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Ortoftalik Poliester Reçinesi ve Stiren ile Modifiye Edilmiş Odunun Biyolojik Performansı

Yıl 2020, Cilt 20, Sayı 2, 97 - 106, 29.09.2020
https://doi.org/10.17475/kastorman.801832

Öz

Kaynakça

  • ASTM D 4445-10 (2012). Standard Test Method for Fungicides for Controlling Sapstain and Mold on Unseasoned Lumber (Laboratory Method), Destination D4445-10, Virginia Polytechnic Institute pursuant to License Agreement.
  • Aziz, S. H., Ansell, M. P., Clarke, S. J., & Panteny, S. R. (2005). Modified Polyester Resins for Natural Fibre Composites. Composites Science and Technology, 65, 525–535.
  • Baki, H., Yalcin, O. & Hakki, A. (1993). Improvement of Wood Properties by Impregnation with Macromonomeric Initiators. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 47, 1097.
  • Borysiak, S. A. (2010). Study of Transcrystallinity in Polypropylene in The Presence of Wood Irradiated with Gamma Rays. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 101, 439–45.
  • Cao, X. & Lee, L. J. (2003). Control of Shrinkage and Residual Styrene of Unsaturated Polyester Resins Cured at Low Temperatures: I. Effect of Curing Agents. Polymer, 44, 1893-1902.
  • Chawla, J. S. (1985). Degradation of Ligno-Cellulose Biomass. Holzforschung und Holzverwertung, 37(2), 101-105.
  • Despot, R, Hasan, M, Rapp, A. O, Brischke, C, Humar, M, Welzbacher, C.R and Ražem, D. (2012). Changes in Selected Properties of Wood Caused by Gamma Radiation. Gamma Radiation, F. Adrovic, Ed., Intech, 281-304.
  • Devi, R. R., Ali, I. and Maji, T. K. (2003). Chemical Modification of Rubber Wood with Styrene in Combination with a Crosslinker: Effect on Dimensional Stability and Strength Property. Bioresource Technology, 88, 185-188
  • Dholakiya, B. (2012). Unsaturated Polyester Resin for Specialty Applications. in “Polyester,” Hosam El-Din M. Saleh, Ed., Intech Open, 167-202.
  • EN (1997a) EN 113: Wood Preservatives—Test Method for Determining the Protective Effectiveness Against Wood Destroying Basidiomycetes—Determination of the Toxic Values. No: 1-2, European Committee for Standardization, Central Secretariat: rue de Stassart 36, B-1050 Brussels.
  • EN (1997b) EN 84: Wood Preservatives, Accelerated Ageing of Treated Wood Prior to Biological Testing. Leaching Procedure. European Committee for Standardization, Central Secretariat: rue de Stassart 36, B-1050 Brussels.
  • Hill, C. A. S. (2006). Wood Modification - Chemical, Thermal and Other Processes. Wiley Series in Renewable Resources, Wiley and Sons, Chichester, UK, 260.
  • Ibach, R. and Rowell, R.M. (2013). Lumen modifications. In “Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites,” Second Edition, R.M. Rowell, Ed., CRC Press Taylor and Francis Group, New York, 599-626.
  • Japanese Standards Association (JIS K) (2004) Japan Industrial Standard (JIS) K 1571. Test methods for determining the effectiveness of wood preservatives and their performance requirements. Japanese Standards Association, Tokyo.
  • Jurkin, T. and Pucic, I. (2006). Post-Irradiation Crosslinking of Partially Cured Unsaturated Polyester Resin. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 75, 1060-1068.
  • Katsumata, N., Yoshimura, T., Tsunoda, K., & Imamura, Y. (2007a). Resistance of Gamma-Irradiated Sapwood of Cryptomeria Japonica to Biological Attacks. Journal of Wood Science, 4, 320–323.
  • Katsumata, N., Tsunoda, K., Toyoumi, A., Yoshimura, T., & Imamura, Y. (2007b). Comparative termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) Feeding Preference Among Gamma-Irradiated and Unirradiated Wood. Sociobiology, 1, 155-162.
  • Katsumata, N., Yoshimura, T., Tsunoda, K., & Imamura, Y. (2007c). Termite feeding preference to four wood species after gamma irradiation. J Wood Sci, 53, 361-364.
  • Mahmoud, A. A., Eissa, A. M. F., Omar, M. S., El-Sawy, A. A. & Shaaban, A. F. (2001). Improvements of White Pine Wood Properties by Impregnation with Unsaturated Polyesters in Admixture with Styrene. J of Applied Polymer Science, 82, 1410-1416.
  • Rowell, R. M., Ibach, R. E., McSweeny, J., & Nilsson, T. (2009). Understanding Decay Resistance, Dimensional Stability and Strength Changes in Heat Treated and Acetylated Wood. Wood Material Science and Engineering, 4(1-2), 14-22.
  • Rowell, R. M. (2016). Dimensional Stability and Fungal Durability of Acetylated Wood. Drewno, 59(197), 139-150.
  • Sandberg, D., Kutnar, A. & Mantanis, G. (2017). Wood Modification – A Review. iForest, 10: 895-908.
  • Seifert, K. (1964). Zur Chemie gammabestrahlten Holzes. Holz als Roh- und Werkstoff, 22(7), 267-275.
  • Unger, A., Schniewind, A. P., & Unger, W. (2001). Conservation of Wood Artifacts: A Handbook. Springer Science & Business Media, Springer- Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 578.

