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Yıl 2021, Cilt 3, Sayı 2, 110 - 121, 06.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.52675/jhesp.949565

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Bari, A., Yusuf, R., Bangash, T., Ejaz, A. (2012). Mucocutaneous leishmaniasis in central Punjab and Azad Kashmir regions of Pakistan. Journal of Pakistan Association of Dermatologists, 22,191-196.
  • Bekele, S., Bekele, Y., Mulatu, F., Lemma, T., Tilahun, H., Bizuneh, E., Negussie, S., Yamuah, L., Wassie, L., Abebeb, M., Aseffa, A. (2014). Recent trends of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Alert Hospital, Addis Ababa. Ethiopia Medical Journal, 1,37-41.
  • Bugssa, G., Hailu, A., Demtsu, B. (2014). The current status of cutaneous leishmaniasis and the pattern of lesions in Ochollo primary school students, Ochollo, Southwestern Ethiopia. Science Journal of Clinical Medicine, 3,111-116.
  • Bsrat, A., Berhe, N., Balkew, M., Yohannes, M., Teklu, T., Gadisa, E., Medhin, G., Abera, A. (2015). Epidemiological study of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Saesie Tsaeda-emba district, eastern Tigray, northern Ethiopia. Parasites and Vectors, 8,1-9.
  • Claborn, D. M. (2010). The biology and control of leishmaniasis vectors. Journal of Global Infectious Diseases, 2,127-134.
  • Goto, H., Lindoso, J. A. L. (2010). Current diagnosis and treatment of cutaneous and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis. Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy, 8,419-433.
  • Handman, E. (1999). Cell biology of leishmania. Advances in Parasitology, 44,1-39.
  • Karami, M., Doudi, M., Setorki, M. (2013). Assessing epidemiology of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Isfahan, Iran. Journal of Vector Borne Diseases, 50,30-37.
  • Karimkhani, C., Wanga, V., Naghavi, P., Dellavalle, R. P., Naghavi, M. (2017). Global burden of cutaneous leishmaniasis. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 17,264.
  • Negera E., Gadisa E., Yamuah L., Engers H., Hussein J., Kuru T., Hailu, A., Gedamu, L., Aseffa, A. (2008). Outbreak of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Silti woreda, Ethiopia: Risk factor assessment and causative agent identification. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 102,883-890.
  • Sunyoto, T., Verdonck, K., El Safi, S., Potet, J., Picado, A., Boelaert, M. (2018). Uncharted territory of the epidemiological burden of cutaneous leishmaniasis in sub-Saharan Africa—A systematic review. Plos Neglected Tropical Diseases, 12,6914.
  • Tilahun, F., Alemu, W., Mulatu, G. (2014). Magnitude and associated factors of cutaneous leishmaniasis; in Mekelle city, Ayder Referral Hospital, Tigray, Northern Ethiopia, 2014. Clinical Medicine Research, 3,189-199.
  • Valero, N. N. H., Uriarte, M. (2020). Environmental and socioeconomic risk factors associated with visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis: a systematic review. Parasitology Research, 119,365-384.

Prevalence of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Alert Center, Retrospective Analysis, Addis Ababa

Yıl 2021, Cilt 3, Sayı 2, 110 - 121, 06.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.52675/jhesp.949565

Öz

          Cutaneous leishmaniasis is gradually becoming an increasing public health concern. Therefore, it is essential to generate knowledge on the epidemiological determinants of the infection to develop effective control strategies on the transmission of the disease. Environmental changes, the immune status of the host, and treatment failure are the three most important risk factors associated with cutaneous leishmaniasis. The aim of this study was the prevalence of cutaneous leishmaniasis at the ALERT center, over a five-year (2014-2018). A total of 2329 study participants comprising 1174 (50.4%) males and 1155 (49.6%,) females participated. The data was collected retrospectively from ALERT center clinical laboratory records within the study period (2014-2018).
          The overall prevalence of cutaneous leishmaniasis among the study participants was 33%. Of this, the prevalence of cutaneous leishmaniasis among male and female study participants was 34.9% and 31.1%, respectively. The prevalence in the age group less than 18, 19-28, 29-38, and greater than 39 years was 37.0%, 26.6%, 13.3%, and 23.1%, respectively.
          Generally, this study showed that cutaneous leishmaniasis, prevalent in the study area, is still a public health problem associated with many risk factors. Hence, there is a need to implement a sound control program, strengthened behavioral change, communication, and social mobilization-related activities.

