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How Effective are the COVID-19 Fiscal-Support and Restarting-Tourism Policies Taken by the Top 3 European Destinations?

Yıl 2020, Cilt 6, Sayı 2, 241 - 248, 28.12.2020
https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0034

Öz

We are facing a most unexpected situation in the travel & tourism industry. In this research, we want to check from an empirical perspective, the suitability and perspectives of different policies implemented among different governments, private companies, and stakeholders, who are thinking about useful policies to strengthen destinations. Countries all over the world have adopted a wide range of economic and social measures to respond to the crisis, in many cases supported by international and regional institutions. A closer look at some concrete measures adopted across the top-3-European-destinations, Spain, Italy, and France, (World Tourism Organization, 2020), will demonstrate the achieved effectiveness, and the suitability to be implemented and replicated in more territories.

Kaynakça

  • Avraham, E. (2020). Combating tourism crisis following terror attacks: image repair strategies for European destinations since 2014. Current Issues in Tourism, 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1080/13683500.2020.1764510.
  • Bureau Veritas. (2020). Meliá Hotels International y Bureau Veritas firman un acuerdo para la certificación de la reapertura segura de sus hoteles. (2020, May 6). España. https://www.bureauveritas.es/newsroom/melia-hotels-international-certificacion-reapertura-covid-19
  • CEAV - Confederación Española de Agencias de Viajes. (2020, June). Situación de las agencias de viajes en España durante el COVID-19. CEAV. https://www.ceav.es
  • El Confidencial. (2020, July 14). El sello de Turismo del covid es un coladero: lo da sin control incluso a nombres falsos. https://www.elconfidencial.com/espana/andalucia/2020-07-14/sello-turismo-covid-coladero-nombres-falsos_2680491/
  • European Union Commission. (2020). Project reopen Europe. Https://Reopen.Europa.Eu/En/. https://reopen.europa.eu/en/
  • Federazione Italiana Associazioni Imprese Viaggi E Turismo. (2020). Circolare n.71: turismo - fondo emergenza to / adv dm 403 del 12/08/2020 disposizioni applicative haper il riparto per il riparto delle risorse del fondo di cui all’articolo 182, comma 1, del decreto-legge 19 maggio 2020, n. 34, destinate al ristoro. Https://Www.Fiavet.It/. https://www.fiavet.it/
  • Gobierno de España. Boletín Oficial del Estado. (2019). Recomendación (UE) 2020/648 de la Comisión de 13 de mayo de 2020 relativa a los bonos ofrecidos a los pasajeros y a los viajeros como alternativa al reembolso de viajes combinados y servicios de transporte cancelados en el contexto de la pandemia de COVID-19. https://www.boe.es/buscar/doc.php?id=DOUE-L-2020-80751
  • Gobierno de España. (2020). Plan de Impulso del Sector Turístico. Ministerio de Industria, Comercio y Turismo. (2020). https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/serviciosdeprensa/notasprensa/industria/Documents/2020/20062020_PlanTurismo.pdf
  • Governo Italiano. Ministerio della salute. (2020). Direzione Generale della prevenzione sanitaria. Circolare del Ministero della salute del 29 maggio 2020. Http://Www.Salute.Gov.It/. http://www.salute.gov.it/
