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Effects of waste engine oil and crumb rubber rejuvenator on the performance of 100% RAP binder

Yıl 2022, Cilt 3, Sayı 1, 8 - 15, 15.07.2022
https://doi.org/10.53635/jit.1072888

Öz

It is frequently essential to add rejuvenators to recycled mixtures comprising reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) to increase their performance. In this research, CR was desulfurized using WEO to produce a compound rejuvenator. The asphalt mixes containing 100% RAP binder were modified and rejuvenated with 0%, 3%, 6%, 9%, and 12% WEO-CR. The performance of the HMA samples were assessed using the Marshall stability-flow test, indirect tensile strength (ITS) test, and wheel-tracking device. The results showed that using a 9% WEO-CR rejuvenator restores the physical properties of the aged binder. In addition, the findings revealed that adding 100% RAP binder to the asphalt mixtures increased the tested properties of HMA samples; however, for the long-term performance of HMA, the aged binder may adversely affect the performance of the HMA mixture. Therefore, the addition of the WEO-CR rejuvenator was found to improve the overall performance of the mixture which improved the physical and chemical properties of the asphalt binder and enhanced the mechanical performance of HMA compared to the control mixture.

Kaynakça

  • Ziari, H., Orouei, M., Divandari, H., & Yousefi, A. (2021). Mechanical characterization of warm mix asphalt mixtures made with RAP and Para-fiber additive. Construction and Building Materials, 279, 122456. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2021.122456
  • Enieb, M., Al-Jumaili, M. A. H., Al-Jameel, H. A. E., & Eltwati, A. S. (2021, August). Sustainability of using reclaimed asphalt pavement: based-reviewed evidence. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series . 1973(1), 012242. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1973/1/012242
  • Diab, A., Sangiorgi, C., Enieb, M., & You, Z. (2016). A conditioning method to evaluate moisture influence on the durability of asphalt mixture materials. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, 43(11), 943-948. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/cjce-2016-0153
  • Al-Saffar, Z. H., Yaacob, H., Katman, H. Y., Mohd Satar, M. K. I., Bilema, M., Putra Jaya, R., ... & Radeef, H. R. (2021). A Review on the Durability of Recycled Asphalt Mixtures Embraced with Rejuvenators. Sustainability, 13(16), 8970. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13168970
  • Wróbel, M., Woszuk, A., Ratajczak, M., & Franus, W. (2021). Properties of reclaimed asphalt pavement mixture with organic rejuvenator. Construction and Building Materials, 271, 121514. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.121514
  • Zhang, J., Guo, C., Chen, T., Zhang, W., Yao, K., Fan, C., ... & Yao, Z. (2021). Evaluation on the mechanical performance of recycled asphalt mixtures incorporated with high percentage of RAP and self-developed rejuvenators. Construction and Building Materials, 269, 121337. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.121337
  • Yousefi, A. A., Sobhi, S., Aliha, M. M., Pirmohammad, S., & Haghshenas, H. F. (2021). Cracking properties of warm mix asphalts containing reclaimed asphalt pavement and recycling agents under different loading modes. Construction and Building Materials, 300, 124130. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2021.124130
  • Burbano-Garcia, C., Hurtado, A., Silva, Y. F., Delvasto, S., & Araya-Letelier, G. (2021). Utilization of waste engine oil for expanded clay aggregate production and assessment of its influence on lightweight concrete properties. Construction and Building Materials, 273, 121677. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.121677
  • Bai, T., Hu, Z. A., Hu, X., Liu, Y., Fuentes, L., & Walubita, L. F. (2020). Rejuvenation of short-term aged asphalt-binder using waste engine oil. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, 47(7), 822-832. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/cjce-2019-0268