Kaynakça

  • Bari, A., Yusuf, R., Bangash, T., Ejaz, A. (2012). Mucocutaneous leishmaniasis in central Punjab and Azad Kashmir regions of Pakistan. Journal of Pakistan Association of Dermatologists, 22,191-196.
  • Bekele, S., Bekele, Y., Mulatu, F., Lemma, T., Tilahun, H., Bizuneh, E., Negussie, S., Yamuah, L., Wassie, L., Abebeb, M., Aseffa, A. (2014). Recent trends of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Alert Hospital, Addis Ababa. Ethiopia Medical Journal, 1,37-41.
  • Bugssa, G., Hailu, A., Demtsu, B. (2014). The current status of cutaneous leishmaniasis and the pattern of lesions in Ochollo primary school students, Ochollo, Southwestern Ethiopia. Science Journal of Clinical Medicine, 3,111-116.
  • Bsrat, A., Berhe, N., Balkew, M., Yohannes, M., Teklu, T., Gadisa, E., Medhin, G., Abera, A. (2015). Epidemiological study of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Saesie Tsaeda-emba district, eastern Tigray, northern Ethiopia. Parasites and Vectors, 8,1-9.
  • Claborn, D. M. (2010). The biology and control of leishmaniasis vectors. Journal of Global Infectious Diseases, 2,127-134.
  • Goto, H., Lindoso, J. A. L. (2010). Current diagnosis and treatment of cutaneous and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis. Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy, 8,419-433.
  • Handman, E. (1999). Cell biology of leishmania. Advances in Parasitology, 44,1-39.
  • Karami, M., Doudi, M., Setorki, M. (2013). Assessing epidemiology of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Isfahan, Iran. Journal of Vector Borne Diseases, 50,30-37.
  • Karimkhani, C., Wanga, V., Naghavi, P., Dellavalle, R. P., Naghavi, M. (2017). Global burden of cutaneous leishmaniasis. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 17,264.
  • Negera E., Gadisa E., Yamuah L., Engers H., Hussein J., Kuru T., Hailu, A., Gedamu, L., Aseffa, A. (2008). Outbreak of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Silti woreda, Ethiopia: Risk factor assessment and causative agent identification. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 102,883-890.
  • Sunyoto, T., Verdonck, K., El Safi, S., Potet, J., Picado, A., Boelaert, M. (2018). Uncharted territory of the epidemiological burden of cutaneous leishmaniasis in sub-Saharan Africa—A systematic review. Plos Neglected Tropical Diseases, 12,6914.
  • Tilahun, F., Alemu, W., Mulatu, G. (2014). Magnitude and associated factors of cutaneous leishmaniasis; in Mekelle city, Ayder Referral Hospital, Tigray, Northern Ethiopia, 2014. Clinical Medicine Research, 3,189-199.
  • Valero, N. N. H., Uriarte, M. (2020). Environmental and socioeconomic risk factors associated with visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis: a systematic review. Parasitology Research, 119,365-384.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Sebsib NEWAY> (Sorumlu Yazar)
Armauer Hansen Research Institute
0000-0002-2033-5874
Ethiopia


Biruk YESHİTELA>
Armauer Hansen Research Institute
0000-0002-3583-2670
Ethiopia


Binyam MEBRAT Bu kişi benim
Armauer Hansen Research Institute
0000-0003-4518-4395
Ethiopia


Gizeyalew AYALEW>
All Africa Leprosy, Tuberculosis and Rehabilitation Training Center
0000-0002-7449-8302
Ethiopia

Yayımlanma Tarihi 6 Eylül 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 3, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

APA Neway, S. , Yeshitela, B. , Mebrat, B. & Ayalew, G. (2021). Prevalence of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Alert Center, Retrospective Analysis, Addis Ababa . Journal of Health Systems and Policies , 3 (2) , 110-121 . DOI: 10.52675/jhesp.949565