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Yıl 2020, Cilt 6, Sayı 2, 155 - 183, 28.12.2020
https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0008

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Adom, D. (2019). The Place and Voice of Local People, Culture, and Traditions: A Catalyst for Ecotourism Development in Rural Communities in Ghana. Scientific African, 6 (e00184): 1-22
  • Adom, D., Sawicka, B., Umachandran, K., & Ziarati, P. (2020). Effective Approaches to Ensuring the Active Involvement of Local People in Biodiversity Conservation Projects. International Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences, 20(2), 17-31
  • Adom, D., & Boamah, D. A. (2020). Local Attitudes toward the Cultural Seasonal Hunting Bans in Ghana’s Bomfobiri Wildlife Sanctuary: Implications for Sustainable Wildlife Management and Tourism. Global Ecology and Conservation, 24, e01243.
  • BBC. (2017). the Country that Tourism Has Taken by Surprise. Available online: http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20170222-the-country-that-tourism-has-taken-by-surprise (accessed on 22 March 2017).
  • Bianchi, R. (2018). The Political Economy of tourism development: A critical review. Annals of Tourism Research, 70: 88–102.
  • Boniface, B., Cooper, R., & Cooper, C. (2016). Worldwide destinations: The geography of travel and tourism. Routledge.
  • Burns, P. M., & Holden, A. (1995). Tourism: A new perspective. FT Prentice-Hall.
  • Burdge, R. J. (1994). A Conceptual Approach to Social Impact. University Press of Colorado: Social Ecology Press. 256p.
  • Butler, R. W. (1980). The Concept of a Tourism Area Life Cycle of Evolution. Canadian Geographer, 24, 5-12.
  • Cárdenas-García, P. J., Sánchez-Rivero, M., & Pulido-Fernández, J. I. (2015). Does tourism growth influence economic development? Journal of Travel Research, 54(2), 206–221.
  • Cavallaro, F., Galati, O. I., & Nocera, S. (2017). Policy Strategies for the Mitigation of GHG Emissions caused by the Mass-Tourism Mobility in Coastal Areas. Transportation Research Procedia, 27, 317–324.
  • Cetin, G. (2014). Sustaining tourism development through city tax: The case of Istanbul. E-Review of Tourism Research, 11.
  • Cetin, G., Alrawadieh, Z., Dincer, M. Z., Istanbullu Dincer, F., & Ioannides, D. (2017). Willingness to Pay for Tourist Tax in Destinations: Empirical Evidence from Istanbul. Economies, 5(2), 21.
  • Crowell, S. G., & Malpas, J. (2007). Transcendental Heidegger. U. S.: Stanford University Press.
  • Darban-e-Astaneh, A., Rezvani, M., & Seddiqi, S. (2016). An Investigation of the Factors affecting LandUse Changing (case study: Mahmoudabad County). Journal of Research and Rural Planning, 5(3), 127–143.
  • Devine, J. A. (2017). Colonizing space and commodifying place: tourism's violent geographies. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 25(5), 634–650.
  • Diedrich, A., & Aswani, S. (2016). Exploring the Potential Impacts of Tourism Development on Social and Ecological Change in the Solomon Islands. Ambio, 45(7), 808–818.
  • Doxey, G. V. (1975). A Causation Theory of Visitor-Resident Irritants: Methodology and Research Inferences. In Travel and Tourism Research Association’s Sixth Annual Conference Proceedings (pp. 195–98).
  • Eusébio, C., Vieira, A. L., & Lima, S. (2018). Place Attachment, Host–Tourist Interactions, and Residents’ Attitudes towards Tourism Development: The Case of Boa Vista Island in Cape Verde. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 26(6), 890–909.
  • Farah, P. D., & Tremolada, R. (2014). Desirability of Commodification of Intangible Cultural Heritage: The Unsatisfying Role of Intellectual Property Rights. Journal of Transnational Dispute Management, 2, 1-12.
  • Fitchett, J. A. (1997). Consumption and Cultural Commodification: The Case of the Museum as Commodity. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Marketing. Scotland: University of Stirling.
  • Freire, J. R. (2009). Local People’s Critical Dimension for Place Brands. Journal of Brand Management, 16(7), 420-438.
