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MÖ 4. Yüzyılda Phanagoria Acropolis’te Bir Kamu Binası

Yıl 2019, Cilt 5, Sayı 8, 213 - 243, 31.12.2019
https://doi.org/10.31765/karen.668176

Öz

Son on yılda Phanagoria akropolünde (“Yukarı Şehir” kazısı) yapılan kazılar sırasında yapılan en ilginç ve önemli keşifler MÖ 2. yy’ın son ve MÖ 1. yy’ın ilk yarısı ile birlikte MÖ 6. yy’ın ikinci yarısı ve MÖ 5. yy'ın ilk yarısının tabaka ve yapılarının incelenmesi ile bağlantılıdır. Bu öncelikle diğer dönemlerin tabakalarının daha zayıf olarak korunmuş olması veya hiç korunmamış olması ile açıklanabilir. Bu makalede, MÖ 5. yy'ın ortalarında yanan bir kamu binasının yerine inşa edilen, MÖ 4. yy'ın ilk yarısındaki ilginç bir mimari kompleksin malzemeleri üzerine ön açıklamalar verilmiştir. Kalan duvar temellerinin analizi, binanın alanını ve planlamasını belirlememizi sağlar. Bu temelde binanın en az iki katı olduğunu varsaymak mümkündür. Çatısı döşenmiştir. İki sütunlu bir revak ile bezenmiş binanın girişi doğu tarafındadır. Binanın bir tarafı (güney) işlevi belirsiz olan büyük bir önemli yapı ile çevriliyken üç tarafı (batı, kuzey ve doğu) taş döşemeli alan ve bir sokak ile çevrelenmiştir. Ayrıca, M.Ö. 350'lerde bir yangınla yıkılan binanın (460) fonksiyonel amacı hakkında sonuç çıkarmak da imkansızdır.