  • Ren, S., Liu, X., Fan, W., Qian, C., Nan, G., & Erkens, S. (2021). Investigating the effects of waste oil and styrene-butadiene rubber on restoring and improving the viscoelastic, compatibility, and aging properties of aged asphalt. Construction and Building Materials, 269, 121338. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.121338
  • Devulapalli, L., Kothandaraman, S., & Sarang, G. (2022). Microstructural characterisation of reclaimed asphalt pavement with rejuvenators. International Journal of Pavement Engineering, 23(4), 1038-1049. https://doi.org/10.1080/10298436.2020.1788027
  • Majidifard, H., Tabatabaee, N., & Buttlar, W. (2019). Investigating short-term and long-term binder performance of high-RAP mixtures containing waste cooking oil. Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering (English Edition), 6(4), 396-406. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtte.2018.11.002
  • Mohi Ud Din, I., & Mir, M. S. (2021). Laboratory Study on the use of Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement and Copper Slag in Warm Mix Asphalt Pavements using Waste Engine Oil as a Rejuvenator. International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology, 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42947-021-00036-y
  • Wang, F., Fang, Y., Chen, Z., & Wei, H. (2018, June). Effect of waste engine oil on asphalt reclaimed properties. In AIP conference proceedings. 1973(1), 020012. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5041396
  • Al-Saffar, Z. H., Yaacob, H., Satar, M. K. I. M., Kamarudin, S. N. N., Mahmud, M. Z. H., Ismail, C. R., ... & Mashros, N. (2021). A review on the usage of waste engine oil with aged asphalt as a rejuvenating agent. Materials Today: Proceedings, 42, 2374-2380. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2020.12.330
  • Tahami, S. A., Mirhosseini, A. F., Dessouky, S., Mork, H., & Kavussi, A. (2019). The use of high content of fine crumb rubber in asphalt mixes using dry process. Construction and Building Materials, 222, 643-653. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.06.180
  • Eltwati A.S., Hossein A., Nasr D. (2020). Effect of Crumb Rubber Particles on the Properties of Asphalt. Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering, 59, 43-52 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-1193-6_5
  • Eltwati A.S., Saad I., Elsaiti A. (2019). The Effect of Crumb Rubber on Properties of Asphalt Mix by Dry Process. The International Journal of Engineering and Information Technology (IJEIT), 5(1)
  • Fakhri, M., Amoosoltani, E., & Aliha, M. R. M. (2017). Crack behavior analysis of roller compacted concrete mixtures containing reclaimed asphalt pavement and crumb rubber. Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 180, 43-59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engfracmech.2017.05.011
  • Yousefi, A., Behnood, A., Nowruzi, A., & Haghshenas, H. (2021). Performance evaluation of asphalt mixtures containing warm mix asphalt (WMA) additives and reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP). Construction and Building Materials, 268, 121200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.121200
  • Duarte, G. M., & Faxina, A. L. (2021). Asphalt concrete mixtures modified with polymeric waste by the wet and dry processes: A literature review. Construction and Building Materials, 312, 125408. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2021.125408
  • Dong, R., Zhao, M., & Tang, N. (2019). Characterization of crumb tire rubber lightly pyrolyzed in waste cooking oil and the properties of its modified bitumen. Construction and Building Materials, 195, 10-18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.11.044
  • Duarte, G. M., & Faxina, A. L. (2021). High-temperature rheological properties of asphalt binders modified with recycled low-density polyethylene and crumb rubber. Construction and Building Materials, 298, 123852. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2021.123852
