Araştırma Makalesi
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Assessment of Fruit and Some Biochemical Characteristics of Almond Genotypes Selected from Natural Populations of Kayseri Province

Yıl 2016, Cilt 3, Sayı 2, 82 - 87, 01.07.2016
https://doi.org/10.21448/http-ijate-net-index-php-ijsm.243310

Öz

Almond (Prunus amygdalus L.) can grow under dry climate and harsh soil conditions. The fruits are drupe. Seed-propagated almond populations exist in various parts of Turkey. Several studies have been performed to select the promising genotypes among these populations with regard to fruit quality, yield, late foliations and etc. characteristics. Rich almond populations are shown around the foothills of Erciyes Mountain in Kayseri province of Central Anatolia. In this study, some fruit and biochemical characteristics of 34 almond genotypes selected as promising genotypes with regard to late foliation and yield were determined. Significant variations (P < 0.05) were observed in investigated traits of the genotypes. Of selected genotypes, fruit weights varied between 1.5±0.4- 7.6±0.5 g, fruit lengths between 40.7±0.7 - 19.9±2.9 mm, fruit heights between 17.4±0.8 – 10.3±2.1 mm and fruit widths between 27.6±0.7 – 11.8±0.7 mm. With regard to fruit shape of genotypes, 13 were identified as long oval, 12 as elliptical, 5 hearth-shaped and 4 as round. Considering the biochemical characteristics, crude oil contents varied between 54.9 - 42.1% and protein contents varied between 24.6 – 17.7%. 

Kaynakça

  • Ağlar, E. (2005). Pertek (Tunceli) Yöresi Bademlerinin (Prunus amygdalus L.) Seleksiyonu. Yüksek lisans tezi (basılmamıs), Y.Y.Ü Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Bahçe Bitkileri Anabilim Dalı, Van. (in Turkish).
  • Küden, A. B., Küden, A., Kaska, N., (1994). Adaptations of Some selected Almonds to Mediterranean Region of Turkey. Acta Horticulturae, 373: 83-90.
  • Özbek, S., 1978). Özel Meyvecilik, Çukurova Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Yayınları: 128, Adana (in Turkish).
  • Çelik, M., Çelik, H. ve Yanmaz, R., (1995). Bahçe Bitkilerinin Ekolojik İstekleri (Genel Bahçe Bitkileri, Bölüm 4). Ankara Ün. Ziraat Fakültesi Eğitim, Araştırma ve Geliştirme Vakfı Yay. No:4, s: 65-106, Ankara (in Turkish).
  • Aslantaş, R. ve Güleryüz, M. (1999). Almond selection in microclimate areas of northeast Anatolia XI: Grempa meeting on Pistacios and Almonds, Univ. of Harran, Faulty of Agric.-Pistacio Research and Application Center 1-4 September 1999, Şanlıurfa (Turkey).
  • Gülcan, R. (1976). Seçilmiş Badem Tipleri Üzerinde Fizyolojik ve Morfolojik Araştırmalar. Ege Üniv. Ziraat Fak. Yayınları No.310. Bornova-İzmir, s: 72, (in Turkish). [7]. FAO, (2012).
  • http://faostat.fao.org/site/567/default.aspx#ancor (Accessed on: 20.12.2015).
  • TUIK, (2014). www.tuik.gov.tr (Accessed at 16 June 2015).
  • Gülsoy, E, Balta, F. (2014). Aydın ili Yenipazar, Bozdoğan ve Karacasu ilçeleri badem (Prunus amygdalus Batch) seleksiyonu: Pomolojik özellikler. Akademik Ziraat Dergisi, 3(2):61-68. (in Turkish).
  • Alkan, G., Seferoğlu, H.G. (2014). Bazı Badem Çeşitlerinin Aydın Ekolojisindeki Fenolojik ve Morfolojik Özellikleri. Meyve Bilimi, 1 (2): 38-44.
  • Kester, D.E., Asay, R.N., Micke, W.C., 1984. Solano, Sonora and Padre Almonds. HortScience, 19 (1): 138-139.
  • Aslantaş, R. (1993. Erzincan İli Kemaliye İlçesinde Doğal Olarak Yetişen Bademlerin (Amygdalus communis L.) Seleksiyon Yoluyla Islahı Üzerinde Bir Araştırma. Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Atatürk Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Erzurum, s. 122. (in Turkish).
  • Beyhan, Ö, Şimşek, M. (2007). Kahramanmaraş Merkez İlçe Bademlerinin (Prunus amygdalus L.) Seleksiyon Yoluyla Islahı Üzerine Bir Araştırma. Bahçe 36 (1-2): 11-18. (in Turkish).
  • Yıldırım, A.N. (2007). Isparta Yöresi Bademlerinin (P.amygdalus L.) Seleksiyonu, Doktora Tezi. Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Bahçe Bitkileri Anabilim Dalı, Aydın (in Turkish).
  • Şimsek, M, ve Osmanoğlu A., (2010). Derik (Mardin) İlçesinde Doğal Olarak Yetişen Bademlerin (Prunus amygdalus L.) Seleksiyonu, Y.Y.Üniversitesi Tar. Bil. Derg., 20(3), 171-182, Van (in Turkish).
  • Freitas, J.B., Fernandes, D.C., Czeder, L.P., Lima, J.C.R., Sousa, A.G.O., Naves, M.M.V. 2012. Edible Seeds and Nuts Grown in Brazil as Sources of Protein for Human Nutrition. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 3: 857-862.
  • Kester, D. E., Asay, R., (1975). Almonds. Advences in Fruit Breeding (ed. J. Janick, J. N. Moore) Purdue Universty Press; Westlafayette, Indiana, p: 623.
  • Esteban, R.M., Lopez-Andreum, F.S. and Carpena, O., (1985). Protein Extractabilty of Almond (Prunus amygdalus B.) Seed. J. Sci. Food Agric. 36: 485-490.
  • Abdallah, A., Ahumada, M.H., Gradziel, T.M. (1998). Oil content and Fatty Acid Composition of Almond Kernels from Different Genotypes and California Production Regions. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 123: 1029-1033.
  • Kodad, O., Company, S.I. (2008). Variability of Oil Content and of Major Fatty Acid Composition in Almond (Prunus amygdalus Batsch) and Its Relationship with Kernel Quality. J. Agric. Food Chem. 56: 4096-4101.
  • Kodad, O., Estopanan, G., Juan, T., Company, S.I. (2013). Protein Content and Oil Composition of Almond from Moroccan Seedlings: Genetic Diversity, Oil Quality and Geographical Origin. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, 90: 243-252.