Kaynakça

  • Abramzon, M.G., and V.D. Kuznetsov, (2008), “Dva klada mednykh bosporskikh monet I v. do n.e. iz Fanagorii” [Two Hoards of Copper Bosporan Coins of the 1st Century BC from Phanagoria], VDI [Journal of Ancient History], 4: 184–194.
  • ______, (2010), “Fanagoriiskoe vosstanie 63 g do n.e.” [The Phanagorian Uprising of 63 BC], VDI [Journal of Ancient History], 1: 59–85.
  • ______, (2011), “Novye dannye o Fanagoriiskom vosstanii 63 g. do n.e.” [New Data on the Phanagorian Uprising of 63 BC], VDI [Journal of Ancient History], 2: 64–94.
  • ______, (2015), Monetnye klady vremeni Mitridata VI Evpatora s khory Fanagorii (Fanagoriya 3) [Monetary Hoards from the Time of Mithridates VI Eupator from a Rural Area of Phanagoria (Phanagoria 3), Moscow.
  • Alekseeva, E.M., (1997), Antichnyi gorod Gorgippiya [The Ancient City of Gorgippia], Moscow.
  • Buiskikh, A.V., (2009), “Svod pamyatnikov” [Collection of Monuments]. In Antichnaya arkhitektura (Iz sobraniya Kerchenskogo istoriko-kul’turnogo zapovednika. Lapidarnaya kollektsiya, Vol. IV. Bk. 1) [Ancient Architecture (From the Collection of the Kerch Historical-Cultural Preserve, Lapidary Collection], Kiev, 25–211.
  • Caskey, I.D., (1910), “The Roofed Gallery on the Walls of Athens” AJA [American Journal of Archaeology], XIV/3, 298-309.
  • Hellmann, M.-C, (2002), “L’Architecture grecque” 1, Les principes de la construction, Paris.
  • Hodge, A.T., (1960), The Woodwork of Greek Roofs, Cambridge.
  • Hoefner, W. von and E.-L. Schwander, (1994), Haus und Stadt im klassischen Griechenland, München.
  • Garbuzov, G.P., and A.A. Zavoykin, (2015), “Sel’skaya territoriya Tamanskogo poluostrova posle Spartokidov” [Rural Territory of the Taman Peninsula after the Spartocids], Drevnosti Bospora [Antiquity of Bosporus], 19: 94–134.
  • Katz, V.I., (2007), “Grecheskie keramicheskie kleima epokhi klassiki i ellinizma (opyt kompleksnogo izucheniya)” [Greek Ceramic Stamps of the Periods of Classic and Hellenism (Experiment in Integrated Study)], Bosporskie Issledovaniya [Bosporus Research], XVIII, Simferopol’-Kerch’.
  • Kryzhitskii, S.D., (1982), Zhilye doma antichnykh gorodov Severnogo Prichernomor’ya (VI v. do n.e.–IV v. n.e.) [Residential Homes of the Ancient Cities of the Northern Black Sea Region (6th Century BC–4th Century AD)], Kiev.
  • Kuznetsov, V.D., (2010), “Fanagoriya—stolitsa Aziatskogo Bospora” [Phanagoria—Capital of Asian Bosporus], pp. 431–469 in G.M. Bongard-Levin and V.D. Kuznetsov (eds.), Antichnoe nasledie Kubani I [The Ancient Heritage of Kuban I], Moscow.
  • ______, (2011a), “Zametki o kul’turnom sloe Fanagorii (po materialam raskopa ‘Verkhnii gorod’)” [Notes on the Cultural Layer of Phanagoria (Based on Materials from Excavation of the “Upper City”)], In Grecheskie i varvarskie pamyatniki Severnogo Prichernomor’ya. Opyt metodiki rossiiskikh i ukrainskikh polevykh issledovanii (Metodika polevykh arkheologicheskikh issledovanii 4) [Greek and Barbarian Sites of the Northern Black Sea Region, Experiment in Methods of Russian and Ukrainian Field Research (Methods of Archaeological Field Research 4)], Moscow, 117–130.
  • ______, (2018), “Oboronitel’nye sooruzheniya Fanagorii” [Fortifications of Phanagoria], KSIA [Brief Reports of the Institute of Archaeology], 250: 215–219.
  • Kuznetsov, V.D., and A.A. Zavoykin, (2010), “O masterskikh fanagoriiskikh yuvelirov (?) vtoroi poloviny VI v. do n.e.” [On Workshops of Phanagorian Jewelers (?) of the Second Half of the 6th Century BC], In Bospor Kimmeriiskii i varvarskii mir v period antichnosti i srednevekov’ya (Bosporskie chteniya XI) [The Cimmerian Bosporus and Barbarian World in Antiquity and the Middle Ages (Bosporus Reading XI)], Kerch’, 256–265.
  • Levi, E.I., (1985), Ol’viya. Gorod epokhi ellinizma [Olbia. A City of the Period of Hellenism], Leningrad.
  • Miller, S.G., (1978), The Prytaneion, Its Function and Architectural Form, Berkeley–Los Angeles–London.
  • Monakhov, S.Yu., A.A. Zavoykin, and E.V. Kuznetsova, (2006), “Keramicheskie kompleksy iz Fanagorii (raskopki 2005 g.)” [Ceramic Complexes from Phanagoria (Excavations of 2005)], Antichnyi mir i arkheologiya [The Ancient World and Archaeology], 12, Saratov, 294–312.
  • Zavoykin, A.A., (2004), Fanagoriya vo vtoroi polovine V–nachale IV vv. do n.e. (po materialam “Yuzhnogo goroda”) (Drevnosti Bospora, Supplementum I) [Phanagoria in the Second Half of the 5th–Beginning of the 4th Centuries BC (Based on Materials from the “South City”) (Antiquity of Bosporus, Supplement I)], Moscow.
  • ______, (2013), Obrazovanie Bosporskogo gosudarstva. Arkheologiya i khronologiya stanovleniya derzhavy Spartokidov (Bosporskie Issledovaniya, Supplementum 10) [Formation of the Bosporan State, Archaeology and Chronology of the Emergence of the Power of the Spartocids (Bosporus Research, Supplement 10)], Simferopol’-Kerch’.