  • Lin, P., Huang, W., Li, Y., Tang, N., & Xiao, F. (2017). Investigation of influence factors on low temperature properties of SBS modified asphalt. Construction and Building Materials, 154, 609-622. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.06.118
  • Tauste, R., Moreno-Navarro, F., Sol-Sánchez, M., & Rubio-Gámez, M. C. (2018). Understanding the bitumen ageing phenomenon: A review. Construction and Building Materials, 192, 593-609. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.10.169
  • ASTM. (2020). D5 /D5M-20, Standard Test Method for Penetration of Bituminous Materials. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA,.
  • ASTM. (2020). D36 / D36M-14, Standard Test Method for Softening Point of Bitumen (Ring-and-Ball Apparatus). ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA,.
  • ASTM. (2017). D113-17, Standard Test Method for Ductility of Asphalt Materials. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.
  • ASTM. (2021). D70 / D70M-21, Standard Test Method for Specific Gravity and Density of Semi-Solid Asphalt Binder (Pycnometer Method). ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.
  • Jahanbakhsh, H., Karimi, M. M., Naseri, H., & Nejad, F. M. (2020). Sustainable asphalt concrete containing high reclaimed asphalt pavements and recycling agents: Performance assessment, cost analysis, and environmental impact. Journal of Cleaner Production, 244, 118837. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.118837
  • Hunter R.N., Self A., Read J. (2015). The Shell Bitumen Handbook.
  • Roberts F.L., Kandhal P.S., Brown E.R., Lee D.-Y., Kennedy T.W. (1991). Hot mix asphalt materials, mixture design and construction.
  • ASTM. D6931, Standard Test Method for Indirect Tensile (IDT) Strength of Asphalt Mixtures. American society for testing and materials2017.
  • Lv, Q., Huang, W., Sadek, H., Xiao, F., & Yan, C. (2019). Investigation of the rutting performance of various modified asphalt mixtures using the Hamburg Wheel-Tracking Device test and Multiple Stress Creep Recovery test. Construction and Building Materials, 206, 62-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.02.015
  • Enieb, M., Eltwati, A., & Al-Jumaili, M. A. (2021). Temperature sensitivity and performance evaluation of asphalt cement incorporating different types of waste polymers. Journal of Innovative Transportation, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.53635/jit.984159
  • Moghadas Nejad, F., Azarhoosh, A., Hamedi, G. H., & Roshani, H. (2014). Rutting performance prediction of warm mix asphalt containing reclaimed asphalt pavements. Road Materials and Pavement Design, 15(1), 207-219. https://doi.org/10.1080/14680629.2013.868820
  • Eltwati, A. S., Enieb, M., Al-Saffar, Z. H., & Mohamed, A. (2021). Effect of glass fibers and waste engine oil on the properties of RAP asphalt concretes. International Journal of Pavement Engineering, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1080/10298436.2021.2001815
  • Eltwati, A. S., Enieb, M., Mohamed, A., Al-Saffar, Z. H., & Al-Jumaili, M. A. (2021, August). A laboratory study of the effect of fiberglass additive on the behavioural properties of RAP asphalt mixtures. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series . 1973(1), 012241. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1973/1/012241
  • Enieb, M., Cengizhan, A., Karahancer, S., & Eltwati, A. (2022). Evaluation Of Physical-Rheological Properties of Nano Titanium Dioxide Modified Asphalt Binder and Rutting Resistance of Modified Mixture. International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology, 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42947-021-00131-0
  • Copeland A. (2011) Reclaimed asphalt pavement in asphalt mixtures: State of the practice. United States. Federal Highway Administration.
  • Im, S., Zhou, F., Lee, R., & Scullion, T. (2014). Impacts of rejuvenators on performance and engineering properties of asphalt mixtures containing recycled materials. Construction and Building Materials, 53, 596-603. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.12.025

