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A Comparative MCDM Analysis of Potential Short-Term Measures for Dealing with Mucilage Problem in the Sea of Marmara

Yıl 2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 4, 572 - 580, 15.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.1026107

Öz

Mucilage is a dense and highly viscous substance made up of extracellular polysaccharides produced and secreted by the overgrowth of various aquatic species. Rising ocean temperatures, as well as human-induced stressors like inadequate treatment levels and overfishing, are common causes of such algal blooms. By mid-2020, the Sea of Marmara was covered with mucilage that threatens marine life, tourism, fisheries and the economy. Even though this was not the first mucilage outbreak in the Sea of Marmara and was not a region-specific occurrence, it was one of the worst. The phenomenon attracts increasing attention as it severely impacts the overall ecology, particularly benthic creatures. This study aims to evaluate the short-term strategies that can be used to control mucilage in the Marmara Sea according to environmental, economic, technological, technical and social criteria. It is important to note that although integrating conventional treatment plants with advanced nutrient treatment technologies is the long-term and ultimate solution to the issue, this study focuses only on short-term measures to control a mucilage outbreak in the Sea of Marmara. Fuzzy Theory is used to analyze data obtained from experts from various sectors using two separate Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) models: Preference Ranking Organization Method for Enrichment Evaluations (PROMETHEE) and Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS). The results indicate that stopping fishing is the best alternative, whereas collecting mucilage on the surface is the second-best preferable by two methods (F-TOPSIS, F-PROMETHEE). According to experts, the third option is to use beneficial bacteria to eliminate mucilage, while reactive oxygen dosing is the least appealing option.