  • ______, (2017), “Dom 460 na akropole Fanagorii” [Building 460 on the Phanagoria Acropolis], PIFK [Journal of Historical, Philological and Cultural Studies], 1: 228–235. Zavoykin, A.A., and V.D. Kuznetsov. 2011. “Drevneishee obshchestvennoe zdanie v Fanagorii [The Earliest Public Building in Phanagoria], PIFK [Journal of Historical, Philological and Cultural Studies], 4: 188–198.
  • ______, (2013), “‘Verkhnii gorod’ Fanagorii v 5 v. do n.e. (problemy periodizatsii i urbanistiki)” [The “Upper City” of Phanagoria in the 5th Century BC (Problems of Periodization and Urbanistics)], In Bospor Kimmeriiskii i varvarskii mir v period antichnosti i srednevekov’ya (Bosporskie chteniya XIV) [The Cimmerian Bosporus and Barbarian World in Antiquity and the Middle Ages (Bosporus Reading XIV)], Kerch’ 182–189.
  • Zavoykin, A.A., and S.Yu. Monakhov, (2012), “Amfornoe gorlo iz Fanagorii i dve serii keramicheskoi tary pozdneklassicheskogo vremeni” [An Amphora Neck from Phanagoria and Two Series of Ceramic Containers of Late Classic Time], PIFK [Journal of Historical, Philological and Cultural Studies], 4: 117–127.
  • Archival Materials
  • Kuznetsov, V.D., (2004), Otchet o rabote Fanagoriiskoi ekspeditsii IA RAN v 2003 g. (Krasnodarskii krai, Temryukskii raion, pos. Sennoi) [Report on Work of the Phanagoria Expedition of the Institute of Archaeology, Russian Academy of Sciences, in 2003 (Krasnodar Region, Temryuk District, Sennoi Village)], Vols. 1–3, Moscow (Archive of the IA RAS. P-1, No. 28416, Album: No. 28417, 28418).
  • ______, (2005), Otchet o rabote Tamanskoi ekspeditsii Instituta arkheologii RAN v Fanagorii v 2004 g. (Krasnodarskii krai, Temryukskii raion, pos. Sennoi) [Report on Work of the Taman Expedition of the Institute of Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Phanagoria in 2004 (Krasnodar Region, Temryuk District, Sennoi Village)], Vols. 1–4, Moscow (Archive of the IA RAS. P-1, No. 26296, Album: No. 26297–26299).
  • ______, (2006), Otchet o rabote Tamanskoi ekspeditsii Instituta arkheologii RAN v Fanagorii v 2005 g. (Krasnodarskii krai, Temryukskii raion, pos. Sennoi) [Report on Work of the Taman Expedition of the Institute of Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Phanagoria in 2004 (Krasnodar Region, Temryuk District, Sennoi Village)], Vols. 1–6, Moscow (Archive of the IA RAS. P-1, No. 26303, Album: No. 26304–26308).
  • ______, (2007), Otchet o rabote Tamanskoi ekspeditsii Instituta arkheologii RAN v Fanagorii v 2006 g. (Krasnodarskii krai, Temryukskii raion, pos. Sennoi) [Report on Work of the Taman Expedition of the Institute of Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Phanagoria in 2006 (Krasnodar Region, Temryuk District, Sennoi Village)], Vols. 1–4, Moscow (Archive of the IA RAS. P-1, No. 27163, Album: No. 27164–27167).
  • ______, (2011b), Otchet o rabote Tamanskoi ekspeditsii Instituta arkheologii RAN v Fanagorii v 2010 g. (Krasnodarskii krai, Temryukskii raion, pos. Sennoi) [Report on Work of the Taman Expedition of the Institute of Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Phanagoria in 2010 (Krasnodar Region, Temryuk District, Sennoi Village)], Vols. 1–3, Moscow (Archive of the IA RAN. R-1, No. 39908, Album: No. 39909, 39910).
  • ______, (2012), Otchet o rabote Tamanskoi ekspeditsii Instituta arkheologii RAN v Fanagorii v 2011 g. (Krasnodarskii krai, Temryukskii raion, pos. Sennoi) [Report on Work of the Taman Expedition of the Institute of Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Phanagoria in 2011 (Krasnodar Region, Temryuk District, Sennoi Village)], Vols. 1–5, Moscow (Archive of the IA RAS. P-1, No. 46673, 46674, Album: No. 46675–46677).
  • ______, (2013), Otchet o rabote Fanagoriiskoi ekspeditsii Instituta arkheologii RAN v Fanagorii v 2012 g. (Krasnodarskii krai, Temryukskii raion, pos. Sennoi) [Report on Work of the Taman Expedition of the Institute of Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Phanagoria in 2012 (Krasnodar Region, Temryuk District, Sennoi Village)], Vols. 1–6, Moscow (Archive of the IA RAS. P-1, No. 36607, 36608, Album: No. 36609–36612).
  • ______, (2014) Otchet o rabote Fanagoriiskoi ekspeditsii Instituta arkheologii RAN v Fanagorii v 2013 g. (Krasnodarskii krai, Temryukskii raion, pos. Sennoi) [Report on Work of the Taman Expedition of the Institute of Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Phanagoria in 2013 (Krasnodar Region, Temryuk District, Sennoi Village)], Vols. 1–6, Moscow (Archive of the IA RAS. P-1, No. 40811, 49812, Album: No. 49813–40816).