Biological Performance of Wood Modified with Orthophthalic Polyester Resin and Styrene

Yıl 2020, Cilt 20, Sayı 2, 97 - 106, 29.09.2020
https://doi.org/10.17475/kastorman.801832

Öz

Aim of study: This study evaluated the improvements in dimensional stability and biological resistance of wood against fungal degradation, and termites by radiation-induced in situ copolymerization of three types of low viscosity-unsaturated polyester resin with styrene. Material and methods: Radiation polymerization of unsaturated polyester resin with styrene in a viscous system was performed at ambient temperature using gamma (γ)-rays. In the study, water absorption and dimensional stability of the modified wood specimens were first determined. The wood specimens were also tested against decay and mold fungi and termites in laboratory. Main results: Results after 24-h water immersion of modified wood specimens showed that more than 70% of water repellent effectiveness was obtained in the wood specimens after modifications with the three formulations of tested chemical mixtures; however, the highest anti-swell efficiency values were observed in the specimens treated with the only one type of treating mixtures. Mold resistance tests showed that the treating mixtures tested were not completely inhibited mold growth; however, some improvements in mold scores were seen when compared to control wood specimens. Results showed that after modifications, the specimens showed increased resistance against the fungi and termites considering untreated control specimens. Highlights: Modifications by styrene and UP resin with different formulations and gamma irradiation greatly improved water absorption and volumetric swell of test specimens in comparison with unmodified control specimens.

Kaynakça

  • ASTM D 4445-10 (2012). Standard Test Method for Fungicides for Controlling Sapstain and Mold on Unseasoned Lumber (Laboratory Method), Destination D4445-10, Virginia Polytechnic Institute pursuant to License Agreement.
  • Aziz, S. H., Ansell, M. P., Clarke, S. J., & Panteny, S. R. (2005). Modified Polyester Resins for Natural Fibre Composites. Composites Science and Technology, 65, 525–535.
  • Baki, H., Yalcin, O. & Hakki, A. (1993). Improvement of Wood Properties by Impregnation with Macromonomeric Initiators. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 47, 1097.
  • Borysiak, S. A. (2010). Study of Transcrystallinity in Polypropylene in The Presence of Wood Irradiated with Gamma Rays. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 101, 439–45.
  • Cao, X. & Lee, L. J. (2003). Control of Shrinkage and Residual Styrene of Unsaturated Polyester Resins Cured at Low Temperatures: I. Effect of Curing Agents. Polymer, 44, 1893-1902.
  • Chawla, J. S. (1985). Degradation of Ligno-Cellulose Biomass. Holzforschung und Holzverwertung, 37(2), 101-105.
  • Despot, R, Hasan, M, Rapp, A. O, Brischke, C, Humar, M, Welzbacher, C.R and Ražem, D. (2012). Changes in Selected Properties of Wood Caused by Gamma Radiation. Gamma Radiation, F. Adrovic, Ed., Intech, 281-304.
  • Devi, R. R., Ali, I. and Maji, T. K. (2003). Chemical Modification of Rubber Wood with Styrene in Combination with a Crosslinker: Effect on Dimensional Stability and Strength Property. Bioresource Technology, 88, 185-188
  • Dholakiya, B. (2012). Unsaturated Polyester Resin for Specialty Applications. in “Polyester,” Hosam El-Din M. Saleh, Ed., Intech Open, 167-202.
  • EN (1997a) EN 113: Wood Preservatives—Test Method for Determining the Protective Effectiveness Against Wood Destroying Basidiomycetes—Determination of the Toxic Values. No: 1-2, European Committee for Standardization, Central Secretariat: rue de Stassart 36, B-1050 Brussels.
  • EN (1997b) EN 84: Wood Preservatives, Accelerated Ageing of Treated Wood Prior to Biological Testing. Leaching Procedure. European Committee for Standardization, Central Secretariat: rue de Stassart 36, B-1050 Brussels.
  • Hill, C. A. S. (2006). Wood Modification - Chemical, Thermal and Other Processes. Wiley Series in Renewable Resources, Wiley and Sons, Chichester, UK, 260.
  • Ibach, R. and Rowell, R.M. (2013). Lumen modifications. In “Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites,” Second Edition, R.M. Rowell, Ed., CRC Press Taylor and Francis Group, New York, 599-626.
  • Japanese Standards Association (JIS K) (2004) Japan Industrial Standard (JIS) K 1571. Test methods for determining the effectiveness of wood preservatives and their performance requirements. Japanese Standards Association, Tokyo.
  • Jurkin, T. and Pucic, I. (2006). Post-Irradiation Crosslinking of Partially Cured Unsaturated Polyester Resin. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 75, 1060-1068.
  • Katsumata, N., Yoshimura, T., Tsunoda, K., & Imamura, Y. (2007a). Resistance of Gamma-Irradiated Sapwood of Cryptomeria Japonica to Biological Attacks. Journal of Wood Science, 4, 320–323.
  • Katsumata, N., Tsunoda, K., Toyoumi, A., Yoshimura, T., & Imamura, Y. (2007b). Comparative termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) Feeding Preference Among Gamma-Irradiated and Unirradiated Wood. Sociobiology, 1, 155-162.
  • Katsumata, N., Yoshimura, T., Tsunoda, K., & Imamura, Y. (2007c). Termite feeding preference to four wood species after gamma irradiation. J Wood Sci, 53, 361-364.
  • Mahmoud, A. A., Eissa, A. M. F., Omar, M. S., El-Sawy, A. A. & Shaaban, A. F. (2001). Improvements of White Pine Wood Properties by Impregnation with Unsaturated Polyesters in Admixture with Styrene. J of Applied Polymer Science, 82, 1410-1416.
  • Rowell, R. M., Ibach, R. E., McSweeny, J., & Nilsson, T. (2009). Understanding Decay Resistance, Dimensional Stability and Strength Changes in Heat Treated and Acetylated Wood. Wood Material Science and Engineering, 4(1-2), 14-22.
  • Rowell, R. M. (2016). Dimensional Stability and Fungal Durability of Acetylated Wood. Drewno, 59(197), 139-150.
  • Sandberg, D., Kutnar, A. & Mantanis, G. (2017). Wood Modification – A Review. iForest, 10: 895-908.
  • Seifert, K. (1964). Zur Chemie gammabestrahlten Holzes. Holz als Roh- und Werkstoff, 22(7), 267-275.
  • Unger, A., Schniewind, A. P., & Unger, W. (2001). Conservation of Wood Artifacts: A Handbook. Springer Science & Business Media, Springer- Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 578.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Fen
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Saip KARTAL Bu kişi benim (Sorumlu Yazar)
İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ - CERRAHPAŞA
Türkiye