  • Governo Italiano. Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri. (2020). Decreto consiglio dei ministri 14 luglio 2020, in materia di contenimento e gestione dell’emergenza epidemiologica da COVID-19. Http://Www.Governo.It/It/Il-Governo-Funzioni-Struttura-e-Storia/Il-Consiglio-Dei-Ministri/189. http://www.governo.it/it/il-governo-funzioni-struttura-e-storia/il-consiglio-dei-ministri/189
  • Gouvernement de la République Française. Ministère de l’Économie, des Finances et de la Relance. (2020). Portant dérogation temporaire au taux de commission appliqué au remboursement des chèques-vacances et Plan de soutien au secteur touristique . Ministère de l’Économie, des Finances et de la Relance.
  • Gouvernement de la République Française. (2020). Ordonnance n° 2020-315 du 25 mars 2020 relative aux conditions financières de résolution de certains contrats de voyages touristiques et de séjours en cas de circonstances exceptionnelles et inévitables ou de force majeure. https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000041755833
  • Government of United Kingdom. (2020). COVID-19 countries and territories exempt from advice. Https://Www.Gov.Uk/Guidance/Coronavirus-Covid-19-Countries-and-Territories-Exempt-from-Advice-against-All-but-Essential-International-Travel. https://www.gov.uk/guidance/coronavirus-covid-19-countries-and-territories-exempt-from-advice-against-all-but-essential-international-travel
  • Hall, C. M., Scott, D., & Gössling, S. (2020). Pandemics, transformations and tourism: be careful what you wish for. Tourism Geographies, 22(3), 577–598. https://doi.org/10.1080/14616688.2020.1759131
  • Hosteltur.com. (2020, June 12). El BOE autoriza el corredor turístico Alemania-Baleares. https://www.hosteltur.com/137381_el-boe-autoriza-el-corredor-turistico-alemania-baleares.html
  • Les Entreprises du Voyage. (2020). Dossier Coronavirus : nos recommandations et notre mobilisation auprès des pouvoirs publics. https://www.entreprisesduvoyage.org/dossier-coronavirus-nos-recommandations-mobilisation-aupres-pouvoirs-publics/
  • Mair, J., Ritchie, B. W., & Walters, G. (2014). Towards a research agenda for post-disaster and post-crisis recovery strategies for tourist destinations: a narrative review. Current Issues in Tourism, 19(1), 1–26. https://doi.org/10.1080/13683500.2014.932758
  • Ministero degli Affari Esteri e della Cooperazione Internazionale. (2020). Ministero degli Affari Esteri e della Cooperazione Internazionale, Gazzetta Ufficiale del 2 luglio 2020. Https://Www.Gazzettaufficiale.It/Eli/Id/2020/07/28/20A04004/Sg. https://www.gazzettaufficiale.it/eli/id/2020/07/28/20A04004/sg
  • Pappas, N., & Apostolakis, A. (2020). Financial Crisis and Tourism Activity. Destination Management and Marketing, 784–801. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-7998-2469-5.ch043
  • Reddy, M. V., Boyd, S. W., & Nica, M. (2020). Towards a post-conflict tourism recovery framework. Annals of Tourism Research, 84, 102940. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2020.102940
  • The Telegraph. (2020). Travel updates for countries affected by COVID-19. Https://Www.Telegraph.Co.Uk/News/2020/07/28/Travel-Updates-Five-New-Countries-Added-Fco-Travel-Corridor/.
  • World Tourism Organization. (2020, January). Compendium of Tourism Statistics dataset. "All Countries: Inbound Tourism: Arrivals by region 2014 - 2018. )." Tourism Statistics, (1), pp.https://www.e-unwto.org/doi/abs/10.5555/unwtotfb0000270520142018202001
  • Yozcu, O. K., & Cetin, G. (2019). A Strategic Approach to Managing Risk and Crisis at Tourist Destinations. In Tourist Destination Management (pp. 273-287). Springer.

