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Determinants of Academic Achievement in Turkey

Yıl 2021, Cilt , Sayı , 0 - 0, 17.01.2020
https://doi.org/10.26650/JECS2021-934211

Öz

The relationship of in-school and out-of-school factors with academic achievement has been subject to long-term discussion in the context of educational equality. In Turkey, the achievement gap between schools is relatively high, therefore, examining the factors related to achievement is crucial to the mitigation of these differences. Related studies generally utilize international large-scale assessments and yield results for particular school types. Therefore, the current study aims to determine the factors related to academic achievement by using data from a student population who took the 2020 High School Transition System (LGS). Accordingly, this study is novel in that it examined the factors related to academic achievement in a high-stake test in Turkey. Data analysis used two-level hierarchical linear modeling. The results demonstrated that between-school variance in LGS achievement is relatively low compared with international large-scale assessments, such as the PISA and TIMSS. The variable with the most significant relationship with student achievement is socioeconomic status followed by teacher seniority, school size, and class size. Moreover, the relationships of the student–teacher ratio and participation in in-service training to achievement are nonsignificant. The results highlight the importance of academic support for socioeconomically disadvantaged students.

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Türkiye’de Akademik Başarının Belirleyicileri

Yıl 2021, Cilt , Sayı , 0 - 0, 17.01.2020
https://doi.org/10.26650/JECS2021-934211

Öz

Eğitimde okul içi ve okul dışı özelliklerin akademik başarı ile ilişkisi uzun süredir eğitimde fırsat eşitliği bağlamında tartışılmaktadır. Okullar arası başarı farklarının görece yüksek olduğu Türkiye’de bu farkların azaltılabilmesi için başarıyla ilişkili faktörlerin belirlenmesi gerekmektedir. Bu amaçla yapılan çalışmalar çoğunlukla PISA ve TIMSS gibi uluslararası başarı izleme araştırmalarını dikkate almış ve belirli okul türlerine yönelik sonuçlar sağlamıştır. Bu çalışmada 2020 yılı Liselere Geçiş Sistemi (LGS) kapsamındaki merkezi sınava katılan tüm öğrencilerin verileri kullanılarak akademik başarıyla ilişkili faktörlerin belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Böylece Türkiye’de yüksek beklentili bir sınavdaki başarıyı açıklayan faktörler ilk kez tüm öğrenci evreni üzerinden belirlenmiştir. Verilerin analizinde öğrenci ve okul olmak üzere iki düzeyli hiyerarşik lineer modelleme kullanılmıştır. Araştırma bulguları, LGS merkezi sınavında okullar arası başarı varyansının, uluslararası başarı izleme çalışmalarına kıyasla düşük olduğunu göstermiştir. Öğrenci başarısı ile en güçlü ilişkiye sahip değişkenin okul sosyoekonomik düzeyi olduğu, bu değişkeni öğretmen kıdemi, okul büyüklüğü ve sınıf büyüklüğünün takip ettiği belirlenmiştir. Öğretmen başına düşen öğrenci sayısı ve hizmet içi eğitime katılım sayısı ise öğrenci başarısı ile anlamlı bir ilişki göstermemiştir. Okul ve öğrenci seviyelerindeki sosyoekonomik düzeyin öğrenci başarısı ile en güçlü ilişkiye sahip olan değişkenler olması, sosyoekonomik açıdan dezavantajlı öğrencilerin ihtiyaç duyduğu akademik desteklerin önemini ortaya koymaktadır.