A Public Buılding of the 4th Century BC on the Phanagoria Acropolis

Yıl 2019, Cilt 5, Sayı 8, 213 - 243, 31.12.2019
https://doi.org/10.31765/karen.668176

Öz

The most interesting and important discoveries made during excavations at the Phanagoria acropolis (“The Upper City” excavation) in the last decade are connected with investigation of strata and structures of the second half of the 6th–first half of the 5th centuries BC, as well as with the end of the 2nd–first half of 1st centuries BC. This can be explained primarily by the fact that the strata of other periods have been more poorly preserved or not preserved at all. Preliminary remarks are given in this paper on materials of one interesting architectural complex of the first half of 4th century BC that was constructed on the place of a public building that burned down in the mid-5th century BC. Analysis of the remaining wall foundations allows us to determine the area of the building and its planning. On this basis it is possible to assume that the building had at least two floors. Its roof was tiled. The entrance to the building, adorned with a portico with two columns, was located on the east side. The house was enclosed on three sides (west, north, and east) by paved squares and a street, while on one side (south) it bordered on a large substantial structure whose function is obscure. It is also impossible now to draw conclusions on the functional purpose of the building (460), which was destroyed by a conflagration in 350s BC.

Kaynakça

  • Abramzon, M.G., and V.D. Kuznetsov, (2008), “Dva klada mednykh bosporskikh monet I v. do n.e. iz Fanagorii” [Two Hoards of Copper Bosporan Coins of the 1st Century BC from Phanagoria], VDI [Journal of Ancient History], 4: 184–194.
  • ______, (2010), “Fanagoriiskoe vosstanie 63 g do n.e.” [The Phanagorian Uprising of 63 BC], VDI [Journal of Ancient History], 1: 59–85.
  • ______, (2011), “Novye dannye o Fanagoriiskom vosstanii 63 g. do n.e.” [New Data on the Phanagorian Uprising of 63 BC], VDI [Journal of Ancient History], 2: 64–94.
  • ______, (2015), Monetnye klady vremeni Mitridata VI Evpatora s khory Fanagorii (Fanagoriya 3) [Monetary Hoards from the Time of Mithridates VI Eupator from a Rural Area of Phanagoria (Phanagoria 3), Moscow.
  • Alekseeva, E.M., (1997), Antichnyi gorod Gorgippiya [The Ancient City of Gorgippia], Moscow.
  • Buiskikh, A.V., (2009), “Svod pamyatnikov” [Collection of Monuments]. In Antichnaya arkhitektura (Iz sobraniya Kerchenskogo istoriko-kul’turnogo zapovednika. Lapidarnaya kollektsiya, Vol. IV. Bk. 1) [Ancient Architecture (From the Collection of the Kerch Historical-Cultural Preserve, Lapidary Collection], Kiev, 25–211.
  • Caskey, I.D., (1910), “The Roofed Gallery on the Walls of Athens” AJA [American Journal of Archaeology], XIV/3, 298-309.
  • Hellmann, M.-C, (2002), “L’Architecture grecque” 1, Les principes de la construction, Paris.
  • Hodge, A.T., (1960), The Woodwork of Greek Roofs, Cambridge.
  • Hoefner, W. von and E.-L. Schwander, (1994), Haus und Stadt im klassischen Griechenland, München.
  • Garbuzov, G.P., and A.A. Zavoykin, (2015), “Sel’skaya territoriya Tamanskogo poluostrova posle Spartokidov” [Rural Territory of the Taman Peninsula after the Spartocids], Drevnosti Bospora [Antiquity of Bosporus], 19: 94–134.
  • Katz, V.I., (2007), “Grecheskie keramicheskie kleima epokhi klassiki i ellinizma (opyt kompleksnogo izucheniya)” [Greek Ceramic Stamps of the Periods of Classic and Hellenism (Experiment in Integrated Study)], Bosporskie Issledovaniya [Bosporus Research], XVIII, Simferopol’-Kerch’.