Yıl 2020, Cilt 6, Sayı 2, 241 - 248, 28.12.2020
https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0034

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Avraham, E. (2020). Combating tourism crisis following terror attacks: image repair strategies for European destinations since 2014. Current Issues in Tourism, 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1080/13683500.2020.1764510.
  • Bureau Veritas. (2020). Meliá Hotels International y Bureau Veritas firman un acuerdo para la certificación de la reapertura segura de sus hoteles. (2020, May 6). España. https://www.bureauveritas.es/newsroom/melia-hotels-international-certificacion-reapertura-covid-19
  • CEAV - Confederación Española de Agencias de Viajes. (2020, June). Situación de las agencias de viajes en España durante el COVID-19. CEAV. https://www.ceav.es
  • El Confidencial. (2020, July 14). El sello de Turismo del covid es un coladero: lo da sin control incluso a nombres falsos. https://www.elconfidencial.com/espana/andalucia/2020-07-14/sello-turismo-covid-coladero-nombres-falsos_2680491/
  • European Union Commission. (2020). Project reopen Europe. Https://Reopen.Europa.Eu/En/. https://reopen.europa.eu/en/
  • Federazione Italiana Associazioni Imprese Viaggi E Turismo. (2020). Circolare n.71: turismo - fondo emergenza to / adv dm 403 del 12/08/2020 disposizioni applicative haper il riparto per il riparto delle risorse del fondo di cui all’articolo 182, comma 1, del decreto-legge 19 maggio 2020, n. 34, destinate al ristoro. Https://Www.Fiavet.It/. https://www.fiavet.it/
  • Gobierno de España. Boletín Oficial del Estado. (2019). Recomendación (UE) 2020/648 de la Comisión de 13 de mayo de 2020 relativa a los bonos ofrecidos a los pasajeros y a los viajeros como alternativa al reembolso de viajes combinados y servicios de transporte cancelados en el contexto de la pandemia de COVID-19. https://www.boe.es/buscar/doc.php?id=DOUE-L-2020-80751
  • Gobierno de España. (2020). Plan de Impulso del Sector Turístico. Ministerio de Industria, Comercio y Turismo. (2020). https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/serviciosdeprensa/notasprensa/industria/Documents/2020/20062020_PlanTurismo.pdf
  • Governo Italiano. Ministerio della salute. (2020). Direzione Generale della prevenzione sanitaria. Circolare del Ministero della salute del 29 maggio 2020. Http://Www.Salute.Gov.It/. http://www.salute.gov.it/
  • Governo Italiano. Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri. (2020). Decreto consiglio dei ministri 14 luglio 2020, in materia di contenimento e gestione dell’emergenza epidemiologica da COVID-19. Http://Www.Governo.It/It/Il-Governo-Funzioni-Struttura-e-Storia/Il-Consiglio-Dei-Ministri/189. http://www.governo.it/it/il-governo-funzioni-struttura-e-storia/il-consiglio-dei-ministri/189
  • Gouvernement de la République Française. Ministère de l’Économie, des Finances et de la Relance. (2020). Portant dérogation temporaire au taux de commission appliqué au remboursement des chèques-vacances et Plan de soutien au secteur touristique . Ministère de l’Économie, des Finances et de la Relance.
  • Gouvernement de la République Française. (2020). Ordonnance n° 2020-315 du 25 mars 2020 relative aux conditions financières de résolution de certains contrats de voyages touristiques et de séjours en cas de circonstances exceptionnelles et inévitables ou de force majeure. https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000041755833
  • Government of United Kingdom. (2020). COVID-19 countries and territories exempt from advice. Https://Www.Gov.Uk/Guidance/Coronavirus-Covid-19-Countries-and-Territories-Exempt-from-Advice-against-All-but-Essential-International-Travel. https://www.gov.uk/guidance/coronavirus-covid-19-countries-and-territories-exempt-from-advice-against-all-but-essential-international-travel
  • Hall, C. M., Scott, D., & Gössling, S. (2020). Pandemics, transformations and tourism: be careful what you wish for. Tourism Geographies, 22(3), 577–598. https://doi.org/10.1080/14616688.2020.1759131
  • Hosteltur.com. (2020, June 12). El BOE autoriza el corredor turístico Alemania-Baleares. https://www.hosteltur.com/137381_el-boe-autoriza-el-corredor-turistico-alemania-baleares.html
  • Les Entreprises du Voyage. (2020). Dossier Coronavirus : nos recommandations et notre mobilisation auprès des pouvoirs publics. https://www.entreprisesduvoyage.org/dossier-coronavirus-nos-recommandations-mobilisation-aupres-pouvoirs-publics/
  • Mair, J., Ritchie, B. W., & Walters, G. (2014). Towards a research agenda for post-disaster and post-crisis recovery strategies for tourist destinations: a narrative review. Current Issues in Tourism, 19(1), 1–26. https://doi.org/10.1080/13683500.2014.932758
  • Ministero degli Affari Esteri e della Cooperazione Internazionale. (2020). Ministero degli Affari Esteri e della Cooperazione Internazionale, Gazzetta Ufficiale del 2 luglio 2020. Https://Www.Gazzettaufficiale.It/Eli/Id/2020/07/28/20A04004/Sg. https://www.gazzettaufficiale.it/eli/id/2020/07/28/20A04004/sg
  • Pappas, N., & Apostolakis, A. (2020). Financial Crisis and Tourism Activity. Destination Management and Marketing, 784–801. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-7998-2469-5.ch043
  • Reddy, M. V., Boyd, S. W., & Nica, M. (2020). Towards a post-conflict tourism recovery framework. Annals of Tourism Research, 84, 102940. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2020.102940
  • The Telegraph. (2020). Travel updates for countries affected by COVID-19. Https://Www.Telegraph.Co.Uk/News/2020/07/28/Travel-Updates-Five-New-Countries-Added-Fco-Travel-Corridor/.
  • World Tourism Organization. (2020, January). Compendium of Tourism Statistics dataset. "All Countries: Inbound Tourism: Arrivals by region 2014 - 2018. )." Tourism Statistics, (1), pp.https://www.e-unwto.org/doi/abs/10.5555/unwtotfb0000270520142018202001
  • Yozcu, O. K., & Cetin, G. (2019). A Strategic Approach to Managing Risk and Crisis at Tourist Destinations. In Tourist Destination Management (pp. 273-287). Springer.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Jonathan Gomez PUNZON Bu kişi benim (Sorumlu Yazar)
Rey Juan Carlos University
0000-0003-2493-4935
Spain


