1878). V, 3; F. Unger, Quellen der byzantinischen Kunstgeschichte, Wien, I, 113, nr. 240.
  • Altuğ K (2012). Planlama İlkeleri ve Yapım Teknikleri Açısından Tarihi Yarımada’daki Bizans Dönemi Sarnıçları. Restorasyon Konservasyon Çalışmaları Dergisi 15: 3-22 (in Turkish)
  • Altuğ K (2013). İstanbul’da Bizans Dönemi Sarnıçlarının Mimari Özellikleri ve Kentin Tarihsel Topografyasındaki Dağılımı. İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Yayımlanmamış DoktoraTezi, İstanbul (in Turkish).
  • Altuğ K (2017). Küçükçekmece Göl Havzası (Bathonea?) Kazıları Büyük Sarnıç. İstanbul Küçükçekmece Göl Havzası Kazıları (Bathonea), Ed. Ş.Aydıngün, İstanbul Arkeoloji ve Sanat Yayınları, 181-191. (in Turkish).
  • Ambraseys N (2002). The seismic activity of the Marmara Sea Region over the last 2000 years. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 92, 1, 1-18, doi:10.1785/0120000843.
  • Ambraseys N (2009). Earthquakes in the Mediterranean and Middle East: a multidisciplinary study of seismicity up to 1900. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978 0 521 87292 8.doi:10.1017/S0016756810000452

Archeological Traces of Sixth Century Earthquakes in İstanbul Küçükçekmece Lake Basin (Bathonea) Excavations

Yıl 2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 3, 386 - 396, 05.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.914055

Öz

Located 20 km west of the Bosporus, the Bathonea ancient port settlement on the Avcılar / Firuzköy Peninsula northwest of Küçükçekmece Lagoon Lake has been the subject of archeological excavations with a multidisciplinary team since 2010. Excavations determined two separate structures with intense and destructive damage and studies were performed about whether or not this damage was caused by destructive earthquakes in the region. A church structure with an apse had most pronounced intense damage and skeletons belonging to two hugging individuals were identified under the stones of a collapsed dome. Additionally, coins dated to 550 and other archeological materials reveal the destructive earthquake occurred after 550 in the period of the Emperor Justinian (527-565). If it had occurred during the reign of a different emperor, the coins would have been out of circulation. Strong destructive traces were identified in other structures spread over a large area in the excavation site, apart from the apse structure. In the north of the peninsula nearly 600 m from the church structure, visible offsets and collapsed walls were revealed in the walls of a great water cistern. Deformation offsets and fractures observed in this cistern and in tunnels bringing water to the cistern provide evidence of earthquakes in the 6th century. After the structure became unusable, bricks and stones used for construction of other structures in the 7-8th centuries provide important data to date the earthquake. Excavations supporting geophysical studies continue. The results from the excavation confirm some historical earthquakes occurring in Istanbul and mentioned by ancient and medieval writers with archeological evidence for the first time.

Kaynakça

  • Afyoncu E (2018). Tarih Boyunca İstanbul Büyük Depremlerle Sarsıldı, Sabah Gazetesi, 23/09/2018 (in Turkish).
  • Agathias M (1828). Historiarum libri Quinque. Ιστοριων. Bonnae: Impensis Ed. Weberi.
  • Agathias M (1878). V, 3; F. Unger, Quellen der byzantinischen Kunstgeschichte, Wien, I, 113, nr. 240.
  • Altuğ K (2012). Planlama İlkeleri ve Yapım Teknikleri Açısından Tarihi Yarımada’daki Bizans Dönemi Sarnıçları. Restorasyon Konservasyon Çalışmaları Dergisi 15: 3-22 (in Turkish)
  • Altuğ K (2013). İstanbul’da Bizans Dönemi Sarnıçlarının Mimari Özellikleri ve Kentin Tarihsel Topografyasındaki Dağılımı. İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Yayımlanmamış DoktoraTezi, İstanbul (in Turkish).
  • Altuğ K (2017). Küçükçekmece Göl Havzası (Bathonea?) Kazıları Büyük Sarnıç. İstanbul Küçükçekmece Göl Havzası Kazıları (Bathonea), Ed. Ş.Aydıngün, İstanbul Arkeoloji ve Sanat Yayınları, 181-191. (in Turkish).
  • Ambraseys N (2002). The seismic activity of the Marmara Sea Region over the last 2000 years. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 92, 1, 1-18, doi:10.1785/0120000843.
  • Ambraseys N (2009). Earthquakes in the Mediterranean and Middle East: a multidisciplinary study of seismicity up to 1900. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978 0 521 87292 8.doi:10.1017/S0016756810000452

