Araştırma Makalesi
PDF Mendeley EndNote BibTex Kaynak Göster

Reduction of the Structural Iron in Montmorillonite by Electron Transfer from Catechol and its Derivatives

Yıl 2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 4, 1167 - 1178, 30.11.2021
https://doi.org/10.18596/jotcsa.908713

Öz

The structural Fe(III) in montmorillonite (MMT) clay has been reduced using catechol and its derivatives. It was found that the reduction process is pH-dependent and also depends on the ring substituents. If the catecholic ring has electron-donating substituents, reduction happens at high pH; if the catecholic ring has electron-withdrawing substituents, no reduction occurs. The process involves electron transfer from the hydroxy groups on the compounds to the active site at the iron atoms within the MMT lattice. This site acts as an electron acceptor (Lewis acid). Heat treatment of the reduced sample at 100-300 oC showed an enhancement of the Fe2+/Fe3+ ratio, which is attributed to an increase in the proportion of radicalic formation induced by dehydration. The MMT sample was added to the solutions of the catecholic compound and the slurries were stirred for 24 hours in order to reach equilibrium, then filtered, washed, and air-dried. The reactions were monitored using Mössbauer spectroscopy, x-ray powder diffraction, differential thermal analysis, electron spin resonance, infrared, and total surface area determination.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Ziemiański P, Kałahurska K, Samojeden B. Selective catalytic reduction of NO with NH 3 on mixed alumina–iron (III) oxide pillared montmorillonite “Cheto” Arizona, modified with hexamminecobalt (III) chloride. Adsorption Science & Technology. 2017 Dec;35(9–10):825–33.
  • 2. Pentráková L, Su K, Pentrák M, Stucki JW. A review of microbial redox interactions with structural Fe in clay minerals. Clay miner. 2013 Jun;48(3):543–60.
  • 3. Luan F, Liu Y, Griffin AM, Gorski CA, Burgos WD. Iron(III)-Bearing Clay Minerals Enhance Bioreduction of Nitrobenzene by Shewanella putrefaciens CN32. Environ Sci Technol. 2015 Feb 3;49(3):1418–26.
  • 4. Lee K, Kostka JE, Stucki JW. Comparisons of structural Fe reduction in smectites by bacteria and dithionite: an infrared spectroscopic study. Clays Clay Miner. 2006 Apr 1;54(2):195–208.
  • 5. Perdrial JN, Warr LN, Perdrial N, Lett M-C, Elsass F. Interaction between smectite and bacteria: Implications for bentonite as backfill material in the disposal of nuclear waste. Chemical Geology. 2009 Jun;264(1–4):281–94.
  • 6. Stucki JW, Kostka JE. Microbial reduction of iron in smectite. Comptes Rendus Geoscience. 2006 Jun;338(6–7):468–75.
  • 7. Pentráková L, Su K, Pentrák M, Stucki JW. A review of microbial redox interactions with structural Fe in clay minerals. Clay miner. 2013 Jun;48(3):543–60.