Ömer KANTOĞLU Bu kişi benim
Turkish Atomic Energy Authority
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 29 Eylül 2020
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020, Cilt 20, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { kastorman801832, journal = {Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty}, issn = {1303-2399}, eissn = {1309-4181}, address = {}, publisher = {Kastamonu Üniversitesi}, year = {2020}, volume = {20}, pages = {97 - 106}, doi = {10.17475/kastorman.801832}, title = {Biological Performance of Wood Modified with Orthophthalic Polyester Resin and Styrene}, key = {cite}, author = {Kartal, Saip and Kantoğlu, Ömer} }
APA Kartal, S. & Kantoğlu, Ö. (2020). Biological Performance of Wood Modified with Orthophthalic Polyester Resin and Styrene . Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty , 20 (2) , 97-106 . DOI: 10.17475/kastorman.801832
MLA Kartal, S. , Kantoğlu, Ö. "Biological Performance of Wood Modified with Orthophthalic Polyester Resin and Styrene" . Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty 20 (2020 ): 97-106 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/kastorman/issue/56962/801832>
Chicago Kartal, S. , Kantoğlu, Ö. "Biological Performance of Wood Modified with Orthophthalic Polyester Resin and Styrene". Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty 20 (2020 ): 97-106
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Biological Performance of Wood Modified with Orthophthalic Polyester Resin and Styrene AU - Saip Kartal , Ömer Kantoğlu Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.17475/kastorman.801832 DO - 10.17475/kastorman.801832 T2 - Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 97 EP - 106 VL - 20 IS - 2 SN - 1303-2399-1309-4181 M3 - doi: 10.17475/kastorman.801832 UR - https://doi.org/10.17475/kastorman.801832 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Kastamonu Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi Biological Performance of Wood Modified with Orthophthalic Polyester Resin and Styrene %A Saip Kartal , Ömer Kantoğlu %T Biological Performance of Wood Modified with Orthophthalic Polyester Resin and Styrene %D 2020 %J Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty %P 1303-2399-1309-4181 %V 20 %N 2 %R doi: 10.17475/kastorman.801832 %U 10.17475/kastorman.801832
ISNAD Kartal, Saip , Kantoğlu, Ömer . "Biological Performance of Wood Modified with Orthophthalic Polyester Resin and Styrene". Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty 20 / 2 (Eylül 2020): 97-106 . https://doi.org/10.17475/kastorman.801832
AMA Kartal S. , Kantoğlu Ö. Biological Performance of Wood Modified with Orthophthalic Polyester Resin and Styrene. Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty. 2020; 20(2): 97-106.
Vancouver Kartal S. , Kantoğlu Ö. Biological Performance of Wood Modified with Orthophthalic Polyester Resin and Styrene. Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty. 2020; 20(2): 97-106.
IEEE S. Kartal ve Ö. Kantoğlu , "Biological Performance of Wood Modified with Orthophthalic Polyester Resin and Styrene", Kastamonu University Journal of Forestry Faculty, c. 20, sayı. 2, ss. 97-106, Eyl. 2020, doi:10.17475/kastorman.801832

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