  • Kryzhitskii, S.D., (1982), Zhilye doma antichnykh gorodov Severnogo Prichernomor’ya (VI v. do n.e.–IV v. n.e.) [Residential Homes of the Ancient Cities of the Northern Black Sea Region (6th Century BC–4th Century AD)], Kiev.
  • Kuznetsov, V.D., (2010), “Fanagoriya—stolitsa Aziatskogo Bospora” [Phanagoria—Capital of Asian Bosporus], pp. 431–469 in G.M. Bongard-Levin and V.D. Kuznetsov (eds.), Antichnoe nasledie Kubani I [The Ancient Heritage of Kuban I], Moscow.
  • ______, (2011a), “Zametki o kul’turnom sloe Fanagorii (po materialam raskopa ‘Verkhnii gorod’)” [Notes on the Cultural Layer of Phanagoria (Based on Materials from Excavation of the “Upper City”)], In Grecheskie i varvarskie pamyatniki Severnogo Prichernomor’ya. Opyt metodiki rossiiskikh i ukrainskikh polevykh issledovanii (Metodika polevykh arkheologicheskikh issledovanii 4) [Greek and Barbarian Sites of the Northern Black Sea Region, Experiment in Methods of Russian and Ukrainian Field Research (Methods of Archaeological Field Research 4)], Moscow, 117–130.
  • ______, (2018), “Oboronitel’nye sooruzheniya Fanagorii” [Fortifications of Phanagoria], KSIA [Brief Reports of the Institute of Archaeology], 250: 215–219.
  • Kuznetsov, V.D., and A.A. Zavoykin, (2010), “O masterskikh fanagoriiskikh yuvelirov (?) vtoroi poloviny VI v. do n.e.” [On Workshops of Phanagorian Jewelers (?) of the Second Half of the 6th Century BC], In Bospor Kimmeriiskii i varvarskii mir v period antichnosti i srednevekov’ya (Bosporskie chteniya XI) [The Cimmerian Bosporus and Barbarian World in Antiquity and the Middle Ages (Bosporus Reading XI)], Kerch’, 256–265.
  • Levi, E.I., (1985), Ol’viya. Gorod epokhi ellinizma [Olbia. A City of the Period of Hellenism], Leningrad.
  • Miller, S.G., (1978), The Prytaneion, Its Function and Architectural Form, Berkeley–Los Angeles–London.
  • Monakhov, S.Yu., A.A. Zavoykin, and E.V. Kuznetsova, (2006), “Keramicheskie kompleksy iz Fanagorii (raskopki 2005 g.)” [Ceramic Complexes from Phanagoria (Excavations of 2005)], Antichnyi mir i arkheologiya [The Ancient World and Archaeology], 12, Saratov, 294–312.
  • Zavoykin, A.A., (2004), Fanagoriya vo vtoroi polovine V–nachale IV vv. do n.e. (po materialam “Yuzhnogo goroda”) (Drevnosti Bospora, Supplementum I) [Phanagoria in the Second Half of the 5th–Beginning of the 4th Centuries BC (Based on Materials from the “South City”) (Antiquity of Bosporus, Supplement I)], Moscow.
  • ______, (2013), Obrazovanie Bosporskogo gosudarstva. Arkheologiya i khronologiya stanovleniya derzhavy Spartokidov (Bosporskie Issledovaniya, Supplementum 10) [Formation of the Bosporan State, Archaeology and Chronology of the Emergence of the Power of the Spartocids (Bosporus Research, Supplement 10)], Simferopol’-Kerch’.
  • ______, (2017), “Dom 460 na akropole Fanagorii” [Building 460 on the Phanagoria Acropolis], PIFK [Journal of Historical, Philological and Cultural Studies], 1: 228–235. Zavoykin, A.A., and V.D. Kuznetsov. 2011. “Drevneishee obshchestvennoe zdanie v Fanagorii [The Earliest Public Building in Phanagoria], PIFK [Journal of Historical, Philological and Cultural Studies], 4: 188–198.
  • ______, (2013), “‘Verkhnii gorod’ Fanagorii v 5 v. do n.e. (problemy periodizatsii i urbanistiki)” [The “Upper City” of Phanagoria in the 5th Century BC (Problems of Periodization and Urbanistics)], In Bospor Kimmeriiskii i varvarskii mir v period antichnosti i srednevekov’ya (Bosporskie chteniya XIV) [The Cimmerian Bosporus and Barbarian World in Antiquity and the Middle Ages (Bosporus Reading XIV)], Kerch’ 182–189.