  • 8. Wang X, Dong H, Zeng Q, Xia Q, Zhang L, Zhou Z. Reduced Iron-Containing Clay Minerals as Antibacterial Agents. Environ Sci Technol. 2017 Jul 5;51(13):7639–47.
  • 9. Liu D, Dong H, Bishop ME, Zhang J, Wang H, Xie S, et al. Microbial reduction of structural iron in interstratified illite-smectite minerals by a sulfate-reducing bacterium: Bioreduction of structural iron in clay minerals by a SRB. Geobiology. 2012 Mar;10(2):150–62.
  • 10. Liu G, Qiu S, Liu B, Pu Y, Gao Z, Wang J, et al. Microbial reduction of Fe(III)-bearing clay minerals in the presence of humic acids. Sci Rep. 2017 Jun;7(1):45354.
  • 11. Wu H, Song Z, Lv M, Zhao D, He G. Iron-Pillared Montmorillonite As An Inexpensive Catalyst For 2-Nitrophenol Reduction. Clays Clay Miner. 2018 Oct;66(5):415–25.
  • 12. Hofstetter TB, Neumann A, Schwarzenbach RP. Reduction of Nitroaromatic Compounds by Fe(II) Species Associated with Iron-Rich Smectites. Environ Sci Technol. 2006 Jan 1;40(1):235–42.
  • 13. Sugiura Y, Tomura T, Ishidera T, Doi R, Francisco PCM, Shiwaku H, et al. Sorption behavior of selenide on montmorillonite. J Radioanal Nucl Chem. 2020 May;324(2):615–22.
  • 14. Latta DE, Neumann A, Premaratne WAPJ, Scherer MM. Fe(II)–Fe(III) Electron Transfer in a Clay Mineral with Low Fe Content. ACS Earth Space Chem. 2017 Jun 15;1(4):197–208.
  • 15. Zeng Q, Dong H, Wang X. Effect of ligands on the production of oxidants from oxygenation of reduced Fe-bearing clay mineral nontronite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 2019 Apr;251:136–56.
  • 16. Notini L, Latta DE, Neumann A, Pearce CI, Sassi M, N’Diaye AT, et al. A Closer Look at Fe(II) Passivation of Goethite. ACS Earth Space Chem. 2019 Dec 19;3(12):2717–25.
  • 17. Notini L, Latta DE, Neumann A, Pearce CI, Sassi M, N’Diaye AT, et al. The Role of Defects in Fe(II)–Goethite Electron Transfer. Environ Sci Technol. 2018 Mar 6;52(5):2751–9.
  • 18. Joe-Wong C, Brown GE, Maher K. Kinetics and Products of Chromium(VI) Reduction by Iron(II/III)-Bearing Clay Minerals. Environ Sci Technol. 2017 Sep 5;51(17):9817–25.
  • 19. Liu X, Dong H, Zeng Q, Yang X, Zhang D. Synergistic Effects of Reduced Nontronite and Organic Ligands on Cr(VI) Reduction. Environ Sci Technol. 2019 Dec 3;53(23):13732–41.
  • 20. Liao W, Ye Z, Yuan S, Cai Q, Tong M, Qian A, et al. Effect of Coexisting Fe(III) (oxyhydr)oxides on Cr(VI) Reduction by Fe(II)-Bearing Clay Minerals. Environ Sci Technol. 2019 Dec 3;53(23):13767–75.
  • 21. Joe-Wong C, Weaver KL, Brown ST, Maher K. Chromium isotope fractionation during reduction of Chromium(VI) by Iron(II/III)-bearing clay minerals. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 2021 Jan;292:235–53.
  • 22. Carriazo J, Guélou E, Barrault J, Tatibouët JM, Molina R, Moreno S. Catalytic wet peroxide oxidation of phenol by pillared clays containing Al–Ce–Fe. Water Research. 2005 Oct;39(16):3891–9.