  • Gallent, N. & Tewdwr-Jones, M. (2018). Rural Second Homes in Europe: Examining Housing Supply and Planning Control. New York: Routledge.
  • Garau-Vadell, J. B., Gutierrez-Taño, D., & Diaz-Armas, R. (2018). Economic Crisis and Residents’ Perception of the Impacts of Tourism in Mass Tourism Destinations. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, 7, 68–75.
  • George, Y. (1973). Tourism: Blessing or blight.
  • Ghaderi, Z., Saboori, B., & Khoshkam, M. (2017). Does security matter in tourism demand? Current Issues in Tourism, 20(6), 552–565.
  • Ghazoul, J., & Chazdon, R. (2017). Degradation and recovery in changing forest landscapes: A multiscale conceptual framework. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 42, 161–188.
  • Gholamalifard, M., & Shoshtary, J. Sh., Hosseini Kahnoj, S.H., & Mirzaei, M.(2012). Modeling of land-use changes in coastal of MAZANDARAN province using LCM in GIS. Journal of Environmental Studies, 38(4), 124–109.
  • Gholamalifard, M., Joorabian Shooshtari, S., Hosseini Kahnuj, S., Mirzaei, M. (2013). Land Cover Change Modeling of Coastal Areas of Mazandaran Province Using LCM in a GIS Environment. Journal of Environmental Studies, 38(4), 109–124.
  • Hardin, G. (1968). The tragedy of the commons. Science, 162(3859), 1243–1248.
  • Harvey, D. (1982).The limits to capital. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
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  • Harvey, D. (2016).The Ways of the World. London: Profile Books Ltd.
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  • Hegel, G. W. F. (2015). The Philosophy of Right. U. S.: Hackett Publishing.
  • Hsu, C. H., & Huang, S. S. (2016). Reconfiguring Chinese Cultural Values and their Tourism Implications. Tourism Management, 54, 230–242.
  • Hughes, G. (1995). The Cultural Construction of Sustainable Tourism. Tourism Management, 16(1), 49–59.
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  • Isik, C., Dogru, T., & Turk, E. S. (2018). A nexus of linear and non‐linear relationships between tourism demand, renewable energy consumption, and economic growth: Theory and evidence. International Journal of Tourism Research, 20(1), 38–49.
  • Karakaya, H. U. (2014). Commodification of “Place” under late Capitalism through Transforming Architectural Practices (Doctoral Dissertation, Middle East Technical University).
  • Loeb, S., Dynarski, S., McFarland, D., Morris, P., Reardon, S. & Reber, S. (2017). Descriptive Analysis in Education: A Guide for Researchers. Washington D. C.: Department of Education, Institute of Educational Services, National Center for Education, Evaluation and Regional Assistance.
  • Lefebvre, H. (1991). The Production of Space. Oxford: Blackwell.
  • Lefebvre, H. (2004). Rhythmanalysis: Space, Time and Everyday Life. London: Continuum.
  • Light, D. (2016). The Dracula Dilemma: Tourism, Identity and the State in Romania. Routledge.
  • Lock, S. (March 31, 2020). Tourism Worldwide- Statistics & Facts. https://www.statista.com/topics/962/global-tourism/ (Accessed 24/8/2020)
  • Martineau, J. (2013). Marxisme anglo-saxon: Figures contemporaines.
  • Martineau, J. (2012). Time, capitalism, and alienation: social time relations, clock-time and the making of world standard time, Dessertation submitted to the faculty of graduate studies in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of doctor of philosophy, York university, Torento.
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  • Mason, P. (2015). Tourism impacts, planning and management. New York: Routledge.
  • Malpas, J. (2000). Uncovering the space of disclosedness: Heidegger, technology, and the problem of spatiality in being and time. Heidegger, Authenticity, and Modernity: Essays in honour of Hubert Dreyfus, 1, 205–228.
  • Malpas, J. (2008). Heidegger’s Topology: Being, Place, World. Cambridge, U.K.: MIT Press.
  • McDowell, L. (2018). Gender, Identity and Place: Understanding Feminist Geographies. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Mehrabi, A. A., Mohammadi, M., Mohseni, S. M., Jafari, M., & Ghorbani, M. (2013). Investigation of the human deriving forces affecting land-use change (Case study: Seyed mohaleh and Drasara villages–Tonekabon city). Journal of Range Watershed Management, 66(2), 307-320.