  • Zavoykin, A.A., and S.Yu. Monakhov, (2012), “Amfornoe gorlo iz Fanagorii i dve serii keramicheskoi tary pozdneklassicheskogo vremeni” [An Amphora Neck from Phanagoria and Two Series of Ceramic Containers of Late Classic Time], PIFK [Journal of Historical, Philological and Cultural Studies], 4: 117–127.
  • Archival Materials
  • Kuznetsov, V.D., (2004), Otchet o rabote Fanagoriiskoi ekspeditsii IA RAN v 2003 g. (Krasnodarskii krai, Temryukskii raion, pos. Sennoi) [Report on Work of the Phanagoria Expedition of the Institute of Archaeology, Russian Academy of Sciences, in 2003 (Krasnodar Region, Temryuk District, Sennoi Village)], Vols. 1–3, Moscow (Archive of the IA RAS. P-1, No. 28416, Album: No. 28417, 28418).
  • ______, (2005), Otchet o rabote Tamanskoi ekspeditsii Instituta arkheologii RAN v Fanagorii v 2004 g. (Krasnodarskii krai, Temryukskii raion, pos. Sennoi) [Report on Work of the Taman Expedition of the Institute of Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Phanagoria in 2004 (Krasnodar Region, Temryuk District, Sennoi Village)], Vols. 1–4, Moscow (Archive of the IA RAS. P-1, No. 26296, Album: No. 26297–26299).
  • ______, (2006), Otchet o rabote Tamanskoi ekspeditsii Instituta arkheologii RAN v Fanagorii v 2005 g. (Krasnodarskii krai, Temryukskii raion, pos. Sennoi) [Report on Work of the Taman Expedition of the Institute of Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Phanagoria in 2004 (Krasnodar Region, Temryuk District, Sennoi Village)], Vols. 1–6, Moscow (Archive of the IA RAS. P-1, No. 26303, Album: No. 26304–26308).
  • ______, (2007), Otchet o rabote Tamanskoi ekspeditsii Instituta arkheologii RAN v Fanagorii v 2006 g. (Krasnodarskii krai, Temryukskii raion, pos. Sennoi) [Report on Work of the Taman Expedition of the Institute of Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Phanagoria in 2006 (Krasnodar Region, Temryuk District, Sennoi Village)], Vols. 1–4, Moscow (Archive of the IA RAS. P-1, No. 27163, Album: No. 27164–27167).
  • ______, (2011b), Otchet o rabote Tamanskoi ekspeditsii Instituta arkheologii RAN v Fanagorii v 2010 g. (Krasnodarskii krai, Temryukskii raion, pos. Sennoi) [Report on Work of the Taman Expedition of the Institute of Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Phanagoria in 2010 (Krasnodar Region, Temryuk District, Sennoi Village)], Vols. 1–3, Moscow (Archive of the IA RAN. R-1, No. 39908, Album: No. 39909, 39910).
  • ______, (2012), Otchet o rabote Tamanskoi ekspeditsii Instituta arkheologii RAN v Fanagorii v 2011 g. (Krasnodarskii krai, Temryukskii raion, pos. Sennoi) [Report on Work of the Taman Expedition of the Institute of Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Phanagoria in 2011 (Krasnodar Region, Temryuk District, Sennoi Village)], Vols. 1–5, Moscow (Archive of the IA RAS. P-1, No. 46673, 46674, Album: No. 46675–46677).
  • ______, (2013), Otchet o rabote Fanagoriiskoi ekspeditsii Instituta arkheologii RAN v Fanagorii v 2012 g. (Krasnodarskii krai, Temryukskii raion, pos. Sennoi) [Report on Work of the Taman Expedition of the Institute of Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Phanagoria in 2012 (Krasnodar Region, Temryuk District, Sennoi Village)], Vols. 1–6, Moscow (Archive of the IA RAS. P-1, No. 36607, 36608, Album: No. 36609–36612).
  • ______, (2014) Otchet o rabote Fanagoriiskoi ekspeditsii Instituta arkheologii RAN v Fanagorii v 2013 g. (Krasnodarskii krai, Temryukskii raion, pos. Sennoi) [Report on Work of the Taman Expedition of the Institute of Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Phanagoria in 2013 (Krasnodar Region, Temryuk District, Sennoi Village)], Vols. 1–6, Moscow (Archive of the IA RAS. P-1, No. 40811, 49812, Album: No. 49813–40816).