Yıl 2022, Cilt 3, Sayı 1, 8 - 15, 15.07.2022
https://doi.org/10.53635/jit.1072888

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Ziari, H., Orouei, M., Divandari, H., & Yousefi, A. (2021). Mechanical characterization of warm mix asphalt mixtures made with RAP and Para-fiber additive. Construction and Building Materials, 279, 122456. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2021.122456
  • Enieb, M., Al-Jumaili, M. A. H., Al-Jameel, H. A. E., & Eltwati, A. S. (2021, August). Sustainability of using reclaimed asphalt pavement: based-reviewed evidence. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series . 1973(1), 012242. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1973/1/012242
  • Diab, A., Sangiorgi, C., Enieb, M., & You, Z. (2016). A conditioning method to evaluate moisture influence on the durability of asphalt mixture materials. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, 43(11), 943-948. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/cjce-2016-0153
  • Al-Saffar, Z. H., Yaacob, H., Katman, H. Y., Mohd Satar, M. K. I., Bilema, M., Putra Jaya, R., ... & Radeef, H. R. (2021). A Review on the Durability of Recycled Asphalt Mixtures Embraced with Rejuvenators. Sustainability, 13(16), 8970. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13168970
  • Wróbel, M., Woszuk, A., Ratajczak, M., & Franus, W. (2021). Properties of reclaimed asphalt pavement mixture with organic rejuvenator. Construction and Building Materials, 271, 121514. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.121514
  • Zhang, J., Guo, C., Chen, T., Zhang, W., Yao, K., Fan, C., ... & Yao, Z. (2021). Evaluation on the mechanical performance of recycled asphalt mixtures incorporated with high percentage of RAP and self-developed rejuvenators. Construction and Building Materials, 269, 121337. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.121337
  • Yousefi, A. A., Sobhi, S., Aliha, M. M., Pirmohammad, S., & Haghshenas, H. F. (2021). Cracking properties of warm mix asphalts containing reclaimed asphalt pavement and recycling agents under different loading modes. Construction and Building Materials, 300, 124130. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2021.124130
  • Burbano-Garcia, C., Hurtado, A., Silva, Y. F., Delvasto, S., & Araya-Letelier, G. (2021). Utilization of waste engine oil for expanded clay aggregate production and assessment of its influence on lightweight concrete properties. Construction and Building Materials, 273, 121677. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.121677
  • Bai, T., Hu, Z. A., Hu, X., Liu, Y., Fuentes, L., & Walubita, L. F. (2020). Rejuvenation of short-term aged asphalt-binder using waste engine oil. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, 47(7), 822-832. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/cjce-2019-0268
  • Ren, S., Liu, X., Fan, W., Qian, C., Nan, G., & Erkens, S. (2021). Investigating the effects of waste oil and styrene-butadiene rubber on restoring and improving the viscoelastic, compatibility, and aging properties of aged asphalt. Construction and Building Materials, 269, 121338. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.121338
  • Devulapalli, L., Kothandaraman, S., & Sarang, G. (2022). Microstructural characterisation of reclaimed asphalt pavement with rejuvenators. International Journal of Pavement Engineering, 23(4), 1038-1049. https://doi.org/10.1080/10298436.2020.1788027
  • Majidifard, H., Tabatabaee, N., & Buttlar, W. (2019). Investigating short-term and long-term binder performance of high-RAP mixtures containing waste cooking oil. Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering (English Edition), 6(4), 396-406. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtte.2018.11.002
  • Mohi Ud Din, I., & Mir, M. S. (2021). Laboratory Study on the use of Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement and Copper Slag in Warm Mix Asphalt Pavements using Waste Engine Oil as a Rejuvenator. International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology, 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42947-021-00036-y
  • Wang, F., Fang, Y., Chen, Z., & Wei, H. (2018, June). Effect of waste engine oil on asphalt reclaimed properties. In AIP conference proceedings. 1973(1), 020012. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5041396
  • Al-Saffar, Z. H., Yaacob, H., Satar, M. K. I. M., Kamarudin, S. N. N., Mahmud, M. Z. H., Ismail, C. R., ... & Mashros, N. (2021). A review on the usage of waste engine oil with aged asphalt as a rejuvenating agent. Materials Today: Proceedings, 42, 2374-2380. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2020.12.330
  • Tahami, S. A., Mirhosseini, A. F., Dessouky, S., Mork, H., & Kavussi, A. (2019). The use of high content of fine crumb rubber in asphalt mixes using dry process. Construction and Building Materials, 222, 643-653. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.06.180
  • Eltwati A.S., Hossein A., Nasr D. (2020). Effect of Crumb Rubber Particles on the Properties of Asphalt. Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering, 59, 43-52 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-1193-6_5
  • Eltwati A.S., Saad I., Elsaiti A. (2019). The Effect of Crumb Rubber on Properties of Asphalt Mix by Dry Process. The International Journal of Engineering and Information Technology (IJEIT), 5(1)
