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The Comparison of Effects of Gamma Radiation of Crude Oil Yield on Some Sunflower (Helianthus annuus) Seeds

Yıl 2016, Cilt 3, Sayı 1, 14 - 20, 14.01.2016
https://doi.org/10.21448/ijsm.240698

Öz

This study compares the effects of different doses gamma radiation on crude oil yield and moisture of different six variety sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) seeds. As materials, sunflower variety Ege-2001, Turay, AS-508, Tunca, TR-3080 and Tarsan-1018 seeds were used and irradiated with doses of 0 (control), 100, 200, 300, 400 and 500 Gy gamma radiation. Irradiation was performed in a cesium (Ce137) Gammacell 3000 Elan source, dose rate about 9.75 Gy/min (2900 Ci) in the Pamukkale University Faculty of Medicine in the department of the radiological. Moisture amount of seeds were also measured by AOCS standarts. Extraction of the seeds was done with soxhlet apparatus using petroleum ether by hot continuous extraction for 6 hours. It was found that the highest moisture rate in 100 Gy for all seeds variety. The moisture rate ranged between 3.00 and 9.68% in TR-3080 and Ege-2001, respectively. According to the our results, seed moisture content was affected by gamma radiation in a significant negative one-way. The significant reduction in seed moisture content (9.68%) began at 100 Gy of gamma rays and continued to decline to up to 4.04% at 500 Gy. The crude oil yield showed not a important increase in 100 and 200 Gy doses. The result showed that the highest crude oil yield was also obtained from 400 Gy and 33.49% in Ege-2001 seeds.

Kaynakça

  • Arshad, M., Amjad, M. Medicinal Use of Sunflower Oil and Present Status of Sunflower in Pakistan: A Review Study, Sci., Tech. and Dev. 2012, 31 (2): 99-106.
  • AOAC. Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Analtytical Chemists, (14Th ed., The William Byrd Press, Inc., Richmond, Virginia. 1984.
  • Bhattacharya, S.; Joshi, R.K. Factors modifying radiation induced stimulation in plants: Pre- irradiation seed moisture content. Rad. Environ.Biophys. 1977, 14: 47-51.
  • Bewley, J.D. Seed germination and dormancy. Plant cell. 1997, 9 :1055-1066.
  • Chaudhuri, S.K. A simple and reliable method to delect gamma irradiated lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) seeds by germination efficiency and seedling growth test. Radiation Physics and Chemistry. 2002, 64: 131-136.
  • FAO. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation. Food outlook. 2005. 4. Rome.
  • Flagella, Z., Rotunno, T., Tarantino, E., Caterina, R.D., Caro A.D. Changes in seed yield and oil fatty acid composition of high oleic sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) hybrids in relation to the sowing date and the water regime. European Journal of Agronomy, 2002. 17: 221-230.
  • Jain, S.M.; Ahloowalia, B.S.; Veilleux, R.E. In:Somaclonal Variation and Induced Mutation in Crop Improvement (S.Mohan Jain, D.S. Brar, B.S. Ahloowalia, Eds.) Kluwer Academic Publishers, Great Britain. 1998.
  • Ohba, K. Radiation sensitivity of pine seeds of different water content. Hereditas. 1961. 47: 283-294.
  • Okay, Y., Günöz, A. Gölbaşı’na Endemik Centaurea tchihatcheffii Fisch. et Mey. Tohumlarının Çimlenmesi Üzerine Bazı Uygulamaların Etkisi. Ankara Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 2009. 15(2): 119-126.
  • Rahimi, M.M.; Bahrani, A. Effect of Gamma Irradiation on Qualitative and Quantitative Characteristics of Canola (Brassica napus L.), Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research. 2011. 8: 519-525.
  • Sabzalian, M.; Saeidi, G.; Mirlohi, A. Oil Content and Fatty Acid Composition in Seeds of Three Safflower Species. J Am Oil Chem Soc. 2008, 85: 717-721.
  • Sattar, A.; Ahmad, M.; Hussain, A.; Khan, I. Light induced oxidation of nut oils. Die Nahrung. 1989, 33: 213-215.
  • Selenia, L.V.; Stepanenko, O.G. Effect of presowing gamma irradiation on the productivity and active principle content of Matricaria recutita, Rastitel’nye Ressusy, 1979. 15: 143- 154.
  • Wi, S.G.; Chung, B.Y.; Kim, J.H.; Baek, M.H.; Yang, D.H.; Lee, J.W.; Kim, J.S. Ultra structural changes of cell organelles in Arabidopsis stem after gamma irradiation, J. Plant Biol. 2005, 48: 195-200.
  • Youssef, A.A.; Aly, M.S.; Hussein, M.S. Response of geranium (Pelargonium graveolenus L.) to gamma irradiation and foliar application of Speed Grow. Egyptian J. Hort. 2000, 27: 41-53.

