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Yıl 2017, Cilt 4, Sayı 2, 164 - 176, 30.06.2017
https://doi.org/10.17261/Pressacademia.2017.446

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Ali, T.M., Kiani, A.K., Asrar, M., Bashir T., 2014, “Technology Achievement Index of Muslim Nations-Ranking and Comparative Study” Science, Technology and Development, Vol: 33, (2), pp. 49-62
  • Archibugi, D., Coco, A., 2004, “A New Indicator of Technological Capabilities for Developed and Developing Countries (ArCo), World Development Vol. 32, No: 4, pp. 629-654
  • Burinskiene, A., 2013, “International Trade, Innovations and Technolojical Achievement in Countries”, DAAAM International Scientific Book, pp.795-812
  • Desai, M., Fukuda-Parr, S., Johansson C., Sagasti F., 2002, “Measuring the Technology Achievement of Nations and the Capacity to Participate in the Network Age”, Journal of Human Develeopment, Vol: 3, No: 1, pp. 96-122
  • Fan, L., Zheng J., Jiang L., 2008, “Technological Gap, Technology Diffusion and Convergence – Evidence from 134 Countries’ Technology Achievement Index”, China Industrial Economics, No:9, pp. 69-76
  • Nasir, A., Ali, T.M., Shahdin S., Rahman T.U., 2011, “Technology Achievement Index 2009: Ranking and Comparative Study of Nations”, Scientometrics, 87, pp. 41-62
  • Shahab, M., 2015, “Technology Achievement Index 2015: Mapping the Global Patterns of Technological Capacity in the Network Age”, Elsevier Editorial System for Technology Forecasting & Social Change, pp. 2-35
  • United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), 2001, Human Develeopment Report 2001
  • United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), 2001, Human Develeopment Report 2014
  • Xu, Z., Deng Q., 2013, “The Differences and Convergence Effect among National Innovative Cities’ Innovation Abilities: Based on Technology Achievement Index” Science and Management of S.&T., No:01

MEASURING THE TECHNOLOGY ACHIEVEMENT INDEX: COMPARISON AND RANKING OF COUNTRIES

Yıl 2017, Cilt 4, Sayı 2, 164 - 176, 30.06.2017
https://doi.org/10.17261/Pressacademia.2017.446

Öz

Purpose- Countries that can adapt to the pace of technological developments, follow and use this speed have a stronger economy and obtain a significant competitive advantage in the global arena. Therefore, the countries make various regulations to increase the technological achievements, access to the global technologies, adapt to the rapid technological transformation and organize their sub-structures according to these technologies. Technology Achievement Index (TAI), which is one of the studies to evaluate the technological performance of countries, classifies countries according to their technological achievements.

Methodology- In this study, TAI-16 of 105 countries is calculated by using the methodology based on the original study of Desai et al. TAI that originally proposed in 2002 by Desai et al. is a unified index that revealing countries' technological abilities and performance in terms of technology capacity, diffusion of new technologies, diffusion of old innovations and development of human skills. TAI which consists of four main dimensions and eight sub-indicators of the dimensions calculate the average of the dimensions of the index based on the selected indicators. Each of four dimensions includes two sub-indicators.

Findings- In this study, technological capabilities and performances of 105 countries were analyzed and Technology Achievement Index (TAI-16) was calculated using most of the data of 2015. Moreover, TAI-16 values of the 105 countries were classified as Leaders (TAI > 0,5), Potential Leaders (TAI = 0,35-0,49), Dynamic Adopters (TAI = 0,20-0,34), and Marginalized (TAI ˂ 0,20) following the methodology in TAI-02. Conclusion- According to TAI-16 classification, the countries were identified as follows; 40 countries as Leaders, 38 countries as Potential Leaders, 17 countries as Dynamic Adopters, and 10 countries as Marginalized. Furthermore, TAI ranking of the 105 countries was created. In this classification, while Switzerland had the highest with 0.813 TAI value, Ethiopia had the lowest value with 0,028 TAI value.

Kaynakça

  • Ali, T.M., Kiani, A.K., Asrar, M., Bashir T., 2014, “Technology Achievement Index of Muslim Nations-Ranking and Comparative Study” Science, Technology and Development, Vol: 33, (2), pp. 49-62
  • Archibugi, D., Coco, A., 2004, “A New Indicator of Technological Capabilities for Developed and Developing Countries (ArCo), World Development Vol. 32, No: 4, pp. 629-654
  • Burinskiene, A., 2013, “International Trade, Innovations and Technolojical Achievement in Countries”, DAAAM International Scientific Book, pp.795-812
  • Desai, M., Fukuda-Parr, S., Johansson C., Sagasti F., 2002, “Measuring the Technology Achievement of Nations and the Capacity to Participate in the Network Age”, Journal of Human Develeopment, Vol: 3, No: 1, pp. 96-122
  • Fan, L., Zheng J., Jiang L., 2008, “Technological Gap, Technology Diffusion and Convergence – Evidence from 134 Countries’ Technology Achievement Index”, China Industrial Economics, No:9, pp. 69-76
  • Nasir, A., Ali, T.M., Shahdin S., Rahman T.U., 2011, “Technology Achievement Index 2009: Ranking and Comparative Study of Nations”, Scientometrics, 87, pp. 41-62
  • Shahab, M., 2015, “Technology Achievement Index 2015: Mapping the Global Patterns of Technological Capacity in the Network Age”, Elsevier Editorial System for Technology Forecasting & Social Change, pp. 2-35
  • United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), 2001, Human Develeopment Report 2001
  • United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), 2001, Human Develeopment Report 2014
  • Xu, Z., Deng Q., 2013, “The Differences and Convergence Effect among National Innovative Cities’ Innovation Abilities: Based on Technology Achievement Index” Science and Management of S.&T., No:01

Ayrıntılar

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Ahmet Incekara>


Gulden Sengun>


Tugba GUZ Bu kişi benim

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Haziran 2017
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2017, Cilt 4, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

APA Incekara, A. , Sengun, G. & Guz, T. (2017). MEASURING THE TECHNOLOGY ACHIEVEMENT INDEX: COMPARISON AND RANKING OF COUNTRIES . Journal of Economics Finance and Accounting , 4 (2) , 164-176 . DOI: 10.17261/Pressacademia.2017.446

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