  • 23. Cheng J, Ming Yu S, Zuo P. Horseradish peroxidase immobilized on aluminum-pillared interlayered clay for the catalytic oxidation of phenolic wastewater. Water Research. 2006 Jan;40(2):283–90.
  • 24. Ko CH, Fan C, Chiang PN, Wang MK, Lin KC. p-Nitrophenol, phenol and aniline sorption by organo-clays. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2007 Oct;149(2):275–82.
  • 25. Shakir K, Ghoneimy HF, Elkafrawy AF, Beheir ShG, Refaat M. Removal of catechol from aqueous solutions by adsorption onto organophilic-bentonite. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2008 Feb;150(3):765–73.
  • 26. Liu Y, Gao M, Gu Z, Luo Z, Ye Y, Lu L. Comparison between the removal of phenol and catechol by modified montmorillonite with two novel hydroxyl-containing Gemini surfactants. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2014 Feb;267:71–80.
  • 27. Hassen JH. Montmorillonite Nanoclay Interaction with 2-Aminophenol and 2-Nitrophenol. Rese Jour of Pharm and Technol. 2019;12(6):2828.
  • 28. Eltantawy IM, Arnold PW. Reappraisal Of Ethylene Glycol Mono-Ethyl Ether (Egme) Method For Surface Area Estimations Of Clays. Journal of Soil Science. 1973 Jun;24(2):232–8.
  • 29. Solomon DH, Loft BC, Swift JD. Reactions catalysed by minerals. IV. The mechanism of the benzidine blue reaction on silicate minerals. Clay miner. 1968 Dec;7(4):389–97.
  • 30. Rozenson I. Reduction and Oxidation of Fe3+ in Dioctahedral Smectites—1: Reduction with Hydrazine and Dithionite. Clays and Clay Minerals. 1976;24(6):271–82.
  • 31. Sofen SR, Ware DC, Cooper SR, Raymond KN. Structural, electrochemical, and magnetic properties of a four-membered redox series ([Cr(L3)]n-, n = 0-3) in catechol-benzoquinone complexes of chromium. Inorg Chem. 1979 Feb 1;18(2):234–9.
  • 32. Isaacson PJ, Sawhney BL. Sorption and transformation of phenols on clay surfaces: effect of exchangeable cations. Clay miner. 1983 Sep;18(3):253–65.
  • 33. Greene-Kelly R. The Montmorillonite Minerals (Smectites). In: Mackenzie R, editor. The Differential Thermal Investigation of Clay. London: Mineralogical Society; 1957. p. 140–64.
  • 34. Goodman BA. An investigation by Mössbauer and EPR spectroscopy of the possible presence of iron-rich impurity phases in some montmorillonites. Clay miner. 1978 Sep;13(3):351–6.
  • 35. Pinnavaia TJ, Hall PL, Cady SS, Mortland MM. Aromatic radical cation formation on the intracrystal surfaces of transition metal layer lattice silicates. J Phys Chem. 1974 May;78(10):994–9.
  • 36. Rozenson I. Reduction and Oxidation of Fe3+ in Dioctahedral Smectites—III.* Oxidation of Octahedral Iron in Montmorillonite. Clays and Clay Minerals. 1978;26(2):88–92.
  • 37. Holtzer M, Bobrowski A, Grabowska B. Montmorillonite: a comparison of methods for its determination in foundry bentonites. Metalurgija. 2011;50(2):119–22.
  • 38. Dyal RS, Hendricks SB. Total surface of clays in polar liquids as a characteristic index: soil science. 1950 Jun;69(6):503–9.