Kaynakça

  • Aksu, A., Taşkın, Ö.S., Çağlar, N. (2021). Müsilajın Çevresel Şartlarda Değişen Kimyasal Karakterizasyonu. Marmara Denizi'nin Ekolojisi: Deniz Salyası Oluşumu, Etkileşimleri ve Çözüm Önerileri. Türkiye Bİlimler Akademisi.
  • Altıok, Η., & Kayişoğlu, M. (2015). Seasonal and interannual variability of water exchange in the Strait of Istanbul. Mediterranean Marine Science, 16(3), 644-655.
  • Balkis-Ozdelice, N., Durmus, T., Toklu-Alicli, B., & Balci, M. (2020). Phytoplankton composition related to the environmental conditions in the coastal waters of the Gulf of Erdek.
  • Behzadian, M., Kazemzadeh, R. B., Albadvi, A., & Aghdasi, M. (2010). PROMETHEE: A comprehensive literature review on methodologies and applications. European journal of Operational research, 200(1), 198-215. Bianchi, G. (1746). Notizie sulla vasta fioritura algale del 1729. Raccolta d'opuscoli scientifici e filologici, 34, 256–257.
  • Burak, S., Bilge, A. H., & Ülker, D. (2021). Assessment and simulation of water transfer for the megacity Istanbul. Physical Geography, 1-25.
  • Cambrainha, G. M., & Fontana, M. E. (2018). A multi-criteria decision making approach to balance water supply-demand strategies in water supply systems. Production, 28.
  • Coban, A., Ertis, I. F., & Cavdaroglu, N. A. (2018). Municipal solid waste management via multi-criteria decision making methods: A case study in Istanbul, Turkey. Journal of cleaner production, 180, 159-167.
  • Cozzi, S., Ivančić, I., Catalano, G., Djakovac, T., & Degobbis, D. (2004). Dynamics of the oceanographic properties during mucilage appearance in the Northern Adriatic Sea: analysis of the 1997 event in comparison to earlier events. Journal of Marine Systems, 50(3-4), 223-241.
  • Danovaro, R., Umani, S. F., & Pusceddu, A. (2009). Climate change and the potential spreading of marine mucilage and microbial pathogens in the Mediterranean Sea. PLoS One, 4(9), e7006.
  • Del Negro, P., Crevatin, E., Larato, C., Ferrari, C., Totti, C., Pompei, M., ... & Umani, S. F. (2005). Mucilage microcosms. Science of the Total Environment, 353(1-3), 258-269.
  • Ergül, H. A., Balkis-Ozdelice, N., Koral, M., Aksan, S., Durmus, T., Kaya, M., Kayal, M., Ekmekci, F., Canli, O. (2021). The early stage of mucilage formation in the Marmara Sea during spring 2021. Journal of the Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment, 27(2) 232-257.
  • Funari, E., & Ade, P. (1999). Human health implications associated with mucilage in the northern Adriatic Sea. Annali dell'Istituto superiore di sanità, 35(3), 421-425.
  • Giani, M., Savelli, F., Berto, D., Zangrando, V., Ćosović, B., & Vojvodić, V. (2005). Temporal dynamics of dissolved and particulate organic carbon in the northern Adriatic Sea in relation to the mucilage events. Science of the Total Environment, 353(1-3), 126-138.
  • Kraus, R., & Supic, N. (2015). Sea dynamics impacts on the macroaggregates: A case study of the 1997 mucilage event in the northern Adriatic. Progress in oceanography, 138, 249-267.
  • Kumar, A., Sah, B., Singh, A. R., Deng, Y., He, X., Kumar, P., & Bansal, R. C. (2017). A review of multi criteria decision making (MCDM) towards sustainable renewable energy development. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 69, 596-609.
  • Malej, A., Mozetič, P., Turk, V., Terzič, S., Ahel, M., & Cauwet, G. (2003). Changes in particulate and dissolved organic matter in nutrient-enriched enclosures from an area influenced by mucilage: the northern Adriatic Sea. Journal of plankton research, 25(8), 949-966.
  • Opricovic, S., & Tzeng, G. H. (2004). Compromise solution by MCDM methods: A comparative analysis of VIKOR and TOPSIS. European journal of operational research, 156(2), 445-455.
  • Özalp, H. B. (2021). First massive mucilage event observed in deep waters of Çanakkale Strait (Dardanelles ), Turkey. J. Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment, 27(1), 49–66.
  • Öztürk, İ. D., Mutlu, S., Kaman, G., Partal, F. B., Demirtaş, A., Çağlar, S., Kuzyaka, E., Altıok, H.,.Ediger, D. (2021). Vertical distribution of mucilage typology in the water column after a massive mucilage formation in the surface waters of the Sea of Marmara. Journal of the Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment, 27(2) 184-201.
  • Öztürk, İ., Dülekgürgen, E., Erşahin M.E. (2021). Marmara’da Deniz Salyası Sorunu: Tanımı, Sebepleri, Boyutları, Değerlendirme ve Çözüm Önerileri The Mucilage Problem in Marmara: Definition, Causes, Dimensions, Evaluation and Recommendations For Solution, Türkiye Bİlimler Akademisi.
  • Precali, R., Giani, M., Marini, M., Grilli, F., Ferrari, C. R., Pečar, O., & Paschini, E. (2005). Mucilaginous aggregates in the northern Adriatic in the period 1999–2002: typology and distribution. Science of the Total Environment, 353(1-3), 10-23.
  • Rinaldi, A., Vollenweider, R. A., Montanari, G., Ferrari, C. R., & Ghetti, A. (1995). Mucilages in Italian seas: the Adriatic and Tyrrhenian seas, 1988–1991. Science of the Total Environment, 165(1-3), 165-183.
  • Savun-Hekimoğlu, B., & Gazioğlu, C. (2021). Mucilage Problem in the Semi-Enclosed Seas: Recent Outbreak in the Sea of Marmara. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics, 8(4), 402-413.
  • Savun-Hekimoğlu, B., Erbay, B., Hekimoğlu, M., & Burak, S. (2021). Evaluation of water supply alternatives for Istanbul using forecasting and multi-criteria decision making methods. Journal of Cleaner Production, 287, 125080.
  • Scholten, L., Schuwirth, N., Reichert, P., & Lienert, J. (2015). Tackling uncertainty in multi-criteria decision analysis–An application to water supply infrastructure planning. European journal of operational research, 242(1), 243-260.
  • Topçu, N. E., & Öztürk, B. (2021). The impact of the massive mucilage outbreak in the Sea of Marmara on gorgonians of Prince Islands: A qualitative assessment. J. Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment 27(2), 270-278.
  • Uğur, A., Yılmaz, O.S., Çelen, M., Ateş, A.M., Gülgen, F., & Şanlı, F.B. (2021). Determination of mucilage in the sea of marmara using remote sensing techniques with google earth engine. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics, 8(4), 423-434.
  • Umani, S. F., Ghirardelli, E., & Specchi, M. (1989). Gli episodi di" mare sporco" nell'Adriatico dal 1729 ai giorni nostri. Ufficio stampa e pubbliche relazioni della Regione Friuli-Venezia Giulia.