Kaynakça

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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sosyoloji
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Eren SUNA (Sorumlu Yazar)
T.C. MİLLİ EĞİTİM BAKANLIĞI
0000-0002-6874-7472
Türkiye


Mahmut ÖZER
T.C. MİLLİ EĞİTİM BAKANLIĞI
0000-0001-8722-8670
Türkiye


Sadri ŞENSOY
T.C. MİLLİ EĞİTİM BAKANLIĞI
0000-0002-2430-7520
Türkiye


Bekir S. GÜR
YILDIRIM BEYAZIT ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-8397-5652
Türkiye


Prof. Dr. Selahattin GELBAL
HACETTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-5181-7262
Türkiye


Petek AŞKAR Bu kişi benim
HACETTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-1946-9274
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 17 Ocak 2020
Başvuru Tarihi 7 Mayıs 2021
Kabul Tarihi 21 Haziran 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt , Sayı

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { jecs934211, journal = {Journal of Economy Culture and Society}, issn = {2602-2656}, eissn = {2645-8772}, address = {jecs@istanbul.edu.tr}, publisher = {İstanbul Üniversitesi}, year = {2020}, volume = {}, pages = {0 - 0}, doi = {10.26650/JECS2021-934211}, title = {Determinants of Academic Achievement in Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {Suna, Eren and Özer, Mahmut and Şensoy, Sadri and Gür, Bekir S. and Gelbal, Prof. Dr. Selahattin and Aşkar, Petek} }
APA Suna, E. , Özer, M. , Şensoy, S. , Gür, B. S. , Gelbal, P. D. S. & Aşkar, P. (2020). Determinants of Academic Achievement in Turkey . Journal of Economy Culture and Society , , 0-0 . DOI: 10.26650/JECS2021-934211
MLA Suna, E. , Özer, M. , Şensoy, S. , Gür, B. S. , Gelbal, P. D. S. , Aşkar, P. "Determinants of Academic Achievement in Turkey" . Journal of Economy Culture and Society (2020 ): 0-0 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/jecs/issue/51923/934211>
Chicago Suna, E. , Özer, M. , Şensoy, S. , Gür, B. S. , Gelbal, P. D. S. , Aşkar, P. "Determinants of Academic Achievement in Turkey". Journal of Economy Culture and Society (2020 ): 0-0
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Determinants of Academic Achievement in Turkey AU - Eren Suna , Mahmut Özer , Sadri Şensoy , Bekir S. Gür , Prof. Dr. Selahattin Gelbal , Petek Aşkar Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.26650/JECS2021-934211 DO - 10.26650/JECS2021-934211 T2 - Journal of Economy Culture and Society JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 0 EP - 0 VL - IS - SN - 2602-2656-2645-8772 M3 - doi: 10.26650/JECS2021-934211 UR - https://doi.org/10.26650/JECS2021-934211 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Economy Culture and Society Determinants of Academic Achievement in Turkey %A Eren Suna , Mahmut Özer , Sadri Şensoy , Bekir S. Gür , Prof. Dr. Selahattin Gelbal , Petek Aşkar %T Determinants of Academic Achievement in Turkey %D 2020 %J Journal of Economy Culture and Society %P 2602-2656-2645-8772 %V %N %R doi: 10.26650/JECS2021-934211 %U 10.26650/JECS2021-934211
ISNAD Suna, Eren , Özer, Mahmut , Şensoy, Sadri , Gür, Bekir S. , Gelbal, Prof. Dr. Selahattin , Aşkar, Petek . "Determinants of Academic Achievement in Turkey". Journal of Economy Culture and Society / (Ocak 2020): 0-0 . https://doi.org/10.26650/JECS2021-934211
AMA Suna E. , Özer M. , Şensoy S. , Gür B. S. , Gelbal P. D. S. , Aşkar P. Determinants of Academic Achievement in Turkey. Journal of Economy Culture and Society. 2020; 0-0.
Vancouver Suna E. , Özer M. , Şensoy S. , Gür B. S. , Gelbal P. D. S. , Aşkar P. Determinants of Academic Achievement in Turkey. Journal of Economy Culture and Society. 2020; 0-0.
IEEE E. Suna , M. Özer , S. Şensoy , B. S. Gür , P. D. S. Gelbal ve P. Aşkar , "Determinants of Academic Achievement in Turkey", Journal of Economy Culture and Society, ss. 0-0, Oca. 2020, doi:10.26650/JECS2021-934211