Yıl 2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 4, 1167 - 1178, 30.11.2021
https://doi.org/10.18596/jotcsa.908713

Öz

Kaynakça

  • 1. Ziemiański P, Kałahurska K, Samojeden B. Selective catalytic reduction of NO with NH 3 on mixed alumina–iron (III) oxide pillared montmorillonite “Cheto” Arizona, modified with hexamminecobalt (III) chloride. Adsorption Science & Technology. 2017 Dec;35(9–10):825–33.
  • 2. Pentráková L, Su K, Pentrák M, Stucki JW. A review of microbial redox interactions with structural Fe in clay minerals. Clay miner. 2013 Jun;48(3):543–60.
  • 3. Luan F, Liu Y, Griffin AM, Gorski CA, Burgos WD. Iron(III)-Bearing Clay Minerals Enhance Bioreduction of Nitrobenzene by Shewanella putrefaciens CN32. Environ Sci Technol. 2015 Feb 3;49(3):1418–26.
  • 4. Lee K, Kostka JE, Stucki JW. Comparisons of structural Fe reduction in smectites by bacteria and dithionite: an infrared spectroscopic study. Clays Clay Miner. 2006 Apr 1;54(2):195–208.
  • 5. Perdrial JN, Warr LN, Perdrial N, Lett M-C, Elsass F. Interaction between smectite and bacteria: Implications for bentonite as backfill material in the disposal of nuclear waste. Chemical Geology. 2009 Jun;264(1–4):281–94.
  • 6. Stucki JW, Kostka JE. Microbial reduction of iron in smectite. Comptes Rendus Geoscience. 2006 Jun;338(6–7):468–75.
  • 7. Pentráková L, Su K, Pentrák M, Stucki JW. A review of microbial redox interactions with structural Fe in clay minerals. Clay miner. 2013 Jun;48(3):543–60.
  • 8. Wang X, Dong H, Zeng Q, Xia Q, Zhang L, Zhou Z. Reduced Iron-Containing Clay Minerals as Antibacterial Agents. Environ Sci Technol. 2017 Jul 5;51(13):7639–47.
  • 9. Liu D, Dong H, Bishop ME, Zhang J, Wang H, Xie S, et al. Microbial reduction of structural iron in interstratified illite-smectite minerals by a sulfate-reducing bacterium: Bioreduction of structural iron in clay minerals by a SRB. Geobiology. 2012 Mar;10(2):150–62.
  • 10. Liu G, Qiu S, Liu B, Pu Y, Gao Z, Wang J, et al. Microbial reduction of Fe(III)-bearing clay minerals in the presence of humic acids. Sci Rep. 2017 Jun;7(1):45354.
  • 11. Wu H, Song Z, Lv M, Zhao D, He G. Iron-Pillared Montmorillonite As An Inexpensive Catalyst For 2-Nitrophenol Reduction. Clays Clay Miner. 2018 Oct;66(5):415–25.
  • 12. Hofstetter TB, Neumann A, Schwarzenbach RP. Reduction of Nitroaromatic Compounds by Fe(II) Species Associated with Iron-Rich Smectites. Environ Sci Technol. 2006 Jan 1;40(1):235–42.
  • 13. Sugiura Y, Tomura T, Ishidera T, Doi R, Francisco PCM, Shiwaku H, et al. Sorption behavior of selenide on montmorillonite. J Radioanal Nucl Chem. 2020 May;324(2):615–22.
  • 14. Latta DE, Neumann A, Premaratne WAPJ, Scherer MM. Fe(II)–Fe(III) Electron Transfer in a Clay Mineral with Low Fe Content. ACS Earth Space Chem. 2017 Jun 15;1(4):197–208.
  • 15. Zeng Q, Dong H, Wang X. Effect of ligands on the production of oxidants from oxygenation of reduced Fe-bearing clay mineral nontronite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 2019 Apr;251:136–56.
  • 16. Notini L, Latta DE, Neumann A, Pearce CI, Sassi M, N’Diaye AT, et al. A Closer Look at Fe(II) Passivation of Goethite. ACS Earth Space Chem. 2019 Dec 19;3(12):2717–25.
  • 17. Notini L, Latta DE, Neumann A, Pearce CI, Sassi M, N’Diaye AT, et al. The Role of Defects in Fe(II)–Goethite Electron Transfer. Environ Sci Technol. 2018 Mar 6;52(5):2751–9.
  • 18. Joe-Wong C, Brown GE, Maher K. Kinetics and Products of Chromium(VI) Reduction by Iron(II/III)-Bearing Clay Minerals. Environ Sci Technol. 2017 Sep 5;51(17):9817–25.
  • 19. Liu X, Dong H, Zeng Q, Yang X, Zhang D. Synergistic Effects of Reduced Nontronite and Organic Ligands on Cr(VI) Reduction. Environ Sci Technol. 2019 Dec 3;53(23):13732–41.
  • 20. Liao W, Ye Z, Yuan S, Cai Q, Tong M, Qian A, et al. Effect of Coexisting Fe(III) (oxyhydr)oxides on Cr(VI) Reduction by Fe(II)-Bearing Clay Minerals. Environ Sci Technol. 2019 Dec 3;53(23):13767–75.