Yıl 2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 4, 572 - 580, 15.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.1026107

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Aksu, A., Taşkın, Ö.S., Çağlar, N. (2021). Müsilajın Çevresel Şartlarda Değişen Kimyasal Karakterizasyonu. Marmara Denizi'nin Ekolojisi: Deniz Salyası Oluşumu, Etkileşimleri ve Çözüm Önerileri. Türkiye Bİlimler Akademisi.
  • Altıok, Η., & Kayişoğlu, M. (2015). Seasonal and interannual variability of water exchange in the Strait of Istanbul. Mediterranean Marine Science, 16(3), 644-655.
  • Balkis-Ozdelice, N., Durmus, T., Toklu-Alicli, B., & Balci, M. (2020). Phytoplankton composition related to the environmental conditions in the coastal waters of the Gulf of Erdek.
  • Behzadian, M., Kazemzadeh, R. B., Albadvi, A., & Aghdasi, M. (2010). PROMETHEE: A comprehensive literature review on methodologies and applications. European journal of Operational research, 200(1), 198-215. Bianchi, G. (1746). Notizie sulla vasta fioritura algale del 1729. Raccolta d'opuscoli scientifici e filologici, 34, 256–257.
  • Burak, S., Bilge, A. H., & Ülker, D. (2021). Assessment and simulation of water transfer for the megacity Istanbul. Physical Geography, 1-25.
  • Cambrainha, G. M., & Fontana, M. E. (2018). A multi-criteria decision making approach to balance water supply-demand strategies in water supply systems. Production, 28.
  • Coban, A., Ertis, I. F., & Cavdaroglu, N. A. (2018). Municipal solid waste management via multi-criteria decision making methods: A case study in Istanbul, Turkey. Journal of cleaner production, 180, 159-167.
  • Cozzi, S., Ivančić, I., Catalano, G., Djakovac, T., & Degobbis, D. (2004). Dynamics of the oceanographic properties during mucilage appearance in the Northern Adriatic Sea: analysis of the 1997 event in comparison to earlier events. Journal of Marine Systems, 50(3-4), 223-241.
  • Danovaro, R., Umani, S. F., & Pusceddu, A. (2009). Climate change and the potential spreading of marine mucilage and microbial pathogens in the Mediterranean Sea. PLoS One, 4(9), e7006.
  • Del Negro, P., Crevatin, E., Larato, C., Ferrari, C., Totti, C., Pompei, M., ... & Umani, S. F. (2005). Mucilage microcosms. Science of the Total Environment, 353(1-3), 258-269.
  • Ergül, H. A., Balkis-Ozdelice, N., Koral, M., Aksan, S., Durmus, T., Kaya, M., Kayal, M., Ekmekci, F., Canli, O. (2021). The early stage of mucilage formation in the Marmara Sea during spring 2021. Journal of the Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment, 27(2) 232-257.
  • Funari, E., & Ade, P. (1999). Human health implications associated with mucilage in the northern Adriatic Sea. Annali dell'Istituto superiore di sanità, 35(3), 421-425.
  • Giani, M., Savelli, F., Berto, D., Zangrando, V., Ćosović, B., & Vojvodić, V. (2005). Temporal dynamics of dissolved and particulate organic carbon in the northern Adriatic Sea in relation to the mucilage events. Science of the Total Environment, 353(1-3), 126-138.
  • Kraus, R., & Supic, N. (2015). Sea dynamics impacts on the macroaggregates: A case study of the 1997 mucilage event in the northern Adriatic. Progress in oceanography, 138, 249-267.
  • Kumar, A., Sah, B., Singh, A. R., Deng, Y., He, X., Kumar, P., & Bansal, R. C. (2017). A review of multi criteria decision making (MCDM) towards sustainable renewable energy development. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 69, 596-609.