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Research Articles
Yazarlar

Şerif BARIŞ (Sorumlu Yazar)
KOCAELİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, MÜHENDİSLİK FAKÜLTESİ, JEOFİZİK MÜHENDİSLİĞİ BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0001-8888-2295
Türkiye


Şengül AYDINGÜN
KOCAELI UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-0309-2348
Türkiye


Hakan KAYA
ISTANBUL UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-7298-1915
Türkiye


Cem GAZİOĞLU
ISTANBUL UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-2083-4008
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 5 Eylül 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ijegeo914055, journal = {International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-9173}, address = {}, publisher = {Cem GAZİOĞLU}, year = {2021}, volume = {8}, pages = {386 - 396}, doi = {10.30897/ijegeo.914055}, title = {Archeological Traces of Sixth Century Earthquakes in İstanbul Küçükçekmece Lake Basin (Bathonea) Excavations}, key = {cite}, author = {Barış, Şerif and Aydıngün, Şengül and Kaya, Hakan and Gazioğlu, Cem} }
APA Barış, Ş. , Aydıngün, Ş. , Kaya, H. & Gazioğlu, C. (2021). Archeological Traces of Sixth Century Earthquakes in İstanbul Küçükçekmece Lake Basin (Bathonea) Excavations . International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics , 8 (3) , 386-396 . DOI: 10.30897/ijegeo.914055
MLA Barış, Ş. , Aydıngün, Ş. , Kaya, H. , Gazioğlu, C. "Archeological Traces of Sixth Century Earthquakes in İstanbul Küçükçekmece Lake Basin (Bathonea) Excavations" . International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 8 (2021 ): 386-396 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ijegeo/issue/61200/914055>
Chicago Barış, Ş. , Aydıngün, Ş. , Kaya, H. , Gazioğlu, C. "Archeological Traces of Sixth Century Earthquakes in İstanbul Küçükçekmece Lake Basin (Bathonea) Excavations". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 8 (2021 ): 386-396
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Archeological Traces of Sixth Century Earthquakes in İstanbul Küçükçekmece Lake Basin (Bathonea) Excavations AU - Şerif Barış , Şengül Aydıngün , Hakan Kaya , Cem Gazioğlu Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.914055 DO - 10.30897/ijegeo.914055 T2 - International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 386 EP - 396 VL - 8 IS - 3 SN - -2148-9173 M3 - doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.914055 UR - https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.914055 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics Archeological Traces of Sixth Century Earthquakes in İstanbul Küçükçekmece Lake Basin (Bathonea) Excavations %A Şerif Barış , Şengül Aydıngün , Hakan Kaya , Cem Gazioğlu %T Archeological Traces of Sixth Century Earthquakes in İstanbul Küçükçekmece Lake Basin (Bathonea) Excavations %D 2021 %J International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics %P -2148-9173 %V 8 %N 3 %R doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.914055 %U 10.30897/ijegeo.914055
ISNAD Barış, Şerif , Aydıngün, Şengül , Kaya, Hakan , Gazioğlu, Cem . "Archeological Traces of Sixth Century Earthquakes in İstanbul Küçükçekmece Lake Basin (Bathonea) Excavations". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 8 / 3 (Eylül 2021): 386-396 . https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.914055
AMA Barış Ş. , Aydıngün Ş. , Kaya H. , Gazioğlu C. Archeological Traces of Sixth Century Earthquakes in İstanbul Küçükçekmece Lake Basin (Bathonea) Excavations. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics. 2021; 8(3): 386-396.
Vancouver Barış Ş. , Aydıngün Ş. , Kaya H. , Gazioğlu C. Archeological Traces of Sixth Century Earthquakes in İstanbul Küçükçekmece Lake Basin (Bathonea) Excavations. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics. 2021; 8(3): 386-396.
IEEE Ş. Barış , Ş. Aydıngün , H. Kaya ve C. Gazioğlu , "Archeological Traces of Sixth Century Earthquakes in İstanbul Küçükçekmece Lake Basin (Bathonea) Excavations", International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics, c. 8, sayı. 3, ss. 386-396, Eyl. 2021, doi:10.30897/ijegeo.914055