  • Mihalič, T. (2000). Environmental management of a tourist destination: A factor of tourism competitiveness. Tourism Management, 21(1), 65–78.
  • Mirzaei, R. (2013). Modeling the Socioeconomic and Environmental Impacts of Nature-Based Tourism to the Host Communities and their Support for Tourism: Perception of Local Population in Mazandaran, North Iran. Ph.D. Dissertation, Germany: University of Giessen
  • Mirzayi, M., Bakhtiyari, A. R., Mahini, A. S., & Gholamalifard, M. (2013). Investigating the land cover changes in Mazandaran province using landscape ecology’s metrics between 1984-2010. Iranian Journal of Applied Ecology, 2(4), 37–55.
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Factors Influencing Tourism Space Commodification in the Mahmoudabad County, Northern Iran

Yıl 2020, Cilt 6, Sayı 2, 155 - 183, 28.12.2020
https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0008

Öz

This study examined the impacts of land-use changes as well as factors that influence tourism space commodification in Mahmoudabad County, Northern Iran. Satellite images were used to identify agricultural land-use changes while empirical data were collected from 379 local people who were randomly sampled with their views, gathered via a reliable, structured questionnaire. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics as well as the practical application of the Irridex, Tourism Area Life Cycle, and Weizenegger theoretical models. The satellite images showed massive land-use changes in agricultural lands to tourism facilities. Internal factors such as economic, environmental, and socio-cultural factors as well as external factors such as the influence of the political economy in the areas of the banking system, tax system, and government policies were noted to exacerbate tourism space commodification in the Mahmoudabad County, Northern Iran. To mitigate the increasing tourism space commodification in the study area, policymakers in government, as well as all concerned stakeholders in the tourism sector, must factor the local people into all tourism-related decision-making processes while adopting proactive ways such as tactfully using the tax system, policies forimproving agricultural production, and clear-cut tourism directives that prioritize cultural and environmental consciousness.

Kaynakça

  • Adom, D. (2019). The Place and Voice of Local People, Culture, and Traditions: A Catalyst for Ecotourism Development in Rural Communities in Ghana. Scientific African, 6 (e00184): 1-22
  • Adom, D., Sawicka, B., Umachandran, K., & Ziarati, P. (2020). Effective Approaches to Ensuring the Active Involvement of Local People in Biodiversity Conservation Projects. International Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences, 20(2), 17-31
  • Adom, D., & Boamah, D. A. (2020). Local Attitudes toward the Cultural Seasonal Hunting Bans in Ghana’s Bomfobiri Wildlife Sanctuary: Implications for Sustainable Wildlife Management and Tourism. Global Ecology and Conservation, 24, e01243.
  • BBC. (2017). the Country that Tourism Has Taken by Surprise. Available online: http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20170222-the-country-that-tourism-has-taken-by-surprise (accessed on 22 March 2017).
  • Bianchi, R. (2018). The Political Economy of tourism development: A critical review. Annals of Tourism Research, 70: 88–102.
  • Boniface, B., Cooper, R., & Cooper, C. (2016). Worldwide destinations: The geography of travel and tourism. Routledge.
  • Burns, P. M., & Holden, A. (1995). Tourism: A new perspective. FT Prentice-Hall.
  • Burdge, R. J. (1994). A Conceptual Approach to Social Impact. University Press of Colorado: Social Ecology Press. 256p.
  • Butler, R. W. (1980). The Concept of a Tourism Area Life Cycle of Evolution. Canadian Geographer, 24, 5-12.
  • Cárdenas-García, P. J., Sánchez-Rivero, M., & Pulido-Fernández, J. I. (2015). Does tourism growth influence economic development? Journal of Travel Research, 54(2), 206–221.
  • Cavallaro, F., Galati, O. I., & Nocera, S. (2017). Policy Strategies for the Mitigation of GHG Emissions caused by the Mass-Tourism Mobility in Coastal Areas. Transportation Research Procedia, 27, 317–324.
