The Alphabet Reform painting which shows Ataturk teaching the new alphabet is important for the history of the Republic of Turkey. This painting was made by Nazmi Ziya GÜRAN in 1933. The painting is now maintained by the Ministry of Interior. In this work, the Alphabet Reform painting was analyzed for characterization and restoration purposes. The fabric of the canvas, pigments (organic-inorganic) and the binder of paint were characterized by Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy-attenuated total reflectance (ATR-FTIR), scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX) and high-performance liquid chromatography-coupled with diode array detection (HPLC-DAD) analysis methods. The CIEL*a*b* color parameters of the paint were determined by color measurement spectrophotometer. According to the results; canvas was found to be of fibers of vegetable origin and the binders were determined to be linseed oil and dammar varnish. Red alizarin (madder lake organic pigment) and dark blue ultramarine pigments were detected as the organic pigments while CdS (yellow), Pb red (flesh color), PbCO3 (white), ZnO (white), BaSO4 (white), FeO (brown) and Cr2O3 (green color) were detected as the inorganic ones.
Oil paintings, FTIR-ATR, SEM, HPLC, artworks, restoration