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Aleksei A. ZAVOYKIN Bu kişi benim (Sorumlu Yazar)
Department of Classical Archaeology, Institute of Archaeology, Russian Academy of Sciences
0000-0002-1576-5802
Russian Federation

Çevirmenler

Richard L. Bland

Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Aralık 2019
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019, Cilt 5, Sayı 8

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @Çeviri { karen668176, journal = {Karadeniz Araştırmaları Enstitüsü Dergisi}, issn = {2458-7680}, eissn = {2458-9705}, address = {Karadeniz Teknik Üniversitesi, Karadeniz Araştırmaları Enstitüsü, 61080, Trabzon / Türkiye}, publisher = {Karadeniz Teknik Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {5}, pages = {213 - 243}, doi = {10.31765/karen.668176}, title = {A Public Buılding of the 4th Century BC on the Phanagoria Acropolis}, key = {cite}, author = {Zavoykın, Aleksei A.} }
APA Zavoykın, A. A. (2019). A Public Buılding of the 4th Century BC on the Phanagoria Acropolis (R. Bland, Çev.) . Karadeniz Araştırmaları Enstitüsü Dergisi , 5 (8) , 213-243 . DOI: 10.31765/karen.668176
MLA Zavoykın, A. A. "A Public Buılding of the 4th Century BC on the Phanagoria Acropolis" Çev. Richard L. Bland . Karadeniz Araştırmaları Enstitüsü Dergisi 5 (2019 ): 213-243 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/karen/issue/51434/668176>
Chicago Zavoykın, A. A. "A Public Buılding of the 4th Century BC on the Phanagoria Acropolis". Çev., Richard L. Bland. Karadeniz Araştırmaları Enstitüsü Dergisi 5 (2019 ): 213-243
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - A Public Buılding of the 4th Century BC on the Phanagoria Acropolis AU - Aleksei A. Zavoykın Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.31765/karen.668176 DO - 10.31765/karen.668176 T2 - Karadeniz Araştırmaları Enstitüsü Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 213 EP - 243 VL - 5 IS - 8 SN - 2458-7680-2458-9705 M3 - doi: 10.31765/karen.668176 UR - https://doi.org/10.31765/karen.668176 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Karadeniz Araştırmaları Enstitüsü Dergisi A Public Buılding of the 4th Century BC on the Phanagoria Acropolis %A Aleksei A. Zavoykın %T A Public Buılding of the 4th Century BC on the Phanagoria Acropolis %D 2019 %J Karadeniz Araştırmaları Enstitüsü Dergisi %P 2458-7680-2458-9705 %V 5 %N 8 %R doi: 10.31765/karen.668176 %U 10.31765/karen.668176
ISNAD Zavoykın, Aleksei A. . "A Public Buılding of the 4th Century BC on the Phanagoria Acropolis". Çev. Richard L. Bland. Karadeniz Araştırmaları Enstitüsü Dergisi 5 / 8 (Aralık 2019): 213-243 . https://doi.org/10.31765/karen.668176
AMA Zavoykın A. A. A Public Buılding of the 4th Century BC on the Phanagoria Acropolis. KAREN. 2019; 5(8): 213-243.
Vancouver Zavoykın A. A. A Public Buılding of the 4th Century BC on the Phanagoria Acropolis. Bland R, Çev. Karadeniz Araştırmaları Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2019; 5(8): 213-243.
IEEE A. A. Zavoykın , "A Public Buılding of the 4th Century BC on the Phanagoria Acropolis", Karadeniz Araştırmaları Enstitüsü Dergisi, c. 5, sayı. 8, ss. 213-243, Ara. 2019, doi:10.31765/karen.668176

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