  • Malej, A., Mozetič, P., Turk, V., Terzič, S., Ahel, M., & Cauwet, G. (2003). Changes in particulate and dissolved organic matter in nutrient-enriched enclosures from an area influenced by mucilage: the northern Adriatic Sea. Journal of plankton research, 25(8), 949-966.
  • Opricovic, S., & Tzeng, G. H. (2004). Compromise solution by MCDM methods: A comparative analysis of VIKOR and TOPSIS. European journal of operational research, 156(2), 445-455.
  • Özalp, H. B. (2021). First massive mucilage event observed in deep waters of Çanakkale Strait (Dardanelles ), Turkey. J. Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment, 27(1), 49–66.
  • Öztürk, İ. D., Mutlu, S., Kaman, G., Partal, F. B., Demirtaş, A., Çağlar, S., Kuzyaka, E., Altıok, H.,.Ediger, D. (2021). Vertical distribution of mucilage typology in the water column after a massive mucilage formation in the surface waters of the Sea of Marmara. Journal of the Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment, 27(2) 184-201.
  • Öztürk, İ., Dülekgürgen, E., Erşahin M.E. (2021). Marmara’da Deniz Salyası Sorunu: Tanımı, Sebepleri, Boyutları, Değerlendirme ve Çözüm Önerileri The Mucilage Problem in Marmara: Definition, Causes, Dimensions, Evaluation and Recommendations For Solution, Türkiye Bİlimler Akademisi.
  • Precali, R., Giani, M., Marini, M., Grilli, F., Ferrari, C. R., Pečar, O., & Paschini, E. (2005). Mucilaginous aggregates in the northern Adriatic in the period 1999–2002: typology and distribution. Science of the Total Environment, 353(1-3), 10-23.
  • Rinaldi, A., Vollenweider, R. A., Montanari, G., Ferrari, C. R., & Ghetti, A. (1995). Mucilages in Italian seas: the Adriatic and Tyrrhenian seas, 1988–1991. Science of the Total Environment, 165(1-3), 165-183.
  • Savun-Hekimoğlu, B., & Gazioğlu, C. (2021). Mucilage Problem in the Semi-Enclosed Seas: Recent Outbreak in the Sea of Marmara. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics, 8(4), 402-413.
  • Savun-Hekimoğlu, B., Erbay, B., Hekimoğlu, M., & Burak, S. (2021). Evaluation of water supply alternatives for Istanbul using forecasting and multi-criteria decision making methods. Journal of Cleaner Production, 287, 125080.
  • Scholten, L., Schuwirth, N., Reichert, P., & Lienert, J. (2015). Tackling uncertainty in multi-criteria decision analysis–An application to water supply infrastructure planning. European journal of operational research, 242(1), 243-260.
  • Topçu, N. E., & Öztürk, B. (2021). The impact of the massive mucilage outbreak in the Sea of Marmara on gorgonians of Prince Islands: A qualitative assessment. J. Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment 27(2), 270-278.
  • Uğur, A., Yılmaz, O.S., Çelen, M., Ateş, A.M., Gülgen, F., & Şanlı, F.B. (2021). Determination of mucilage in the sea of marmara using remote sensing techniques with google earth engine. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics, 8(4), 423-434.
  • Umani, S. F., Ghirardelli, E., & Specchi, M. (1989). Gli episodi di" mare sporco" nell'Adriatico dal 1729 ai giorni nostri. Ufficio stampa e pubbliche relazioni della Regione Friuli-Venezia Giulia.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Çevre Bilimleri
Bölüm Research Articles
Yazarlar

Başak SAVUN-HEKİMOĞLU (Sorumlu Yazar)
İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, DENİZ BİLİMLERİ VE İŞLETMECİLİĞİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
0000-0003-4213-6216
Türkiye


Barbaros ERBAY
AY-RA Construction and Mining Limited Company
0000-0002-5540-2889
Türkiye


Zinet Selmin BURAK
İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, DENİZ BİLİMLERİ VE İŞLETMECİLİĞİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
0000-0003-0780-0687
Türkiye