  • Cetin, G. (2014). Sustaining tourism development through city tax: The case of Istanbul. E-Review of Tourism Research, 11.
  • Cetin, G., Alrawadieh, Z., Dincer, M. Z., Istanbullu Dincer, F., & Ioannides, D. (2017). Willingness to Pay for Tourist Tax in Destinations: Empirical Evidence from Istanbul. Economies, 5(2), 21.
  • Crowell, S. G., & Malpas, J. (2007). Transcendental Heidegger. U. S.: Stanford University Press.
  • Darban-e-Astaneh, A., Rezvani, M., & Seddiqi, S. (2016). An Investigation of the Factors affecting LandUse Changing (case study: Mahmoudabad County). Journal of Research and Rural Planning, 5(3), 127–143.
  • Devine, J. A. (2017). Colonizing space and commodifying place: tourism's violent geographies. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 25(5), 634–650.
  • Diedrich, A., & Aswani, S. (2016). Exploring the Potential Impacts of Tourism Development on Social and Ecological Change in the Solomon Islands. Ambio, 45(7), 808–818.
  • Doxey, G. V. (1975). A Causation Theory of Visitor-Resident Irritants: Methodology and Research Inferences. In Travel and Tourism Research Association’s Sixth Annual Conference Proceedings (pp. 195–98).
  • Eusébio, C., Vieira, A. L., & Lima, S. (2018). Place Attachment, Host–Tourist Interactions, and Residents’ Attitudes towards Tourism Development: The Case of Boa Vista Island in Cape Verde. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 26(6), 890–909.
  • Farah, P. D., & Tremolada, R. (2014). Desirability of Commodification of Intangible Cultural Heritage: The Unsatisfying Role of Intellectual Property Rights. Journal of Transnational Dispute Management, 2, 1-12.
  • Fitchett, J. A. (1997). Consumption and Cultural Commodification: The Case of the Museum as Commodity. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Marketing. Scotland: University of Stirling.
  • Freire, J. R. (2009). Local People’s Critical Dimension for Place Brands. Journal of Brand Management, 16(7), 420-438.
  • Gallent, N. & Tewdwr-Jones, M. (2018). Rural Second Homes in Europe: Examining Housing Supply and Planning Control. New York: Routledge.
  • Garau-Vadell, J. B., Gutierrez-Taño, D., & Diaz-Armas, R. (2018). Economic Crisis and Residents’ Perception of the Impacts of Tourism in Mass Tourism Destinations. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, 7, 68–75.
  • George, Y. (1973). Tourism: Blessing or blight.
  • Ghaderi, Z., Saboori, B., & Khoshkam, M. (2017). Does security matter in tourism demand? Current Issues in Tourism, 20(6), 552–565.
  • Ghazoul, J., & Chazdon, R. (2017). Degradation and recovery in changing forest landscapes: A multiscale conceptual framework. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 42, 161–188.
  • Gholamalifard, M., & Shoshtary, J. Sh., Hosseini Kahnoj, S.H., & Mirzaei, M.(2012). Modeling of land-use changes in coastal of MAZANDARAN province using LCM in GIS. Journal of Environmental Studies, 38(4), 124–109.
  • Gholamalifard, M., Joorabian Shooshtari, S., Hosseini Kahnuj, S., Mirzaei, M. (2013). Land Cover Change Modeling of Coastal Areas of Mazandaran Province Using LCM in a GIS Environment. Journal of Environmental Studies, 38(4), 109–124.
  • Hardin, G. (1968). The tragedy of the commons. Science, 162(3859), 1243–1248.
  • Harvey, D. (1982).The limits to capital. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
  • Harvey, D. (1990). Between space and time: Reflections on the geographical imagination. Annals, Association of American Geographers, USA.
  • Harvey, D. (2010).The Enigma of Capital. London: Profile Books
  • Harvey, D. (2012).Spaces of Capital. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
  • Harvey, D. (2016).The Ways of the World. London: Profile Books Ltd.
  • Heidegger, M. (1971). Building Dwelling Thinking, appears in Martin Heidegger, Poetry, Language, and Thought, translated by Albert Hofstadter. New York: Harper & Row
  • Heidegger, M. (2001). Sein und Zeit (18th Ed). Tubinen, Germany: Max Niemeyer Verlag. (Original Work Published in 1927).