Ricardo PASTOR Bu kişi benim
University of Deusto
0000-0002-9302-7792
Spain

Destekleyen Kurum The authors declared that this study has received no financial support.
Yayımlanma Tarihi 28 Aralık 2020
Başvuru Tarihi 17 Ağustos 2020
Kabul Tarihi
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020, Cilt 6, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { iuturizmoloji841311, journal = {Journal of Tourismology}, issn = {}, eissn = {2459-1939}, address = {}, publisher = {İstanbul Üniversitesi}, year = {2020}, volume = {6}, pages = {241 - 248}, doi = {10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0034}, title = {How Effective are the COVID-19 Fiscal-Support and Restarting-Tourism Policies Taken by the Top 3 European Destinations?}, key = {cite}, author = {Punzon, Jonathan Gomez and Pastor, Ricardo} }
APA Punzon, J. G. & Pastor, R. (2020). How Effective are the COVID-19 Fiscal-Support and Restarting-Tourism Policies Taken by the Top 3 European Destinations? . Journal of Tourismology , 6 (2) , 241-248 . DOI: 10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0034
MLA Punzon, J. G. , Pastor, R. "How Effective are the COVID-19 Fiscal-Support and Restarting-Tourism Policies Taken by the Top 3 European Destinations?" . Journal of Tourismology 6 (2020 ): 241-248 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/iuturizmoloji/issue/57255/841311>
Chicago Punzon, J. G. , Pastor, R. "How Effective are the COVID-19 Fiscal-Support and Restarting-Tourism Policies Taken by the Top 3 European Destinations?". Journal of Tourismology 6 (2020 ): 241-248
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - How Effective are the COVID-19 Fiscal-Support and Restarting-Tourism Policies Taken by the Top 3 European Destinations? AU - Jonathan Gomez Punzon , Ricardo Pastor Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0034 DO - 10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0034 T2 - Journal of Tourismology JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 241 EP - 248 VL - 6 IS - 2 SN - -2459-1939 M3 - doi: 10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0034 UR - https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0034 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Tourismology How Effective are the COVID-19 Fiscal-Support and Restarting-Tourism Policies Taken by the Top 3 European Destinations? %A Jonathan Gomez Punzon , Ricardo Pastor %T How Effective are the COVID-19 Fiscal-Support and Restarting-Tourism Policies Taken by the Top 3 European Destinations? %D 2020 %J Journal of Tourismology %P -2459-1939 %V 6 %N 2 %R doi: 10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0034 %U 10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0034
ISNAD Punzon, Jonathan Gomez , Pastor, Ricardo . "How Effective are the COVID-19 Fiscal-Support and Restarting-Tourism Policies Taken by the Top 3 European Destinations?". Journal of Tourismology 6 / 2 (Aralık 2020): 241-248 . https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0034
AMA Punzon J. G. , Pastor R. How Effective are the COVID-19 Fiscal-Support and Restarting-Tourism Policies Taken by the Top 3 European Destinations?. Journal of Tourismology. 2020; 6(2): 241-248.
Vancouver Punzon J. G. , Pastor R. How Effective are the COVID-19 Fiscal-Support and Restarting-Tourism Policies Taken by the Top 3 European Destinations?. Journal of Tourismology. 2020; 6(2): 241-248.
IEEE J. G. Punzon ve R. Pastor , "How Effective are the COVID-19 Fiscal-Support and Restarting-Tourism Policies Taken by the Top 3 European Destinations?", Journal of Tourismology, c. 6, sayı. 2, ss. 241-248, Ara. 2021, doi:10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0034