  • 21. Joe-Wong C, Weaver KL, Brown ST, Maher K. Chromium isotope fractionation during reduction of Chromium(VI) by Iron(II/III)-bearing clay minerals. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 2021 Jan;292:235–53.
  • 22. Carriazo J, Guélou E, Barrault J, Tatibouët JM, Molina R, Moreno S. Catalytic wet peroxide oxidation of phenol by pillared clays containing Al–Ce–Fe. Water Research. 2005 Oct;39(16):3891–9.
  • 23. Cheng J, Ming Yu S, Zuo P. Horseradish peroxidase immobilized on aluminum-pillared interlayered clay for the catalytic oxidation of phenolic wastewater. Water Research. 2006 Jan;40(2):283–90.
  • 24. Ko CH, Fan C, Chiang PN, Wang MK, Lin KC. p-Nitrophenol, phenol and aniline sorption by organo-clays. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2007 Oct;149(2):275–82.
  • 25. Shakir K, Ghoneimy HF, Elkafrawy AF, Beheir ShG, Refaat M. Removal of catechol from aqueous solutions by adsorption onto organophilic-bentonite. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2008 Feb;150(3):765–73.
  • 26. Liu Y, Gao M, Gu Z, Luo Z, Ye Y, Lu L. Comparison between the removal of phenol and catechol by modified montmorillonite with two novel hydroxyl-containing Gemini surfactants. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2014 Feb;267:71–80.
  • 27. Hassen JH. Montmorillonite Nanoclay Interaction with 2-Aminophenol and 2-Nitrophenol. Rese Jour of Pharm and Technol. 2019;12(6):2828.
  • 28. Eltantawy IM, Arnold PW. Reappraisal Of Ethylene Glycol Mono-Ethyl Ether (Egme) Method For Surface Area Estimations Of Clays. Journal of Soil Science. 1973 Jun;24(2):232–8.
  • 29. Solomon DH, Loft BC, Swift JD. Reactions catalysed by minerals. IV. The mechanism of the benzidine blue reaction on silicate minerals. Clay miner. 1968 Dec;7(4):389–97.
  • 30. Rozenson I. Reduction and Oxidation of Fe3+ in Dioctahedral Smectites—1: Reduction with Hydrazine and Dithionite. Clays and Clay Minerals. 1976;24(6):271–82.
  • 31. Sofen SR, Ware DC, Cooper SR, Raymond KN. Structural, electrochemical, and magnetic properties of a four-membered redox series ([Cr(L3)]n-, n = 0-3) in catechol-benzoquinone complexes of chromium. Inorg Chem. 1979 Feb 1;18(2):234–9.
  • 32. Isaacson PJ, Sawhney BL. Sorption and transformation of phenols on clay surfaces: effect of exchangeable cations. Clay miner. 1983 Sep;18(3):253–65.
  • 33. Greene-Kelly R. The Montmorillonite Minerals (Smectites). In: Mackenzie R, editor. The Differential Thermal Investigation of Clay. London: Mineralogical Society; 1957. p. 140–64.
  • 34. Goodman BA. An investigation by Mössbauer and EPR spectroscopy of the possible presence of iron-rich impurity phases in some montmorillonites. Clay miner. 1978 Sep;13(3):351–6.
  • 35. Pinnavaia TJ, Hall PL, Cady SS, Mortland MM. Aromatic radical cation formation on the intracrystal surfaces of transition metal layer lattice silicates. J Phys Chem. 1974 May;78(10):994–9.
  • 36. Rozenson I. Reduction and Oxidation of Fe3+ in Dioctahedral Smectites—III.* Oxidation of Octahedral Iron in Montmorillonite. Clays and Clay Minerals. 1978;26(2):88–92.
  • 37. Holtzer M, Bobrowski A, Grabowska B. Montmorillonite: a comparison of methods for its determination in foundry bentonites. Metalurgija. 2011;50(2):119–22.
  • 38. Dyal RS, Hendricks SB. Total surface of clays in polar liquids as a characteristic index: soil science. 1950 Jun;69(6):503–9.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Kimya, Analitik
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Jasim HASSEN (Sorumlu Yazar)
University of Anbar
0000-0002-5250-9891
Iraq


Jack SILVER
Brunel University
0000-0001-8669-9673
United Kingdom

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Kasım 2021
Başvuru Tarihi 2 Nisan 2021
Kabul Tarihi 11 Ekim 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 4

Kaynak Göster

Vancouver Hassen J. , Sılver J. Reduction of the Structural Iron in Montmorillonite by Electron Transfer from Catechol and its Derivatives. Journal of the Turkish Chemical Society Section A: Chemistry. 2021; 8(4): 1167-1178.
J. Turk. Chem. Soc., Sect. A: Chem.