Assessment of Fruit and Some Biochemical Characteristics of Almond Genotypes Selected from Natural Populations of Kayseri Province

Yıl 2016, Cilt 3, Sayı 2, 82 - 87, 01.07.2016
https://doi.org/10.21448/http-ijate-net-index-php-ijsm.243310

Öz

Almond (Prunus amygdalus L.) can grow under dry climate and harsh soil conditions. The fruits are drupe. Seed-propagated almond populations exist in various parts of Turkey. Several studies have been performed to select the promising genotypes among these populations with regard to fruit quality, yield, late foliations and etc. characteristics. Rich almond populations are shown around the foothills of Erciyes Mountain in Kayseri province of Central Anatolia. In this study, some fruit and biochemical characteristics of 34 almond genotypes selected as promising genotypes with regard to late foliation and yield were determined. Significant variations (P < 0.05) were observed in investigated traits of the genotypes. Of selected genotypes, fruit weights varied between 1.5±0.4- 7.6±0.5 g, fruit lengths between 40.7±0.7 - 19.9±2.9 mm, fruit heights between 17.4±0.8 – 10.3±2.1 mm and fruit widths between 27.6±0.7 – 11.8±0.7 mm. With regard to fruit shape of genotypes, 13 were identified as long oval, 12 as elliptical, 5 hearth-shaped and 4 as round. Considering the biochemical characteristics, crude oil contents varied between 54.9 - 42.1% and protein contents varied between 24.6 – 17.7%. 