  • Hegel, G. W. F. (2015). The Philosophy of Right. U. S.: Hackett Publishing.
  • Hsu, C. H., & Huang, S. S. (2016). Reconfiguring Chinese Cultural Values and their Tourism Implications. Tourism Management, 54, 230–242.
  • Hughes, G. (1995). The Cultural Construction of Sustainable Tourism. Tourism Management, 16(1), 49–59.
  • Hviding, E., & Bayliss-Smith, T. (2018). Islands of Rainforest: Agroforestry, Logging, and Eco-Tourism in the Solomon Islands. New York: Routledge.
  • Iran Tourism and Touring Organization (2020). Mazandaran Province. https://www.itto.org (Accessed 12/9/2019)
  • Isik, C., Dogru, T., & Turk, E. S. (2018). A nexus of linear and non‐linear relationships between tourism demand, renewable energy consumption, and economic growth: Theory and evidence. International Journal of Tourism Research, 20(1), 38–49.
  • Karakaya, H. U. (2014). Commodification of “Place” under late Capitalism through Transforming Architectural Practices (Doctoral Dissertation, Middle East Technical University).
  • Loeb, S., Dynarski, S., McFarland, D., Morris, P., Reardon, S. & Reber, S. (2017). Descriptive Analysis in Education: A Guide for Researchers. Washington D. C.: Department of Education, Institute of Educational Services, National Center for Education, Evaluation and Regional Assistance.
  • Lefebvre, H. (1991). The Production of Space. Oxford: Blackwell.
  • Lefebvre, H. (2004). Rhythmanalysis: Space, Time and Everyday Life. London: Continuum.
  • Light, D. (2016). The Dracula Dilemma: Tourism, Identity and the State in Romania. Routledge.
  • Lock, S. (March 31, 2020). Tourism Worldwide- Statistics & Facts. https://www.statista.com/topics/962/global-tourism/ (Accessed 24/8/2020)
  • Martineau, J. (2013). Marxisme anglo-saxon: Figures contemporaines.
  • Martineau, J. (2012). Time, capitalism, and alienation: social time relations, clock-time and the making of world standard time, Dessertation submitted to the faculty of graduate studies in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of doctor of philosophy, York university, Torento.
  • Marx, K. (1973).The Grundrisse. Penguin Harmondsworth, London.
  • Marx, K. (2011). Capital, volume one: A critique of political economy. Trans. Samuel Moore and Edward Aveling. Ed. Freidrich Engels. Mineola, NY: Dover Publications.
  • Mason, P. (2015). Tourism impacts, planning and management. New York: Routledge.
  • Malpas, J. (2000). Uncovering the space of disclosedness: Heidegger, technology, and the problem of spatiality in being and time. Heidegger, Authenticity, and Modernity: Essays in honour of Hubert Dreyfus, 1, 205–228.
  • Malpas, J. (2008). Heidegger’s Topology: Being, Place, World. Cambridge, U.K.: MIT Press.
  • McDowell, L. (2018). Gender, Identity and Place: Understanding Feminist Geographies. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Mehrabi, A. A., Mohammadi, M., Mohseni, S. M., Jafari, M., & Ghorbani, M. (2013). Investigation of the human deriving forces affecting land-use change (Case study: Seyed mohaleh and Drasara villages–Tonekabon city). Journal of Range Watershed Management, 66(2), 307-320.
  • Mihalič, T. (2000). Environmental management of a tourist destination: A factor of tourism competitiveness. Tourism Management, 21(1), 65–78.
  • Mirzaei, R. (2013). Modeling the Socioeconomic and Environmental Impacts of Nature-Based Tourism to the Host Communities and their Support for Tourism: Perception of Local Population in Mazandaran, North Iran. Ph.D. Dissertation, Germany: University of Giessen
  • Mirzayi, M., Bakhtiyari, A. R., Mahini, A. S., & Gholamalifard, M. (2013). Investigating the land cover changes in Mazandaran province using landscape ecology’s metrics between 1984-2010. Iranian Journal of Applied Ecology, 2(4), 37–55.