  • Fakhri, M., Amoosoltani, E., & Aliha, M. R. M. (2017). Crack behavior analysis of roller compacted concrete mixtures containing reclaimed asphalt pavement and crumb rubber. Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 180, 43-59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engfracmech.2017.05.011
  • Yousefi, A., Behnood, A., Nowruzi, A., & Haghshenas, H. (2021). Performance evaluation of asphalt mixtures containing warm mix asphalt (WMA) additives and reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP). Construction and Building Materials, 268, 121200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.121200
  • Duarte, G. M., & Faxina, A. L. (2021). Asphalt concrete mixtures modified with polymeric waste by the wet and dry processes: A literature review. Construction and Building Materials, 312, 125408. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2021.125408
  • Dong, R., Zhao, M., & Tang, N. (2019). Characterization of crumb tire rubber lightly pyrolyzed in waste cooking oil and the properties of its modified bitumen. Construction and Building Materials, 195, 10-18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.11.044
  • Duarte, G. M., & Faxina, A. L. (2021). High-temperature rheological properties of asphalt binders modified with recycled low-density polyethylene and crumb rubber. Construction and Building Materials, 298, 123852. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2021.123852
  • Lin, P., Huang, W., Li, Y., Tang, N., & Xiao, F. (2017). Investigation of influence factors on low temperature properties of SBS modified asphalt. Construction and Building Materials, 154, 609-622. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.06.118
  • Tauste, R., Moreno-Navarro, F., Sol-Sánchez, M., & Rubio-Gámez, M. C. (2018). Understanding the bitumen ageing phenomenon: A review. Construction and Building Materials, 192, 593-609. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.10.169
  • ASTM. (2020). D5 /D5M-20, Standard Test Method for Penetration of Bituminous Materials. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA,.
  • ASTM. (2020). D36 / D36M-14, Standard Test Method for Softening Point of Bitumen (Ring-and-Ball Apparatus). ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA,.
  • ASTM. (2017). D113-17, Standard Test Method for Ductility of Asphalt Materials. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.
  • ASTM. (2021). D70 / D70M-21, Standard Test Method for Specific Gravity and Density of Semi-Solid Asphalt Binder (Pycnometer Method). ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.
  • Jahanbakhsh, H., Karimi, M. M., Naseri, H., & Nejad, F. M. (2020). Sustainable asphalt concrete containing high reclaimed asphalt pavements and recycling agents: Performance assessment, cost analysis, and environmental impact. Journal of Cleaner Production, 244, 118837. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.118837
  • Hunter R.N., Self A., Read J. (2015). The Shell Bitumen Handbook.
  • Roberts F.L., Kandhal P.S., Brown E.R., Lee D.-Y., Kennedy T.W. (1991). Hot mix asphalt materials, mixture design and construction.
  • ASTM. D6931, Standard Test Method for Indirect Tensile (IDT) Strength of Asphalt Mixtures. American society for testing and materials2017.
  • Lv, Q., Huang, W., Sadek, H., Xiao, F., & Yan, C. (2019). Investigation of the rutting performance of various modified asphalt mixtures using the Hamburg Wheel-Tracking Device test and Multiple Stress Creep Recovery test. Construction and Building Materials, 206, 62-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.02.015
  • Enieb, M., Eltwati, A., & Al-Jumaili, M. A. (2021). Temperature sensitivity and performance evaluation of asphalt cement incorporating different types of waste polymers. Journal of Innovative Transportation, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.53635/jit.984159
  • Moghadas Nejad, F., Azarhoosh, A., Hamedi, G. H., & Roshani, H. (2014). Rutting performance prediction of warm mix asphalt containing reclaimed asphalt pavements. Road Materials and Pavement Design, 15(1), 207-219. https://doi.org/10.1080/14680629.2013.868820
  • Eltwati, A. S., Enieb, M., Al-Saffar, Z. H., & Mohamed, A. (2021). Effect of glass fibers and waste engine oil on the properties of RAP asphalt concretes. International Journal of Pavement Engineering, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1080/10298436.2021.2001815
  • Eltwati, A. S., Enieb, M., Mohamed, A., Al-Saffar, Z. H., & Al-Jumaili, M. A. (2021, August). A laboratory study of the effect of fiberglass additive on the behavioural properties of RAP asphalt mixtures. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series . 1973(1), 012241. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1973/1/012241
  • Enieb, M., Cengizhan, A., Karahancer, S., & Eltwati, A. (2022). Evaluation Of Physical-Rheological Properties of Nano Titanium Dioxide Modified Asphalt Binder and Rutting Resistance of Modified Mixture. International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology, 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42947-021-00131-0
  • Copeland A. (2011) Reclaimed asphalt pavement in asphalt mixtures: State of the practice. United States. Federal Highway Administration.
  • Im, S., Zhou, F., Lee, R., & Scullion, T. (2014). Impacts of rejuvenators on performance and engineering properties of asphalt mixtures containing recycled materials. Construction and Building Materials, 53, 596-603. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.12.025