Cem GAZİOĞLU
İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, DENİZ BİLİMLERİ VE İŞLETMECİLİĞİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
0000-0002-2083-4008
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum Istanbul University Research Fund (BAP)
Proje Numarası MAB-2019-34967
Yayımlanma Tarihi 15 Aralık 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 4

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ijegeo1026107, journal = {International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-9173}, address = {}, publisher = {Cem GAZİOĞLU}, year = {2021}, volume = {8}, pages = {572 - 580}, doi = {10.30897/ijegeo.1026107}, title = {A Comparative MCDM Analysis of Potential Short-Term Measures for Dealing with Mucilage Problem in the Sea of Marmara}, key = {cite}, author = {Savun-hekimoğlu, Başak and Erbay, Barbaros and Burak, Zinet Selmin and Gazioğlu, Cem} }
APA Savun-hekimoğlu, B. , Erbay, B. , Burak, Z. S. & Gazioğlu, C. (2021). A Comparative MCDM Analysis of Potential Short-Term Measures for Dealing with Mucilage Problem in the Sea of Marmara . International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics , 8 (4) , 572-580 . DOI: 10.30897/ijegeo.1026107
MLA Savun-hekimoğlu, B. , Erbay, B. , Burak, Z. S. , Gazioğlu, C. "A Comparative MCDM Analysis of Potential Short-Term Measures for Dealing with Mucilage Problem in the Sea of Marmara" . International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 8 (2021 ): 572-580 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ijegeo/issue/62685/1026107>
Chicago Savun-hekimoğlu, B. , Erbay, B. , Burak, Z. S. , Gazioğlu, C. "A Comparative MCDM Analysis of Potential Short-Term Measures for Dealing with Mucilage Problem in the Sea of Marmara". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 8 (2021 ): 572-580
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - A Comparative MCDM Analysis of Potential Short-Term Measures for Dealing with Mucilage Problem in the Sea of Marmara AU - Başak Savun-hekimoğlu , Barbaros Erbay , Zinet Selmin Burak , Cem Gazioğlu Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.1026107 DO - 10.30897/ijegeo.1026107 T2 - International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 572 EP - 580 VL - 8 IS - 4 SN - -2148-9173 M3 - doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.1026107 UR - https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.1026107 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics A Comparative MCDM Analysis of Potential Short-Term Measures for Dealing with Mucilage Problem in the Sea of Marmara %A Başak Savun-hekimoğlu , Barbaros Erbay , Zinet Selmin Burak , Cem Gazioğlu %T A Comparative MCDM Analysis of Potential Short-Term Measures for Dealing with Mucilage Problem in the Sea of Marmara %D 2021 %J International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics %P -2148-9173 %V 8 %N 4 %R doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.1026107 %U 10.30897/ijegeo.1026107
ISNAD Savun-hekimoğlu, Başak , Erbay, Barbaros , Burak, Zinet Selmin , Gazioğlu, Cem . "A Comparative MCDM Analysis of Potential Short-Term Measures for Dealing with Mucilage Problem in the Sea of Marmara". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 8 / 4 (Aralık 2021): 572-580 . https://doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.1026107
AMA Savun-hekimoğlu B. , Erbay B. , Burak Z. S. , Gazioğlu C. A Comparative MCDM Analysis of Potential Short-Term Measures for Dealing with Mucilage Problem in the Sea of Marmara. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics. 2021; 8(4): 572-580.
Vancouver Savun-hekimoğlu B. , Erbay B. , Burak Z. S. , Gazioğlu C. A Comparative MCDM Analysis of Potential Short-Term Measures for Dealing with Mucilage Problem in the Sea of Marmara. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics. 2021; 8(4): 572-580.
IEEE B. Savun-hekimoğlu , B. Erbay , Z. S. Burak ve C. Gazioğlu , "A Comparative MCDM Analysis of Potential Short-Term Measures for Dealing with Mucilage Problem in the Sea of Marmara", International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics, c. 8, sayı. 4, ss. 572-580, Ara. 2021, doi:10.30897/ijegeo.1026107