Kaynakça

  • Ağlar, E. (2005). Pertek (Tunceli) Yöresi Bademlerinin (Prunus amygdalus L.) Seleksiyonu. Yüksek lisans tezi (basılmamıs), Y.Y.Ü Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Bahçe Bitkileri Anabilim Dalı, Van. (in Turkish).
  • Küden, A. B., Küden, A., Kaska, N., (1994). Adaptations of Some selected Almonds to Mediterranean Region of Turkey. Acta Horticulturae, 373: 83-90.
  • Özbek, S., 1978). Özel Meyvecilik, Çukurova Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Yayınları: 128, Adana (in Turkish).
  • Çelik, M., Çelik, H. ve Yanmaz, R., (1995). Bahçe Bitkilerinin Ekolojik İstekleri (Genel Bahçe Bitkileri, Bölüm 4). Ankara Ün. Ziraat Fakültesi Eğitim, Araştırma ve Geliştirme Vakfı Yay. No:4, s: 65-106, Ankara (in Turkish).
  • Aslantaş, R. ve Güleryüz, M. (1999). Almond selection in microclimate areas of northeast Anatolia XI: Grempa meeting on Pistacios and Almonds, Univ. of Harran, Faulty of Agric.-Pistacio Research and Application Center 1-4 September 1999, Şanlıurfa (Turkey).
  • Gülcan, R. (1976). Seçilmiş Badem Tipleri Üzerinde Fizyolojik ve Morfolojik Araştırmalar. Ege Üniv. Ziraat Fak. Yayınları No.310. Bornova-İzmir, s: 72, (in Turkish). [7]. FAO, (2012).
  • http://faostat.fao.org/site/567/default.aspx#ancor (Accessed on: 20.12.2015).
  • TUIK, (2014). www.tuik.gov.tr (Accessed at 16 June 2015).
  • Gülsoy, E, Balta, F. (2014). Aydın ili Yenipazar, Bozdoğan ve Karacasu ilçeleri badem (Prunus amygdalus Batch) seleksiyonu: Pomolojik özellikler. Akademik Ziraat Dergisi, 3(2):61-68. (in Turkish).
  • Alkan, G., Seferoğlu, H.G. (2014). Bazı Badem Çeşitlerinin Aydın Ekolojisindeki Fenolojik ve Morfolojik Özellikleri. Meyve Bilimi, 1 (2): 38-44.
  • Kester, D.E., Asay, R.N., Micke, W.C., 1984. Solano, Sonora and Padre Almonds. HortScience, 19 (1): 138-139.
  • Aslantaş, R. (1993. Erzincan İli Kemaliye İlçesinde Doğal Olarak Yetişen Bademlerin (Amygdalus communis L.) Seleksiyon Yoluyla Islahı Üzerinde Bir Araştırma. Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Atatürk Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Erzurum, s. 122. (in Turkish).
  • Beyhan, Ö, Şimşek, M. (2007). Kahramanmaraş Merkez İlçe Bademlerinin (Prunus amygdalus L.) Seleksiyon Yoluyla Islahı Üzerine Bir Araştırma. Bahçe 36 (1-2): 11-18. (in Turkish).
  • Yıldırım, A.N. (2007). Isparta Yöresi Bademlerinin (P.amygdalus L.) Seleksiyonu, Doktora Tezi. Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Bahçe Bitkileri Anabilim Dalı, Aydın (in Turkish).
  • Şimsek, M, ve Osmanoğlu A., (2010). Derik (Mardin) İlçesinde Doğal Olarak Yetişen Bademlerin (Prunus amygdalus L.) Seleksiyonu, Y.Y.Üniversitesi Tar. Bil. Derg., 20(3), 171-182, Van (in Turkish).
  • Freitas, J.B., Fernandes, D.C., Czeder, L.P., Lima, J.C.R., Sousa, A.G.O., Naves, M.M.V. 2012. Edible Seeds and Nuts Grown in Brazil as Sources of Protein for Human Nutrition. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 3: 857-862.
  • Kester, D. E., Asay, R., (1975). Almonds. Advences in Fruit Breeding (ed. J. Janick, J. N. Moore) Purdue Universty Press; Westlafayette, Indiana, p: 623.
  • Esteban, R.M., Lopez-Andreum, F.S. and Carpena, O., (1985). Protein Extractabilty of Almond (Prunus amygdalus B.) Seed. J. Sci. Food Agric. 36: 485-490.
  • Abdallah, A., Ahumada, M.H., Gradziel, T.M. (1998). Oil content and Fatty Acid Composition of Almond Kernels from Different Genotypes and California Production Regions. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 123: 1029-1033.
  • Kodad, O., Company, S.I. (2008). Variability of Oil Content and of Major Fatty Acid Composition in Almond (Prunus amygdalus Batsch) and Its Relationship with Kernel Quality. J. Agric. Food Chem. 56: 4096-4101.
  • Kodad, O., Estopanan, G., Juan, T., Company, S.I. (2013). Protein Content and Oil Composition of Almond from Moroccan Seedlings: Genetic Diversity, Oil Quality and Geographical Origin. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, 90: 243-252.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Biyoloji
Yayınlanma Tarihi July
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Aydın Uzun>


Erhan Akcalı Bu kişi benim

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Temmuz 2016
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2016, Cilt 3, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

APA Uzun, A. & Akcalı, E. (2016). Assessment of Fruit and Some Biochemical Characteristics of Almond Genotypes Selected from Natural Populations of Kayseri Province . International Journal of Secondary Metabolite , 3 (2) , 82-87 . DOI: 10.21448/http-ijate-net-index-php-ijsm.243310
International Journal of Secondary Metabolite (IJSM)
ISSN-e: 2148-6905