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Taşınım Bilimi ve Teknolojisi
Bölüm Research Articles
Yazarlar

Ahmed ELTWATİ> (Sorumlu Yazar)
Bright Star University, Libya
0000-0002-9039-7544
Libya


Mahmoud ENIEB>
Assiut University
0000-0001-5509-0849
Egypt


Saleh AHMEED>
Bright Star University
0000-0002-9367-1537
Libya


Zaid AL-SAFFAR>
Northern Technical University
0000-0002-6189-1973
Iraq


Azman MOHAMED>
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
0000-0002-4292-1719
Malaysia

Yayımlanma Tarihi 15 Temmuz 2022
Başvuru Tarihi 13 Şubat 2022
Kabul Tarihi 5 Nisan 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 3, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { jit1072888, journal = {Journal of Innovative Transportation}, eissn = {2717-8889}, address = {Suleyman Demirel University, Engineering Faculty, Civil Engineering Department, 32260, Cunur, Isparta}, publisher = {Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi}, year = {2022}, volume = {3}, number = {1}, pages = {8 - 15}, doi = {10.53635/jit.1072888}, title = {Effects of waste engine oil and crumb rubber rejuvenator on the performance of 100\% RAP binder}, key = {cite}, author = {Eltwati, Ahmed and Enıeb, Mahmoud and Ahmeed, Saleh and Al-saffar, Zaid and Mohamed, Azman} }
APA Eltwati, A. , Enıeb, M. , Ahmeed, S. , Al-saffar, Z. & Mohamed, A. (2022). Effects of waste engine oil and crumb rubber rejuvenator on the performance of 100% RAP binder . Journal of Innovative Transportation , 3 (1) , 8-15 . DOI: 10.53635/jit.1072888
MLA Eltwati, A. , Enıeb, M. , Ahmeed, S. , Al-saffar, Z. , Mohamed, A. "Effects of waste engine oil and crumb rubber rejuvenator on the performance of 100% RAP binder" . Journal of Innovative Transportation 3 (2022 ): 8-15 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/jit/issue/67279/1072888>
Chicago Eltwati, A. , Enıeb, M. , Ahmeed, S. , Al-saffar, Z. , Mohamed, A. "Effects of waste engine oil and crumb rubber rejuvenator on the performance of 100% RAP binder". Journal of Innovative Transportation 3 (2022 ): 8-15
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of waste engine oil and crumb rubber rejuvenator on the performance of 100% RAP binder AU - AhmedEltwati, MahmoudEnıeb, SalehAhmeed, ZaidAl-saffar, AzmanMohamed Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.53635/jit.1072888 DO - 10.53635/jit.1072888 T2 - Journal of Innovative Transportation JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 8 EP - 15 VL - 3 IS - 1 SN - -2717-8889 M3 - doi: 10.53635/jit.1072888 UR - https://doi.org/10.53635/jit.1072888 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Innovative Transportation Effects of waste engine oil and crumb rubber rejuvenator on the performance of 100% RAP binder %A Ahmed Eltwati , Mahmoud Enıeb , Saleh Ahmeed , Zaid Al-saffar , Azman Mohamed %T Effects of waste engine oil and crumb rubber rejuvenator on the performance of 100% RAP binder %D 2022 %J Journal of Innovative Transportation %P -2717-8889 %V 3 %N 1 %R doi: 10.53635/jit.1072888 %U 10.53635/jit.1072888
ISNAD Eltwati, Ahmed , Enıeb, Mahmoud , Ahmeed, Saleh , Al-saffar, Zaid , Mohamed, Azman . "Effects of waste engine oil and crumb rubber rejuvenator on the performance of 100% RAP binder". Journal of Innovative Transportation 3 / 1 (Temmuz 2022): 8-15 . https://doi.org/10.53635/jit.1072888
AMA Eltwati A. , Enıeb M. , Ahmeed S. , Al-saffar Z. , Mohamed A. Effects of waste engine oil and crumb rubber rejuvenator on the performance of 100% RAP binder. Jinnovtrans. 2022; 3(1): 8-15.
Vancouver Eltwati A. , Enıeb M. , Ahmeed S. , Al-saffar Z. , Mohamed A. Effects of waste engine oil and crumb rubber rejuvenator on the performance of 100% RAP binder. Journal of Innovative Transportation. 2022; 3(1): 8-15.
IEEE A. Eltwati , M. Enıeb , S. Ahmeed , Z. Al-saffar ve A. Mohamed , "Effects of waste engine oil and crumb rubber rejuvenator on the performance of 100% RAP binder", Journal of Innovative Transportation, c. 3, sayı. 1, ss. 8-15, Tem. 2022, doi:10.53635/jit.1072888