The Comparison of Effects of Gamma Radiation of Crude Oil Yield on Some Sunflower (Helianthus annuus) Seeds

Yıl 2016, Cilt 3, Sayı 1, 14 - 20, 14.01.2016
https://doi.org/10.21448/ijsm.240698

Öz

This study compares the effects of different doses gamma radiation on crude oil yield and moisture of different six variety sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) seeds. As materials, sunflower variety Ege-2001, Turay, AS-508, Tunca, TR-3080 and Tarsan-1018 seeds were used and irradiated with doses of 0 (control), 100, 200, 300, 400 and 500 Gy gamma radiation. Irradiation was performed in a cesium (Ce137) Gammacell 3000 Elan source, dose rate about 9.75 Gy/min (2900 Ci) in the Pamukkale University Faculty of Medicine in the department of the radiological. Moisture amount of seeds were also measured by AOCS standarts. Extraction of the seeds was done with soxhlet apparatus using petroleum ether by hot continuous extraction for 6 hours. It was found that the highest moisture rate in 100 Gy for all seeds variety. The moisture rate ranged between 3.00 and 9.68% in TR-3080 and Ege-2001, respectively. According to the our results, seed moisture content was affected by gamma radiation in a significant negative one-way. The significant reduction in seed moisture content (9.68%) began at 100 Gy of gamma rays and continued to decline to up to 4.04% at 500 Gy. The crude oil yield showed not a important increase in 100 and 200 Gy doses. The result showed that the highest crude oil yield was also obtained from 400 Gy and 33.49% in Ege-2001 seeds.

Kaynakça

  • Arshad, M., Amjad, M. Medicinal Use of Sunflower Oil and Present Status of Sunflower in Pakistan: A Review Study, Sci., Tech. and Dev. 2012, 31 (2): 99-106.
  • AOAC. Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Analtytical Chemists, (14Th ed., The William Byrd Press, Inc., Richmond, Virginia. 1984.
  • Bhattacharya, S.; Joshi, R.K. Factors modifying radiation induced stimulation in plants: Pre- irradiation seed moisture content. Rad. Environ.Biophys. 1977, 14: 47-51.
  • Bewley, J.D. Seed germination and dormancy. Plant cell. 1997, 9 :1055-1066.
  • Chaudhuri, S.K. A simple and reliable method to delect gamma irradiated lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) seeds by germination efficiency and seedling growth test. Radiation Physics and Chemistry. 2002, 64: 131-136.
  • FAO. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation. Food outlook. 2005. 4. Rome.
  • Flagella, Z., Rotunno, T., Tarantino, E., Caterina, R.D., Caro A.D. Changes in seed yield and oil fatty acid composition of high oleic sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) hybrids in relation to the sowing date and the water regime. European Journal of Agronomy, 2002. 17: 221-230.
  • Jain, S.M.; Ahloowalia, B.S.; Veilleux, R.E. In:Somaclonal Variation and Induced Mutation in Crop Improvement (S.Mohan Jain, D.S. Brar, B.S. Ahloowalia, Eds.) Kluwer Academic Publishers, Great Britain. 1998.
  • Ohba, K. Radiation sensitivity of pine seeds of different water content. Hereditas. 1961. 47: 283-294.
  • Okay, Y., Günöz, A. Gölbaşı’na Endemik Centaurea tchihatcheffii Fisch. et Mey. Tohumlarının Çimlenmesi Üzerine Bazı Uygulamaların Etkisi. Ankara Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 2009. 15(2): 119-126.
  • Rahimi, M.M.; Bahrani, A. Effect of Gamma Irradiation on Qualitative and Quantitative Characteristics of Canola (Brassica napus L.), Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research. 2011. 8: 519-525.
  • Sabzalian, M.; Saeidi, G.; Mirlohi, A. Oil Content and Fatty Acid Composition in Seeds of Three Safflower Species. J Am Oil Chem Soc. 2008, 85: 717-721.
  • Sattar, A.; Ahmad, M.; Hussain, A.; Khan, I. Light induced oxidation of nut oils. Die Nahrung. 1989, 33: 213-215.
  • Selenia, L.V.; Stepanenko, O.G. Effect of presowing gamma irradiation on the productivity and active principle content of Matricaria recutita, Rastitel’nye Ressusy, 1979. 15: 143- 154.
  • Wi, S.G.; Chung, B.Y.; Kim, J.H.; Baek, M.H.; Yang, D.H.; Lee, J.W.; Kim, J.S. Ultra structural changes of cell organelles in Arabidopsis stem after gamma irradiation, J. Plant Biol. 2005, 48: 195-200.
  • Youssef, A.A.; Aly, M.S.; Hussein, M.S. Response of geranium (Pelargonium graveolenus L.) to gamma irradiation and foliar application of Speed Grow. Egyptian J. Hort. 2000, 27: 41-53.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Biyoloji
Diğer ID JA37PG95PH
Yayınlanma Tarihi January
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Havser ERTEM VAİZOĞULLAR Bu kişi benim


Yeşim KARA Bu kişi benim


Ayşe KURU Bu kişi benim


Begüm PARLAK Bu kişi benim

Yayımlanma Tarihi 14 Ocak 2016
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2016, Cilt 3, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Ertem Vaizoğullar, H. , Kara, Y. , Kuru, A. & Parlak, B. (2016). The Comparison of Effects of Gamma Radiation of Crude Oil Yield on Some Sunflower (Helianthus annuus) Seeds . International Journal of Secondary Metabolite , 3 (1) , 14-20 . DOI: 10.21448/ijsm.240698
International Journal of Secondary Metabolite (IJSM)
ISSN-e: 2148-6905