  • Mouhamadou, B. L. Y. (2018). An Application of Butler’s Tourist Area Life Cycle to Saly (Senegal). International Journal for Innovation, Education, and Research, 6(1): 47- 56
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Dickson ADOM Bu kişi benim (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
0000-0002-0559-4173
Ghana


Abdolreza Rahmani FAZLİ Bu kişi benim
Shahid Beheshti University
0000-0001-7144-4694
Iran


Jilla SAJJADİ Bu kişi benim
Shahid Beheshti University
0000-0002-6999-7270
Iran


Saber SEDİGHİ Bu kişi benim
Shahid Beheshti University
0000-0003-3223-906X
Iran

Destekleyen Kurum The authors declared that this study has received no financial support.
Yayımlanma Tarihi 28 Aralık 2020
Başvuru Tarihi 9 Mayıs 2020
Kabul Tarihi
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020, Cilt 6, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { iuturizmoloji848693, journal = {Journal of Tourismology}, issn = {}, eissn = {2459-1939}, address = {}, publisher = {İstanbul Üniversitesi}, year = {2020}, volume = {6}, pages = {155 - 183}, doi = {10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0008}, title = {Factors Influencing Tourism Space Commodification in the Mahmoudabad County, Northern Iran}, key = {cite}, author = {Adom, Dickson and Fazli, Abdolreza Rahmani and Sajjadi, Jilla and Sedighi, Saber} }
APA Adom, D. , Fazli, A. R. , Sajjadi, J. & Sedighi, S. (2020). Factors Influencing Tourism Space Commodification in the Mahmoudabad County, Northern Iran . Journal of Tourismology , 6 (2) , 155-183 . DOI: 10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0008
MLA Adom, D. , Fazli, A. R. , Sajjadi, J. , Sedighi, S. "Factors Influencing Tourism Space Commodification in the Mahmoudabad County, Northern Iran" . Journal of Tourismology 6 (2020 ): 155-183 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/iuturizmoloji/issue/57255/848693>
Chicago Adom, D. , Fazli, A. R. , Sajjadi, J. , Sedighi, S. "Factors Influencing Tourism Space Commodification in the Mahmoudabad County, Northern Iran". Journal of Tourismology 6 (2020 ): 155-183
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Factors Influencing Tourism Space Commodification in the Mahmoudabad County, Northern Iran AU - Dickson Adom , Abdolreza Rahmani Fazli , Jilla Sajjadi , Saber Sedighi Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0008 DO - 10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0008 T2 - Journal of Tourismology JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 155 EP - 183 VL - 6 IS - 2 SN - -2459-1939 M3 - doi: 10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0008 UR - https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0008 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Tourismology Factors Influencing Tourism Space Commodification in the Mahmoudabad County, Northern Iran %A Dickson Adom , Abdolreza Rahmani Fazli , Jilla Sajjadi , Saber Sedighi %T Factors Influencing Tourism Space Commodification in the Mahmoudabad County, Northern Iran %D 2020 %J Journal of Tourismology %P -2459-1939 %V 6 %N 2 %R doi: 10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0008 %U 10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0008
ISNAD Adom, Dickson , Fazli, Abdolreza Rahmani , Sajjadi, Jilla , Sedighi, Saber . "Factors Influencing Tourism Space Commodification in the Mahmoudabad County, Northern Iran". Journal of Tourismology 6 / 2 (Aralık 2020): 155-183 . https://doi.org/10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0008
AMA Adom D. , Fazli A. R. , Sajjadi J. , Sedighi S. Factors Influencing Tourism Space Commodification in the Mahmoudabad County, Northern Iran. Journal of Tourismology. 2020; 6(2): 155-183.
Vancouver Adom D. , Fazli A. R. , Sajjadi J. , Sedighi S. Factors Influencing Tourism Space Commodification in the Mahmoudabad County, Northern Iran. Journal of Tourismology. 2020; 6(2): 155-183.
IEEE D. Adom , A. R. Fazli , J. Sajjadi ve S. Sedighi , "Factors Influencing Tourism Space Commodification in the Mahmoudabad County, Northern Iran", Journal of Tourismology, c. 6, sayı. 2, ss. 155-183, Ara. 2021, doi:10.26650/jot.2020.6.2.0008